Richard Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Cornwall / "King of the Romans"

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Richard "King of Germany" Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Cornwall

Also Known As: "Richard of England", "King of the Romans", "Richard of Cornwall"
Birthplace: Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England
Death: Died in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Hailes Abbey, Hailes, Gloucestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Lackland, King of England and Isabelle d'Angoulême, Queen consort of England
Husband of Joan Basset; Isabel Marshal, Countess of Cornwall; Sanchia of Provence, Queen of the Romans and Beatrix van Valkenburg
Partner of Joan de Valletort/Vautort; Mistress 2 of Richard of Cornwall and Mistress 1 of Richard of Cornwall
Father of Richard de Cornwall, of Thunnock; Joan de Cornwall; Lawrence de Cornwall; Isabel de Cornwall; Walter de Cornwall and 7 others
Brother of Henry III of England; Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland; Isabella of England, Holy Roman Empress and Eleanor of Leicester, Countess of Pembroke & Leicester
Half brother of Agnès Agathe de Lusignan; Marguerite de Lusignan; Hugues XI de Lusignan, comte de La Marche; Guy de Lusignan, seigneur de Cognac, d'Archiac, de Merpins; Aymar Lusignan, Bishop of Winchester and 16 others

Occupation: High Sheriff of Berkshire, High Sheriff of Cornwall, Count of Poitou, 1st Earl of Cornwall, King of Germany (formally King of the Romans)
Managed by: Terry Jackson (Switzer)
Last Updated:

About Richard Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Cornwall / "King of the Romans"

"Richard of Cornwall (5 January 1209 – 2 April 1272) was Count of Poitou (from 1225 to 1243), 1st Earl of Cornwall (from 1225) and German King (formally "King of the Romans", from 1257). One of the wealthiest men in Europe, he also joined the Barons' Crusade, where he achieved success as a negotiator for the release of prisoners, and assisted with the building of the citadel in Ascalon."

  • _______________
  • Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9
  • M, #6565, b. 5 January 1209, d. 2 April 1272
  • Father John Lackland, King of England, Duke of Normandy & Aquitaine, Comte d'Anjou, Lord of Ireland4,7,10 b. 24 Dec 1166, d. 19 Oct 1216
  • Mother Isabella of Angouleme Taillefer4,7,10 b. 1188, d. 4 Jun 1246
  • Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou married Joan de Vautort (Valletort) DID NOT MARRY. Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou was born on 5 January 1209 at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England.11,5,8 He married Isabel Marshal, daughter of Sir William Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke, Marshal of England, Sheriff of Gloucestershire & Sussex, Constable of Lillebonne and Isabel de Clare, on 30 March 1231 at Fawley, Buckinghamshire, England; They had 3 sons (John; Sir Henry; & Nicholas) & 1 daughter (Isabel).11,4,5,6,7,8,9 A contract for the marriage of Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou and Sanchia of Provence was signed on 17 July 1242.8 Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou married Sanchia of Provence, daughter of Raymond V Berenger, Count & Marquis of Provence, Count of Forcalquier and Beatrix of Savoy, on 23 November 1243 at Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England; They had 2 sons (Richard; & Sir Edmund, Earl of Cornwall).11,3,4,5,6,7,8 Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou married Beatrice von Valkenburg, daughter of Dirk II van Valkenburg, Seigneur de Montjoye and Bertha von Limburg, on 16 June 1269 at Kaiserslautern, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany; No issue.12,4,5,6,7,8 Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou died on 2 April 1272 at Berkhampstead, Hertfordshire, England, at age 63; Buried with his 2nd wife, Sanchia, in Hailes Abbey, Gloucestershire, his heart being interred in the choir of the Franciscan church at Oxford. He also had several illegitimate children including Philip (clerk), Sir Richard, & Sir Walter.4,5,7,8
  • Family 1 Isabel Marshal b. 9 Oct 1200, d. 17 Jan 1240
  • Children
    • John of Cornwall13,5,8 b. 31 Jan 1232, d. 22 Sep 1232
    • Isabella of Cornwall13,5,8 b. c 9 Sep 1233, d. 6 Oct 1234
    • Sir Henry of Almayne, Constable of Corfe Castle13,5,8 b. 2 Nov 1235, d. 13 Mar 1271
    • Nicholas of Cornwall2,5,8 b. Jan 1240, d. Jan 1240
  • Family 2 Sanchia of Provence b. c 1225, d. 9 Nov 1261
  • Children
    • Richard of England14,12 b. Jul 1246, d. 15 Aug 1246
    • Sir Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall, Sheriff of Cornwall & Rutland2,3,5,8 b. 1 Jan 1250, d. c 25 Sep 1300
  • Family 3
  • Child
    • Sir Walter de Cornwall, Coroner of Cornwall+15,5,16,8,17 b. c 1254, d. c 20 Feb 1313
  • Family 4 Joan de Vautort (Valletort)
  • Children
    • Joan de Cornwall+5,8 d. a 1316
    • Sir Richard Cornwall, Steward of Knaresborough+5,8 b. c 1255, d. 1296
  • Family 5 Beatrice von Valkenburg d. 17 Oct 1277
  • From:

Links:,_1st_Earl_of_Cornwall PLANTAGENET (1º E. Cornwall)


Citations / Sources:

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 67-70. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003). Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 2, page 1670.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 2 p. 485.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 15-16.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 195-196.

[S32] #150 [1879-1967] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1879-1967), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Harrison, 1879-1967), FHL book 942 D22bup., 1949 ed. preface ccliii.

[S37] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 48 p. 165-175.

[S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S40] Handbook of British Chronology (1986), Fryde, E. B., editor, (Royal Historical Society guides and handbooks, no. 2. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1986), FHL book 942 C4rg no. 2., p. 37.

[S54] #21 The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, Cokayne, George Edward, (Gloucester [England] : Alan Sutton Pub. Ltd., 1987), 942 D22cok., vol. 3-p. 430-431. b. 5 Jan 1209, Constable Wallingford Castle 1216, Knight 1224/5, Earl Cornwall abt 1227, Count Poitou Aug 1225, Com in Chief of the Crusades 1240-41, King of the Romans 17 May 1257 at Aachen, deposed; Heart to Rewley Abby, Oxon; 63 at death

[S68] #673 The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (1846-), (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1846-), FHL book 974 B2ne; CD-ROM No 33 Parts 1-9; See FHL., "Royal Bye-Blows" vol. 119 p. 98.

[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., vol. 1 p. 59.

[S84] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1001 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, Md. 21202, copyright 2004), p. xxviii.

[S97] #665 The Genealogist (1877-1922), (Old Series, 7 volumes, 1877-1883. New Series, 38 volumes, 1884-1922. London: George Bell, 1877-1922), FHL book 942 B2gqm; see FHL catalog for list of vo., 1879 vol. 3 p. 225.

[S106] #388 The House of Cornewall (1908), Liverpool, Cecil George Savile Foljambe, (Hereford: Jakeman and Carver, 1908), FHL book 929.242 C815L; FHL microfilm 1,426,037 it., p. 25, 33.

[S631] An Encyclopedia of World History; Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged (1972), Langer, William L., (5th edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1972), p. 211.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 3 p. 8.

[S843] #11728 The Lusignans in England, 1247-1258 (1950), Snellgrove, Harold S., (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1950), JWML book DA227 .S6..

[S2511] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 280 PLANTAGENET:16.ii. -------------------- Son of King John (Lackland). Earl of Cornwall commencing 1225, Count of Poitou 1225 - 1243, elected "King of the Romans" (Germany) in 1257 and reigned as such through his death in 1272. One of the wealthiest men in Europe during his lifetime. Earl Richard was thrice married, fathered 7 children by these marriages, of whom only two survived to adulthood. Earl Richard was more fortunate with mistress Joan de Valletort (daughter of Sir Walter de Bath), fathering three sons and two daughters, all of whom survived to adulthood.

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Richard Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Cornwall / "King of the Romans"'s Timeline

January 5, 1209
Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England
March 31, 1231
Age 22
Fawley, Bucks, England
January 31, 1232
Age 23
Marlow, Buckinghamshire, England
September 9, 1233
Age 24
Marlowe on Thames, Buckinghamshire, , England
November 2, 1235
Age 26
Haughley Castle,Suffolk
Age 29
January 17, 1240
Age 31
Berkhamsted Castle, Herefordshire, England
Age 33
November 23, 1243
Age 34
Westminster, England
Age 36
Branell, Hertfordshire, England