Richard Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Cornwall / "King of the Romans"

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Richard "King of Germany" Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Cornwall

Also Known As: "Richard of England", "King of the Romans", "Richard of Cornwall", "1st Earl of Cornwall", "Count of Poitou"
Birthplace: Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England
Death: Died in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Hailes Abbey, Hailes, Gloucestershire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Lackland, King of England; Isabelle d'Angoulême, Queen consort of England and Isabelle (Angoulême) Lusignan Cornwall
Husband of Joan (Valletort) Okeston Cornwall; Isabel Marshal, Countess of Cornwall; Sanchia of Provence, Queen of the Romans and Beatrix van Valkenburg
Partner of Mistress 2 of Richard of Cornwall; Joan de Valletort/Vautort and Joan Basset
Father of Richard de Cornwall, of Thunnock; Walter de Cornwall; Isabella (Plantagenet) of Cornwall; daughter Plantagenet; Lawrence de Cornwall and 6 others
Brother of Henry III of England; Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland; Isabella of England, Holy Roman Empress and Eleanor of Leicester, Countess of Pembroke & Leicester
Half brother of Agnès Agathe de Lusignan; Marguerite de Lusignan; Hugues XI de Lusignan, comte de La Marche; Guy de Lusignan, seigneur de Cognac, d'Archiac, de Merpins; Aymar Lusignan, Bishop of Winchester and 15 others

Occupation: High Sheriff of Berkshire, High Sheriff of Cornwall, Count of Poitou, 1st Earl of Cornwall, King of Germany (formally King of the Romans)
Managed by: Terry Jackson (Switzer)
Last Updated:

About Richard Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Cornwall / "King of the Romans"

"Richard of Cornwall (5 January 1209 – 2 April 1272) was Count of Poitou (from 1225 to 1243), 1st Earl of Cornwall (from 1225) and German King (formally "King of the Romans", from 1257). One of the wealthiest men in Europe, he also joined the Barons' Crusade, where he achieved success as a negotiator for the release of prisoners, and assisted with the building of the citadel in Ascalon."

  • _______________
  • Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9
  • M, #6565, b. 5 January 1209, d. 2 April 1272
  • Father John Lackland, King of England, Duke of Normandy & Aquitaine, Comte d'Anjou, Lord of Ireland4,7,10 b. 24 Dec 1166, d. 19 Oct 1216
  • Mother Isabella of Angouleme Taillefer4,7,10 b. 1188, d. 4 Jun 1246
  • Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou married Joan de Vautort (Valletort) DID NOT MARRY. Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou was born on 5 January 1209 at Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England.11,5,8 He married Isabel Marshal, daughter of Sir William Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke, Marshal of England, Sheriff of Gloucestershire & Sussex, Constable of Lillebonne and Isabel de Clare, on 30 March 1231 at Fawley, Buckinghamshire, England; They had 3 sons (John; Sir Henry; & Nicholas) & 1 daughter (Isabel).11,4,5,6,7,8,9 A contract for the marriage of Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou and Sanchia of Provence was signed on 17 July 1242.8 Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou married Sanchia of Provence, daughter of Raymond V Berenger, Count & Marquis of Provence, Count of Forcalquier and Beatrix of Savoy, on 23 November 1243 at Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England; They had 2 sons (Richard; & Sir Edmund, Earl of Cornwall).11,3,4,5,6,7,8 Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou married Beatrice von Valkenburg, daughter of Dirk II van Valkenburg, Seigneur de Montjoye and Bertha von Limburg, on 16 June 1269 at Kaiserslautern, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany; No issue.12,4,5,6,7,8 Sir Richard, Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, Comte de Poitou died on 2 April 1272 at Berkhampstead, Hertfordshire, England, at age 63; Buried with his 2nd wife, Sanchia, in Hailes Abbey, Gloucestershire, his heart being interred in the choir of the Franciscan church at Oxford. He also had several illegitimate children including Philip (clerk), Sir Richard, & Sir Walter.4,5,7,8
  • Family 1 Isabel Marshal b. 9 Oct 1200, d. 17 Jan 1240
  • Children
    • John of Cornwall13,5,8 b. 31 Jan 1232, d. 22 Sep 1232
    • Isabella of Cornwall13,5,8 b. c 9 Sep 1233, d. 6 Oct 1234
    • Sir Henry of Almayne, Constable of Corfe Castle13,5,8 b. 2 Nov 1235, d. 13 Mar 1271
    • Nicholas of Cornwall2,5,8 b. Jan 1240, d. Jan 1240
  • Family 2 Sanchia of Provence b. c 1225, d. 9 Nov 1261
  • Children
    • Richard of England14,12 b. Jul 1246, d. 15 Aug 1246
    • Sir Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall, Sheriff of Cornwall & Rutland2,3,5,8 b. 1 Jan 1250, d. c 25 Sep 1300
  • Family 3
  • Child
    • Sir Walter de Cornwall, Coroner of Cornwall+15,5,16,8,17 b. c 1254, d. c 20 Feb 1313
  • Family 4 Joan de Vautort (Valletort)
  • Children
    • Joan de Cornwall+5,8 d. a 1316
    • Sir Richard Cornwall, Steward of Knaresborough+5,8 b. c 1255, d. 1296
  • Family 5 Beatrice von Valkenburg d. 17 Oct 1277
  • From:

Links:,_1st_Earl_of_Cornwall PLANTAGENET (1º E. Cornwall)


Citations / Sources:

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 67-70. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003). Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition, volume 2, page 1670.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 2 p. 485.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 15-16.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 195-196.

