Renaud I de Nevers, comte de Nevers (b. - 1040) MP

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Nicknames: "Renaud I Count of Nevers", "Count De Nevers", "Renaud I", "Count of Auxerre and Nevers"
Death: Died in Sainte-Vertu, Burgundy, France
Cause of death: killed in battle
Occupation: Comte de Nevers et Auxerre, Conde de Nevers e d'Auxerre, @occu00028@, Comte, de Nevers, d'Auxerre, Count of Nevers, Count of Nevers (1000-1040)
Managed by: David Prins
Last Updated:

About Renaud I de Nevers, comte de Nevers

Renaud I de Nevers, Comte de Nevers et Torrene http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renauld_I,_Count_of_Nevers and in French: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaud_Ier_de_Nevers Renauld I (972-29 May 1040) was count of Nevers 1000-1040. Family [edit] Marriage

He married Hedwig (or Advisa) of France on Jan 25, 1016, daughter of Robert II, King of France and Constance of Arles. [edit] Children

   * William I of Nevers (c.1030-1083/1097)
   * Henry of Nevers (-1067)
   * Guy of Nevers (-1067)
   * Robert of Nevers Baron of Craon (c.1035-1098)
   * Adelaide of Nevers

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BURGUNDIAN%20NOBILITY.htm#RenaudIINeversM1IdaM2Agnes

RENAUD [I] de Nevers, son of LANDRY Comte de Nevers & his wife Mathilde de Bourgogne-Comté (-killed in battle Seignelay 29 May 1040, bur Auxerre, Saint-Germain). "Landricus…comes" donated property to Cluny by charter dated to [1010] subscribed by "…Rainaldi eius filii…"[1534]. "Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "Landrici patris mei…[et] Matildis matris mee et uxoris mee Advise et filiorum meorum qui presentes sunt…fratris mei Widonis et Rotberti et Walterii, Gilberti, Abonis, Hiterii, Hugonis, Richardi, Girosi" by charter dated to [1028/40], subscribed by "filii eorum Willelmi"[1535]. "Landrici comitis, Rainaldi filii eius et uxoris eius, Widoni et uxoris eius Acherada…Rodberti filii Gibaldi" subscribed the charter dated Jun 1023 under which "Gibaldus" donated property to Cluny[1536]. He succeeded his father in 1028 as Comte de Nevers. The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records that "[comes] Nivernis" was killed by the duke of Burgundy "apud Saigniacum"[1537]. Rodolfus Glaber records that he was "daringly assassinated…by a knight of lowly birth"[1538]. The Annales Nivernenses record the death in 1040 of "Ragenaldus comes, Landrici comitis proles"[1539]. The necrology of Mâcon Cathedral records that "Raynaldus Nivernensis comes" was killed "IV Kal Jun"[1540]. The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records that "comes Rainaldus" was killed 29 May[1541].

m (soon after 25 Jan 1016) HEDWIGE [Avoie] de France, daughter of ROBERT II "le Pieux" King of France & his third wife Constance d'Arles [Provence] ([1003]-5 Jun after 1063). Rodolfus Glaber records that "Rainaldus…Landrici comitis filius" married a daughter of King Robert[1542]. The Chronici Hugonis Floriacensis names "Adelaidem…Rainaldi comitis Nivernensis uxorem" as the daughter of King Robert and his wife Constance[1543]. The Historia Nivernensium Comitum records that the wife of "Renaldum" was "sorori Regis Roberti, filii Hugonis Capitonis"[1544]. The Annales Vizeliacenses also specifies that Renaud's wife was the sister not daughter of King Robert II[1545]. However, this is chronologically unlikely given that King Robert and his known sisters were born in the 970s, more than twenty years before the earliest possible date of birth of Comte Renaud. Her marriage was agreed by her father as part of his alliance with Landry Comte de Nevers after capturing Auxerre, which the king gave to his daughter as dowry[1546]. "Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "…uxoris mee Advise…" by charter dated to [1028/40][1547]. She founded the abbeys of Crisenon and Issenon.

