About Richard Byron, Kt.
- Although a 'manor' of DROYLSDEN is spoken of in the 16th century the word seems to have been used improperly. The only manor in the township was that of CLAYTON, for four centuries the seat of the Byron family. (fn. 19) To Robert de Byron the elder Robert Grelley, between 1194 and1212, granted fourteen oxgangs of his demesne of Manchester to be held by the service of half a knight. (fn. 20) The original grant was of Clayton and Barnetby; this was increased by land in Tunstead and two oxgangs of land in Failsworth, but Tunstead was soon afterwards surrendered. (fn. 21)
- Robert de Byron married Cecily, and had several sons; (fn. 22) in 1212 Robert's heirs were in possession of his lands; but one son, Robert, who appears to have been the eldest, afterwards surrendered all his rights to his brother Richard, (fn. 23) and it was this Richard who had a grant of the king's moiety of Failsworth. Richard de Byron's name occurs as early as 1203; (fn. 24) several grants by and to him are known. (fn. 25)
- The next known (fn. 26) in possession of Clayton was John de Byron, later a knight, who appears all through the latter part of the 13th century. (fn. 27) He was son of Richard, (fn. 28) probably a second bearer of the name. Sir John married Joan, with whom he had lands in the parish of Rochdale. (fn. 29) He acquired also the estate of Royton. (fn. 30) He and his wife Joan were still living in 1298. (fn. 31) He had a son John. (fn. 32) Sir John de Byron died before Easter, 1318, (fn. 33) and his widow Alice afterwards married John de Strickland. (fn. 34) Sir Richard, son of Sir John, succeeded; in1308 he had obtained a grant of free warren for his demesne lands of Clayton, Butterworth, Royton, and other manors; (fn. 35) by his wife Agnes he had sons, James and John, (fn. 36) and he died about 1347. Sir James, the succeeding lord of Clayton, who died about five years later, left two sons, Sir John (fn. 37) and Sir Richard; and the former, who took part in the battle of Crecy and the siege of Calais, (fn. 38) dying without issue, was followed by his brother in 1380. (fn. 39)
- Sir Richard by his marriage with Joan de Colwick increased the family estates. (fn. 40) He died in June 1397, holding the manor of Clayton, and lands in Royton, Butterworth, Woodhouses in Ashton, and others outside Lancashire; John, the son and heir, was then only ten years of age, (fn. 41) and his wardship was granted to Sir John Ashton. (fn. 42) A settlement of lands in Droylsden was in 1415 made on the occasion of the marriage of Sir John Byron's daughter Elizabeth with Thomas son of Sir John Ashton. (fn. 43) Sir John is stated to have married Margery daughter of Sir John Booth of Barton, by whom he had three sons and five daughters. (fn. 44) He acquired lands in Blackley from Lord La Warre and in Gorton from Sir Robert Booth; (fn. 45) in 1435 he did homage to Nicholas Thorley, one of the feoffees of Lord La Warre; (fn. 46) and in 1440 he made a settlement of his lands in the counties of Lancaster, Lincoln, and Northampton. (fn. 47) Two years later he made a grant to John Byron, said to be the son of his younger son Nicholas, who ultimately became heir to the whole of the Byron manors and lands. (fn. 48) Sir John was sheriff of the county from 1437 to 1449; (fn. 49) when he was succeeded by his son Nicholas, a grant of the reversion having been obtained in 1444. (fn. 50) *From: 'Townships: Droylsden', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4 (1911), pp. 282-287. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41423 Date accessed: 10 December 2013.
