John Wing, Sr. (c.1584 - 1629) MP

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Birthplace: Banbury, Oxfordshire, England
Death: Died in St. Mary Aldermary, London, England
Managed by: Christian Aaron PERKS
Last Updated:

About John Wing, Sr.

John was born at Banbury, Oxon, ENG, before 12 January 1584. He was the son of Matthew Wing(e) [Wynge] and Mary (Unknown). He married Deborah Bachiler at (Unknown), ENG, circa 1610. He died at probate (will-proved), St. Mary Aldermary, London, London, ENG, between 2 November 1629 and 4 August 1630. -------------------- First residence was in Saugus (Lynn), MA.

1638- Settled in Sandwich, MA. -------------------- Rev. John Wing, third son of Matthew Wing, "pastor of the English Puritan Church at Middleborough in Zeeland" who spoke of himself as "late of the Hague" in Holland, clerk now (1629) living in St. Mary Aldermary, London, married Deborah Batchelder born 1592 daughter of Stephen Batchelder by his first wife. Rev. John Wing died in London in 1630, leaving a will dated November 2, 1629 and proved in the prerogative court of Canterbury August 4, 1630. John and Deborah had five children: Deborah, Daniel, Stephen, John and Matthew. Deborah and her four sons came to America in 1632 settling in New England, in Saugus, Mass. Deborah died in Yarmouth, Mass.

-------------------- Laurel Logan August 1, 2008 This article is a little long, but very interesting. from http://members.aol.com/lynnash911/john.html

The following article was condensed from a biographical sketch compiled about 1914 by Col. George W. Wing (1856-1924), first president of the Wing Family of America.

John Wing, born in England in the latter 1500's. Died about 1629, The Hague, Holland or 1630 in England. Married probably about 1610 to Deborah Bachiller. They probably were married in Holland.

Like his father-in-law, Stephen Bachiler, John Wing was an English minister who moved to Holland and became a Puritan pastor there, most likely for similar reasons. He had been residing at Sandwich, County Kent, England on the Strait of Dover and then at Banbury before migrating to Holland. There he became pastor of an English Puritan Congregation in Flushing, Province of Zealand. It is likely that he was associated in some way in Holland with Stephen Bachiler, as he married Stephen's daughter. Pope, in PIONEERS ON MASSACHUSETTS, states that John Wing died in the Hague, Holland in 1629. Lovell, in SANDWICH: A CAPE COD TOWN, states that he died in England in 1630. An early Wing family genealogist, writing in 1881, stated that John came to America and settled in Sandwich. But more recent research proves that the writer must have confused John Wing with John Wing, Jr., his son, who did accompany his widowed mother, brothers, and Stephen Bachiler to America in 1632, and settled first in Lynn, and later in Sandwich.

Elizabeth ruled England with an iron hand. The Puritans were in a majority in the House of Commons, but the severe reprimands they had met with from the throne deterred them from enacting any religious laws. The prelates of the Church of England were still in the haughty exercise of all religious prerogatives. So that when Matthew, or perchance Mary, carried the infant John in their arms up the stately aisles of old St. Mary's to the Saxon baptismal font, he was baptized with the parents and attendants kneeling at the sacrament, which was sealed by the sign of the cross. Every question of ceremony was regulated by Queen Elizabeth. Even the size and height of the ruff about Matthew's neck was determined by the Queen's edict.

The very year of John's birth, Elizabeth consigned the religious life of England into the keeping of forty-four commissioners, who were enpowered by all means and ways they could devise, by juries, by the rack, by torture, by inquisition, by imprisonment, to reform all heresies and schism, and to punish all breaches of uniformity of worship. so we may well imagine that John was christened by his parents with strict regard to the country's laws.

Matthew and Mary were not permitted to invite their neighbors to read and discuss the scriptures. All such gatherings, without the Queen's special permission, were unlawful. And if, perchance, Matthew (who was a tailor) in his business sold a suit of clothes to a nobleman, he was obliged to wait that gentlman's knightly pleasure for payment. If he sued to recover the price, he was liable to imprisoment himself. It was only during the succeeding generations that the noble principles of liberty took root. Executions took place for robbery, theft and felonies; whippings and burnings in the hand hand were legal modes of punishment for lesser crimes. In fact, the "Merrie England" of the days of Matthew and the boyhood of John affords us no reason to be in love with the picture of the absolute monarchy or with the government of "good Queen Bess."