Comte Renaud & his wife had [five] children:

1. GUILLAUME [I] de Nevers (-20 Jun 1098, bur Nevers, Saint-Etienne). "Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "…uxoris mee Advise et filiorum meorum qui presentes sunt…" by charter dated to [1028/40], subscribed by "filii eorum Willelmi"[1548]. He succeeded his father in 1040 as Comte de Nevers et d'Auxerre.

2. HENRI de Nevers . "…Rotbertus Burgundus et Heinricus et Wido tres fratres…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[1549]. "Rotbertus de Sablulio et uxor mea Hazvisa" property to the monastery of Saint-Martin, for the souls of "Gaufredi fratris Hazvisæ uxoris meæ et…fratrum meorum Hamrici et Guidonis", by charter dated 7 Aug 1067[1550]. "Rotbertus Burgundio" donated pasturage rights in the forest of Brionne to La Trinité de Vendôme, for the soul of "fratris sui Hanrici atque uxoris suæ, illius quæ Blancha vocata est, filiorumque suorum" by charter dated 30 Nov 1077, witnessed by "Rainaldus filius eius…"[1551].

3. GUY de Nevers (-26 Jan ----). "…Rotbertus Burgundus et Heinricus et Wido tres fratres…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[1552]. "Rotbertus de Sablulio et uxor mea Hazvisa" property to the monastery of Saint-Martin, for the souls of "Gaufredi fratris Hazvisæ uxoris meæ et…fratrum meorum Hamrici et Guidonis", by charter dated 7 Aug 1067[1553]. "Domnus Wido, monachus de Casa Dei, frater comitis Nevernensis" is named in the donation of "Wilelmus Pictavensis comes ac totius dux Aquitanie" dated 11 Jan 1081[1554]. Monk at Chaise-Dieu. 1081.

4. ROBERT "le Bourguignon" de Nevers (-after 1098). Robert's affiliation is indicated by Orderic Vitalis who refers to the wife of Hubert Vicomte de Maine (daughter of Robert's supposed brother Comte Guillaume) as his neptis[1555]. This is corroborated by his known brother Guy being recorded as "frater comitis Nevernensis" (see above). "…Rotbertus Burgundus et Heinricus et Wido tres fratres…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni"[1556]. Seigneur de Sablé, by right of his first wife. Seigneur de Craon.

5. [ADELAIDE . The genealogy of the Seigneurs de Semur, included in the cartulary of Marcigny-sur-Loire and dated to [1144], names "Adeleide qui fut fille du comte Rainauld" as wife of "Jaufrois"[1557], which may possibly refer to Renaud [I] Comte de Nevers. m GEOFFROY [II] Sire de Semur, son of DALMAS [I] Seigneur de Semur & his wife Aramburge --- (-Cluny [1070/80]).]

GUILLAUME [I] de Nevers, son of RENAUD I Comte de Nevers & his wife Hedwige de France (-20 Jun 1098, bur Nevers, Saint-Etienne). "Rainaldus comes Nivernensis" donated property "Belmontis" to Cluny, for the souls of "…uxoris mee Advise et filiorum meorum qui presentes sunt…" by charter dated to [1028/40], subscribed by "filii eorum Willelmi"[1558]. He succeeded his father in 1040 as Comte de Nevers et d'Auxerre. Comte de Tonnerre, de iure uxoris. "Willelmus Nivernensis comes" made a donation to Cluny dated 13 Dec 1097[1559]. The Annales Nivernenses record the death in 1098 of "Willelmus comes Nivernesium"[1560]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XII Kal Jul" of "Guillelmus comes Nivernensis"[1561].

