Richard Arkwright, Sir

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Richard Arkwright, Sir

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Preston, Lancashire, UK
Death: Died in UK
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Arkwright and Ellen Hodkinson
Husband of Patience Arkwright; Patience Arkwright; Margaret Arkwright and Margaret Arkwright
Father of Richard Arkwright; Richard Arkwright; Susanna Hurt and Charles Hurt

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About Richard Arkwright, Sir

Wikipedia Biographical Summary:

Sir Richard Arkwright (Old Style 23 December 1732 New Style 3 January 1733 – 3 August 1792), was an Englishman who, although the patents were eventually overturned, is often credited for inventing the spinning frame — later renamed the water frame following the transition to water power. He also patented a carding engine that could convert raw cotton into yarn. A self-made man, he was a leading entrepreneur of the Industrial Revolution. Arkwright's achievement was to combine power, machinery, semi-skilled labour, and a new raw material (cotton) to create, more than a century before Ford, mass produced yarn. His skills of organization made him more than anyone else, the creator of the modern factory system, especially in his mill at Cromford..."

"...Arkwright, the youngest of thirteen children, was born in 1732 in Preston, Lancashire, England. His parents, Sarah and Thomas, were very poor and could not afford to send him to school and instead arranged for him to be taught to read and write by his cousin Ellen. Thomas Arkwright was a tailor in Preston. Richard, however, was apprenticed to a Mr. Nicholson, a barber at nearby Kirkham. Richard, therefore, began his working life as a barber and wig-maker, setting up a shop at Churchgate in Bolton in the early 1750s. It was here that he invented a waterproof dye for use on the in fashion 'periwinkles' (wigs) of the time, the income from which later facilitated his financing of prototype cotton machinery.

Arkwright married his first wife, Patience Holt, in 1755. They had a son, Richard Arkwright Junior, who was born the same year. In 1756, Patience died of unspecified causes. Arkwright later married Margaret Biggins in 1761. They had three children, of whom only Susanna survived to adulthood..."

"...Arkwright's achievements were widely recognized; he served as high sheriff of Derbyshire and was knighted in 1786. Much of his fortune derived from licensing his intellectual rights; about 30,000 people were employed in 1785 in factories using Arkwright's patents. He died at Willersley Castle, the mansion he had built overlooking his Cromford mills, on 3 August 1792, aged 59, leaving a fortune of £500,000. He was buried at St. Giles Church in Matlock. His remains were later moved to St. Mary's Church in Cromford..."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'Richard Arkwright', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 7 July 2011, 17:27 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Richard_Arkwright&oldid=438271063> [accessed 26 July 2011]

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Richard Arkwright, Sir's Timeline

1732
1732
Preston, Lancashire, UK
1755
December 19, 1755
Age 23
Bolton, Greater Manchester, UK
December 19, 1755
Age 23
1758
October 5, 1758
Age 26
Derby, Derby, England, United Kingdom
1761
1761
Age 29
Matlock, Derbyshire, UK
1792
August 3, 1792
Age 60
UK
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