[S32] #150 [1879-1967] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1879-1967), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Harrison, 1879-1967), FHL book 942 D22bup., 1949 ed. preface ccliii.

[S37] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 48 p. 165-175.

[S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S40] Handbook of British Chronology (1986), Fryde, E. B., editor, (Royal Historical Society guides and handbooks, no. 2. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1986), FHL book 942 C4rg no. 2., p. 37.

[S54] #21 The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, Cokayne, George Edward, (Gloucester [England] : Alan Sutton Pub. Ltd., 1987), 942 D22cok., vol. 3-p. 430-431. b. 5 Jan 1209, Constable Wallingford Castle 1216, Knight 1224/5, Earl Cornwall abt 1227, Count Poitou Aug 1225, Com in Chief of the Crusades 1240-41, King of the Romans 17 May 1257 at Aachen, deposed; Heart to Rewley Abby, Oxon; 63 at death

[S68] #673 The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (1846-), (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1846-), FHL book 974 B2ne; CD-ROM No 33 Parts 1-9; See FHL., "Royal Bye-Blows" vol. 119 p. 98.

[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., vol. 1 p. 59.

[S84] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1001 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, Md. 21202, copyright 2004), p. xxviii.

[S97] #665 The Genealogist (1877-1922), (Old Series, 7 volumes, 1877-1883. New Series, 38 volumes, 1884-1922. London: George Bell, 1877-1922), FHL book 942 B2gqm; see FHL catalog for list of vo., 1879 vol. 3 p. 225.

[S106] #388 The House of Cornewall (1908), Liverpool, Cecil George Savile Foljambe, (Hereford: Jakeman and Carver, 1908), FHL book 929.242 C815L; FHL microfilm 1,426,037 it., p. 25, 33.

[S631] An Encyclopedia of World History; Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged (1972), Langer, William L., (5th edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1972), p. 211.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 3 p. 8.

[S843] #11728 The Lusignans in England, 1247-1258 (1950), Snellgrove, Harold S., (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1950), JWML book DA227 .S6..

[S2511] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 280 PLANTAGENET:16.ii. -------------------- Son of King John (Lackland). Earl of Cornwall commencing 1225, Count of Poitou 1225 - 1243, elected "King of the Romans" (Germany) in 1257 and reigned as such through his death in 1272. One of the wealthiest men in Europe during his lifetime. Earl Richard was thrice married, fathered 7 children by these marriages, of whom only two survived to adulthood. Earl Richard was more fortunate with mistress Joan de Valletort (daughter of Sir Walter de Bath), fathering three sons and two daughters, all of whom survived to adulthood. -------------------- irth: Jan. 5, 1209 Winchester Hampshire, England Death: Apr. 2, 1272 Berkhamsted Hertfordshire, England

Knight, Earl of Cornwall, Count of Poitou, Lieutenant of Guienne, Privy Councillor, Joint Guardian of England.

Second son of John Lackland, King of England, and Isabel de Taillefer of Angouleme, born at Winchester Castle. Grandson of Henry II the King of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, the House of Plantagenet. Only Geoffrey de Plantagenet actually used that term as a nsme as he wore a sprig of broom in his hat.

Husband of Isabel Marshall, daughter of Sir William Marshall and Isabel FitzGilbert, widow of Gilbert de Clare, the Earl of Gloucester. The marriage of his son to a wealthy, powerful family who repeatedly opposed him greatly displeasured King Richard. Richard became step-father to her six children by Gilbert, and they had four children:

  • John of Cornwall, died as an infant
  • Isabel of Cornwall buried with her brother, John
  • Henry of Cornwall, m Contance de Bearn
  • Nicholas of Cornwall, died as an infant

Secondly, Richard married Sanchia of Provence, daughter of Raymond de Berenger, on 23 Nov 1243 at Westminster Abbey. They had two sons:

  • Unknown son born and died the same day
  • Sir Edmund of Cornwall

Thirdly, Richard married Beatrice de Falkenberg, the daughter of Deitrich II de Falkenbrg. They had no children.

