|Nicknames:||"John Mayo", "Rev John Mayo"|
|Birthplace:||Cattistock, Greater Middleton, Northamptonshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Yarmouth, (Present Barnstable County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts)|
|Occupation:||Reverend, Church Minister, First Minister of the Second Church of Boston. SEE Old State House Museum for his story., brazier of metal.(baize-worker), minister, Reverendo|
|Managed by:||Thomas Edward Shirley|
Matching family tree profiles for Reverend John Mayo
About John (Not son of Rev. John) Mayo, I
"Will added for Gr. Grandfather by E. C. Nickerson ::
Witnesseth These presents an agreement between Mistris Tamisin Mayo: viz: and Relict of mr. John Mayo Late of Yarmouth Deceased; and the Children of the said Mr. Mayo in the prsence of and with the Concurrence of Mr Thomas hinkley Captaine John ffreeman and Thomas huckens; appointed by the Court to be healpfull to them in the Division of the estate of the said Mr Mayo: viz: The said mistris Tamison Mayo is according to her Desire to have eighteen pounds in Money and five pounds in such other prte of the estate, as shee shall Choose, which accordingly shee hath Received in full satisfaction of her thirds, and whole Right into her said estate; onely shee is to pay all the Country Rate; and the one halfe of the Rate Due to mr Thornton from the said estate and alsoe shee is to pay the one third prte of whatsoever Debts shalbe made appeer to be Justly Due, and payable from the said estate and the three surviving Children of the said Mr Mayo to pay theire proportionable prte to the said Debtes according to their Respective prtes and Interest in the said estate; which is to be Divided in three equall prtes, to each of them alike; as neare as may be in speciue or equivolent to it; provided alwayes that John Mayo have first alowed to him over and above his prte one bed and furniture; thereunto belonging Inventoryed att six pound and ten shillinges; and all the sheep to Samuell Mayo hannah and Bathshebah the Children of Nathaniell Mayo Deceased and 40s a peice to the eldest sonnes of all the Children of the said Mr Mayo which have not yett Received the same; and then the Resedue of the estate to be equally Devided as aforsaid; In witness whereof, the prties Concerned which were hee prsent; have heerunto sett their hands this 15th of June 1676
In the prsence of The mark of Tamison Mayo Thomas hinckley Assistant John Mayo John ffreeman Assistant Joseph howes Thomas huckens In the behalfe of hannah Bacon
I assent therto, Thomas huckens
The abovemensioed John Mayo and Joseph howes being hereby alowed to Adminnester on the said estate.Rev. John Mayo (2 Apr 1598 - 3 May 1676) was the first minister of Second Church in Boston, also known as Old North Church of Paul Revere/Revolutionary War fame. /ECN/
Parents: John Mayo II (1565 - 17 Feb 1634) and Katherine.
Marriage: Thomasine/Tamisen LUMPKIN (1600 - 1682) (exact spelling of her name is not known)
- Samuel (1620 - 1663)
- John Jr (1623 - 4 Nov 1706)
- Nathaniel (1627 - 4 Feb 1662)
- Elizabeth (1636 - 12 Mar 1701)
- Hannah (4 Dec 1642 - 1691)
Early life: John Mayo was born and educated in England. He married his wife Thamasin in that country and had five children; Samuel, Hannah, Elizabeth, Nathaniel and John. The family came to New England in 1638 or 1639. He became a teacher at a church at Barnstable in Plymouth colony, and was admitted a freeman on 3 March 1639-40 by the General Court in Plymouth. He moved to Eastham, Massachusetts around 1644, becoming the minister at a church that was gathered in that town. There he remained until 1655 when he was called to become pastor of the Second Church in Boston.
Old North Church: Reverend Mayo was installed November 9, 1655. He preached the election sermon before the General Court of Massachusetts in 1658. Already well advanced in years when he assumed the pastorate, Mayo grew very infirm later in his service and the congregation had difficulty hearing his sermons. He served until 1673 when Increase Mather took over. Mayo lived in a brick house on Hanover Street which was later occupied by Cotton Mather.
Later life: After retiring, Mayo went to his daughter's home and died in 1676 in Yarmouth, Massachusetts. His widow Tamsen died 3 February, 1682.