- A History and Genealogy of the Families of Bayard, Houstoun of Georgia: And ... (1919)
- The ancestor1 of this ancient line was Ralph du Burum, Burun, Biron, or Byron, of Horstan Castle, living in 1086, who was the possessor of several Lordships, and from whom Lord Byron, the famous poet, descends. His son Hugh du Burun, Lord of Horstan Castle, County Derby, had a son Hugh du Burun, Lord of Horstan Castle, temp. Henry II., and he had a son, Sir Roger or Ralph de Burun, living 1216, who married Nicola de Verdon, daughter of Roland de Verdon, and had Robert de Byron (the name appears to have at this time been changed to Byron), who married Cecelia Clayton, an heiress, daughter of Theirass, son of Richard Clayton of Clayton, County Lancaster. By this marriage Robert de Byron had : Robert de Byron, Lord of Clayton, living 1189, who married Maud, living 1292, and had: John de Byron, Lord of Clayton, Governor of York, who obtained Rochdale by marriage. He was living 1295 ; married Jean or Joan, living 1300, heiress of Rochdale, stated to be the widow of Sir Robert Holland and daughter of Sir Baldwin Thias or Sir Baldwin Teutonicus or de Tyas, and had Sir John de Byron, Lord of Clayton, living 1318, who married Alice Banastre, cousin and heiress of Robert Banastre of Hyndelay, County Lancaster, and had : Sir Richard de Byron, M. P., Lord of Clayton and Codenay, living 1308-1348, died ante 1349, who by his second marriage, to Elizabeth, had Sir James Byron, died ante 1350 ; married Elizabeth Berwake, Barnake or Barnack2 and had :
- I. Sir John Byron, knighted by Edward III., Siege of Calais.
- II. Sir Richard Byron, married Joan de Colewick, second
- daughter and co-heiress of William de Colewick of Colewick, Nottingham, who married Joan de Peehe, daughter of John de Peche and Alice Hayward, daughter of Sir William Hayward and Joan de Huntingfield, daughter of Sir Savir de Huntingfield.
- By this marriage there was Sir John de Byron of Clayton, Member of Parliament 1428, who married Marjory, daughter of John Booth of Barton, son of John Booths by a daughter of Sir Henry Trafford of Trafford ; son of Sir Thomas Booth of Barton by Ellen, daughter of Thomas de Workesley of Workesley ; son of John Booth by Agnes Barton, daughter of Sir Gilbert de Barton ; son of William Booth, living 1275, by Sibil, daughter of Sir Ralph de Bereton ; son of Adam de Booth or Booths.
- Sir John Byron of Clayton and Marjory Booth had issue:
- 1. Richard Byron.
- 2. Sir Nicholas Byron, married a daughter of Sir John Boteler of Beausay, and was ancestor of Lord Byron.
- 3. Margaret Byron, married first, Sir William Atherton ; married second. Sir Maurice Berkeley. (She perhaps married third, Sir John de Assheton as his second wife).
- 4. Elizabeth Byron, married Thomas Assheton.
- 5. Jane Byron, married William Radclyffe.
- 6. Catharine Byron, married William Brereton.
- 7. Helena Byron, married ___
- Of this marriage of Sir John Byron was a Margaret or Mary Byron who, according to authorities cited below, married Sir John de Assheton1 as his second wife. Sir John de Assheton's son by first marriage, Thomas Assheton, married Elizabeth Byron.
- Note. — Sir John Byron had a daughter Margaret or Mary who, according to both Burke and Foster, married as his second wife Sir John de Assheton, as heretofore stated. Foster says daughter of John Byron, Esq., of Clayton ; Burke says Sir John of Clayton. Other authority places her as daughter of Sir John Byron by Alice Boteler, but it was the son Nicholas who married Alice Boteler. See Robertson et Durbin.
Name: Sir Richard [@ ^] de Byron
Birth: ABT 1335 in Clayton, South Manchester, Lancashire, England
Death: 27 JUN 1397
Father: James [@ ^] de Byron b: ABT 1300 in Clayton, South Manchester, Lancashire, Englan
Mother: Elizabeth [@ ^] Bernacke b: 1312 in Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
Marriage 1 Joan [@ ^] de Colewick b: ABT 1348 in Colewick, Nottingham, England
Sir John [@ ^] de Byron b: ABT 1376 in Clayton, Lancashire, England
Sir Richard Byron, Kt.'s Timeline
Probably Clayton or Colewick and Bolesworth, Lancashire, England
Bardford West Riding, Yorkshire, Clayton, England
Clayton, Yorkshire, England
June 27, 1397