Raymond VII, comte de Toulouse

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Raimon VII de Tolosa, comte de Tolosa

Also Known As: "Raymond VII of Saint Gilles"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Beaucaire, Languedoc, France
Death: Died in Millau, Midi-Pyrénées, France
Place of Burial: Abbaye de Fontevraud, Anjou, Rhône-Alpes, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Raymond VI, comte de Toulouse and Joan of England, Queen of Sicily
Husband of Sancha d'Aragon, comtesse consort de Toulouse and Marguerite de Lusignan
Father of Joan of Poitiers (of Toulouse) Capet, Comtesse de Toulouse; Wilhelmina (Mary) of Elbine (of Toulouse) and Richard of Toulouse Bertrand
Brother of Jeanne de Toulouse; N.N. de Toulouse and Richard de Toulouse
Half brother of Bohemond, Duke of Apulia; Mary de Elbine; Bertrand I de Toulouse, vicomte de Bruniquel; Guillelme; Raymonde, monja de l'Espinassa and 1 other

Occupation: Count of Toulouse, Duke of Narbonne and Marquis of Provence, Duke of Narbonne, Marquis of Provence
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Raymond VII, comte de Toulouse

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymond_VII_of_Toulouse

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Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Raymond VII of Toulouse)

Raymond VII of Saint-Gilles (July 1197 – 27 September 1249) was Count of Toulouse, Duke of Narbonne and Marquis of Provence from 1222 until his death.

He was the son of Raymond VI of Toulouse and Joan of England. During the Albigensian Crusade in May of 1216, he set out from Marseille and besieged Beaucaire, which he captured on August 24. He fought to reconquer the county of Toulouse from Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester and later Simon's son Amaury VI of Montfort.

Raymond VII married firstly, in March 1211, Sancha of Aragon, the daughter of King Alfonso II of Aragon. They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241. In 1243 Raymond married Marguerite de Lusignan, the daughter of Hugh X of Lusignan and Isabella of Angouleme. They had no children and were divorced August 3, 1245.

He succeeded his father in 1222. At the moment of his accession, he and the new count of Foix, Roger Bernard II the Great, besieged Carcassonne. On 14 September 1224, the Albigensian Crusaders surrendered and the war came to an end, each southern lord making peace with the church. However, in 1225, the council of Bourges excommunicated him and launched a crusade against him, the king of France, Louis VIII, called the Lion, wanting to renew the conflict in order to enforce his royal rights in Languedoc. Roger-Bernard tried to keep the peace, but the king rejected his embassy and the counts of Foix and Toulouse took up arms again. The war was largely a discontinuous series of skirmishes and, in January 1229, Raymond, defeated, was forced to sign the Treaty of Meaux, by which he ceded the former viscounty of Trencavel to the king and his daughter Joan was forced to marry Alphonse, brother of the new king, Louis the Lion's successor, Louis IX.

When Raymond died, Alphonse became count of Toulouse, and after Alphonse's death the county was annexed by France. Raymond VII was buried beside his mother Joan in Fontevrault Abbey.

[edit]Sources

Macé, Laurent. "Raymond VII of Toulouse: The Son of Queen Joanne, 'Young Count' and Light of the World." The World of Eleanor of Aquitaine: Literature and Society in Southern France between the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries, edd. Marcus Bull and Catherine Léglu. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2005. ISBN 1 84383 114 7. -------------------- Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse was born on July 1197 in Saint Gilles, Gard, Languedoc, France to Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse and Joan Plantagenet, Queen of Sicily. Raymond married (1.) Sancha of Aragon on March 1210/11 and had a child: Joan of Toulouse. They divorced on 1241. Raymond married (2.) Marguerite de Lusignan on 1243. They divorced on August 3, 1249. He passed away on September 27, 1249 and is buried in Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud l'Abbaye, Anjou, France.

Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse is my 26th great uncle.

Note: Raymond VII of Saint-Gilles (July 1197 – 27 September 1249) was Count of Toulouse, Duke of Narbonne and Marquis of Provence from 1222 until his death.

Raymond was born in Beaucaire, Gard, the son of Raymond VI of Toulouse and Joan of England. Through his mother, he was a grandson of Henry II of England and a nephew of kings Richard I and John of England

Raymond VII married firstly, in March 1211, Sancha of Aragon, the daughter of King Alfonso II of Aragon. They had one daughter, Joan, and were divorced in 1241. He was engaged to Sanchia of Provence, but she married Richard of Cornwall instead.[1] In 1243 Raymond married Margaret of Lusignan, the daughter of Hugh X of Lusignan and Isabella of Angoulême. They had no children and were divorced on 3 August 1245 after an inquisition found their marriage to be consanguineous. He then tried to get support of Blanche, Queen mother of France to marry Beatrice of Provence, who had just become Countess of Provence, but Beatrice married Blanche's son Charles instead.[2]

During the Albigensian Crusade in May 1216, he set out from Marseille and besieged Beaucaire, which he captured on 24 August. He fought to reconquer the county of Toulouse from Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester and later Simon's son Amaury VI of Montfort.

He succeeded his father in 1222. At the moment of his accession, he and the new count of Foix, Roger Bernard II the Great, besieged Carcassonne. On 14 September 1224, the Albigensian Crusaders surrendered and the war came to an end, each southern lord making peace with the church. However, in 1225, the council of Bourges excommunicated him and launched a crusade against him, the king of France, Louis VIII, called the Lion, wanting to renew the conflict in order to enforce his royal rights in Languedoc. Roger-Bernard tried to keep the peace, but the king rejected his embassy and the counts of Foix and Toulouse took up arms again. The war was largely a discontinuous series of skirmishes and, in January 1229, Raymond, defeated, was forced to sign the Treaty of Paris (also known as the "Treaty of Meaux"), by which he ceded the former viscounty of Trencavel to the king and his daughter Joan was forced to marry Alphonse, brother of the new king, Louis the Lion's successor, Louis IX.

When Raymond died, Alphonse became count of Toulouse, and after Alphonse's death the county was annexed by France. Raymond VII was buried beside his mother Joan in Fontevrault Abbey.

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Raymond VII, comte de Toulouse's Timeline

1187
July 1187
Beaucaire, Languedoc, France
1198
1198
Age 10
1199
1199
Age 11
1211
1211
Age 23
1220
1220
Age 32
of, ,France
1249
September 27, 1249
Age 62
Millau, Midi-Pyrénées, France
1255
1255
Age 62
Vienne,France
????
????
????
Anjou, Rhône-Alpes, France