Rainald (Renard, Reynold, Reginald) de Knightley (de Balliol), Sheriff of Shropshire
|Nicknames:||"de Baliol", "de Bailleul"|
|Birthplace:||Bailleul-en-Gouffer, Argentan, Trun, Normandie, France|
|Death:||Died in Bywell, Northumberland, England|
Son of Guy de Balliol and Unknown Wife de Balliol
|Occupation:||Sheriff of Shropshire 1040|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Rainald (Renard, Reynold, Reginald) de Knightley (de Balliol), Sheriff of Shropshire
The following is from Pamela Johnson's well-researched AMJ Ancestry site (http://www.amjancestry.com/I10734.html):
Renauld de Bailleul de Knightley Alias: Rainald de Bailleul, Reginald de Knightley, Renaud "the Sheriff" Born: 1057 in Bailleul-en-Gouffern, Orne, Normandy, France Died: AFT 1086 in Knightley, Staffordshire, England
Marriage 1 Amiera de Montgomery, Niece of Roger II de Montgomery Children: William de Knightley b: 1082 in Knightley, Staffordshire, England
Rainald de Bailleul was Sheriff of Shropshire under Earl Roger of Montgomery (Roger de Montgomery II). He was one of the vassals who accompanied Roger in the Conquest. He was from Bailleul-en-Gouffer, in the arrondisement of Argentan, Canton of Trun, Normandy. (There are thirty Bailleuls in France, so this can become confusing. The French term "Bailleul" is similar in meaning, and no doubt derivation, to the English word "bailliwick," and is normally followed by a place name. (e.g., Bailleul-en-Gouffer).
Following the Conquest, Rainald was Earl Roger's subtenant for a considerable property, including Chenistelei (Knightley) in Staffordshire, which became the family seat.
In Domesday Book, Rainald is shown in possession of many properties in Shropshire, but he held many of these as "trustee" for his step-children, the children of Warin "the Sheriff" whose position and widow were given to Rainald after Warin's death. The Fitz Warin properties passed to Adeline Fitz Warin, sister and heir of Hugh Fitz Warin and descended through Fitz Alan family. The notes concerning the Balliol family in Shropshire and the Domesday Book in 1086 are not correct. The Balliol line of John de Balliol, King of Scotland, was not connected with Rainald de Bailleul. This family arose in a Bailleul in Fecamp. The Bayley family arose in a Bailleul in Picardy.
The sources are in agreement that Rainald's wife was the niece of Roger II de Montgomery, but I have never seen the names of her parents.
Keats-Rohan, K.S.B. Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occuring in English Documents 1066-1166. II. Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum. The Boydell Press, Woodbridge, UK, 2002. p. 299.
Keats-Rohan, K.S.B. Domesday People: A Prosopography of Persons Occuring in English Documents 1066-1166. I. Domesday Book. The Boydell Press, Woodbridge, UK, 1999. p. 348. -------------------- 1. The Baliol Family-Scottish Nobles
There are several places named Bailleul in France: 1) in Flanders, near the Belgian border (14 miles NW of Lille); 2) Bailleul sur Berthoult (north of Arras); and 3) Bailleul- Orne (between Caen and Alençon). The first location is the recorded point of origin of the family which was to play such an important role in English and Scottish history (1). The founder of the family in England was a Norman baron, Guy, or Guido de Bailleul who held the fiefs of Bailleul, Dampierre, Harcourt, and Vinoy in Normandy. At this time, (about 1066) William the Conqueror was preparing for a conquest of England, and had promised a share of the land gained to any of the Norman barons who would follow him. Guy de Bailleul was one of these, and must have remained in England after the fighting ceased. Around 1093, he was granted the Barony of Biwell in Northumberland (which included the forests of Teesdale and Marwood, and the lordships of Middleton in Teesdale and Gainford, part of the wapentake of Sadberge) by William Rufus, notoriously cruel "Red King", the son of William the Conqueror. This area, which later became the vast parish of Gainford, had been ecclesiastical land before the Conquest, although leased or mortgaged to laymen. In the Boldon Book of 1133, the Baliol fees were not included in the Bishopric. This was the prelude to a long dispute over whether the lands were held of the Bishops of Durham and could be taxed by them (2).
Another family member, Renard de Bailleul, may have been mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. This Rainald de Baliol (also Renaud, or Renard), was Sheriff of Shropshire under Earl Roger (Roger de Montgomery II), and had accompanied the Conqueror across the channel in 1066. Renard was married to Amiera, Earl Roger's niece. He may be one and the same as Pierre, Knight of Balliol and Fecamp who contributed one ship and twenty men-at-arms at Hastings, or he may be the brother or son of Pierre. Renard's descendents also included several Bishops of Lincoln.
In the late 11th or early 12th century, Renard's son, Bernard de Bailleul (Baliol), began construction of a castle near Durham, overlooking the River Tees.
Reginald de Balliol, Sheriff of Shropshire's Timeline
Bailleul-en-Gouffer, Argentan, Trun, Normandie, France
Somme, Picardy, France
Bywell, Northumberland, England
Bailleul, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France