Source: Wikipedia [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Mayo] 4/1/2011
He was of Farthinghoe Parish Northhamptonshire, England. He was one of 504 students who matriculated at Magdalen Hall,Oxford university in 1615. He was married to Tamasin Brike in Leiden,Holland. Occ. Teacher and Minister
- 1644 he was a teacher at Barnstable
- 1646 - 1655 he was a minister at Eastham
- Nov 9, 1655 he was installed at Second Church ( Old North Church). He served there from 1655 - 1673. Mayo's associate and successor was Increase Mather.
While in Boston he served as overseer of Harvard College and The Boston Latin School. His Contemporaries included John Endecott and Gov. John Winthrop. He owned a house and lot on Middle Street, now Hanover Street, which he sold to Abraham Gording in 1673 for 400 pounds.
ref: Wikipedia (no longer on Wikipedia 4/1/2011)
John Mayo did not come on the Mayflower:
"That summer twenty ships arrived in Massachusetts Bay bringing three thousand passangers. Two of seven, cleared from London, June 17 and 19, for New England, were the Sparrow and the Desire, but the ship the Mayo family crossed in is unknown. To travel, the harassed clergy were obliged to disguise themselves and to use assumed names. so it is not surprising that Mr. Mayo's English career needs exposition even now, like John Endecott's."
Title: Reverand John Mayo and His Descendants; Abbrev: Mayo genealogy 1965; Author: Elna Jean (May) Mayo; Publication: Pueblo, CO, 1965; Page: pp.2-22 (Parts of); Buried May 1676 Bisho, Dorsetshire, England
John was born between 1590-1600 in England. He received his Masters degree from Cambridge University. He married Tamisin in England.
Arriving in New England in 1638, he settled in Barnstable, being a "teacher" in the Church there from its beginning till 1644. He was ordained 4/15/1640.
He removed to Eastham in 1646 and was pastor of the Church there until 1654, when upon being "discouraged," he moved to Boston. While in Boston, he lived on Middle (now called Hanover) street.
He was first Pastor of the Second Church of Boston ("Old North" church) from 1655-1673. In 1673, he was retired for age as pastor "by his own consent" and was succeeded by Increase Mather. He moved to Yarmouth and lived with his daughter, Elizabeth Howes.
He died 5/1676 (a "very old man") at Yarmouth, MA [Mayflower Planters, Cape Code Series Vol. II, Sandys and Brewsters of Scrooby Manor, Page 85].
- John Mayo (died 1676) was a Puritan minister in pre-revolutionary Boston, Massachusetts. He was the first minister of Old North Church, also known as Second Church or Paul Revere's Church. This is the Old North Church that was in North Square (across the street from what became Paul Revere's house) until the church was dismantled and used by the British for firewood during the occupation of Boston during the Revolutionary War.
- John Mayo was born and educated in England. He married his wife Thamasin in that country and had five children; Samuel, Hannah, Elizabeth, Nathaniel and John. The family came to New England in 1638 or 1639. He became a teacher at a church at Barnstable in Plymouth colony, and was admitted a freeman on 3 March 1639-40 by the General Court in Plymouth. He moved to Eastham, Massachusetts around 1644, becoming the minister at a church that was gathered in that town. There he remained until 1655 when he was called to become pastor of the Second Church in Boston.
- Reverend Mayo was installed November 9, 1655. He preached the election sermon before the General Court of Massachusetts in 1658. Already well advanced in years when he assumed the pastorate, Mayo grew very infirm later in his service and the congregation had difficulty hearing his sermons. He served until 1673 when Increase Mather took over. Mayo lived in a brick house on Hanover Street which was later occupied by Cotton Mather.
