Rev. James Anderson

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James Anderson, Sr.

Birthplace: Dowhill, Glasgow, Scotland
Death: Died in Donegal, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA
Place of Burial: Donegal Cemetery, Lancaster Co, PA
Immediate Family:

Son of John Anderson, Lord Provost of Glasgow and Susannah Hamilton
Husband of Suit Anderson; Janet Hill and Rebecca Crawford
Father of Garland Anderson; John Garland Anderson; Ann Anderson; Mary Anderson; Sylvester Anderson and 7 others
Brother of George Anderson; Margaret Anderson; Barbara Anderson; Susanna Anderson; Janet Anderson and 8 others

Occupation: Minister
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rev. James Anderson

james anderson parents:

John anderson and Susannah hamilton

(some family histories state these are his parents, but George is a brother not his father...)

george anderson 1654-1754

Mary matthews 1658-1754

James Anderson

Birth 17 Nov 1678 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, , Scotland

Death 16 Jul 1740 in Donegal, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United States

wife: Suit Garland 1690-1736


John Anderson 1710 – 1756 

Garland Anderson 1714 – 1790

Ann Anderson 1716 – 1810

Mary Anderson 1717 – 1818

Sylvester Anderson 1718 –

James Anderson 1721 – 1790
Robert Anderson 1722 –  

John Anderson 1723 – 1781

Susannah Anderson 1725 – 1781

William Anderson 1726 – 1826

John Doe Anderson 1727 – 
Anne Anderson 1728 – 
***Thomas Anderson 1731 – 1814

Rev James Anderson 11/17/1678 to 7/16/1740

Wife: Rebecca Crawford--no children 12/5/1712

Wife: Suit Garland 1690 to 1736

Children of Suit Garland-anderson:

John Anderson (1724 to 1781)

only child listed

Reverend James Anderson

etdorwardadded this on 27 Sep 2009 

Reverend James Anderson

17 Nov 1678, Dowhill, Glasgow, Scotland

16 Jul 1740, Donegal, Lancaster PA

+ 5 Dec 1712, New Castle, New Castle, DE

Suit Garland 1694

24 Dec 1736, Donegal, Lancaster PA

History of the Presbytery of Philadelphia, p98

Mr. Anderson was born in Scotland, November 17, 1678, and was ordained by Irvine Presbytery, Nov 17, 1708, with a view to his settlement in Virginia. He arrived in the Rappahannock April 22, 1709, but the state of things not warranting his stay, he came northward, and was received by the Presbytery September 20th of that year. He settled at New Castle, Delaware. In 1717 he accepted a call to a congregation in New York, which at the time, was worshipping in City Hall. September 24, 1726, he received a call to Donegal, on the Susquehanna, and accepted it. He was installed the last Wednesday in August, 1727. In September, 1729, he began to give every fifth Sabbath to the people in Swatara, and joined the congregtion of Derry. In April, 1738, the Presbytery decided to ask the Synod to send a deputation to wait on the Virginia Government, and solicit its favor in behalf of Presbyterianism there. The Synod wrote to the Governor, and sent Mr. Anderson to bear the letter, providing supplies for his pulpit, and allowing for his expenses "in a manner suitable to his design." This mission was performed satisfactorily. He died July 16, 1740.

At the time of his death, he owned a farm of 305 acres well stocked and three slaves. He was a charter member of Donegal Presbytery October 11, 1732, and was Moderator of the Synod of Philadelphia May 23, 1739. February, 1713 he married Suit Garland, daughter of Sylvester Garland of the head of Apoquiminy, by whom eleven children. She died December 24, 1836 and he married Rebecca Crawford of Donegal, Pennsylvania.

Anderson Family

ANDERSON, Rev. James, was a native of Scotland, born November 17, 1678, was educated under Principal Stirling of Glasgow, and ordained by Irvine Presbytery, November 17, 1708, with a view to his settlement in Virginia. He sailed March 6,1709. and arrived in the Rappahanock on the 22d of April following, but the state of things there not warranting his stay, he came northward, and was received by the Presbytery September 20. He settled at New Castle. In 1714, out of regard to the desolate condition of the people in Kent county, he was directed to supply them monthly on a Sabbath, and also to spend a Sabbath at Cedar creek, in Sussex. He subsequently ministered in New York, but owing to some difficulties in the congregation there he desired a removal.

He was called September 24, 1726, to Donegal, on the Susquehanna, and accepted it. He was installed the last Wednesday in August, 1727. In September, 1729, he gave every fifth Sabbath to the people on Swatara, and joined the congregation of Derry, thus becoming the first settled pastor over that church, until the call of Rev. William Bertram, 1732. He died July 16, 1740. In the language of the Presbytery, "he was high in esteem for circumspection, diligence and faithfulness as a Christian minister."

