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About Richard Henry Dana, Sr.
Richard Henry Dana, Sr. (November 15, 1787 – February 2, 1879) was an American poet, critic and lawyer. His son, Richard Henry Dana, Jr., also became a lawyer and author.
* 1 Biography * 2 Further reading o 2.1 Works by Dana o 2.2 Works about Dana * 3 References * 4 External links
Richard Henry Dana was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts on November 15, 1787, the son of Federalist judge Francis Dana. He graduated from Harvard College and became a lawyer. He married Ruth Charlotte Smith and they had four children including Richard Henry Dana, Jr.
[picture of Dana's home on Beacon Hill, Boston]
Dana was also a literary critic. Between 1817 and 1827, he was the first American to write major critiques of Romanticism, though his views were unconventional then. In a review of the poetry of Washington Allston, he noted his belief that poetry was the highest form of art, though it should be simple and must avoid didacticism. Some of his criticisms were controversial. Dana accused Harvard of smothering genius, and that the minds of poets were more insightful than the general community. Dana also criticized the Transcendentalism movement. He wrote, "Emerson & the other Spiritualists, or Supernaturalists, or whatever they are called, or may be pleased to call themselves... [have] madness in their hearts". Dana was a member of the Anthology Club; he and others in the club founded the North American Review. in 1817 as an outlet for his criticism, though his opposition with standard conventions lost him his editorial control of it. By 1850, his opinions were widely followed. As he wrote at the time, "Much that was once held to be presumptuous novelty... [became] little better than commonplace".
As a writer of fiction, Dana was an early practitioner of Gothic literature, particularly with his novel Paul Felton (1822), a tale of madness and murder. The novel has also been called a pioneering work of psychological realism alongside works by William Gilmore Simms. Nevertheless, Dana had difficulty supporting his family through his writing, which earned him only $400 over 30 years.
He lived on Chestnut Street in Boston's Beacon Hill neighborhood, ca.1840s-1870s. Dana family grave marker, Cambridge
Dana died on February 2, 1879, and was buried in the family plot at the Old Burying Ground next to the First Parish in Cambridge.
Works by Dana
* An oration, delivered before the Washington benevolent society at Cambridge, July 4, 1814. Printed by Hilliard and Metcalf, 1814. * The Idle Man. v.1 (1821-1822)
Works about Dana
* Hunter, Dorren M. Richard Henry Dana, Sr. Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1987.
1. ^ a b Haralson, Eric L. Encyclopedia of American Poetry: The Nineteenth Century. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1998: 115. ISBN 1579580084 2. ^ a b c Ferguson, Robert A. Law and Letters in American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984: 249. ISBN 0674514653 3. ^ Ferguson, Robert A. Law and Letters in American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984: 250. ISBN 0674514653 4. ^ Brickhouse, Amanda. Transamerican Literary Relations and Nineteenth-Century Public Sphere. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004: 151. ISBN 0521841720 5. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. 1910 6. ^ Haralson, Eric L. Encyclopedia of American Poetry: The Nineteenth Century. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1998: 115–116. ISBN 1579580084 7. ^ Ferguson, Robert A. Law and Letters in American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984: 252. ISBN 0674514653 8. ^ Pfister, Joel. The Production of Personal Life: Class, Gender, and the Psychological in Hawthorne's Fiction. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 1991: 52–53. ISBN 0804719489 9. ^ Sullivan, Wilson. New England Men of Letters. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1972: 99. ISBN 0027886808 10. ^ Boston Directory. 1848, 1852, 1861, 1873
External links Wikisource has original works written by or about: Richard Henry Dana, Sr. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Richard Henry Dana
* WorldCat * Richard Henry Dana, Sr. at Lawyers and Poetry
Source: downloaded 2010 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Henry_Dana,_Sr. -------------------- 17871879, American poet and essayist, b. Cambridge, Mass.; son of Francis Dana. After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1811. Critic and poet, Dana was a founder and editor of the North American Review and also contributed to other periodicals. His best-known poem, The Buccaneer, appeared in 1827. See his collected Poems and Prose Writings (1850). His son, Richard Henry Dana, 181582, b. Cambridge, Mass., was also a writer and a lawyer. After spending two years (183133) at Harvard, he shipped as a common sailor around Cape Horn to California. The narrative of this voyage, published as Two Years before the Mast (1840), was written to secure justice for the sailor and has become an American classic of the days of sailing ships. Returning to Harvard, Dana graduated in 1837 and entered law practice. He handled many maritime cases and published The Seamans Friend (1841), a standard manual of the law of the sea. Active in politics, he helped found the Free-Soil party.
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07.
Richard Henry Dana, Sr.'s Timeline
November 15, 1787
Cambridge, MA, USA
August 1, 1815
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
February 2, 1879
Boston, MA, USA
Cambridge, MA, USA