- After retiring, Mayo went to his daughter's home and died in 1676 in Yarmouth, Massachusetts. His widow Tamsen died 3 February, 1682.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Mayo_(minister)
- Genealogical and personal memoirs relating to the families of the ..., Volume 1 edited by William Richard Cutter, William Frederick Adams
- Pg. 226
- (I) Rev. John Mayo, a native of England and a graduate of an English University, emigrated to Massachusetts Bay about the year 1638 and settling in Barnstable was in the following year ordained a teaching elder of the church presided over by Rev. John Lathrop. He was admitted a freeman in 1640 and six years later removed to Eastham where he became a pastor of the church. In 1655 he was called to the Second Church in Boston as its first pastor, and was long associated with the famous Dr. Increase Mather, who succeeded him in the pastorate. The infimities of old age compelled him to relinquish his activities in 1673, and he died in Yarmouth, Massachusetts, in May, 1676. In 1658 he delivered the annual election sermon in Boston. The christian name of his wife,
- Pg. 227
- whom he married in England, was Tamosin or Tamsin, and her death occurred at Yarmouth in 1682. Their children, all born in the mother country, were: 1. Hannah, who became the wife of Nathaniel Bacon, of Barnstable, in 1642. 2. Samuel, became a mariner and was for some years master of a packet plying between Cape Cod and Boston ; assisted in establishing a settlement at Oyster Bay, Long Island; finally settled in Boston and died there in 1663; he married Thomasine, daughter of William Lumpkin, of Yarmouth. 3. John. 4. Nathaniel, who settle in Eastham, which he represented in the general court in 1660, and he died in 1662; he married Hannah, daughter of Governor Thomas Prence of the Plymouth Colony, and reared a large family. 5. Elizabeth, who married Joseph Howes, of Yarmouth.
- (II) John (2), second son and third child of Rev. John (I) Mayo, accompanied his father to Eastham, but subsequently returned to Barnstable, as according to the records of that town he was residing there in 1672. He married Hannah Reycroft or Lecraft, and was the father of nine children: ....
- History of Cape Cod: Annals of Barnstable County (1862)
- 1 Mr. MAYO was in Barnstable in 1639, and became 'teaching elder' in the church of which Mr. Lathrop was pastor. His relation to the church here is said to have been that of "religious teacher" -- perhaps implying that he was not invested with the pastoral office. In Boston, he was nducted to the pastorate Nov. 8, 1655, and continued in office until 1673. They Plymouth record says, "Growing aged and unable to carry out his office, he removed again into this Colony, and lived near Yarmouth, and not long after fell asleep in the Lord." Rev. Increase Mather, who succeeded him in Boston, has, with greater particularity furnished us with the following record: "1672, in the beginning of which year, Mr. Mayo, the pastor, likewise grew very infirm, insomuch as the congregation was not able to hear and be edified; whereupon, the brethren, the pastor manifesting his concurrence, desired the teacher to take care for a supply of the congregation that the worship of God may be upheld among us." Again, "on the 5th mo. 1673, Mr. Mayo removed his person and goods to reside with his daughter in Barnstable, where, and at Yarmouth since, he hath led a private life, as not being able, through the infirmities of age, to attend to the work of the ministry. The -- day of May 1676, he departed this life at Yarmouth, and was there buried." Mr. Mayo preached the annual Election Sermn, June 1658. He, with his entire family, came from England. His wife Tamsen d. at Y. a wid. Feb. 26, 1682. Their children were Samuel, Hannah, Nath'l, Elisa., John, and Bathsheba. Hannah m. Nath'l Bacon of Be., and Elisa. m. Joseph Howes of Y.
- Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) Vol. 1
- REV. JOHN MAYO.
- Although this is an Irish Name, the subject of the following sketch was born in England and graduated from an English university. He came over probably about 1638, and in 1639 was in Barnstable .....
- ... In 1673, in consequence of advanced age and infimities, he went again to Barnstable, and there and at Eastham and Yarmouth passed the remainder of his life with his children, dying at the latter place in May, 1676. .... He wife was named Tamosin, or Tamsin; she died in Yarmouth in 1682. His children,
- all of whom were born in England, were: Hannah, Samuel, John, Nathaniel and Elizabeth.
- Mr. Mayo's daughters married, Hannah in 1642, Nathaniel Bacon of Barnstable, and Elizabeth, Joseph Howes of Yarmouth. It was in the family of the latter that Mr. Mayo died.
- Genealogical notes of Barnstable families (1888) Vol. 2
- REV. JOHN MAYO.
