James Babcock (c.1584 - 1679) MP

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Nicknames: "Badcock"
Birthplace: Wivenhoe, Essex, England
Death: Died in Stonington, New London, Connecticut
Occupation: Reverand, Reverend, Immigrant
Managed by: Gene
Last Updated:

About James Babcock

Record of ship Anne posted because many sources have repeated story Albert Wells & R R Hinman wrote that our original ancestor, James Badcock came on ship Anne. If James did arrive on this ship, he was not listed on any offical records. Anne arrived in Plymouth Jul 1623 accompanied by Little James bringing new settlers along w/many of wives & children left behind in Leyden when Mayflower departed in 1620. Ship passenger list is reconstructed from 1623 Division of Land, passenger list compiled by Charles Banks' Planters of Commonwealth & research found in Eugene Aubrey Stratton's Plymouth Colony: Its History & Its People, 1620-1691.

Annable, Anthony

Jane (Momford) Annable, wife

Sarah Annable, dtr

Hannah Annable, dtr

Bangs, Edward

Bartlett, Robert

Buckett, Mary

Brewster, Patience

Fear Brewster, sister

Clarke, Thomas

Conant, Christopher

Cooke, Mrs. Hester (Mahieu)

Jane Cooke, dtr

Jacob Cooke, son

Hester Cooke, dtr

Dix, Anthony

Faunce, John

Flavel, Mrs Elizabeth

Flood, Edmond

Fuller, Mrs. Bridget (Lee)

Godbertson, Godbert

Sarah (Allerton)(Vincent)(Priest) Godbertson, wife

Samuel Godbertson, son

Sarah Priest, step-dtr

Mary Priest, step-dtr

Hatherly, Timothy

Heard, William

Hicks, Mrs Margaret

Samuel Hicks, son

Lydia Hicks, dtr

Hilton, Mrs William

William Hilton, son

Mary Hilton, dtr

Holman, Edward

Kempton, Manasseh

Long, Robert

Mitchell, Experience

Morton, George

Juliana Morton, wife

Nathanial Morton, son

John Morton, son

Ephraim Morton, son

Patience Morton, dtr

Sarah Morton, dtr

Morton, Thomas Jr

Newton, Ellen

Oldham, John

Mrs. Oldham, wife

Lucretia Oldham, sister

Palmer, Mrs Frances

Penn, Christian

Pierce, Abraham

Pratt, Joshua

Rand, James

Rattliff, Robert

Mrs Rattliff, wife

Snow, Nicholas

Southworth, Alice (Carpenter)

Sprague, Francis

Anna Sprague, wife

Mercy Sprague, dtr

Standish, Mrs Barbara

Tilden, Thomas

(Ann?) Tilden, wife

child Tilden

Tracy, Stephen

Wallen, Ralph

Joyce Wallen, wife

Warren, Mrs Elizabeth

Mary Warren, dtr

Elizabeth Warren, dtr

Anna Warren, dtr

Sarah Warren, dtr

Abigail Warren, dtr

Original spelling of last name was Badcock, w/a d...

"For the first 40 years the surname of James and his Sons was usually written Badcock. In the Probate records of John Badcock estate the name is spelled Babcock, & at that time that spelling seems to have been adopted by the family."

1st record of James says...

"James Badcock was admitted an inhabitant of the “towne” of Portsmouth (RI) Feb 25, 1642. At that time no one was allowed to “build or plant” w/out 1st having been voted at town meeting an inhabitant."

- From Babcock Genealogy by Stephen Babcock

Historical cemeteries buried by neglect

12:02 AM EDT on Wednesday, October 31, 2007

By Donita Naylor

Journal Staff Writer

Here’s a scary story for Halloween. It’s interactive, & anyone can help write the ending. RI’s historical cemeteries are in danger of vanishing. Evelyn Wheeler doesn’t know why, but something coming from those cemeteries is speaking to her. Something compelling.

It could be weeds & poison ivy. Or maybe it’s that when cemeteries are forgotten, part of history is lost. Many of RI’s historical cemeteries are overgrown, disintegrating & often gathering spot for evil spirits, or at least underage drinkers. Wheeler, who w/husband, Frank, volunteered in nat'l parks for 20 yrs after he retired 1st time in 1983, lives in Narragansett & wondered who was in chg of taking care of historical cemeteries. Turned out to be her.

