Richard Randolph, Sr.
|Birthplace:||Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Dublin, Ireland|
Son of William Randel Randolph; William Randolph; William Randolph; Dorothy Randolph; Dorothy Lane
|Occupation:||Steward, immigrated in 1642/43|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Richard Randolph, Sr.
Richard Randolph was born February 21, 1620/21 in Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire, England and was christened there on Februaray 24, 1621/22. He was the son of William Ryland and wife Dorothy Lane. He died in Dublin, Ireland in May 1678.
Richard married Elizabeth Ryland or Riland on February 4, 1643/44 at St. Margaret Pattens Church, London. She was born c.1625, most likely in Quinton, Gloucestershire, England. She was the sister of Archdeacon John Riland and the daughter of Richard Rilande and wife Elizabeth Harward. She died in Dublin, Ireland in 1669. There are several spellings of Ryland commonly used by this family.
Richard and Elizabeth had eight children, all born in England. Their most illustrious child was William Randolph who emigrated to the New World and became a successful planter in Virginia, as well as playing an important role in the early government of that colony.
Children of Richard Randolph and wife Elizabeth Ryland:
- Dorothy Randolph, was born on 4 Mar 1647. She was baptized on 1 Apr 1647 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
- Mary Randolph, was born on 9 Oct 1648. She was baptized on 2 Nov 1648 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
- Richard Randolph, Jr., b. Abt. 1649, England; d. Unknown. Occupation: Stationer
- William Randolph, b. November 07, 1651, Warwickshire, England; d. April 21, 1711, Turkey Island, Henrico Co., VA. He married Mary Isham.
- Thomas Randolph, b. February 03, 1651/52, was baptized on 3 Feb 1651/52 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
- John Randolph, b. July 20, 1653, was baptized on 20 Jul 1653 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
- Elizabeth Randolph, was born on 8 Dec 1655. She was baptized on 1 Jan 1655/56 at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England. She died in Dublin, Ireland.
- Margaret Randolph, was born on 25 Feb 1656/57. She was baptized at Moreton Morrell, Warwickshire, England.
History of Moreton Morrell Parish
The village of Moreton Morrell is an ancient settlement that appears in the Domesday Book as "Mortone". From at least the early Norman times it has consisted of the 'town' of Moreton, and the hamlet of Morrell.
The Parish consists of Litttle Morrell in the North, the village of Moreton Morrell, Moreton Paddox in the South and a small number of houses to the West of the Fosse Way. The boundaries are formed: to the east by the Fosse Way, to the north by Thelsford Brook running from the Fosse westwards; and to the south, by a valley running from Hell Hole on the Fosse to the bottom of Staple Hill.
Until the end of the 19th century, the village was largely self sufficient with 45 occupations recorded in the second half of the 19th century.
The population in 1801 was very similar to that cited in the Doomesday Book in 1086. Throughout the 1800s, the population varied between 183 and 301, according to the prosperity of farming at the time. It rose to 388 by 1911, declining sharply following the First World War
The Randolph Arms
Randolph has the associated arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory, Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The name was baptismal 'the son of Randolph 'a favourite early font name. Early records of the name mention Randulfus (without surname) 1095, County Suffolk.
Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, and particularly by those who went on the Crusades, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function of the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour.
In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
Nicholaus filius Randulphus, was documented in County Norfolk in the year 1175. William Robert Randolph, 1260, ibid. Henricus Randolf of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
An American family bearing the name is descended from William Randolph (1651-1711), a planter and merchant from a Sussex family who emigrated from Warwickshire to Virginia about 1673. He was a forebear of Thomas Jefferson and Robert E. Lee. William had seven sons, each of whom inherited an estate, the name of which was sometimes added to their own, such as Sir John Randolph of Tazewell. His great-grandsons included Edmund Randolph (1753-1813) first attorney general of the United States.
Links to additional material:
Many thanks to the various Geni members who contributed to this profile and added data to the overview. I have incorporated their work into this very brief history. Maria Edmonds-Zediker, Volunteer Curator, 1/2/2012
-------------------- Richard Randolph was born February 21, 1620/21 in Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire England, and was baptized on February 24, 1620/21 at Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire. He died May 1678 in Dublin, Ireland. He was the son of William Randolph and wife Dorothy Lane.
He married Elizabeth Ryland (or Rilande) on February 04, 1643/44 in St. Margaret Pattens Church, London, England. Elizabeth, the daughter of Richard Rilande and wife Elizabeth Harward, was born December 26, 1625 in Gloucestershire, England, and died 1669 in Dublin, Ireland. They had eight children.
Children of RICHARD RANDOLPH and ELIZABETH RYLAND are:
- DOROTHY RANDOLPH, b. April 01, 1647, England; d. Unknown.
- MARY RANDOLPH, b. November 02, 1648, England; d. Unknown.
