|Birthplace:||Stonehouse, Dorchester, Devon, England|
|Death:||Died in Shrewsbury, Monmouth, New Jersey|
|Place of Burial:||Monmouth, NJ|
Son of Anthony Philip Lippincott and Margery Katherine Lippincott
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Richard Lippincott
Richard Lippincott (1615–1683), early settler of Shrewsbury, New Jersey, was a devout English Quaker who emigrated to Colonial America to escape persecution for his religious beliefs.
He is an ancestor of Presidents Richard Nixon and George Walker Bush. "Ancestors of American Presidents", Gary Boyd Roberts, NEHGS, 2009.
Richard Lippincott, the founder of the family in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, although belonging to a branch of the family of his contemporaries and fellow believers of too mild and peaceable a disposition to be either happy or contented amidst the conditions that prevailed in England during the latter years of the reign of Charles I, in consequence associated himself at an early date with the settlers of the colony of Massachusetts Bay, and taking up his residence at Dorchester he became a member of the church there, and April 1, 1640 was chosen to one of the town offices, being made freeman by the court of Boston, May 13, 1640. Here his eldest son was born and was baptized September 1641. A few years later, however, he removed to Boston where his second son and eldest daughter was born and there baptized entered on the records of the First Church at Boston; in the entry of the son the father being noted as "a member of the church at Dorchester." This baptism was November 10, 1644. Even New England Puritanism, however, was of too militant a character for Richard Lippincott, and he began to differ more and more from his brethren of the church in regard to some of their religious doctrines, and so tenacious of his opinion was he that on July 6, 1651, he was formally excommunicated. About a year later, in 1652, Richard Lippincott returned to England in the hope that under the Commonwealth he might find a greater degree of religious liberty than was obtainable among his fellow-colonists in Massachusetts. That to some extent at least his hopes were gratified seems evident from the name of his third son, Restore or Restored, who was born at Plymount, England, in the following year, 1652, as there can be no doubt that he received his name in commemoration of his father's restoration to his native land and to the communion of more congenial spirits. Just what Richard Lippincott's religious views at the time were can only be a matter of conjecture, but they evidently harmonized more or less with those of George Fox and his adherents as became a member of the Society of Friends, and soon after his profession of faith became a partaker with his fellow believers in their suffering for their principles and in the persecutions to which they were subjected. In February, 1655 while he was residing at Plymounth, Devonshire, the mayor of that town caused his arrest and imprisonment in the town jail near the castle of Exeter, his offense being it would appear that he had made the assertion that "Christ was the word of God and the scriptures a declaration of the mind of God."
Several months, later, in May, 1655, according to Sewell's History of the Quakers, he, with others, testified against the acts of the mayor and the falsehood of the charges brought against them. In commemoration of this release from imprisonment he named his next son, born that same year, Freedom. The following few years seem to have been comparatively quite ones with him, the only noteworthy event in his life being his making of a home for himself and family at Stonehouse, near Plymount, and the birth of his daughter, Increase in 1657, and of his son Jacob in 1660. In this last mentioned year he was again imprisoned by the mayor of Plymouth for his faithfulness to his religious convictions, being arrested by the officers at and taken from a meeting of Friends in that city. His release was brought by the solicitation of Margaret Fell and others whose efforts in behalf of imprisoned Friends were so influential with the newly restored King Charles II as to obtain the liberation of many. In comparison with this treatment in Boston, Richard Lippincott experienced in Plymouth were such that he at lenght determined to make another trial of the new world, and once more bidding farewell to his native land he sailed again for New England in 1661 or 1662, and took up his residence in Rhode Island, which he found to be a Baptist colony very tolerent of various forms of belief. Here his youngest son, Preserved, was born in 1663, and received his name in commemoration of his father's preservation from persecution and from the perils of the deep. It is a curious fact that, omitting the name of his third child, Abigail Lippincott, taken in the order of their birth, from the words of a prayer, which needs only the addition of another son, called Israel, to be complete, thus Remember John, Restore Freedom, Increase Jacob, and Preserve (Israel). Whether this arrangement was accidental or due to a premeditated design cannot be determined; it is probably a coincidence, as although in strict accordance with the ways in fashion among the Puritans of that day, so complete an arrangement as this is extremely rare.