- Although this is an Irish name, the subject of the following sketch was born in England and graduated from an English university. He came over probably about 1638, and in 1639 was in Barnstable, where he was ordained a teaching elder in connection with Rev. John Lothrop. He was a freeman in 1640. In 1646 he removed to Eastham and subsequently took charge of the church in that town, where he continued until 1655, when he was settled over the second, or North, church in Boston. In 1673, in consequence of advanced age and infirmities, he went again to Barnstable, and there and at Eastham and Yarmouth passed the remainder of his life with his children, dying at the latter place in May, 1676. He was a man of prominence as a minister, and in 1658 preached the annual election sermon. His wife was named Tamosin, or Tamsin ; she died in Yarmouth in 1682. His chil-
- dren, all of whom were born in England, were: Hannah, Samuel, John, Nathaniel and Elizabeth.
- SAMUEL MAYO.
- Samuel, son of Rev. John was in Barnstable in 1639. He adopted the profession of mariner, running a packet for some time between the Cape and Boston. He afterwarda became connected with some members of the Sandwich church In the purchase of Oyster Bay, Long lsland. There was a wide difference among the Sandwich settlers on theological points, but in this instance the minister, Rev. William Leverich, and his sympathizers, were the liberal and tolerant wing, and were In the minority. Mr. Leverich and his associates resolved upon removal, and Mr. Mayo conveyed their goods and effects to the new settlement. The Dutch were then our enemies, and under a warrant from an officer of Rhode laland, in 1654, Mr. Mayo's vessal was seized at Hampstead harbor, for alleged unlawful Intercourse with them. — This being regarded as a high-handed offence against the dignity of Plymouth Colony, commissioners were sent to Rhode lsland to look after the matter. The act was disclaimed by the government of Rhode lsland, and an award of £150 damages made. — Mr. Mayo afterwards removed to Boston, where he died in 1663. He married Thomasine, daughter of Wm. Lumpkin of Yarmouth and his children were : Mary, 1645 ; Samuel, 1647. These two were baptized together 8 Feb. 1650. The long lapse of time for those days between the births and baptism, and the fact that the mother joined Mr. Lothrop's church Jan. 20 preceding the baptism, indicates that she was in sympathy with the disaffection towards the majority of the Yarmouth church and the minister, which was known to exist at that time. Other children were : Hannah, born Oct. 20, 1650; Elizabeth, May 22, 1653 ; Nathaniel, Apl. 1, 1658 ; Sarah, 1660. The last two were born in Boston.
- The Cape families of this name are derived from John and Nathaniel, who went with their father to Eastham, where they settled. John married Hannah Reycroft, according to the Colonial Record, and his children were: John, born Dec. 15, 1652; William, Oct. 7, 1654 ; James, Oct. 8, 1656 ; Samuel, Aug. 2, 1658; Elisha, Nov. 7, 1661 ; Daniel, Jan. 24, 1664; Nathaniel, April 2, 1667; Thomas, June 24, 1670, who died soon; Thomas again, July 15, 1672. Nathaniel, married Hannah, daughter of Gov. Thomas Prence, and had Thomas, born Dec, 7, 1651 ; Nathaniel, Nov. 16, 1652 ; Samuel, Oct. 12, 1655; Hannah, Oct. 17, 1657 ; Theophilus, Dec. 17, 1659 ; Bathsheba, 1662. He was a Representative in 1660, and died in 1662. Those who desire to
- trace the descent of any branch of this family can easily do so from the names given above.
- Mr. Mayo's daughters married, Hannah in 1642, Nathaniel Bacon of Barnstable, and Elizabeth, Joseph Howes of Yarmouth. It was in the family of the latter that Mr. Mayo died.
- Thomas Howes¹ of Yarmouth, Mass. : and some of his descendants, together with the Rev. John Mayo, allied to him by marriage. (1917)
- JOHN1 MAYO, a clergyman, came from England in 1638. He was in Barnstable in 1639 before the Rev. John Lothrop came, who arrived Oct. 11, 1639. Mr. Mayo then had a frame house there and acted as teaching elder of the church, of which the Rev. Joseph Hull acted as pastor.(a) Dec.
