Richard = Magna Carta = FitzRoger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford

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Richard = Magna Carta = FitzRoger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford

Also Known As: "Richard FitzRoger de Clare /Earl of Clare/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England
Death: Died in Oxfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Priory, St Neot's, Huntingdonshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Roger "the Good" de Clare, Earl of Hertford; Roger de Clare, 'Earl of Clare', 3rd Earl of Hertford; Maud de St. Hilaire and Maud de St Hilaire
Husband of Amice FitzWilliam FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester
Father of Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, 5th Earl of Gloucester; Mathilde de Clare; Richard II de Clare; Joan de Clare and Hawise de Clare
Brother of Johanna de Clare; Eleanor Lady Wilton de Clare; James de Clare; Roger de Clare; John de Clare and 3 others
Half brother of William d'Aubigny, 3rd Earl of Arundel; Avice (Agnes) Avice d'Aubigny and Cecily D'Aubigny

Occupation: 4th Earl of Hertford, Richard was one of the 25 Sureties of the Magna Charta., EARL OF CLARE (6TH) AND HEREFORD (4TH), MAGNA CARTA SURETY, 3rd Earl of Hertford, Earl of Hertford and Clare, Earl of Hertford, (Earl of Hertford), Earl of Hertford and Glouces
Managed by: Pam Wilson
Last Updated:

About Richard = Magna Carta = FitzRoger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford

RICHARD de CLARE (-[30 Oct/28 Nov] 1217, bur Clare). son of Roger de Clare and Mathilda de Saint-Hilaire

  • Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Rogerius comes de Clara" and the succession of "Ricardus filius eius"[716].
  • He succeeded his father as 3rd Earl of Hertford.
  • He sided with the Barons against King John, and played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta.
  • The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey records the death in 1206 of “Ricardo de Clare” and his burial “apud Clare”[717].

m ([1180], divorced before 1200) AMICE of Gloucester, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRobert Earl of Gloucester & his wife Hawise de Beaumont (-1 Jan 1225).

  • An anonymous continuation of the Chronicle of Robert of Mont-Saint-Michel records (in order) "Comitissa Ebroicensis…uxor Guillelmi Comitis de Clara, tertia…in manu Dei et domini Regis" as the three daughters left by "Guillelmus Comes Glocestriæ" when he died[718].
  • The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Mabiliam comiti de Evereis in Normannia nuptam…Amiciam…Isabellam” as the three daughters of “comes Willielmus” and his wife, adding that Amice married “domino Richardo de Clare comiti de Hertford”[719].
  • Benedict of Peterborough records "uxori comitis de Clara" as "Willelmus filius Roberti filii regis Henrici primi comes Gloucestriæ…filiam ipsius comitis"[720].
  • Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Rogerius comes de Clara" and the succession of "Ricardus filius eius", recording that the latter was married to "filiam Guillermi comitis Gloecestriæ"[721].
  • In another passage, Robert of Torigny records the death in 1183 of "Guillermus comes Gloecestriæ" leaving three daughters as his heirs, of whom one (mentioned second) was "uxor Guillermi comitis de Clara"[722].
  • She was recognised as Ctss of Gloucester in her own right after [1210], following the death of her nephew Amaury [VI] de Montfort Comte d’Evreux.

Richard & his wife had three children:

a) GILBERT de Clare ([1180]-1230). The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names “Gilberto” as son of “Amiciam, Ricardo de Clare nuptam” and his succession as Earl of Gloucester[723]. He succeeded his father as 4th Earl of Hertford, and his mother as Earl of Gloucester. - EARLS of GLOUCESTER.

b) RICHARD de Clare (-killed London 4 May 1228). The Annals of Tewkesbury record the death in 1228 of “Ricardus de Clare frater ¨Gileberto de Clare comiti Glocestriæ]” killed “apud Lundoniam die Ascensionis”[724].

c) MATILDA [Joan] de Clare ([1185/90]-). The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified. Her birth date range is estimated from her having had at least one child by her first marriage and at least three by her second. The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales records that "Rhys the Hoarse married the daughter of the earl of Clare" in 1219[725]. m firstly WILLIAM de Briouse, son of WILLIAM de Briouse & his wife Mathilde de Saint-Valéry Dame de la Haie (-Corfe 1210). m secondly (1219) as his second wife, RHYS ap Rhys "Gryg/the Hoarse", son of RHYS ap Gruffydd & his wife Gwenllian of Powys (-Llandeilo 1234, bur St David´s).