  • *The Rev. Mr. Anderson married, February, 1712-13, Suit Garland, daughter of Sylvester Garland, of the Head of Apoqunimy. She died December 24, 1736. He then married Rachel Wilson, December 27, 1737. His son Garland Anderson, married Jane, daughter of Peter Chevalier, of Philadelphia, but died early. His daughter Elizabeth married Samuel Breeze, resided in New York, and was a woman of great excellence. A brother of the Rev. Mr. Anderson was John Anderson, of Perth Amboy, who in 1712 was made one of the council of the Province of New Jersey. He died in March, 1736, aged seventy-three, being then president of the council. **

A History of Lancaster County by H.M.J. Klein, 1926

James Anderson, who was the first regular pastor of Donegal Presbyterian church, made his home in Donegal from 1727 to his death, 1740. He was born in Scotland in 1678, and had been in the ministry in America since 1709. He was one of the founding members of Newcastle Presbytery in 1716, was later in a New York charge, and accepted call to Donegal in 1726. He was a man of broad mind, and was not long in Donegal before he saw that distorted matters of land-title needed straightening, and he gave them his careful inteligent attention. He himself purchased a tract of 305 acres in 1727 from Peter Allen, an Indian trader. It was not until 1737 that he straightened the titles of some of the land holdings of some of his congregation, "which then included nearly the whole population of Donegal township." He frequently rode to Philadelphia to plead the cause of the people with the Provincial Government in the differences over land-titles, and finally cleared the disputes to general satisfaction.

This accomplished, Rev. Anderson gave some thought to his own affairs. He had for ten years lived on a farm he had exchanged with William Wilkins for the Peter Allen tract he had bought. The Wilkins tract was along the river, and upon part of it the borough of Marietta de- veloped. But when Rev. James Anderson was able to think of his own affairs, in 1737, he only saw in his river-farm the possibility of establishing a ferry. He applied for a patent for a ferry, but was unable to get it for some time, owing to the objections of John Wright, who then had a ferry three miles further down the river. However, he secured the right eventually; and it was probably because of that ferry patent that his son held to the land, and also his grandson, James (3d), and great-grandson, James (4th), who founded the town of Waterford in 1804, which town was merged with another ultimately to form the borough of Marietta.

American Weekly Mercury,

Aug 17-24, 1727

ON the 2d Day of the 8th Month, October next, at New-Castle, will be exposed to sale by publick Vendue, two Plantations lying at the Head of Apoquinomie Creek, in the County of New-Castle, belonging to the Estate of Sylvester Garland deceas'd, and which formerly belong'd to Capt. Haily. containing betwixt the two Places near 700 Acres; there is an Orchard upon each Plantation, a House and Barn upon one of them, there is good conveniency for building either Fulling or Grist Mill; there is on the Land a landing Place from the Creek, to which a small sloop may be brought from Delaware Bay &c. there is a pretty deal of clear Land on it, the Land is good; and the Title indisputable. The two Places may be sold either joyntly and separatly: If any want to Enquire further into the Premisses they may be informed by James Anderson Minister, late of New-York, now at Donnigall, in the county of Chester, Pennsilvania, who has the Power of Disposing of said Plantations either publickly or privately, as he shall see Cause.

Anderson was a Freemason, the Master of a Masonic lodge, and a Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of London and Westminster. He was commissioned in September of 1721 by the Grand Lodge to write a history of the Free-Masons, and it was published in 1723 as The Constitutions of the Free-Masons. Anderson's name does not appear on the title page, but his authorship is declared in an appendix. The Constitutions was edited and reprinted by Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia in 1734, becoming the first Masonic book printed in America. An electronic edition of that work is online here. A second London edition, much expanded, appeared in 1738. The work was translated into many languages, including Dutch (1736), German (1741), and French (1745). His other published works include Royal Genealogies (1732), A Defence of Masonry (1738?), News from Elysium (1739), and A Genealogical History of the House of Yvery (1742).