- RICHARD RANDOLPH, JR., b. Abt. 1649, England; d. Unknown. Occupation: Stationer
- WILLIAM RANDOLPH, b. November 07, 1651, Warwickshire, England; d. April 21, 1711, Turkey Island,
Henrico Co., VA.
- THOMAS RANDOLPH, b. February 03, 1651/52, England; d. Unknown.
- JOHN RANDOLPH, b. July 20, 1653, England; d. Unknown.
- ELIZABETH RANDOLPH, b. December 08, 1655, England; d. Unknown, Dublin, Ireland.
- MARGARET RANDOLPH, b. February 25, 1656/57, England; d. Unknown.
Links to additional material:
Richard Randolph, Sr.'s Timeline
February 21, 1620
Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire, England
February 24, 1620
Little Houghton, Houghton Parva, Northamptonshire, England
From Little Houghton Northamptonshire England
February 4, 1643
London, Middlesex, England
February 4, 1644
London, Middlesex, England
April 1, 1647
November 2, 1648
November 7, 1651
Morell, Warwickshire, England
My 9th great grandfather.
Reference: Wikipedia. (I have seen his date of birth both as 10/24/1658 and 11/7/1650. I tend to lean toward 1650, which is the date referenced by Wikipedia.)
William Randolph was a colonist and land owner who played an important role in the history and government of the Commonwealth of Virginia. He moved to Virginia sometime between 1669 and 1673, and married Mary Isham a few years later. His descendants included several prominent political figures, including Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall. Genealogists have taken an interest in him for his progeny's many marital alliances, referring to him and Mary Isham as "the Adam and Eve of Virginia".
William Randolph was born in Morton Morrell, Warwickshire, England, to Richard Randolph (1620-1671) and Elizabeth Ryland (1625-1699). Like several other immigrants from the English gentry, he was a second son. William was educated at home, concentrating his studies on Greek, Latin, and law. He was also the half-nephew of English poet Thomas Randolph.
His uncle, Henry Randolph, emigrated to North America in 1642 and rose to the position of Clerk of the Colony. Henry paid a visit to England in 1668 and may have encouraged his nephew to emigrate. Henry died a few years after William arrived in Virginia.
After his arrival in Virginia, Randolph began working as an "undertaker" (building contractor), before turning to tobacco farming. Even after he had acquired property, a tax roll refers to him as "William Randolph, Merchant". At some point he owned a ship which traveled between Bristol, England and his dock at Turkey Island.
By 1674 he had amassed enough wealth to buy 591 acres (2.39 km2) of land on Swift Creek, south of the James River in Henrico County. In 1676, the colonist Nathaniel Bacon rebelled unsuccessfully against the colonial government, and his estate, Curles, was forfeited. Randolph made an assessment of the estate for Governor Berkeley and was allowed to buy it for his estimated price, adding 1,230 acres (5.0 km2) to his land holdings. This conflict of interest was criticized by his neighbors.
Then, after the capital of Virginia moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg in 1699, Randolph was able to use his political power and influence to acquire almost 10,000 acres (40 km2) of land in the vicinity of Richmond; a 3,256-acre (13.18 km2) tract at Tuckahoe Creek and a 5,142-acre (20.81 km2) plot at Westham.
William Randolph owned a considerable number of slaves. This reflected the rise of slavery during his business career. When he came to Virginia, indentured servants far outnumbered slaves. But as the supply of indentured servants declined late in the 17th Century, the planters turned to slaves for work in the labor-intensive business of tobacco culture.
As a “privileged gentleman,” Randolph held multiple official appointments. He became clerk of Henrico County Court in 1673 and held the position until he was asked to serve as a justice of the peace in 1683. He also served as sheriff and coroner.
In addition, Randolph represented Henrico County in every assembly of the House of Burgesses from 1684 to 1698, was the Speaker of the House of Burgesses in 1698, and was the Clerk of the House from 1699 to 1702. He fell ill in August of 1702 and his son, William, took his place. Randolph resigned the clerkship completely in March of 1703.
Randolph was also one of the founders and first trustees of the College of William and Mary. His son, John Randolph, was awarded a knighthood on a trip to London to secure a royal charter for the College.
He built a mansion on the Turkey Island plantation on high ground overlooking the island and the river. It featured a ribbed dome and was known as the "Bird's Cage".
The total number of William Randolph's children is not certain because of deaths in infancy and the tendency to name children after their deceased siblings. However, it is known that at least nine children survived into adulthood. The sons of William Randolph were each distinguished by the estates left to them.
Early generations of Randolphs married into several other gentry families, including Beverley, Fleming, Byrd, Carter, Cary, Harrison and Page. Later affiliations included members of the Lewis, Meriwether and Skipworth families.
With William Randolph as its patriarch, the Randolph family became extremely well-respected in Virginia. Randolphs and close relatives formed the predominant political faction in the colonial government during the 18th Century, with many members of the elected House of Burgesses and the appointed, and more exclusive, Council. The Randolphs, like the rest of the Virginia gentry, strongly supported the Revolution.
William Randolph is buried on Turkey Island.