m firstly ([1039]) ERMENGARDE Ctss de Tonnerre, daughter of RENAUD [I] Comte de Tonnerre & his wife Helvis --- (-before 1090). “Milo comes Tornodorensis castri” donated property to the monastery of Saint-Michel, for the soul of “filii mei Othonis” buried in the monastery and “uxore mea Herviz…filio nostro Arduyno ac filia Ermengarda”, by charter dated Jul 1036[1562]. Her birth date is estimated from her marriage in [1039], combined with the fact that she was still not of marriageable age in 1036. “Raynardus comes” donated property to the monastery of Saint-Michel (on his deathbed), with the consent of “uxoris mee Herviz et filii mei Harduini sive filie mee Ermengarde”, by charter dated 16 Jul 1039 which also names “mater mea Ermengardis”[1563]. Her marriage is referred to in the Gesta pontificum[1564]. She succeeded as Ctss de Tonnerre in 1065 when her cousin Comte Hugues-Rainard became bishop of Langres[1565].

m secondly (before 1085) MATHILDE, daughter of ---. The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.

Comte Guillaume I and his first wife had six children:

1. RENAUD [II] de Nevers (-killed 5 Aug 1089). The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum et Renaldum" as the two sons of "Guillelmus…I", stating that Renaud possessed "Malliacum et Huben, duo nobilia castra"[1566]. Although the wording of this passage suggests that Guillaume was the older son, the charter dated 4 Mar 1063 subscribed by "filii mei Raginaldi, Wilelmi, Rotberti" after "Wilelmus comes"[1567] is more likely to show the correct order of birth of the brothers. He and his brothers are named in their father's 1083 charter[1568]. The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records that "Rainaldus Willelmi comitis filius" was killed 5 Aug[1569].

m firstly ([divorced) [as her first husband,] [ITA Raymonde] de Lyon, daughter of ARTAUD [II] Comte de Lyon et de Forez & his wife Raymonde ---. The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records that "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" married firstly "filiam unicam [Artaldi] comitis Foratensis"[1570]. She married secondly (before 1085) Guigues Raymond d'Albon. La Mure´s Histoire des Comtes de Forez states that "Guy-Raymond de Viennois" married "Ide-Raymonde de Forez, fille d´Artaud V…comte de Lyon et de Forez et d´Ide son épouse" and refers to the couple´s donation of "quelques terres situées au pays de Forez" to Cluny dated 1085, adding that the property in question was Ita´s dowry[1571]. La Mure does not quote the charter in question nor provide a precise source reference, apart from referring to Guichenon´s Histoire de Savoie. This charter has not been found in the compilation of Cluny charters edited by Bernard and Bruel so presumably has since disappeared. It is not now therefore possible to state whether the charter explicitly confirms Ita Raymonde´s affiliation, although on this point there appears no reason to doubt that La Mure had the document available when he was writing as his description of its contents is precise. Two difficulties remain. The first difficulty is the date of the supposed Cluny charter, as at that time Guigues would still have been a child (his estimated birth date appears robust). The second difficulty is that Ita must have been considerably older than her second husband, assuming that she was the same daughter who had previously married Renaud [II] Comte de Nevers, as she had a daughter by her first marriage when Guigues Raymond must still have been an infant. One possibility is that Artaud [II] Comte de Forez et de Lyon had two daughters, despite the Origine et Historia asserting that Comte Renaud´s wife was "filiam unicam". It should be noted that no source has been identified which confirms that Guigues´s wife had previously been the wife of Comte Renaud. If there was only one daughter, she must have been divorced from her first husband, although no source has been found which confirms that this is correct. It should be noted that La Mure asserts that Renaud [II] Comte de Nevers was Ita´s second husband, married after the death of Guigues, but this appears difficult to reconcile with the chronology of the different families with which she was connected.