Richard also had several children by an unknown mistress:

  • Philip of Cornwall, priest
  • Sir Richard of Cornwall m Joan FitzAlan
  • Sir Walter of Cornwall
  • Joan of Cornwall m Richard de Champernoun & Sir Peter de Fissacre

1227 - Made High Sheriff of Berkshire, aged 8 1225 Feb 02 - knighted by his brother, King Henry III 1225 - granted the honour of Launceston, Cornwall, made him one of the wealthiest men in Europe 1229 - granted to honour of Berkhampstead 1231 - married Isabel Marshall, his main residence became Wallingford Castle in Berkshire 1232-3 - fought in Wales against Llywellyn ap Iowerth 1237 - openly spoke against his brother's greed and mis-administration, Henry bought his silence with more gifts 1237 - ambassador to Emperor Frederick 1233 - drove Llywelyn back, fortified Radnor Castle 1238 - Richard's sister, Eleamnor, marriedd Simon de Montfort 1240 - Isabel died, buried at Beaulieu Abbey 1240 - left to crusade for the Holy Lands 1241 - negotiated treaty with the sultan of Krak, releasing many French from captivity 1243 - married Sanchia of Provence, the sister of his brother's wife 1243 - demounced all his rights in Ireland and Gascony, abandoning the title of Count of Ponthieu 1244 - granted the honour of Bradninch, Devon 1250 - Joint Ambassador to France and to Pope Innocent IV 1257 - elected King of the Romans, styled King of Almain, Jan 13rd, crowned at Aachen Jan 1259 1259 - failed to establish authority in Germany and returned to England 1261 - wife Sanchia died 1263 - achieved a temporary truce between the barons and his brother 1264 - taken prisoner at the Battle of Lewes May 14 1265 - released and lands restored after the Battle of Evesham Aug 04 1629 - married Beatrice de Falkenburg 1270 - purchased the honour of Tremarton, Cornwall 1272 - April 2 or 3 - Richard died testate, buried with Sanchia 1277 - Oct 17 - Beatrice died, buried at Friars Minors, Oxford

Richard would raise his voice three times in protest against his brother, Henry the king's policies or his choices, and each time, Richard would receive generous gifts in order to placate and silence him. When his first wife, Isabel was on her deathbed, she asked to be buried next to her first husband at Tewkesbury, Gilbert de Clare. Richard had her interred at Beaulieu Abbey but sent her heart to Tewkesbury.

Richard fought in no battles but managed to negotiate for the release of prisoners and the burials of Crusaders killed at a battle in Gaza in 1239, and fortified Ascalon, which had been demolished by Saladin. On his return from the Holy Land, Richard visited his sister Isabella, the empress of Frederick II and met Sanchia (Cynthia) who he made his second wife.

On 27 May 1257 the archbishop of Cologne himself crowned Richard "King of the Romans" in Aachen, but only after large sums of money were paid to those who opposed him. and his title never meant much.

He founded Hailes Abbey by 1246, Burnham Abbey in Buckinghamshire in 1263, and the Grashaus, Aachen in 1266, fought with Henry against Simon de Montfort in the Second Barons' War (1264–67). After the defeat at the Battle of Lewes, Richard hid in a windmill, but was found and imprisoned until September of 1265.

Richard's third wife, Beatrice, was sixteen and one of the most beautiful woman of the era. They had no children, and she died at 24 in 1277 buried before the high altar at the Church of the Grey Friars in Oxford.

In December 1271, he had a stroke when his right side became paralyzed and he lost the ability to speak. On 2 April 1272, Richard died at Berkhamsted Castle in Hertfordshire, buried next to Sanchia of Provence and Henry of Almain, his son by his first wife, at Hailes Abbey.

Richard was succeeded by Edmund, son of his second wife Sanchia, and Rudolph I as the King of the Romans.

Family links:

 King John (1167 - 1216)
 Isabella of Angoulême (1188 - 1246)

 Isabel Marshal de Clare (1200 - 1240)
  Sanchia of Provence (1225 - 1261)
 Beatrice De Falkenburg (1253 - 1277)

 John de Cornwall (1232 - 1233)*
 Isabella de Cornwall (1233 - 1234)*
 Henry de Almain (1235 - 1271)*
 Nicholas de Cornwall (1240 - 1240)*
 Richard De Cornwall (1252 - 1296)*

 Joan of Wales (1188 - 1237)**
  King Henry (1207 - 1272)*
 Richard of Cornwall (1209 - 1272)
 Joan Plantagenet (1210 - 1238)*
 Isabelle Plantagenet (1214 - 1241)*
 Eleanor Plantagenet (1215 - 1275)*
 Hugh Lusignan (1220 - 1255)**
 Alice De Lusignan De Warenne (1229 - 1256)**
 William de Valence (1230 - 1296)**
  • Calculated relationship
    • Half-sibling

Burial: Hailes Abbey Hailes Tewkesbury Borough Gloucestershire, England

Maintained by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens Originally Created by: Jerry Ferren Record added: Aug 11, 2010 Find A Grave Memorial# 56917002

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Richard Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Cornwall / "King of the Romans"'s Timeline

January 5, 1209
Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England
March 31, 1231
Age 22
Fawley, Bucks, England
January 31, 1232
Age 23
Marlow, Buckinghamshire, England
September 9, 1233
Age 24
Marlowe on Thames, Buckinghamshire, , England
November 2, 1235
Age 26
Haughley Castle,Suffolk
January 17, 1240
Age 31
Berkhamsted Castle, Herefordshire, England
November 23, 1243
Age 34
Westminster, England
Age 36
Branell, Hertfordshire, England
Age 36
July 1246
Age 37
Wallingford Castle, Berkshire, Massachusetts, USA