Richard III of England

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Richard III Plantagenet, King of England

Also Known As: "Old Dick", "Crookback"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England
Death: Died in Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England
Cause of death: Killed in Battle
Place of Burial: Leicester Cathedral, Leicester, Leicestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville, Duchess of York
Husband of Anne Neville, Queen consort of England
Partner of Various Unknown Mistresses of Richard III
Father of Richard Plantagenet; Katherine (no childern) Plantagenet, Countess of Huntington, Princess of England; John of Gloucester Plantagenet; Stephen Hawes; Various Illegitimate of Richard III and 1 other
Brother of Joan of York; Anne of York, Duchess of Exeter; Henry of York; Edward IV of England; Edmund of York, Earl of Rutland and 8 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Richard III of England

latest news about Richard

http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/141202/ncomms6631/full/ncomms6631.html

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A skeleton found beneath a Leicester car park has been confirmed as that of English king Richard III.

Richard III dig: DNA confirms bones are king's:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-leicestershire-21063882

Richard III dig: University to release DNA results:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-leicestershire-21292381

Richard III dig: 'Strong evidence' bones are lost king:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-leicestershire-19561018

Richard III's scarred skeleton becomes a battlefield for academics: (contains an image showing his severe scoliosis

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/feb/04/richard-third-skeleton-confirmed-leicester

Remains of King Richard III: Analysis by Dr Steven Gunn, University of Oxford

After the battle of Bosworth Henry VII didn't want anyone claiming that they were Richard III and had survived the battle.

Richard's body was taken to Leicester, slung naked over the back of a horse, and publicly displayed so people could see he was dead.

But there was the problem of how and where to bury him - what seems likely is that they wanted to avoid anything that would generate a posthumous cult.

There was a tradition in medieval England that people who were political victims then became popular saints. They wouldn't have wanted to bury him in York, where he was very popular.

Greyfriars was convenient and safe. Henry VII put steps in action for a tomb to be built, and the inscription was to be ambivalent, and in some ways rude about Richard III, talking about his nephews and indicating that he wasn't a very good king. There is evidence that people talked about him being buried there.

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a short summary from Wikipedia:

Richard III

King of England

Reign: 26 June 1483 – 22 August 1485

Coronation: 6 July 1483

Predecessor : Edward V

Successor: Henry VII

Consort: Anne Neville

Issue:

Edward of Middleham

John of Gloucester (illegitimate)

Katherine Plantagenet (illegitimate)

House: House of York

Father: Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York

Mother: Cecily Neville, Duchess of York

Born: 2 October 1452

Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire

Died: 22 August 1485 (aged 32)

Bosworth Field, Leicestershire

Burial: Greyfriars, Leicester (reburial Leicester Cathedral 26 March 2015)

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"Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England for two years, from 1483 until his death in 1485 during the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at the Battle of Bosworth Field was the decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses and is sometimes regarded as the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the subject of an eponymous play by William Shakespeare."

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Wikipedia links:

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other links:

http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=richard3

http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_14.htm

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2614

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLAND,%20Kings%201066-1603.htm#RichardIIIdied1485

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=2144

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1146&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I5290&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I85759&tree=Welsh

http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/richard3.htm

http://www.nndb.com/people/661/000093382/

http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/printable/23500

http://thepeerage.com/p10163.htm#i101628

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Citations / Sources:

[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 20 . Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 142, 144. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 2 p. 100, 107, 110.

[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "Richard III, 1452-1485". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 4 p. 409.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 30.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 201.

[S32] #150 [1879-1967] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1879-1967), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Harrison, 1879-1967), FHL book 942 D22bup., 1967 ed. preface lxv.

[S35] #244 The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (1822-1841), Baker, George, (2 volumes. London: J. B. Nichols and Son, 1822-1841), FHL book Q 942.55 H2bal; FHL microfilm 962,237 ite., vol. 2 p. 219.

[S37] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 1 p. 423-425 vol. 48 p. 158-165.

[S54] #21 The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, Cokayne, George Edward, (Gloucester [England] : Alan Sutton Pub. Ltd., 1987), 942 D22cok., vol. 3 p. 439.

[S68] #673 The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (1846-), (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1846-), FHL book 974 B2ne; CD-ROM No 33 Parts 1-9; See FHL., July 1967 p. 187, 190.

[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., vol. 1 p. 246-247 table 2 pt. 2.

[S99] #711 Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, (Gloucester: John Bellows, 1876-), FHL book 942.41 C4bg., vol. 12 p. 39.

[S117] #227 The History and Antiquities of the County of Hertford (1815-1827), Clutterbuck, Robert, (3 volumes. London: Nichols, Son and Bentley, 1815-1827), FHL book Q 942.58 H2c; FHL microfilms 899,855-899,., vol. 1 p. 358.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxix.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 2 p. 13; vol. 3 p. 8.

[S754] #205 Baronagium Genealogicum, Or, the Pedigrees of the English Peers, Deduced from the Earliest Times, of Which There Are Any Attested Accountes Including, as Well Collateral as Lineal Descents (1764-1784), Segar, Sir William, (6 volumes. [London]: Engraved and printed for the author, [1764-1784].), Volumes 1-4 FHL microfilm 164,680; volume 5 FHL mi., vol. 3 p. 264.

[S1850] Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families, Charles Cawley, (http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/), England, Kings 1066-1603 [accessed 28 Jun 2006]. [S1886] #89 A Genealogical History of the Kings of England, and Monarchs of Great Britain, & C. From the Conquest, Anno 1066 to the Year, 1677, Sandford, Francis Esq., (London: Thomas Newcomb, 1677), FHL microfilm 599,670 item 3., p. 405-410.

[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 5 p. C624.

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Richard III of England's Timeline

1452
October 2, 1452
Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England
1469
1469
Age 16
Westminster, Middlesex, England
1469
Age 16
1470
1470
Age 17
1472
July 12, 1472
Age 19
Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England
1473
December 1473
Age 21
Middleham Castle, Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England
1475
1475
Age 22
1483
June 26, 1483
Age 30
1485
August 22, 1485
Age 32
Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England
1960
January 29, 1960
Age 32