Sources

  • [716] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 41.
  • [717] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [718] Anonymi Continuatio appendicis Roberti de Monte ad Sigebertum, RHGF XVIII, p. 336.
  • [719] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [720] Benedict of Peterborough Vol. I 1176, p. 124.
  • [721] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 41.
  • [722] Robert de Torigny, Vol. II, p. 124.
  • [723] Dugdale Monasticon II, Tewkesbury Monastery, Gloucestershire I, Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione Ecclesiæ Theokusburiæ, p. 61.
  • [724] Annales de Theokesberia, p. 70.
  • [725] Williams ab Ithel, J. (ed.) (1860) Brut y Tywysogion, or the Chronicle of the Princes of Wales (London) ("Brut y Tywysogion (Williams)"), p. 305.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_de_Clare,_4th_Earl_of_Hertford

Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford (c.1153 – December 30, 1218) was the son of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford and Maud de St. Hilary. More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the moiety of the Giffard estates from his ancestor Rohese. He was present at the coronation of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at the homeage of King William of Scotland at Lincoln.

He married (c. 1172) Amice FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester (c. 1160-1220), second daughter, and co-heiress, of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont.

He sided with the Barons against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five Barons appointed as guardians. On 9 November 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the King. In 1215, his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun. He and his son were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215. Sometime before 1198 Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated for a time because of this order but apparently they reconciled their marriage with the Pope later on.

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Earl Richard de Clare - was born in 1162 in Tunbridge Castle,Kent,England and died on 30 Dec 1218 . He was the son of Earl Roger "The Good" de Clare and Maude St. Hillary.

Earl Richard married Amice Fitzrobert before 1182. Amice was born in 1160 in Tewkesbury, Gloucester, England. She was the daughter of William Fitzrobert and Hawise de Beaumont. She died on 1 Jan 1224 .

Earl Richard - was the fourth Earl of Hertford but, like his father and uncle, was more generally known as Earl of Clare. He was present at the Coronation of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and of King John, 27 May 1199. He sided with the Barons against King John, and his Castle at Tonbridge was taken. On 9 November 1215 he was one of the commissioners who, on the part of the Barons, was to treat of peace with the King. On 4 March 1215/6 his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk; and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun; he and his son were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215.


As for the Hertford Castle of the de Clares, it is one of two Castles: A 10th Century ruin or a 17th Century structure. The older Castle retains a wall and part of a Norman tower. The remainder of the building is a Jacobean accretion made of brick and completely modernized. (Sources: - 1 - 2)

Children:

i. Earl of Gloucester Gilbert de Clare was born in 1182 in Hertford, Hertfordshire, England and died on 25 Oct 1230 in Penrose, Brittany, France . See #7. below.

ii. Maud (Mathilde) de Clare was born about 1180 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England and died in 1213 .

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Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford (1162 – December 30, 1218) was the son of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford and Maud de St. Hilary. More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the moiety of the Giffard estates from his ancestor Rohese. He was present at the coronation of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at the homeage of King William of Scotland at Lincoln.

He married (c. 1172) Amice FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester (c. 1160-1220), second daughter, and co-heiress, of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont.

He sided with the Barons against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five Barons appointed as guardians. On 9 November 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the King. In 1215, his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun. He and his son were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215. Sometime before 1198 Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated for a time because of this order but apparently they reconciled their marriage with the Pope later on.

His own arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.

Name Birth Death Notes

By Amice FitzRobert

Isabel de Clare 1178 Unknown

Gilbert de Clare 1180, Hertford, Hertfordshire 25 Oct 1230 5th Earl of Hertford and 4th Earl of Gloucester, (or 1st Earl of Gloucester)

Maud (Matilda) de Clare 1184, Lincoln, Lincolnshire 1213 Married in 1206 Sir William de Braose, son of William de Braose and Maud de St. Valery.