The boyhood of John was spent in Banbury. The square about the old Banbury cross was undoubtedly a playground, and time and again he must have passed and entered the old Reindeer Inn. The schools of the day were known as grammar schools, and undoubtedly John made good use of them, for he was able to matriculate at Oxford when but fifteen years of age. We cannot doubt that he was a regular Sunday attendant at St. Mary's. His deeply spiritual nature was a surety of that. The sermons in the English churches at that time were merely homilies prepared by the prelates and given the vicars to read, exhorting their congregations to obey the Queen and extolling her goodness.

In John's fourteenth year, all England was aflame with the approach of the great Spanish Armada. His father at that time was forty-eight years of age, and his brothers, Fulk and Thomas, twenty-four and twenty-two respectively. Unquestionably they were enrolled among the nation's defenders. The year following the excitement attending the Armada, John Wing entered Oxford University. The school was only twenty-three miles from his home. The matriculation entry is as follows: "John Wynge of Oxon, pleb. St. Alban's Hall, 15 October, 1599, aged 14."

On 12 February, 1603, Queen's College invested him with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. During the days of John's schooling there, Oxford was particularly active in the literary movement of that day, and undoubtedly the youth became acquainted there with many of the great lights who dazzled the world with their writings in the generation following.

That we may better appreciate the scholarly attainments of young John Wing, B.A., nineteen years of age, when he left the shadows of Queen's College in 1603, a review of the times may prove interesting. Of the peers of the realm during Elizabeth's reign only about sixty knew their letters. In the rual districts, to read and write were considered rare accomplishments, and even among the gentry below the first degree there was little difference in literary accomplishments between master and the boorish attendants. As we descend a step lower we reach a class wholly illiterate. Shakespeare's father was High Bailiff of Stratford, but he could neither read nor write. Of nineteen aldermen of Stratford only six could write their names. Nor was the ignorance confined to the laymen. In1578, according to Neal, of one hundred and forty clergymen in Cornwall belonging to the established church, not one was capable of preaching, and throughout the kingdom, those who could preach were in the proportion of one to four.

The time of the induction of John into the holy order is conjectural. Oxford at the time of his graduation was, under Elizabeth's reign, the fountain head of English church theology. His parents were members of the established church, and it was quite likely with a view of taking the orders that he pursued his studies at the University. It is most likely that the young Oxford graduate secured a position in some country village as a curate or assistant to the vicar of some parish and, while acting in that capacity, met Deborah Bachiler, daughter of the Vicar of Wherwell in Hampton.

Stephen Bachiler, the Vicar of Wherwell, had gained considerable reputation among his clerical brethren for learning and ability. A man of willful independent and forceful character, he had refused conformity with the requirements of his superiors in the chuch and in 1605 was deprived of his living at Wherwell. He immediately secured another following in the vicinity of Wherwell and continued to preach the gospel as a Presbyterian. It was an age of fierce religious controversy, and it was during the period immediately following Bachiler's expulsion from his living at Wherwell that the young Oxford graduate met and courted Deborah. It will not for an instant be believed by those who have studied Bachiler's dominating and forceful character that he would permit his daughter to marry a clergyman of the Church of England. Tradition says that he refused to give his youngest daughter, Theodate, in marriage to young Christopher Hussey until the latter would promise to take her to New England, where he himself proposed to settle. The influence of the courtship and the marriage of John and Deborah, and the subsequent associations with the father of the latter, may have had much to do with the breaking of the young man's relations with the mother church.

John Wing and Deborah Bachiler were married about the year 1609-10. It may be conjectured that because John's brother named a daughter Deborah, born to him in 1608, that the marriage occurred even earlier. At the time of his marriage, John was about twenty-five years of age and Deborah barely eighteen. The oldest child, Deborah was born in 1611. John, the second child, is said by some student of family history to have been born at Yarmouth. He is mentioned in his grandfather's will made in 1614, so that it is probably that his birth occurred in 1613.

In 1617, John Wing is found preaching to the famous society of Merchant Adventurers of England in Hanover, Germany, and it is known definitely that he was in charge of a congregation at the old Roman cinque port of Sandwich in Kent at some period prior to 1620. The proof of this is contained in the dedication of his first book, "The Crown Conjugall", printed in November, 1620. He thus inscribed it:

"To The Right Worshipfull Master Matthew Peke Esquire, Mayor of the Towne and Port of Sandwich, and to the Worshipfull, the Jurates of his brethren, the Common Counsell and whole Corporation for the same JOHN WING, doth with Grace and Peace and all good form from the living God through the love of our Lord Jesus Christ, by the worke of the Holy Ghost, (our former favours, and the abundant fruits of your love Right Worshipfull and welbeloved in the Lord) which I have from time to time experienced ever since it pleased the Lord to cast affliction upon mine external state, doe daily provoke and deeply challange from me, the manifestation of a thankfull hart unto you all to whose kindnes I stand a Debtor much engaged to this day."