She started calling around last yr to see abt getting attention for cemetery she’d noticed. Historical cemeteries, she found, have no clear owner. They had no 1 to care for them. Closest thing to govt agency looking after them was Advisory Commission on Historical Cemeteries, & it was nearly dead itself. She undertook her own cemetery cleanup, then took steps to get commission revived & was elected chairman. In Apr, commission organized 150 volunteers to clean 53 cemeteries in 29 towns.Sat, she is hoping more volunteers will join brigade of souls looking aft souls who walked ground bef them. RI has at least 3500 historical cemeteries. They are listed & numbered, & number is posted on metal sign in each cemetery. Volunteers are trying to document each 1, pinpoint its location w/global positioning device, photograph stones, transcribe what is written there & what is known abt graves, & make everything searchable for genealogy enthusiasts online. Genealogy led Carolyn Saleski, S Hadley, MA, to Westerly to find cemetery said to contain some of her Babcock ancestors. She is related to Capt James Babcock, father of Dr Joshua Babcock. Dr Babcock was friend of Benjamin Franklin’s, served as RI’s 1st postmaster, helped found Brown Univ & built Babcock-Smith House in Westerly. “I started doing Internet thing, I heard abt place called Babcock House,” Saleski said. Last spring, she & her husband drove to Westerly in search of Cemetery 7. They found Watch Hill Rd. “I’m seeing Babcock everywhere, so I’m thrilled,” she said. They drove up & down didn’t see a cemetery. “We come back 1 more time,” she said, & then: “Oh my God, that’s it! Historic site no 7. “I look at this cemetery & draw my breath in. It takes my breath away. Because it is trashed. “Beautiful stone wall is covered w/briars, headstones are on ground & leaning against trees, they don’t know where they belong,” she said. “I’m shocked.

“It was heartbreaking, for me, to see those ancestors in that disrepair.” When she returned home, she started calling RI officials, asking, “Who owns it? What’s going on?” As it turned out, Westerly Historical Society was waiting for warmer weather to begin cleanup. Yrs of overgrowth, briars & poison ivy were removed. Historical society mbr John Leach, who worked on project, said they needed brush cutters & chain saw & help from town in hauling away brush. Refurbished cemetery was ready last Sat when wreath was placed at sarcophagus of Dr Babcock, ceremony that was part of Babcock-Smith House’s celebration of his birth 300 yrs ago. “I’m really happy they did it,” Saleski said yesterday when told of cleanup. Transformation of Babcock cemetery is what Wheeler’s commission is hoping will happen at historical cemeteries thru-out state. “People should know abt history of RI,” Wheeler said. “People who started this country” are buried in some of these cemeteries: people who “signed Declaration of Independence, governors, senators, millwrights, people who spun cotton that was grown.” Wheeler calls cemeteries “open-air museums.”

Names & dates on grave markers tell fascinating story, which grows more fascinating when interwoven w/history & genealogy data online. She hopes volunteers will call her...to adopt their neighborhood historical cemetery, or 1 in which they have an ancestor. Adopting it means removing trash, pulling weeds & maybe planting fall bulbs, then returning in spring to rake, tidy & plant. If people call her, she can coordinate many efforts. But anyone can turn out Sat at neighborhood cemetery w/work gloves & tools & bags for carrying away rubbish. "I just feel this is challenge, & they should all be cleaned,” Wheeler said, “because it’s history of state." She hopes lawmakers will be able to establish who cemeteries belong to. “There are other cemeteries in country that are being taken care of,” she said. “RI should come forward & do same.” Wheeler is also hoping for another kind of help, kind that involves going to town halls to look up deeds & easements, to give commission names of property owners surrounding cemeteries if permission is needed for access. Volunteer w/hand-held GPS device, or cell phone w/global positioning feature, can take reading in cemetery & note coordinates. Commission can get cemetery noted on plat maps, she said, “so developers don’t build right on top of them...Other thing is, if people have Google Earth & they know exactly where it is,” they can enter coordinates, “so even people who are homebound can help.” Photographs are needed to capture each stone bef it eventually disintegrates. Rubbings are forbidden, she said, except under expert supervision. Stone cleaning must be done gently & w/expert advice because of threat of erosion to stone. There’s 1 ritual that can be performed in cemeteries w/out drawing Wheeler’s disapproval. It involves mirror, & it’s performed not at midnight but in bright of day. If mirror is used to direct sunshine directly onto gravestone, Wheeler said, lettering once indistinct becomes more readable. That’s when to take photo or copy inscription. For info on how you can help, plus safety advice for cleaning historical cemetery, visit commission’s Web site at www.historicalcemeteries.ri.gov/. For more on RI genealogy & cemeteries, visit www.rootsweb.com/ ~rigenweb/cemetery/