Richard de Clare 1184, Hertford 4 Mar 1228, London

Joane de Clare 1184, Hertford Unknown

Sir Richard de Clare

Born 1162

Tonbridge Castle, Tonbridge, Kent, England

Died 30 Dec 1218

Oxfordshire, England

Office 4th Earl of Hertford

1173-1218

Preceded by Roger de Clare

Succeeded by Gilbert de Clare

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Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford (1162 – December 30, 1218) was the son of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford and Maud de St. Hilary. More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the moiety of the Giffard estates from his ancestor Rohese. He was present at the coronation of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at the homeage of King William of Scotland at Lincoln.

He married (c. 1172) Amice FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester (c. 1160-1220), second daughter, and co-heiress, of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont.

He sided with the Barons against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five Barons appointed as guardians. On 9 November 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the King. In 1215, his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun. He and his son were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215. Sometime before 1198 Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated for a time because of this order but apparently they reconciled their marriage with the Pope later on.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_de_Clare,_3rd_Earl_of_Hertford

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Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford (c.1153 – 30 December 1218) was the son of Roger de Clare, 2nd Earl of Hertford and Maud de St. Hilary. More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the majority of the Giffard estates from his ancestor, Rohese. He was present at the coronations of king Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at the homeage of King William of Scotland at Lincoln.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_de_Clare,_3rd_Earl_of_Hertford

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_de_Clare,_3rd_Earl_of_Hertford

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4th Earl of Hertford

Richard played a leading part in the negotiations for the Magna Carta.

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Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford (1162 – December 30, 1218) was the son of Roger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford and Maud de St. Hilary. More commonly known as the Earl of Clare, he had the moiety of the Giffard estates from his ancestor Rohese. He was present at the coronation of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199. He was also present at the homeage of King William of Scotland at Lincoln.

He married (c. 1172) Amice FitzRobert, Countess of Gloucester (c. 1160-1220), second daughter, and co-heiress, of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont.

He sided with the Barons against King John, even though he had previously sworn peace with the King at Northampton, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five Barons appointed as guardians. On 9 November 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the King. In 1215, his lands in counties Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun. He and his son were among the Barons excommunicated by the Pope in 1215. Sometime before 1198 Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated for a time because of this order but apparently they reconciled their marriage with the Pope later on.

His own arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.

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He married (c. 1172) Amice FitzRobert, 4th Countess of Gloucester (c. 1160–1220), second daughter, and co-heiress, of William Fitz Robert, 2nd Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont. Sometime before 1198, Earl Richard and his wife Amice were ordered to separate by the Pope on grounds of consanguinity. They separated for a time because of this order but apparently reconciled their marriage with the Pope later on.[citation needed]

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--He was present at the coronation of King Richard I at Westminster, 3 Sep 1189, and King John on 27 May 1199.

--He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, being one of the twenty five Barons appointed as guardians. On 9 Nov 1215, he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to negotiate the peace with the King.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_de_Clare%2C_4th_Earl_of_Hertford

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_de_Clare,_3rd_Earl_of_Hertford

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Earl of Hertford --------------------



Sources 1.[S265] Colquoun_Cunningham.ged, Jamie Vans

2.[S289] Betty and Dick Field's Family History, Richard Field

3.[S268] Family tree by Curtis Hayward



            
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Richard = Magna Carta = FitzRoger de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford's Timeline

1153
1153
Hertford,,Hertfordshire,England
1162
1162
Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England
1173
1173
Age 11
Acceded Earl of Herford
1173
Age 11
Acceded Earl of Herford
1173
Age 11
Acceded Earl of Herford
1180
1180
Age 18
England
1181
1181
Age 19
Clare, Risbridge, Suffolk, England
1182
1182
Age 20
Hertford, Hertfordshire, England
1186
1186
Age 24
London, Middlesex, England
1215
1215
- present
Age 53
Magna Charta Surety