m secondly [as her second husband,] AGNES de Baugency, [widow of ROBERT de Villeneuil,] daughter of LANCELIN [II] Seigneur de Baugency & his wife ---. The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records that "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" married secondly "Idam…filiam Lancelini de Balgentiaco"[1572]. Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1134 under which "Guillelmus comes Nivernensis, qui fuit natus de filia Lancelini de Baugenciaco" renounced practices which prejudiced the abbey of Saint-Michel[1573]. Her first marriage is indicated by the charter dated Feb 1069 under which "Rotbertus de Villenolio gener Lancelini" donated property, naming "uxorem suam Agnes…et fratrem suum Willelmum", subscribed by "Lancelinus de Balgentiaco, Rodulfus filius eius"[1574]. Comte Renaud [I] & his first wife had one child:

a) ELISABETH de Nevers . The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records that the daughter of "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" and his first wife married "Miloni de Curteniaco"[1575]. "Milo de Curtiniaco" confirmed the donation by "Robertus Bonet" to the priory of Néronville of a grange "apud Lanci", with the consent of "Elisabeth uxor Milonis", by charter dated to [1110/16][1576]. A charter dated to [1120/39] records donations for the foundation of the abbey of Notre-Dame des Echarlis, including a donation in the presence of "Milo de Curtiniaco et uxor eius Elisabeth et filii eorum Willelmus, Joscelinus, Rainaldus"[1577]. m as his second wife, MILON de Courtenay, son of JOSCELIN [I] Sire de Courtenay & his first wife Isabelle de Montlhéry. Sire de Courtenay 1127.

Comte Renaud [II] & his second wife had [three] children:

b) GUILLAUME [II] de Nevers (-20 Aug 1148). The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum" as the son of "Guillelmus…[filios]…Renaldum" and his second wife, commenting that he succeeded his grandfather[1578]. The Libro de Libertate Monasterii Vizeliacensis names "Nivernensis comes Guilelmus filius Gulielmi Cartusiensis filii Renaldi de Hubenc, filii Gulielmi filii Renaldi filii Landrici"[1579]. By charter dated to [1089/96], "Wilelmus comes filius Reinaldi comitis" confirmed a donation to the abbey of Molesme by "Willelmus comes Tornodorensis" in praise of "patre suo Wilelmo Nevernensis comite…fratris eius Raynaldi et matris eius", adding "illo majori Wilelmo avo suo"[1580]. He succeeded his grandfather in 1100 as Comte de Nevers.

c) ROBERT de Nevers (-after 1134). Vicomte de Ligny-le-Château. Albert of Aix records Robert, brother of Guillaume Comte de Nevers, being defeated by the Turks at Heraclea in Aug 1101 with his brother, robbed of all their possessions, eventually arriving in Antioch[1581]. m ---. The name of Robert's wife is not known. Robert & his wife had one child:

i) GUILLAUME de Nevers (-1164 or after). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. Vicomte de Ligny-le-Château.

d) [--- . m ---.]

i) HUGUES (-after 1144). "Hugo nepos comitis" witnessed the charter dated 1144 under which "Willermus Nivernensis comes" donated property to the Premonstrians at Notre-Dame, with the consent of "Ailleldis comitisse uxoris mee, filiorumque nostrorum, Willelmi et Rainaldi"[1582]. As the known grandchildren of Guillaume II Comte de Nevers were too young in 1144 to have witnessed this charter, it is assumed that "nepos" is correctly translated as "nephew" in this charter, although no information has yet been found concerning the exact parentage of Hugues.

2. GUILLAUME [I] de Nevers (-after 1099). The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum names "Guillelmum et Renaldum" as the two sons of "Guillelmus…I", stating that Guillaume obtained "curam Tornodori"[1583]. Although the wording of this passage suggests that Guillaume was the older son, the charter dated 4 Mar 1063 subscribed by "filii mei Raginaldi, Wilelmi, Rotberti" after "Wilelmus comes"[1584] is more likely to show the correct order of birth of the brothers. He and his brothers are named in their father's 1083 charter[1585]. Comte de Tonnerre [1090]. The Annales Nivernenses record a conflict in 1099 between "Willelmum comitem iuvenem" and "Aymonem de Borbono", specifying that the latter fled, that many of his knights were killed "in Aligero fluvio", and that Guillaume returned victorious with many captives "4 Non Iun"[1586]. A charter dated to [1089/96] recalls a donation to the abbey of Molesme by "Willelmus comes Tornodorensis" in praise of "patre suo Wilelmo Nevernensis comite…fratris eius Raynaldi et matris eius"[1587]. m ---. The name of Guillaume's wife is not known. Guillaume & his wife had one child:

a) [LUCIE] de Nevers . The Origine et Historia Brevi Nivernensium Comitum records the marriage of "Guillelmus Tornodorensis ex propria uxore unam filiam" and "Aimoni Borbonensi"[1588]. A charter dated 6 Sep 1395 recalls that "Aimon de Bourbon, frère d´Archambaud Sire de Bourbon" sold half "du bois de Mondrié" to the monks of Saint-Michel-du-Montet and that later "Aimon", with the consent of "son épouse Lucia", confirmed the transfer of the same property[1589]. It is not known whether Lucie was the same person as the daughter of Guillaume Comte de Tonnerre. m (1099) AIMON [II] "Vaire-Vache" Sire de Bourbon, son of ARCHAMBAUD [IV] "le Fort" Sire de Bourbon & his wife Béliarde --- (-before 27 Mar 1120).

3. ROBERT de Nevers (-12 Feb 1095, bur Nevers Saint-Etienne). "Filii mei Raginaldi, Wilelmi, Rotberti" subscribed a charter dated 4 Mar 1063 after "Wilelmus comes"[1590]. He and his brothers are named in their father's 1083 charter[1591]. Bishop of Auxerre 1076/1084.

4. ERMENGARDE de Nevers (-[14 Oct 1090/1095). Her husband is called son-in-law of Guillaume Comte de Nevers by Orderic Vitalis, although he does not name his wife[1592]. "Hubertus vicecomes" donated "capellam…Sancti Floscelli martiris…in urbe Cenomannica" to Saint-Vincent du Mans, for the souls of "uxoris Ermengardis et filiorum suorum Radulfi, Huberti atque Guillelmi", by charter dated to [1080/95], witnessed by "uxor eius Armengardis et filii eorum Radulfus, Hubertus atque Willelmus, Goffridus suus patruus…", and adding that "post mortem patris in tempore quadragesimo…Radulfus cum matre Ermingarde et fratre Huberto Cennomannis" confirmed the donation[1593]. m (6 Dec 1067) HUBERT Vicomte du Maine, son of --- (-5 Dec before 1095).

5. HELVISE de Nevers (-[Feb 1113/18 Apr 1118], bur Noyon[1594]). She, her father and her husband are named by Orderic Vitalis, who says that she was "clever and persuasive, but cruel and grasping", and recounts her anger against "Isabel de Conques" which led to a bitter war with the latter's husband Raoul de Tosny[1595]. m GUILLAUME "Crespin" Comte d'Evreux, son of RICHARD Comte d'Evreux [Normandy] & his wife Godechildis --- (-18 Apr 1118, bur Fontenelle, monastery of Saint-Wandrille).

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renauld_I,_Count_of_Nevers -------------------- Count of Nevers, between 1000 and 1040 [French Royalty, online <http://www.heraldica.org/topics/france/> and Anselme de Sainte-Marie (augustin déchaussé), Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne et de la maison du roy et des anciens barons du royaume. (Reprod. de l'éd. de Paris : chez Estienne Loyson, 1674: Num. BNF de l'éd. de Paris : Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1987. 1 microfilmReprod. de l'éd. de Paris : Compagnie des libraires associez, 1730, 1730), VIII:567]. -------------------- Royal Titles: Count of Nevers, Count of Auxerre

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Renaud I, comte de Nevers's Timeline

1000
1000
- 1040
Count of Nevers
1014
1014
Nevers, Nievre, Bourgogne, France
1026
1026
Nevers, Nievre, Bourgogne, France
1027
1027
Of,Nevers,Nierre,France
1031
1031
Nevers, France
1040
May 29, 1040
Sainte-Vertu, Burgundy, France
1995
September 14, 1995
1996
July 13, 1996
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