You can help: Do you want to join historical cemetery cleanup brigade? Here are just some of 3500 historical cemeteries in need of attention:

•Wightman-Sweet Cem, no 32, across from Carpenter Jenks Funeral Home, E Greenwich Av, W Warwick.

•Burial grnd of Beriah Brown family, no 96, behind Gregg’s Restaurant, Scrabbletown Rd, N Kingstown.

•N Burial Grnd, off N Main St, Warren.

•St James Cem, north of Logee St, Woonsocket.

•Thomas Cornell Cem, no 36, behind Valley Inn Restaurant, W Main Rd, Portsmouth.

dnaylor@projo.com

Unless you have read "Babcock Genealogy" by Stephen Babcock (1903) you may not know of "tradition" that states James Badcock traveled to Leyden, Holland & w/Robinson family. After much research here is some interesting info that explains better why Leyden, & who Robinson Family were.

Hope you enjoy.

Story of Holland's rise due to free mkt policies. Holland's struggle for independence from Spain was of epic proportions: when, after siege of several mos, citizens of Leyden talked of surrender, 1 burgomaster fortified their spirits by saying, "Here is my sword; plunge it, if you will, into my heart, & divide my flesh amg you to appease your hunger; but expect no surrender as long as I am alive." Burgomaster lived & so did rest of citizens of Leyden to see day when William the Silent routed besieging Spaniards. Defense of Leyden turned tide, & from then on Dutch never looked back in their fight for freedom. Once they were free, Dutch embraced much of what we would call free mkt philosophy & set up limited govt. In early 1600s, Holland was most liberal society in Europe. When English Separatists began to think of emigrating, they thought of Holland. But emigrating to Holland would be no easy task: Englishmen could not leave country w/out permission. Never mind: Separatists would leave secretly. 1st group--mbrs of Brownist Church in Gainsborough--went over in 1607; hearing good reports, mbrs of Scrooby Congregation, group which included many Pilgrim Fathers, prepared to follow. Aft several attempts to escape, Pilgrims finally succeeded, arriving in Amsterdam on Dutch ship. Robinson, John, clergyman, b prob Lincolnshire, Eng, 1575-6; d Leyden, Holland, cMar, 1625. He entered Corpus Christi, Cambridge, in 1592, was chosen fellow, & is supposed to have recd degree of MA in 1599. He officiated as minister of established church near Norwich, but omitted parts of ritual, having become inclined toward Puritan doctrines at university, & was soon suspended from his functions. He removed to Norwich, where he gathered abt him band of worshippers. 1604 he formally w/drew from nat'l church, resigning his fellowship, & connected himself w/body of dissenters in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, & adjacent district. He was 1 of ministers of congregation at Scrooby, Nottinghamshire. Part of flock went w/other minister to Holland. Some months later, Robinson & rest of congregation determined to emigrate, in order to escape persecution. Aft being detained by police & enduring various hardships, entire congregation escaped to Amsterdam, &, aft passing nearly yr there, settled in Leyden early summer 1609, where Robinson, w/3 others, in 1611, purchased lrg house w/enclosed court. Church met for worship in house, & some of company built homes w/in court. He was recognized by his opponents as "most learned, polished, & modest spirit that ever separated from Church of Eng," & in Leyden gained high reputation by his disputations in defence of Calvinism in 1613 w/Episcopius, successor of Arminius. He became also mbr of university in Sep 1615. His congregation was increased by accessions from Eng, & when, in 1617, plan of emigration to Am was discussed, he took heartiest interest in scheme, & was active in promoting negotiations w/VA Co. There was difficulty in bringing matter to conclusion, & abt beginning of 1620 he was party to proposition to certain Amsterdam merchants to remove to New Amsterdam ; but states-gen'l declined to further plan, & Robinson & his company fell back on their original purpose. When younger mbrs of congregation sailed in "Speedwell" Jul 1620, he took leave of them in memorable sermon, intending to follow w/others next yr. Part of remainder of church departed aft his death" as also, in 1631, did his son, Isaac, who has many descendants in US. Leyden pastor was author of "An Answer to Censorious Epistle" (1609); "Justification of Separation from Church of Eng against Mr Bernard's Invective entitled "Separatist's Schism" (1610); "Of Religious Communion, Private & Public" (1614); "Manumission to Manuduction" (1615); "People's Plea for Exercise of Prophecy" (1618)" "Apologia justa et necessaria" (1619), which was translated into Eng in 1625; "Defence of Doctrine propounded by Synod of Dort" (1624) ; "Letter to Congregational Church in London" (1624); "Appeal on Truth's Behalf" (1624); "Observations Divine & Moral" (1625); "On Lawfulness of Hearing of Ministers in Church of Eng (1634); & "Brief Catechism concerning Church Govt," earliest known edition of which was printed in 1642. "Works of John Robinson, Pastor of Pilgrim Fathers," have been published, w/memoir & annotations by Robert Ashton, & inaccurate acct of his descendants by William Allen (3 vols, London & Boston, 1851). Robinson, John, clergyman, b Cabarrus Co, NC, Jail, 1768; d in Poplar Tent, NC, 14 Dec 1843. Recd academic education at Winnsborough, SC, studied theology, was licensed to preach 4 Apr 1793, & organized several churches in Dupin Co, NC, accepted tilt chg of Presbyterian Church at Fayetteville in 1800, established classical school, preached in Poplar Tent 1801-5, & then in Fayetteville again till 1818, when he returned to Poplar Tent. Univ NC gave him degree of DD in 1829. He was 1 of most popular & persuasive preachers of his faith, & not less eminent as instructor. He published only "Eulogy on Washington " (1800):