Mr. Stevens, in his "History of Presbyterianism" thus makes mention of our ancestor: "Mr. Wing, a pious man, and edifying preacher, was first at Sandwich, but had latterly been chaplain to the Merchants Adventurers of England residing at Hamburg. He exerted himself much for the good of his people her (Flushing) until he removed to the Hague in 1627."

On 19 June, 1620, he had been ordained as pastor of the churches of Flushing and Middleburg (in Holland) under the direction of Mr. John Paget of Amsterdam, assisted by two Dutch clergymen, and in the presence of the burgomaster and other magistrates.

There are many theories as to the exact religious beliefs of the Rev. John Wing. Robert Browne, the founder of English Congregationalism, as early as 1581, had emigrated to Middleburg, in Zealand, with his followers, and it was from here that he published his several works. His followers became distracted and divided on matters of discipline and were finally disbanded. It may have been remnants of Brown's old congregation at Middleburg that John Wing preached to in 1620. The fact that the Dutch government recognized and materially aided the Rev. John Wing in his ministrations at the Hague and in his induction into the Pastorate at Middleburg, leads to the belief that he was a Presbyterian in his belief and teachings. He was the first settled English pastor at the Hague, being admitted 11 May, 1627. The states of Holland allowed him a subsidy of 300 pounds year, which, by a decree of 1628, was augmented to 500 pounds. A subscription of 100 pounds was raised by the English, and expended in repairing and beautifying the chapel. This church, or chapel, was much frequented by the royal family, and especially by Elizabeth, daughter of King James, wife of the ex-King of Bohemia. It was here that Mr. Wing preached 18 May, 1624, his sermon "The Saint's Advantage, or the Wellfare of the Faithfull in the Worst Times" before Queen Elizabeth. The sermon was given at the Hague while Mr. Wing was still in the pastorate at Middleburg. It was printed in London, in 1624, by John Dawson for John Bellamie, and was sold at his shop the the Three Golden Lions, near the Royal Exchange.

A number of the sermons of the Rev. John Wing were published. Samuel Austin Allibone, in his "Dictionary of Authors" mentions some of the publications: "1. The Crowne Conjugall, or the Spouse Royall, Middleburg, 1620 2. Jacob's Staffe to Beare up the Faithful and Beat Down the Profane, Flushing, 1621 3. The Best Merchandis, 1622" To those should be added "Abel's Offering" and "The Saint's Advantage." The former was printed in 1622 and is dedicated "To the Right Worshipfull and worthy fellowship of Merchants Adventurers of England, residents of Delft, in Holland." It had been preached in Middleburg, in Zealand. The book contains 138 pages. The latter sermon preached at Hamburg in November 1617, and was printed at Flushing in October of 1621.

Five of the volumes of John Wing's publications are held by the British Museum and have been seen and examined there by several members of the Wing Family of America. At least one copy of each of the five publications is now in America. a Copy of the "Crown Conjugall" was secured by the late Col. George W. Wing, first president of the Wing Family of America, having been purchased in a London bookstore in 1903. A copy of the book "The Saint's Advantage" is part of the John Adams collection in the Boston Public Library, carefully guarded under lock and key. On the title page of this copy is the following notation placed by Mr. Thomas Prince who owned the book at one time: "This Wing was Pastor of ye English Puitan Chh. at Middleborough in Zeeland, wh. wido bro't her children to Sandwich in New England who afterwards turned Quaker and frm whm ye Wings at Sandwich, Wareham, Rochester and Dartmouth are descended."

In Septmeber, 1908, Mr. George Wing Sisson, at that time Vice President of the Wing Family of America, received from Miss Miriam H. L. wing, of Coventry, England, a bound volume cotaining "Jacob's Staffe," "The Best Merchandise", and "Abel's Offering", bound within the same covers. Miss Wing was the daughter of an English Clergyman and stated that the volume had been purchased by her father from a London bookseller merely because the author bore his surname.

The religious views and teachings of the Rev. John Wing are not conjectural to his descendants. Over 800 pages of his writings or preachings are accessible to those of his posterity living today. They reveal to us a man of strong spituality, classic learning, masterful character, ready wit, fierce invective, a facile pen and a ready tongue. He lived in an age of cant and long-winded sermons, and at times his preachings take on the color of the age, but through them all gleams the effort to be of sincere use to his fellowmen.

