Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick
|Birthplace:||Salwarpe, Worcestershire, England|
|Death:||Died in Rouen, Upper-Normandy, France|
|Place of Burial:||St. Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England|
Son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick and Margaret Ferrers Ferrers, Countess Warwick
|Managed by:||Ofir Friedman|
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About Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick
Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick
Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, Count of Aumale, KG (25 or 28 January 1382 – 30 April 1439) was an English medieval nobleman and military commander.
Beauchamp was born at Salwarpe in Worcestershire, the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, and Margaret, a daughter of William Ferrers, 3rd Baron Ferrers of Groby. His godfather was King Richard II.
He was knighted at the coronation of King Henry IV and succeeded to the Earldom of Warwick in 1401.
Soon after reaching his majority and taking responsibility for the Earldom, he saw military action in Wales, defending against a Welsh rebellion led by Owain Glyndŵr. On 22 July 1403, the day after the Battle of Shrewsbury, he was made a Knight of the Garter.
In the summer of 1404, he rode into what is today Monmouthshire at the head of a force. Warwick engaged Welsh forces at the Battle of Mynydd Cwmdu, near Tretower Castle a few miles northwest of Crickhowell – nearly capturing Owain Glyndwr himself, taking Owain's banner, forcing the Welsh to flee. They were chased down the valley of the River Usk where they regrouped and turned the tables on the pursuing English force, attempting an ambush. They chased the English in turn to the town walls of Monmouth after a skirmish at Craig-y-Dorth, a conical hill near Mitchel Troy.
Warwick acquired quite a reputation for chivalry, and when in 1408 he went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, he was challenged many times to fight in the sporting combat which was then popular. On the return trip he went through Russia and Eastern Europe, not returning to England until 1410.
In 1410, he was appointed a member of the royal council and in 1413 was Lord High Steward at the Prince's coronation as Henry V of England. The next year he helped put down the Lollard uprising, and then went to Normandy as Captain of Calais and represented England at the Council of Constance. He spent much of the next decade fighting the French in the Hundred Years' War. In 1419, he was created Count of Aumale, part of the King's policy of giving out Norman titles to his nobles. He was appointed Master of the Horse.
Henry V's will gave Warwick the responsibility for the education of the infant Henry VI of England. This duty required him to travel back and forth between England and Normandy many times. In 1437, the Royal Council deemed his duty complete, and he was appointed lieutenant of France and Normandy. He remained in France for the remaining two years of his life.
Warwick first married Elizabeth de Berkeley (born ca.1386 – 28 December 1422) before 5 October 1397, the daughter of Thomas de Berkeley, 5th Lord Berkeley and the Baroness Margaret de Lisle. Together they had 3 daughters:
- Margaret, Countess of Shrewsbury (1404–1468), who married John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, and whose great-great-grandson John Dudley was created Earl of Warwick and subsequently Duke of Northumberland;
- Eleanor, Duchess of Somerset, (b 1407) who married Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros and then married Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset;
- Elizabeth, Baroness Latimer of Snape, (b 1417) who married George Neville, 1st Baron Latimer.
Warwick then married Isabel le Despenser (26 July 1400–1439), the daughter of Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester and Constance of York. With Isabel, who was also the widow of his cousin Richard Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester, his children were:
- Henry de Beauchamp, 1st Duke of Warwick, (born March 1425) who succeeded his father as Earl of Warwick, and later became Duke of Warwick;
- Anne Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick, (b September 1426) who was theoretically Countess of Warwick in her own right (after the death of her infant niece and namesake), and who married Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.
Richard de Beauchamp's will was made at Caversham Castle in Oxfordshire (now Berkshire), one of his favoured residences, in 1437. Most of his property was entailed, but with a portion of the rest the will established a substantial trust. After his debts were paid the trust endowed the Collegiate Church of St Mary in Warwick, and called for the construction of a new chapel there. It also enlarged the endowment of the chantries at Elmley Castle and Guy's Cliffe, and gave a gift to Tewkesbury Abbey. Beauchamp died in Rouen, Normandy, two years later, on 30 April 1439. After the completion of the chapel, his body was transferred there (in 1475), where his magnificent gilt-bronze monumental effigy may still be seen.
