Henry Randolph, Sr. (1623 - 1678) MP

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Birthplace: UK
Death: Died in Dublin, Ireland
Occupation: Steward, immigrated in 1642/43
Managed by: Eric Adams
Last Updated:

About Henry Randolph, Sr.

Richard Randolph was born February 21, 1620/21 in Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire, England and was christened there on Februaray 24, 1621/22. He was the son of William Ryland and wife Dorothy Lane. He died in Dublin, Ireland in May 1678.

Richard married Elizabeth Ryland or Riland on February 4, 1643/44 at St. Margaret Pattens Church, London. She was born c.1625, most likely in Quinton, Gloucestershire, England. She was the sister of Archdeacon John Riland and the daughter of Richard Rilande and wife Elizabeth Harward. She died in Dublin, Ireland in 1669. There are several spellings of Ryland commonly used by this family.

Richard and Elizabeth had eight children, all born in England. Their most illustrious child was William Randolph who emigrated to the New World and became a successful planter in Virginia, as well as playing an important role in the early government of that colony.

Children of Richard Randolph and wife Elizabeth Ryland:

  • Dorothy Randolph, was born on 4 Mar 1647. She was baptized on 1 Apr 1647 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
  • Mary Randolph, was born on 9 Oct 1648. She was baptized on 2 Nov 1648 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
  • Richard Randolph, Jr., b. Abt. 1649, England; d. Unknown. Occupation: Stationer
  • William Randolph, b. November 07, 1651, Warwickshire, England; d. April 21, 1711, Turkey Island, Henrico Co., VA. He married Mary Isham.
  • Thomas Randolph, b. February 03, 1651/52, was baptized on 3 Feb 1651/52 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
  • John Randolph, b. July 20, 1653, was baptized on 20 Jul 1653 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
  • Elizabeth Randolph, was born on 8 Dec 1655. She was baptized on 1 Jan 1655/56 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England. She died in Dublin, Ireland.
  • Margaret Randolph, was born on 25 Feb 1656/57. She was baptized at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.

History of Moreton Morrell Parish

The village of Moreton Morrell is an ancient settlement that appears in the Domesday Book as "Mortone". From at least the early Norman times it has consisted of the 'town' of Moreton, and the hamlet of Morrell.

The Parish consists of Litttle Morrell in the North, the village of Moreton Morrell, Moreton Paddox in the South and a small number of houses to the West of the Fosse Way. The boundaries are formed: to the east by the Fosse Way, to the north by Thelsford Brook running from the Fosse westwards; and to the south, by a valley running from Hell Hole on the Fosse to the bottom of Staple Hill.

Until the end of the 19th century, the village was largely self sufficient with 45 occupations recorded in the second half of the 19th century.

The population in 1801 was very similar to that cited in the Doomesday Book in 1086. Throughout the 1800s, the population varied between 183 and 301, according to the prosperity of farming at the time. It rose to 388 by 1911, declining sharply following the First World War

The Randolph Arms

Randolph has the associated arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory, Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The name was baptismal 'the son of Randolph 'a favourite early font name. Early records of the name mention Randulfus (without surname) 1095, County Suffolk.

Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, and particularly by those who went on the Crusades, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function of the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.

In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.

Nicholaus filius Randulphus, was documented in County Norfolk in the year 1175. William Robert Randolph, 1260, ibid. Henricus Randolf of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.

An American family bearing the name is descended from William Randolph (1651-1711), a planter and merchant from a Sussex family who emigrated from Warwickshire to Virginia about 1673. He was a forebear of Thomas Jefferson and Robert E. Lee. William had seven sons, each of whom inherited an estate, the name of which was sometimes added to their own, such as Sir John Randolph of Tazewell. His great-grandsons included Edmund Randolph (1753-1813) first attorney general of the United States.

Links to additional material:

Many thanks to the various Geni members who contributed to this profile and added data to the overview. I have incorporated their work into this very brief history. Maria Edmonds-Zediker, Volunteer Curator, 1/2/2012 ------------------------ Birth: Feb. 21, 1621 Little Houghton Northamptonshire, England Death: May 2, 1678 Dublin County Dublin, Ireland

Family links:

 William Randolph (1572 - 1660)
 Dorothy Lane Randolph (____ - 1656)

 Elizabeth Ryland Randolph

 William Randolph (1651 - 1711)*
  • Calculated relationship

Burial: Unknown

Created by: Lee Ann Griffin Record added: Apr 08, 2011 Find A Grave Memorial# 68068277 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=68068277

-------------------- Henry Randolph I of Henrico, VA was baptized on November 27, 1623. He immigrated to Virginia in 1642 from Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire, England.

He settled in Enrico County near Jamestown where he became a clerk in the House of Burgesses at Williamsburg.

In 1661 he married Judith Soam, daughter of Henry Soam, who was the Speaker of the House of Burgesses.

They had one son, Henry II. He had one son, Henry III, so this line was head intact by one single thread for three generations.

The descendants of Henry Randolph I lived in Virginia for several generations, moved to Tennessee about 1828 and finally settled at LaGrange, a small town several miles east of Memphis.


He emigrated to the Virginia colony in the 1630s or 1640s. HIs name is associated with a mill in Bermuda Hundred outside of present day Richmond, VA. Part of the mill still stands and it is now a restaurant or theater in suburban Richmond (found through Google).

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Col. Henry Randolph's Timeline

February 24, 1621
Little Houghton, Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire, England
November 27, 1623
Age 18
From Little Houghton Northamptonshire England
- 1656
Age 19
Henrico County
February 4, 1644
Age 20
London, Middlesex, England
April 1, 1647
Age 23
Moreton-Morrell, Warwickshire, England
October 9, 1648
Age 24
Moreton-Morrell, Warwickshire, England
Age 25
Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England
February 3, 1651
Age 27
Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England
July 20, 1653
Age 29
Warwickshire, England