Richard Dummer, Sr. (c.1598 - 1678) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England
Death: Died
Managed by: Elwin C. Nickerson
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About Richard Dummer, Sr.

Arrived From England 1632 -------------------- Made his fortune as a trader in England. Was a Puritan. Emigrated to Massachusetts Bay Colony -------------------- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard Dummer (c.1589 – 14 December 1679) was an early settler in New England who has been described as "one of the fathers of Massachusetts".

He made his fortune as a trader, operating out of the port of Southampton, England. He was a Puritan, which at times was contrary to the Established Church and the monarch. He emigrated to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, becoming a founding father there, setting up a stock company, acquiring estates, and establishing a milling business. His eldest son was slain by Indians. Another of his sons was the first American-born silversmith. His grandson William was Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay and instrumental in bringing to an end the Indian Wars, and bequeathed his estates to trustees for the establishment of what became the Governor Dummer Academy, the first school of its kind in the province. Dummer settled in Roxbury, where he took an active part in the affairs of the young colony, being made a Freeman on 6 November 1632. He and his wife Mary are listed among the founding members of the first church at Roxbury.

The next year he built a water powered gristmill in Roxbury, the first water-powered mill built to grind corn in New England. By order of the General Court on 4 March 1634, the tax on his real estate in Roxbury and Saugus was reduced, probably because of his enterprise for the public good. The same day he contributed £30 toward a fund authorized for the construction of a moveable fort (the Sea Fort) for the defence of the colony. Dummer and several other freemen in the colony were chosen as overseers of the powder and shot and all other ammunition in the several plantations where they lived. It was ordered that Dummer and John Johnson build a bridge over the Muddy River before the next General Court, and that the towns of Boston, Roxbury, Dorchester, New Town and Watertown contribute towards it.

Later in 1634, Dummer, with Richard Saltonstall, Henry Sewall and others in England (including Richard Dummer's brother Stephen and John Winthrop the Younger), contracted for the importation of large numbers of cattle. They had settled on the territory bordering on the Parker River as a suitable place for the keeping of the cattle because of the fertility of the upland and the large quantity of salt marsh, considered of special value for the forage.

In England a great body of people from the Hampshire Avon and Test valleys of all trades assembled at Southampton and London to sail in an initial convoy of 10 ships. The fleet left in 1634, arriving later the same year. Early in 1635 the Elizabeth arrived from London with Richard's sister Sarah, now married to John Brown. Other ships carried cattle. By the end of 1635 over 100 ships had made the journey, and Dummer's stock-raising colony was in being.

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Richard Dummer, Sr.'s Timeline

1598
1598
Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England
1636
February 17, 1636
Age 38
Roxbury, MA
1643
1643
Age 45
1647
1647
Age 49
Newbury, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
1650
1650
Age 52
1652
1652
Age 54
1657
1657
Age 59
1678
December 14, 1678
Age 80
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