- 11, 1639, Thanksgiving was held at Mr. Hull's. The praises of God being ended, they "divided into three companies to feast together, some at Mr. Hull's, some at Mr. Mayo's, some at Brother Lombard's, Senior." (b) April 15, 1640, Mr. Mayo was ordained as teaching elder.(c) He went to Eastham in 1646 and took charge of the church, remaining till 1655, when he went to Boston and was settled over the Second or North church, remaining till 1673, when he was dismissed on account of age. He was ordained in Boston Nov. 9, 1655. The church records (in the handwriting of the Rev. Increase Mather) in the beginning of 1672, say: "Mr. Mayo, the Pastor, likewise grew very infirm, insomuch as the congregation was not able to hear and be edified." The congregation therefore desired a new minister and he consented, "On the 15th of the 2d month [April] 1673, removed his person and goods also, from Boston to reside with his daughter in Barnstable where (and at Yarmouth) since he hath lived a private life, as not being able through infirmities of old age to attend to the word of the ministry. The day of the 3d [May] month 1673 he departed this life at Yarmouth, and was there buried." His widow Tamison (Tamsen) died also at Yarmouth, Feb, 26, 1682-3. After he left Boston, the congregation continued to contribute to his support until his death,(d) The Rev. Increase Mather was associated with him in Boston as teaching elder from 1664 and succeeded him as pastor.(e) He preached the election sermon in June, 1658.(f) March 3, 1639-40, he was admitted a freeman at Barnstable and sworn.(g) June 17, 1641, he and Mr. Thomas Dimmack were by consent of the parties made arbitrators of the differences between Nicholas Simpkins and William Chase.(h) In August. 1643, he was one of those in Barnstable between 16 and 60 years of age able to bear arms, his name being 2d on the list, following that of Rev. John Lothrop.(i) In 1675 Christopher Gibson of Dorchester by his will made a bequest to Mr. Mather and Mr. Mayo.(j) Before May 12, 1655, John Morton of Plymouth had bought land in Eastham of the Rev, John Mayo, formerly of that town,(k) Oct. 2, 1660, Rev. John Mayo was one of the witnesses to The will of William Paine and swore to it in Boston Nov. 14, 1660 (l) Dec. 22 and 29, 1670, Mr. John Mayo (described as elder), with other elders and named first among them, and with the selectmen, magistrates and governor, was present in Boston when Ezekiel Cheever was made head master of the free school.(m) In the Yarmouth rate in 1676 "toward the charges of the late war" Mr. Mayo's tax was £2 4s, 3d.(n) He died in 1676. (o)
- Under date of June 7, 1676, the following entry appears: (p) "Mr. Hinckley, Mr. Freeman, and Mr. Huckens are appointed by the Court to take course about the estate of Mr. John Mayo, deceased, to make devision and settlement of the said estate, both with reference unto his wifes pte and amongst his children, and therin to acte. if it may be, to theire satisfaction; and incase they can not, then to make report therof to the next Court, that soe further maybe taken for settlement therof."
- The inventory of Rev. Mr. Mayo's personal estate, taken June 1, 1676, by Edmond Hawes and Thomas Huckins, amounted to £111 4s., including £10 for books.(q) June 15, 1676, his heirs settled his estate by agreement, which was signed by Tamsen Mayo, widow, John Mayo, son, Joseph Howes, son-in-law, and by Thomas Huckins in behalf of Hannah Bacon, daughter. John Mayo and Joseph Howes were made administrators. There were three grandchildren mentioned, Samuel Mayo, Hannah Mayo, and Bathsheba Mayo, children of his son Nathaniel Mayo, deceased.(r)
- Children,(s) born in England.
- 1. Samuel2; m. Thomasin (or Tamsen), daughter of William Lumpkin of Yarmouth (t); d. early in 1664, being a mariner. In August, 1643, he was one of those between 16 and 60 in Barnstable able to bear arms.(u) His wife joined the Barnstable church Jan. 30, 1649-50.(v) He removed later to Boston, where his estate was settled, his inventory being taken April 25 and his father being appointed administrator April 26, 1664, his widow declining to act.(w) She m. 2d. Mr. John Sunderland of Boston, who later was a citizen of Eastham.(w1) .....