Loving and Christian Friends,

I do heartily & in Lord salute you all as being they w/whom I am present in my best affection, most earnest longings aft you. Though I be constrained for while to be bodily absent from you. I say constrained, God knowing how willingly & much rather than otherwise, I would have borne my part w/you in this 1st brunt, where I not by strong necessity held back for present. Make acct of me in meanwhile as of man divided in myself w/great pain, & as (natural bonds set aside) having my better part w/you. & though I doubt not but in your godly wisdoms you both foresee & resolve upon that which concerneth your present state & condition, both severally & jointly, yet have I thought it but my duty to add some further spur of provocation unto them who run already; if not because you need it, yet because I owe it in love & duty. & 1st, as we are daily to renew our repentance w/our God, especially for our sins known, & generally for our unknown trespasses; so doth Lord call us in singular manner upon occasions of such difficulty & danger sailieth upon you, to both more narrow search & careful reformation of your ways in His sight; let He, calling to remembrance our sins forgotten by us or unrepented of, take advantage against us, & in judgment leave us for same to be swallowed up in 1 danger or other. Whereas, on contrary, sin being taken away by earnest repentance & pardon thereof from Lord, sealed up unto man's conscience by His Spirit, great shall be his security & peace in all dangers, sweet his comforts in all distresses, w/happy deliverance from all evil, whether in life or in death. Now, next after this heavenly peace w/God & our own consciences, we are carefully to provide for peace w/all men what in us lieth, especially w/our associates. & for that, watchfulness must be had that we neither at all in ourselves do give, no, nor easily take offense being given by others. Woe be unto world for offenses, for though it be necessary (considering malice of Satan & man's corruption) that offenses come, yet woe unto man, or woman either, by whom offense cometh, saith Christ, Matthew 18:7. & if offenses in unseasonable use of things, in themselves indifferent, be more to feared than death itself (as Apostle teacheth, 1 Corinthians 9:15) how much more in things simply evil, in which neither honor of God nor love of man is thought worthy to be regarded. Neither yet is it sufficient that we keep ourselves by grace of God from giving offense, except withal we be armed against taking of them when they be given by others. For how unperfect & lame is work of grace in person who wants charity to cover multitude of offenses, as Scriptures speak! Neither are you to be exhorted to this grace only upon common grounds of Christianity, which are, persons ready to take offense either want charity to cover offenses, or wisdom duly to weigh human frailty; or lastly, are gross, though close hypocrites as Christ our Lord teacheth (Matthew 7:1,2,3), as indeed in my own experience few or none have been found which sooner give offense than such as easily take it. Neither have they ever proved sound & profitable mbrs in societies, which have nourished this touchy humor. But besides these, there are diverse motives provoking you above others to great care & conscience this way: As 1st, you are many of you strangers, as to persons so to infirmities 1 of another, & so stand in need of more watchfulness this way, lest when such things fall out in men & women as you suspected not, you be inordinately affected w/them; which doth require at your hands much wisdom & charity for covering & preventing of incident offenses that way. &, lastly, your intended course of civil community will