In the Rhode Island colony each of the settlements was at first regarded as an independent establishment; but in 1642 it was determined to seek a patent from England, and Roger Williams having gone to the mother country for that purpose, obtained in 1644 through the influence of the Earl of Warwick, a charter from Parliament uniting settlements as the "Incorporation of Providence plantations in the Narragansett Bay* in New England." Complete religious toleration was granted together with the largest measure of political freedom, but owing to jealousies and exaggerated ideas of individual importance, the settlement did not become really united until 1654 and it was nine years later that they sough and obtained a charter of "Rhode Island and the Providence plantations." from King Charles II, which served as the constitution of the colony and state down to 1843. In the following year, 1664, the Dutch Colony of New Netherland came into the possession of the English, and the next year, 1665, an association was formed at Newport, Rhode Island, to purchase lands from the Indians, and a patent was granted to them, This movement has been initiated by people of Gravesend, Long Island, but the residents of Newport were considerably in the majority and the success of the movement is mainly due to them and to their efforts in raising the greater part of the money to pay the Indians for their land and in inducing persons to settle on it. Of the eighty-three Newport subscribers who contributed towards buying the Monmouth county, New Jersey, land from the Indians and towards defraying the incidental expenses in treating with the natives, Richard Lippincott gave by far the largest subscription, L16 10 shillings, which was more than twice that of any other contributor except Richard Borden, whose amount was L11, 10 shillings. * Narragansett Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean in the SE part of Rhode Island.
The first deed from the Indians is dated March 25, 1665, and is for the lands at Nevesink, from the sachem Popomora and his brother Mishacoing to James Huddard, John Bowne, John Tilton, junior, Richard Stout, William Goulding and Samuel Spicer, for and on behalf of the other subscribers. April 7, 1665, Popmora and his brother went over to New York and acknowledged the deed before Governor Nicolls, and the official copy is in the office of the secretary of state, New York, liber 3, page 1. Another copy is preserved in the records of the proprietors of East Jersey at Perth Amboy, where there is also a map of the land embraced in the purchase, while still a third copy may be found in the office of the secretary of state at Trenton. Two other deeds followed and on April 8, 1665, Governor Nicolls signed the noted Monmouth patent, one of the conditions of which was "that the said Patentees and their associates,, their heirs or assigns, shall within the space of three years, beginning from the day of the date hereof, manure and plant the aforesaid land and premises and settle there one hundred families a least." The reason for the founding of the Monmouth settlements is given in the patent as the establishment of "free liberty of Conscience without any molestation or disturbance whatever in the way of worship." In accordence with the terms of this patent, Richard Lippincott and his family removed from Rhode Island to Shrewsbury, New Jersey, among the earliest settlers of the place. With him went also a number of other members of the Society of Friends and they at once formed themselves into the Shrewsbury Meeting, which for a long time met at Richard Lippincott's house. He himelf was one of the most prominent in all public matters. In 1667 the inhabitants of Middletown, Shrewsbury and other settlements included under the Monmouth patent, found themselves so far advanced, with dwellings erected and lands cleared that they had opportunity to take measures to establish a local government. Their grant from Nicolls authorized them to "pass such prudential laws as they deemed advisable" and as early as June, 1667, they held an assembly for that purpose at Portland Point, now called Highlands. On December 14 following another assembly was held at Shrewsbury; and although Governor Carteret and his council considered these assemblies as irregular they are nevertheless the first legislative bodies that ever met in New Jersey. This "General Assembly of the Patentees and Deputies" continued to meet for many years and its original proceedings are still preserved. In 1669 Richard Lippincott was elected a member of the governor's council as one of the representatives from Shrewsbury, but being unwilling to take the oath of allegiance unless it contained a proviso guaranteeing the patent rights of the Monmouth towns he was not allowed to take his seat. In the following year, 1670, he was elected by the town as an associate patentee, one of the "five or seven other persons of the ablest and discreetest od said inhabitants" who joined with the original patentees formed the assembly above mentioned, wyhich according to Nicoll's patent had full power "to make such peculiar and prudential laws and constitutions amongst the inhabitants for the better and orderly governing of them," as well as "liberty to try all causes and actions of debt and trespass arising amongst the inhabitants to the value of L10." In 1667 the governor's council passed a law providing that any town sending deputies who "refused on their arrival to take the necessary oaths," shall be liable to a fine of L10; consequently Richard Lippincott who was chosen to represent his town in 1667, did not attend, and as a result the council passed another act fining any member who absented himself, ten shilling for each day's absence. In 1670 the first meeting for worship was established by the Friends; and in 1672 this was visited by George Fox who was entertained during his stay by Richard Lippincott. His residence was on Passequeneiqua creek, a branch of the South Shrewsbury river, three-fourths of a mile northeast of the house of his son-in-law, Samuel Dennis which stood three-fourths of a mile east of the town of Shrewsbury.
