Richard Turner (c.1648 - 1742) MP

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Birthplace: Land's End, Cornwall, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Caroline, Virginia, United States
Managed by: Catherine "Erin" Spiceland
Last Updated:

About Richard Turner

   from: M. Jeanette O'Boyle, 449 Pump House Road, Murphysboro, IL 62966- 9246
   The earliest that I have record of our Turner family is in the Caroline Co., VA, order book which lists the Turners from the beginning of the county being cut out of King & Queen Co., VA. In the late 1730's, Richard Turner gives land to his four sons, Richard, James, John, and Lewis.
   Later in the early 1740's Richard dies and lists Richard as the heir and James as the executor. At this time Virginia was under the English rule in which only the eldest son inherited and the next oldest was the executor. Before the will could be executed apparently the son Richard had died with no heirs and as the next oldest James inherited with Lewis becoming the executor with mother Elizabeth and sister Margaret assisting. This means the John was not living at this time since he was the next oldest and would have been the next executor. There is no way that the sister Margaret would have been made an executor if another son was living. My files are packed away in a box but I think the date of old Richard Turner's will was 1744. There is a Richard Turner listed on the tax lists in King & Queen in 1704. This may be our Richard Turner; however there is another Turner family in the same region, probably relatives, and this Richard may be from it. Most of these records were burned in the Civil War. In Caroline County only the order book remains with the details of the order book having been burned.
   The orphan hearing of Meshack, Abednego, Elizabeth, and Sarah is in 1746, I believe. At this time Shadrack must have been sixteen so he would not have needed a guardian. Members of the Turner family and Meadows family were appointed as guardians. I have never found mention of a son named John as a brother of these children and do not think there was one. According to the English naming scheme the names Richard, James and Lewis would have been used before the name John. Both James and Lewis named their sons John. The scheme goes first son after father of father, second after father of mother, third after father's oldest brother, and so on; the girls were named the same only after mothers. If the Richard Turner was our Richard Turner then there is no way that Shadrack could have been born in England. I think he was born in Caroline Co., VA (Henry County was cut from Bedford and Franklin Counties).
   James Turner had moved to Bedford County from Caroline County in the late 1750's or early 1760's. I do not know who Shadrack's wife was but the popular tradition is that she was Ann Hill, especially since lots of the time brothers married sisters and I believe Meshack married a Hill, also.
   His 1744 will lists son Richard as the heir and James as executor. His descendents lived in Henry and Franklin County.
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   Richard Turner, Va Land, 11-13-1721, King William Co., 400a on the North side of the Reedy Swamp in St. Johns Parish, Patent 11, p. 73.
   Richard Turner,Va Land,11-13-1721, King William Co., 380a on the branches of the Jack Pond Swamp and the branches of the Polecat swamp, Patent 11, p. 72.
   The 1704 Quit Rent List of Virginia shows:
   Richard Turner 200 acres King and Queen County
   Thomas Turner 267 acres King and Queen County
   Abstracts from Caroline County Order Book Caroline County Order Book 1732-1740
   12 OCT 1732 - On the petition of John Townsend to choose William Sutton as his guardian, John Turner be summoned to court. (p. 43)
   12 NOV 1736 - Richard Turner acknowledged his deed of land to his son Lewis Turner. Richard Turner acknowledged his deed of land to his son John Turner. Richard Turner acknowledged his deed of land to his son James Turner. (p. 379)
   12 MAY 1738 - Richard Turner acknowledges his deed of gift to his son Richard Turner, Jr. (p. 477) Caroline County Order Book 1740-1744
   12 NOV 1742 - The court proceeded to the proof of Richard Turner's will (Richard Turner the heir at law being present), which being proved by Samuel Norment and John Tounsend, two of the witnesses, is ordered to be recorded. And Elizabeth Turner having taken the oath of executrix, certificate is granted her for obtaining a probate thereof. James Turner, being appointed executor of the will, renounced the executorship. Ordered that Samuel Norment, Titus Hurt, John Sutton and John Johns appraise the estate of Richard Turner. (p. 134)
   11 MAR 1742/3 - The last will and testament of Richard Turner was presented in court by Margt. Turner and Lewis Turner, executrix and executor therein named, and James Turner, the heir at law, consented to the wills' being proved. Proved by Hugh Noden, Gent., Wm. Norment and Charles Noden, witnesses thereto. Ordered that William Whitlock, Henry Burk, John Dudley and John George appraise the estate of Richard Turner. (p. 159)
   Caroline County Order Book 1744-1746
   11 JAN 1744/5 - Meshach Turner being admitted to choose a guardian made choice of James Turner, who with Samuel Norment acknowledged their bond. Abednego Turner being admitted to choose a guardian made choice of Wm. Pemberton, who with Robt. Powell acknowledged their bond. Elizabeth Turner being admitted to choose a guardian made choice of Jason Meadows, who with Lewis Turner acknowledged their bond. Sarah Turner being admitted to choose a guardian made choice of Jonas Meadows who with Lewis Turner acknowledged their bond. (p. 344)
   12 APR 1745 - John Turner vs Joseph Street dismissed, being agreed. (p. 463)
   27 MAY 1745 - The last will and testament of Lewis Turner was presented by John Turner executor therein named, and proved by Richard Turner and John Johns, two of the witnesses. The executor with Thomas Johnson, Gent., his security and bond. (p. 83) Caroline County Order Book 1746-1754
   12 OCT 1752 - Thomas Turner and Eliz his wife acknowledge their deed to Geo Holloway. James Turner and Mary his wife acknowledge deed to Edmond Jones. (p. 350)
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Richard Turner's Timeline

1648
May, 1648
Cornwall, United Kingdom
1668
1668
Age 19
England
1670
1670
Age 21
Lands End, Cornwall, England
1674
1674
Age 25
1685
1685
Age 36
Gloucester, Gloucester, VA, USA
1686
1686
Age 37
Caroline Co, VA
1690
1690
Age 41
Lands End, Cornwall, England
1742
October 8, 1742
Age 94
Caroline, Virginia, United States
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