Fully fifteen years of the lives of John Wing and his wife Deborah were spent in Germany and Holland as practical exiles from their native England. Hamburg and The Hague were cities of note and cosmopolitian beyond their contemporaries in Europe. Their associates, and the members of their congregations, were people of note and keen enterprise. The salary of 500 pounds a year while at The Hague afforded him the means of living in affluence. Reckoned for its purchasing power at that time, it would equal the modern salary of $10,000 given to favored ministers of the gospel, and speaks for itself of the value placed upon his services.

What changes of fortune brought him and his family to London before his death we are unable to determine. Perhaps it was a fatal illness: possibly the growing power of the Puritan movement: perhaps he too had caught the fever to emigrate to America. He sickened and died in London in 1630, probably during the summer, in his forty-sixth year, and his wife, Deborah, at thirty-eight was left a widow with five children.

No picture comes down to us through the ages of the Rev. John Wing. The Puritan and Presbyterian clergy of that period affected a small chin beard with mustaches, hair rather long and flowing, high hats with rather broad trims, black clothes and cloak, with knee breeches and silver- buckled shoes. The office of the clergy carried with it a great dignity and sterness of bearing. The Rev. John at all times felt the responsibilities of his mission.

The English recods contain this synopsis of his will: "John Winge, late of the Hague in Holland, clerk, now living in St. Mary Aldermary, London, 2 November, 1629, proved Aug. 4, 1630. Certain lands (freehold) in Crickston and Stroud, Kent, shall be sold as conveniently may be and the money thereof arising shall be with all other goods, etc, divided into equal parts, the one to be had, received and enjoyed unto by my loving wife, Debora, and the other part or moiety to be equally and indifferently had, parted, divided and enjoyed unto amongst all my children, share and share alike, except unto and by my daughter Debora whom I have already advanced in marriage. Wife Debora to be executrix and Edward Foord of London, merchant, and Andrew Blake of Stroud, in Kent, yeomen, overseers."

It is not unusual circumstance for the Rev. John Wing to be styled a "clerk" in his will. His father-in-law, also a minister, was so designated in at least three conveyances made by him about the same time. The term evidently had a broader meaning than is now ascribed to it, and was used to designate a scholarly gentleman.

A brief review of the family and surroundings of the widow Deborah Wing and her children at this period may bring the situation nearer home to us. Deborah herself was still a young woman of thirty-eight. Her only daughter, Deborah, aged about nineteen, had but recently married. Her eldest son, John, was but seventeen, her son Daniel a year or two younger than John, Stephen but nine and Matthew still younger. Her younger sister, Ann Sanborn, also widowed with a family , was living on the strand in London and her brothers, Samuel and Nathaniel, probably living in Holland. The freehold estate mentioned by Rev. John Wing in his will was located at Crickston and Stroud in Kent, a few miles distant from Sandwich. There is a tradition among the New England members of the family that Matthew Wing, Deborah's youngest son, "went back to England to look after some property left behind." We have positive knowledge that Matthew Wing returned to Stroud, married, lived and died there. The size, importance and value of the estate left by John to his wife and sons is not known; but it appears probable that they were provided with some means when they set out for America in the spring of 1632. --Laurel Logan

--Laurel Logan August 1, 2008 Public domain family history titled "A historical and genealogical register of John Wing, of Sandwich, Mass., and his descendants, 1662-1881 (1881)" by Conway Phelps Wing http://ia360934.us.archive.org/3/items/historicalgeneal00wing/historicalgeneal00wing.pdf --Laurel Logan

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http://www.nashfamilyhistory.com/winglibrary.org/Mat.html

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Rev. John Wing's Timeline

1584
January 12, 1584
Banbury, Oxfordshire, England
January 12, 1584
St. Mary's, Banbury, Oxford, England
January 12, 1584
St Mary's, Banbury, Oxford, Eng
January 12, 1584
St. Mary's, Banbury, Oxford, England
1585
January 12, 1585
Age 1
Banbury,Oxfordshire,England
1610
1610
Age 25
Oxfordshire, England
1611
January 1611
Age 26
Sandwich, Kent, England
1615
1615
Age 30
Yarmouth, Barnstable, England
1616
1616
Age 31
Sandwich, Kent, England
1617
1617
Age 32
Sandwich, Kent, England