Soon after this Richard Lippincott made another voyage to England, where he was in 1675 when John Fenwick was prepared to remove to West Jersey; and on August 9, 1676, he obtained from Fenwick a patent for one thousand acres in his colony, which he probably purchased as a land speculation since neither he nor his children ever occupied any part of it. May 21, 1679, Richard Lippincott divided this plantation into five equal parts, giving to each of his sons a two hundred acre tract. Having at length found a fixed place of residence where he could live in peace and prosperity, Richard Lippincott settled down to "an active and useful life in the midst of a worthy family, in the possession of a sufficient estate, and happy in the enjoyment of religious, and political freedom." Here he passed the last eighteen years of his life of varied experiences, and here he died November 25, 1683.
Two days before his death Richard Lippincott made his will and acknowledged it before Joseph Parker, justice of the peace, January 2, following his administratrix, her fellow bondsman being her son's father-in-law, William Shattock, and Francis Borden. There seems, however, to have been some irregularity in the will or its provisions, particularly in omitting mention of an exuctor; for on the day when the widow gave her bond, Governor Thomas Rudyard issued a warrant or commission to Joseph Parker, John Hans (Hance)and Eliakim Wardell "or any two of them, to examine Abigail, the widow of Richard Lippincott, as to her knowledge of any other last will made by her husband." An endorsement on the will, dated May 21, 1681, states that the "said Abigail has no knowledge of any other will and that she will faithfully administer the estate." The inventory of the personal estate, L428, 2 shilling, including debts due L30, and negro slaves L60, was made by Eliakim Wardell, William Shattock, Francis Borden and Joseph Parker.
The Dutch proprietors of New Amsterdam had long been engaged in the slave trade and at the surrender to the English in 1664 the colony contained many slaves some of whom were owned by Friends. As early as 1652 members of this society at Warwick, Rhode Island, passed a law requiring all slaves to be liberated after ten years service, as was the manner with the English servants, who however, had to serve but four years. In 1683 the court at Shrewsbury passed a law against trading in slaves. These are the earliest known instances of legislation in behalf of negro emancipation.
Richard Lippincott was owner of a number of slaves; and in her will, dated June 28, 1697, and approved August 7 following, his widow, Abigail Lippincott, frees most of them besides leaving to her children and grand children much real estate and considerable bequests in money.
On April 1, 1640 he was chosen to a Dorchester, Massachusetts town office and was made freeman of the court of Boston on May 13, 1640.
On July 6, 1651 he was formally excomminicated and in 1652 he returned to England. Shortly thereafter he became a member of the Society of Friends. In Febuary of 1655 the mayor of Plymouth, England casued him to be arrested and imprisoned for having asserted that "Christ was the word of God and the Scriptures a declaration of the mind of God."
In May, 1655 (acording to Sewll's History of the Quakers) he testified against the acts of the mayor and the falsehood of the charges brought against him and was released. He was arrested again in 1660 on similar charges.
In 1661 or 1662 he sailed again for New England and this time took up residence in Rhode Island.
He received patent for land in New Jersey and was among the earliest settles in Shrewsbury, NJ, being a founding member of the Shrewsbury Meeting, which for a long time met at his house.
in 1669 he was elected a member of the governor's council as one of the representatives from Shrewbury but, being unwilling to take the oath of allegiance unless it contained a provision guarenteeing the patent rights of the Monmouth towns he was not allowed to take his seat.
In 1670 the first meeting for wotrship was formed by the Friends and in 1672 was visited by George Fox, who was entertained during his stay by Richard. Soon thereafter, Richard made another, final voyage to England, where he was when John Fenwick was preparing to West Jersey;
and on August 9, 1676, he obtained from Fenwick a patent for one thousand acres of land in his colony (probably as speculation since neither he nor his childeren every occupied it.
Notes from Darrell Lippincott:
Richard and his wife were residents of Dorchester, MA in 1639 and members of the Puritan Church. On 1 Apr 1640 Richard was chosen as a Town Officer Dorchester and admitted as "Freeman" of the Massachussets Bay Colony by the General Court of Boston of 13 May 1640.