- Sir Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl Warwick, Earl of Albemarle & Worcester, Lord Abergavenny, Sheriff of Worcestershire1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33
- M, #15403, b. 25 January 1382 or 28 January 1382, d. 30 April 1439
- Father Sir Thomas Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, Admiral of the North Fleet, Sheriff of Worcestershire34,35,36 b. b 16 Mar 1339, d. 8 Apr 1401
- Mother Margaret Ferrers34,35,36 b. c 1361, d. 22 Jan 1407
- Sir Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl Warwick, Earl of Albemarle & Worcester, Lord Abergavenny, Sheriff of Worcestershire was born on 25 January 1382 or 28 January 1382 at Salwarpe, Worcestershire, England.2,4,19 A contract for the marriage of Sir Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl Warwick, Earl of Albemarle & Worcester, Lord Abergavenny, Sheriff of Worcestershire and Elizabeth Berkeley was signed in September 1392.2,37,6,19 Sir Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl Warwick, Earl of Albemarle & Worcester, Lord Abergavenny, Sheriff of Worcestershire married Elizabeth Berkeley, daughter of Sir Thomas 'the Magnificent' Berkeley, 5th Lord Berkeley, Admiral of the South & West and Margaret Lisle, before 5 October 1397; They had 3 daughters (Margaret, wife of Sir John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury; Eleanor, wife of Sir Thomas, 8th Lord Roos, of Sir Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, & of Walter Rokesley; & Elizabeth, wife of Sir George Neville, 1st Lord Latimer & of Thomas Wake, Esq.).2,37,8,12,13,15,19,21,24,28,29,32 Sir Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl Warwick, Earl of Albemarle & Worcester, Lord Abergavenny, Sheriff of Worcestershire and Isabel le Despenser obtained a marriage license on 13 September 1423.19,20,26 Sir Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl Warwick, Earl of Albemarle & Worcester, Lord Abergavenny, Sheriff of Worcestershire married Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Sir Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl Gloucester, 5th Lord Despenser, Constable of Gloucester & St. Briavel's Castle and Constance Plantagenet, on 26 November 1423 at Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England; They had 1 son (Henry, Earl & Duke of Warwick) and 1 daughter (Anne, wife of Sir Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick & Salisbury).2,38,4,5,39,10,19,20,22 Sir Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl Warwick, Earl of Albemarle & Worcester, Lord Abergavenny, Sheriff of Worcestershire died on 30 April 1439 at Rouen, Normandy, France; Buried at St. Mary's, Warwick.2,4,5,19 His estate was probated in July 1447.4,19
- Family 1 Elizabeth Berkeley b. 1386, d. 28 Dec 1422
- Margaret Beauchamp+40,4,11,15,17,19,41,27,31,32 b. 1404, d. 14 Jun 1467
- Eleanor Beauchamp+42,3,4,7,9,12,13,14,18,19,25,28,29,30 b. Sep 1408, d. 6 Mar 1467
- Elizabeth Beauchamp+43,44,4,8,19,24 b. c 1417, d. c 2 Oct 1480
- Family 2 Isabel le Despenser b. 27 Jul 1400, d. 27 Dec 1439
- Sir Henry Beauchamp, 1st Duke & 14th Earl of Warwick, Count of Aumale, Sheriff of Worcester, Lord of Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, & Sark, King of the Isle of Wight43,4,19 b. 22 Mar 1425, d. 11 Jun 1446
- Anne Beauchamp+43,45,46,10,16,19,23,26,33 b. c Sep 1426, d. c 20 Sep 1492
- [S4151] Unknown author, Ancestral Roots of 60 Colonists, p. 87; Plantagenet Ancestry of 17th Century Colonists, by David Faris, p. 13.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 72-75.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 108.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 146-147.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 166.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 180.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 381.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 1.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 151.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 164-165.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 215.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 457.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 43-44.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 80-81.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 169-170.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 409-410.
- [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 231.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 258-259.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 297-298.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 319-320.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 335.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 455.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 531-532.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 537-538.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 97-98.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 125-127.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 195.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 498.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 647-649.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 17-18.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 88-89.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 121-122.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 457-458.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 72.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 145-146.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 296-297.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 147.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 93.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 78.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 704.