Core Articles Freemasonry · Grand Lodge · Masonic Lodge · Masonic Lodge Officers · Prince Hall Freemasonry · Regular Masonic jurisdictions History History of Freemasonry · Liberté chérie · Masonic manuscripts [show]Masonic Bodies Masonic Masonic bodies · York Rite · Order of Mark Master Masons · Knights Templar · Scottish Rite · Knight Kadosh · The Shrine · Tall Cedars of Lebanon · The Grotto · Societas Rosicruciana · Grand College of Rites · Swedish Rite · Order of St. Thomas of Acon · Royal Order of Scotland Masonic Women's Groups Women and Freemasonry · Order of the Amaranth · Order of the Eastern Star · Co-Freemasonry Masonic Youth Organizations DeMolay · A.J.E.F. · Job's Daughters · International Order of the Rainbow for Girls [show]Views of Masonry Anti-Masonry · Anti-Masonic Party · Anti-Freemason Exhibition · Christianity and Freemasonry · Catholicism and Freemasonry · Suppression of Freemasonry · Masonic conspiracy theories · Taxil hoax [show]Notable People and Places James Anderson · Albert Mackey · Albert Pike · Prince Hall · John the Evangelist · John the Baptist · William Schaw · Elizabeth Aldworth · List of Freemasons · Lodge Mother Kilwinning · Freemasons' Hall, London · House of the Temple · Solomon's Temple · The Library and Museum of Freemasonry Great Architect of the Universe · Square and Compasses · Pigpen cipher · Eye of Providence · Hiram Abiff · Sprig of Acacia · Masonic Landmarks · Pike's Morals and Dogma· Propaganda Due · Freemasonry and the Latter Day Saint movement · Dermott's Ahiman Rezon

Freemasonary Initiation

A candidate for Freemasonry must petition a lodge in his community, obtaining an introduction by asking an existing member, who then becomes the candidate's proposer. In some jurisdictions, it is required that the petitioner ask three times, however this is becoming less prevalent. In other jurisdictions, more open advertising is utilised to inform potential candidates where to go for more information. Regardless of how a potential candidate receives his introduction to a Lodge, he must be freely elected by secret ballot in open Lodge. Members approving his candidacy will vote with "white balls" in the voting box. Adverse votes by "black balls" will exclude a candidate. The number of adverse votes necessary to reject a candidate, which varies from juisdiction to jurisdiction, is set out in the governing Constitution of the presiding Grand Lodge. Generally, to be a regular Freemason, a candidate must: Be a man who comes of his own free will. Believe in a Supreme Being. (The form of which is left to open interpretation by the candidate) Be at least the minimum age (from 18–25 years old depending on the jurisdiction). Be of good morals, and of good reputation. Be of sound mind and body (Lodges had in the past denied membership to a man because of a physical disability, however, now, if a potential candidate says a disability will not cause problems, it will not be held against him). Be free-born (or "born free", i.e. not born a slave or bondsman). As with the previous, this is entirely an historical holdover, and can be interpreted in the same manner as it is in the context of being entitled to write a will. Some jurisdictions have removed this requirement. Have character references, as well as one or two references from current Masons, depending on jurisdiction. Deviation from one or more of these requirements is generally the barometer of Masonic regularity or irregularity. However, an accepted deviation in some regular jurisdictions is to allow a Lewis (the son of a Mason), to be initiated earlier than the normal minimum age for that jurisdiction, although no earlier than the age of 18. Some Grand Lodges in the United States have an additional residence requirement, candidates being expected to have lived within the jurisdiction for certain period of time, typically six months.

Son Of

John Anderson, III and Susannah Anderson (Hamilton)

Husband Of 

Janet Hill; Rebecca Crawford and Suit Garland

Father Of 

Ann Anderson; Elizabeth Doe Anderson; Garland Anderson; James Anderson, Jr.; John A Anderson, Sr.; John Anderson; John Anderson; John Garland Anderson; Mary Anderson; Robert Anderson; Susannah Taylor (Anderson); Sylvester Anderson; Thomas Anderson and William Anderson « less

Brother Of 

Alexander Anderson; Barbara Anderson; Christian Anderson; George Anderson; Isobell Anderson; Janet Anderson; John Anderson, Jr.; Margaret Anderson; Ninian Anderson; Susanna Anderson and William Anderson « less




Birth Date


Death Date


First Name


Last Name




Display Name

Rev. James Anderson

Birth Location

Glasgow, Dowhill, Scotland

Death Location


Burial Date


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Rev. James Anderson's Timeline

November 17, 1678
Glasgow, Scotland
November 21, 1714
Age 36
New Castle, New Castle, Delaware, USA
November 21, 1714
Age 36
New Castle, New Castle, Delaware, USA
July 24, 1716
Age 37
New Castle, New Castle, Delaware, USA
Age 38
New York, New York, New York, USA
February 17, 1718
Age 39
New York, New York Co, NY
Age 39
New York, New York, New York, USA
May 14, 1721
Age 42
New York City, New York, USA