About 1643 they settled in Boston and formed a connection with the church in 1644. In 1651 he was excommunicated from "ye church of dorchester...for withdrawing communion from ye fellowship of ye church and being demanded a ground of his so walking, he would give none
but said he wanted a commission to speak; whereupon for not hearing ye church in their convincing arguments, was excommunicated from ye fellowship of ye church of ye 6 of ye 5th mo. 1651. in ye name of Lord Jesus and with ye consent of ye church, being admonished twice before."
In 1652 Richard returned with his family to England where he made a home in Plymouth, Devonshire and became allied with the Society of Friends. About 4 years later he is found defvending the Friends and residing in Stone House, a parish near Plymouth. In Feb of 1655 he was arrested by the Mayor and confined in or near the Castle of Exeter. Again on January 20, 1660 he was arrested by the Mayor. Richard,Thomas Hooten and Margaret Kellam were taken from a meeting at Plymouth and sent to the High Goal at Exon (Exeter). They were later released at the solicition of Margaret Fell (who became the wife of George Fox in 1669) and others who were influential with the newly restored King Charles II in granting liberation of Friends. Owing to the mistreatment of Quakers in England Richard and family returned to America in 1663, settling first in Rhode Island because of the freedom offered there to Friends for the exercise of their worship. He joined in the formation of an association at Newport, RI in 1664 for the purpose of securing title from the Indians to a large tract of land in NJ was was the largest contributor to the funds raised for that purpose. The purchase was effected from Indian Sachem (Popomma) on 8 Apr 1665 and the land was confirmed to the RI company the next day by patent from Gov Nicholls. By the terms of the Grant, all who settled within its limits were to have "free liberty of conscience, without any molestation or disturbance whatsoever in their way of worship". And it was stipulated that at least 100 families should settle thereon within the space of 3 years. In 1665, in company with others, Richard moved from RI and became a member of the first English colony in New Jersey near the Shrewsbury River, as the largest shareholder. Richard's residence was on Passenqueneiqa Creek, a branch of South Shrewsbury River, northeast of the residence of his son-in-law Samuel Dennis which was 3/4 mile east of Shrewbury. Richard was one of the Founders of the Shrewsbury Friends Meeting, of which he was one of the most prominent and active membes throughout the remainder of his life. The first Provicial Assembly was organized in the Province in 1668 and Richard was a representative in it. He was an active officer of the colony, serving as Deputy of the Patentees and Overseerin 1669 and 1670. In 1670 he was made one of the "Associates of the Patentees" the first local court of judicature. He entertained George Fox in 1672. (Richard accompanied George Fox during his religious visit in this country, and was a consistent and exemplary Friend). In 1676 he obtained a grant of 1,000 acres in Fenwick Colony. In 1677 he was again elected to the Assembly and was Coroner of Monmouth County 1682/83. Richard's will, signed 23 Nov 1683 shows no Executor was named, wife Abigail became administrator, William Shattack and Francis Burden giving 300 pounds in bond for her faithful administration.
Richard became a freeman on May 13, 1640, having been chosen as a town officer of Dorchester, MA on 4-1-1640. Members of the"aristocracy" were known as freeman, enjoying rights not given to the common people such as the right to vote. In order to qualify as a freeman, a citizen had to show that he was a member of the Puritan Chruch in good standing. He has to be an industrious and law-abiding person and worth in property or money at least 200 pounds. The revised Charter of 1691 changed qualifications for becoming a freeman. The religious clause was dropped and the ownership of property which had a value of 40 pounds sterling was required in order to have a right to vote. A common man was known as a "Goodman" and his wife as "Goodwife" or "Goody" in ordinary speech, while a freeman had the title of "Master".
In 1670 with the population of 25,000 in Massachusetts only 1,100 were classed as freeman. The Charter mentioned above increased the number of voters to about 1/5 of the adult male population. Only freeman and their wives were permitted to wear costly garments.