- Samuel2 Mayo and his wife had six children:(e) Mary, who was baptized(f) in Barnstable Feb. 3, 1649-50, and married (g) Capt. Jonathan Bangs July 16, 1664, who lived in Eastham and Harwich (now Brewster); Samuel, baptized in Barnstable Feb. 3, 1649-50; (f) Hannah, b. Barnstable Oct. 20, 1650; (h) Elizabeth, b. Barnstable May 22, 1653, who m. March 16, 1674-5, the Rev. Samuel Treat, who had become minister of Eastham in 1672;(i) Nathaniel, b. in Boston April 1, 1658;(j) Sarah, b. in Boston Dec. 19, 1660;(k) the 2d wife of Lt. Edward Freeman of Eastham. Mr. Paine gives Samuel2 and his wife a daughter Mercy who m. Capt. Samuel Sears of Harwich, and a son John, who m. Hannah Freeman (daughter of Major John) and settled in Harwich.
- 2. Hannah2, b. ; m. in Barnstable Dec. 4, 1642, Nathaniel Bacon.(l)
- 3. Nathaniel2; m. Feb. 13, 1649-50, Hannah Prence, daughter of Gov. Thomas Prence and granddaughter of Elder Brewster;(m) d. in Eastham about the end of 1661. His will was dated Dec. 19, 1661, and his inventory was filed March 4, 1661-2.(n) His widow married as his 2d wife Capt. Jonathan Sparrow.(m) Nathaniel and Hannah had the following six children: ....
- 4. John2; m.(v) at Eastham Jan. 1, 1651-2, Hannah Lecraft; d. before Oct. 28, 1706, at Eastham.(w) ... John2 Mayo and his wife had nine children(a): ....
- 5. Elizabeth2; m. Joseph2 Howes of Yarmouth; d. March 12, 1700-1, leaving issue. See supra. p. 9.
- The New England historical & genealogical register, Volume 6 By New England Historic Genealogical Society
- Pg. 168
- Rev. John Mayo
- M, b. 2 April 1598, d. 3 May 1676
- Father John Mayo b. c 1565
- Mother Elizabeth b. c 1578, d. 1645
- Rev. John Mayo was christened on 2 April 1598 at Cattistock, Northamptonshire, England. He married Tamesin Constable circa 1619 at of East Malling, Kent, England. Rev. John Mayo died on 3 May 1676 at Yarmouth, Barnstable, MA, at age 78.
- Family Tamesin Constable b. c 1589, d. a 1670
- Hannah Mayo+ b. c 1622, d. a 1691
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2342.htm#i70401
- 1-Rev John Mayo born: 16 Oct 1597, Farthinghoe, Northamptonshire, England died: 3 May 1676, Yarmouth, Plymouth colony
- +Tamisen Brike born: Est 1600, England died: Est 1670, Yarmouth, Plymouth colony
- marr: 1618, Leyden, Zuid-Holland
- 2-Samuel Mayo born: Est 1622, Europe died: 1663, Boston, Massachusetts Bay
- +Tamsen Lumpkin born: 1626, England died 16 Jun 1709, Harwich, Massachusetts
- marr: 1643
- 2-Nathaniel Mayo born: 1625, Northhamptonshire, England died: 4 Mar 1662, Eastham, Plymouth Colony
- +Hannah Prence born: 1628, Plymouth Colony died: before 1698, Eastham, Massachusetts parents: Gov. Thomas Prence and Patience Brewster
- marr: 13 Feb 1650, Eastham, Plymouth Colony
- 2-Hannah Mayo born: Est 1625, Europe died: 1691, Barnstable, Massachusetts
- +Nathaniel Bacon born: 12 Apr 1613, England died: 16 Mar 1692, Barnstable, Massachusetts
- marr: 4 Dec 1642, Barnstable, Plymouth Colony
- 2-Lt. John Mayo born: Est 1630, England died: about 1705, Eastham, Massachusetts
- +Hannah Leycraft born: Est 1630 died:
- marr: 1 Jan 1652, Eastham, Plymouth Colony
- 2-Elizabeth Mayo born: Est 1634, England died: 12 Mar 1701, Yarmouth, Massachusetts
- +Joseph Howes born: before 1634, England died: 19 Jan 1695, Yarmouth, Massachusetts parents: Thomas Howes and Mary Burr
- marr: 1653, Yarmouth, Plymouth colony
Reverend John Mayo's Timeline
October 16, 1597
April 2, 1598
Cattistock, Greater Middleton, Northamptonshire, England
April 2, 1598
Middleton, Cheney, Nrthmptn., Eng.
Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, USA
Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts)
Boston, Suffolk, MA
April 15, 1640