minister continual occasion of offense, & will be as fuel for that fire, except you diligently quench it w/brotherly forbearance. & if taking of offense causelessly or easily at men's doings be so carefully to be avoided, how much more heed is to be taken that we take not offense at God Himself, which yet we certainly do so oft as we do murmur at His providence in our crosses, or bear impatiently such afflictions as wherewith He pleaseth to visit us. Store up, therefore, patience against evil day, w/out which we take offense at Lord Himself in His holy & just works. Fourth thing there is carefully to be provided for, to wit, that w/your common employments you join common affections truly bent upon general good, avoiding deadly plague of your both common & special comfort all retiredness of mind for proper advantage, & all singularly affected any manner of way. Let ever man repress in himself & whole body in each person, as so many rebels against common good, all private respects of men's selves, not sorting w/gen'l conveniency. & as men are careful not to have new house shaken w/any violence before it be well settled & parts firmly knit, so be you, I beseech you, brethren, much more careful the house of God, which you are & are to be, be not shaken w/unnecessary novelties or other oppositions at 1st settling thereof. Lastly, whereas you are become body politic, using amgst yourselves civil govt, & are not furnished w/any persons of special eminency above rest, to be chosen by you into office of govt; let your wisdom & godliness appear, not only in choosing such persons as do entirely love & will promote common good, but also in yielding unto them all due honor & obedience in their lawful administrations, not beholding in them ordinariness of their persons, but God's ordinance for your good; not being like foolish multitude who more honor gay coat than either virtuous mind of man, or glorious ordinance of Lord. But you know better things, & the image of Lord's power & authority which magistrate beareth, is honorable, in how means persons soever. & this duty you both may more willingly & ought more conscionably to perform, because you are at least for present to have only them for your ordinary governors, which yourselves shall make choice of for that work. Sundry other things of importance I could put you in mind of, & of those bef mentioned in more words, but I will not so far wrong your godly minds as to think you heedless of these things, there being also diverse amg you so well able to admonish both themselves & others of what concerneth them. These few things therefore, & same in few words I do earnestly commend unto your care & conscience, joining therewith my daily incessant prayers unto Lord, that He who hath made heavens & earth, sea & all rivers of water, & whose providence is over all His works, espeically over all His dear children for good, would so guide & guard you in your ways, as inwardly by His Spirit, so outwardly by hand of His power, as both you & we also, for & w/you, may have aft matter of praising His name all days of your & our lives. Fare you well in Him in whom you trust, & in whom I rest. Unfeigned wellwiller of your happy success in this hopeful voyage,

John Robinson

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Rev. James Babcock's Timeline

1580
1580
Wivenhoe, Essex, England
1584
1584
Wivenhoe, Essex, England
1600
1600
Age 16
Wivenhoe, Essex, England, United Kingdom
1602
1602
Age 18
1602
Age 18
Essex, England
1606
1606
Age 22
Wivenhoe, Essex, , England
1612
June 12, 1612
Age 28
Wivenhoe, Essex, England
1614
1614
Age 30
Wivenhoe, Essex, England, UK
1616
1616
Age 32
Wivenhoe, Essex, England
1618
1618
Age 34
Wivenhoe, Essex, England