WILL OF RICHARD LIPPINCOTT
The last will of Richard Lippincott of Shrewsbury, in the Prov of East Jersey, being in his right perfect sense and memory, disposeth of his outward estate as followeth, viz: I do give and bequeath to my son Jacob Lippincott all and singular my upland and meadow, being lying and adjoining to a place commonly called long point, to him and his heirs, executors, and administrators or assigns forever. Secondly, I do give and bequeath to my son Freedome Lippincott, after the decease of myself and my wife, all and singular my new dwelling, housing and out housing with years, and my farm, thereunto adjoining, during his natural life and no longer; and after his decease then I give it to my grandsone Richard Lippincott, to him and his heirs or assigns forever, and Thirdly I give to my sone, Remembrance five shillings. Fourthly, I give to my sone John five shillings. Fifthly, I give to my sone Restore five shillings, and I give to my daughter Increase five shillings, and all the rest and remainder of my outward estate I leave to my loving wife, Abigail Lippincott, and after my decease to be at her disposing, with the advice of Friends; and do acknowledge this to be my own act. I set my hand and seale this twenty-third day of the ninth month, one thousand six hundred eithty three.
Richard Lippincott (Seal)
Signed in the presence of Hugh Dickman, Judal Allen.
Richard Lippincott above named did this twenty third day of the ninth month 1683, personally before me signed this above written instrument
acknowledging this to be his act and deed. Joseph Parker, Justice of the Peace.
Notes on internet: Richard emigrated 1639 ?from England to America. Was employed as Freemason.
One of first settlers of NJ, along with Tilton, Wardell, Borden. All Quakers. Owned slaves, from Dutch in New Amsterdam, but freed them upon death.
Married Abigail Goody on 10 May 1640 in Roxbury, Suffolk, MA
Richard Lippincott came to the new world from Stone House, a parish in Devonshire, England and was among settlers of the Massachusetts Bay colony where he was made a "freeman" in 1640 He and his wife, Abigail, resided in Dorchester where their eldest son, Remembrance was born the next year. After a move to Boston their son, John, was born. A daughter, Abigail, was born there but died in infancy. On the records of the First Church of Boston, we find "Richard Lippincott…falling in a withdrawing from Communion with ye Church, was admonished - 1651." Richard had "demanded a ground of his so walking" and was "excommunicated from ye fellowship of ye church." In 1652 he returned to England where a third son, Restore, was born at Plymouth, Devonshire. Richard was imprisoned in the jail near the Castle of Exeter in 1655 for testifying "against the acts of the Mayor." In the same year his son Freedom was born. His daughter, Increase, was born in 1657, and his son Jacob in 1660, while residing at Stone House, near Plymouth. The colony of Rhode Island offered freedom for the exercise of the Friends' mode of worship. Richard Lippincott again removed to New England. Having been preserved from the wrath of the persecutor and the perils of the sea, he named his next son Preserved who was born in America on Christmas Day, 1663. The names of the surviving children of Richard and Abigail form the words of a prayer, which needed only the addition of a son, Israel, to have been complete - Remember John, Restore Freedom, Increase Jacob and Preserve (Israel). In 1665, Richard and his family moved from Rhode Island to near the Shrewsbury River in East Jersey. Richard thus became a member of the first English colony in New Jersey. His residence was on Passequeneiqua Creek, a branch of the South Shrewsbury River, about a mile and a half from the town of Shrewsbury. He lived here for the last eighteen years of his life.
Spouse: Abigail Goody Lippincott (1621 - 1697)* Children: Remembrance Lippincott (1641 - 1722)* John Lippincott (1644 - 1720)* Abigail Lippincott (1646 - 1646)* Restore Lippincott (1653 - 1741)* Freedom Lippincott (1655 - 1697)* Increase Lippincott Dennis (1657 - 1695)* Jacob Lippincott (1660 - 1689)* Preserved Lippincott (1666 - ____)*
- Calculated relationship
Burial: Friends Meeting House Burial Ground Shrewsbury Monmouth County New Jersey, USA
Created by: Rebecca McCraw Record added: Jul 16, 2010 Find A Grave Memorial# 55022524
Richard Lippincott's Timeline
July 15, 1613
Dorchester, Devon, England
May 10, 1640
Plymouth, Devonshire, England
March 15, 1642
Dorchester, Suffolk , Massachusetts
October 7, 1644
Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, (Present USA)
January 17, 1646
Boston, Massachusetts Bay colony, Colonial America
July 3, 1653
Plymouth, Devon, England
September 1, 1655
Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devonshire, England
December 5, 1657
Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, Eng
May 11, 1660
Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon, England
February 25, 1663
Rhode Island colony, USA