- [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 336-337.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 614.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 75.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 439.
- [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 511-512.
- [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 573.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p513.htm#i15403
- Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick1
- M, #107412, b. 25 January 1381/82, d. 30 April 1439
- Last Edited=26 Apr 2006
- Consanguinity Index=0.0%
- Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick was born on 25 January 1381/82 at Salwarpe, Worcestershire, England.2 He was the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick and Margaret Ferrers. He was also reported to have been born on 28 January 1381/82 at Salwarpe, Worcestershire, England.2 He married, firstly, Elizabeth de Berkeley, daughter of Thomas de Berkeley, 5th Lord Berkeley and Margaret de Lisle, Baroness Lisle, before 5 October 1397.3,4 He married, secondly, Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Thomas le Despenser, 1st and last Earl of Gloucester and Constance Langley, on 26 November 1423 at Hanley Castle, Worcestershire, England, by Papal dispensation.1 He died on 30 April 1439 at age 57 at Rouen, Caux, France.1,5 He was buried on 4 October 1439 at St. Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England.1
- He gained the title of 13th Earl of Warwick [E., 1268].6 He was created Comte d'Aumale on 19 May 1419.7 His last will was dated 8 August 1435.1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.8
- Children of Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick and Elizabeth de Berkeley
- Lady Margaret Beauchamp+3 b. 1404, d. 14 Jun 1468
- Lady Eleanor Beauchamp+9 b. bt 1407 - 1408, d. bt 4 Mar 1466 - 8 Mar 1468
- Lady Elizabeth Beauchamp+3 b. c 1417, d. b 2 Oct 1480
- Children of Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick and Isabel le Despenser
- Henry de Beauchamp, 1st Duke of Beauchamp+ b. 22 Mar 1424/25, d. 11 Jun 1445
- Lady Anne Beauchamp+10 b. c Sep 1426, d. c 20 Sep 1492
- [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 27. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, page 378.
- [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 131.
- [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 347. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- [S125] Richard Glanville-Brown, online <e-mail address>, Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.
- [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 108. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
- [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 358.
- [S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference: "Beauchamp,Richard". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
- [S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 220. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
- [S8] BP1999. [S8]
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10742.htm#i107412
- Elizabeth BERKELEY
- Born: ABT 1385, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales
- Died: 28 Dec 1422
- Father: Thomas "The Magnificent" BERKELEY (5° B. Berkeley)
- Mother: Margaret LISLE
- Married: Richard BEAUCHAMP (13º E. Warwick) Monmouthshire, Wales
- 1. Margaret BEAUCHAMP (b. 1404 - d. 14 Jun 1467) (m. John Talbot, 1º E. Shrewsbury)
- 2. Eleanor BEAUCHAMP (D. Somerset) (b. ABT 1407 - d. 1466) (m.1 Thomas De Ros, 9º B. Ros of Hamlake - m.2 Edmund Beaufort, 2º D. Somerset - m.3 Walter Rokesley, Esq.)
- 3. Elizabeth BEAUCHAMP (B. Latimer) (b. 1417 - d. 26 Sep 1480 - bur. St.Mary's, Warwick) (m. George Neville, 1º B. Latimer)
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/BERKELEY1.htm#Elizabeth BERKELEY2
- Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 04
- Beauchamp, Richard de (1382-1439) by James Gairdner
- BEAUCHAMP, RICHARD de, Earl of Warwick (1382–1439), a brave and chivalrous warrior in an age of chivalry, of an ancient family, whose ancestry was traced to the legendary Guy of Warwick, was the son of Thomas, earl of Warwick [see Beauchamp, Thomas de], by Margaret his wife, daughter of William, Lord Ferrers of Groby. He was born at Salwarp, in Worcestershire, on 28 Jan. 1382. His godfathers at baptism were King Richard II and Richard Scrope, afterwards archbishop of York, who was esteemed a saint by the people after he was beheaded for rebellion against Henry IV. Earl Richard's first biographer, Rous — who speaks of Scrope 'then bishop of Lichfield' — has been followed by later writers hitherto, though a reference to Le Neve shows that he was not a bishop till 1386. We have no record of Beauchamp's boyhood, but in his eighteenth year he was made a knight of the Bath at the coronation of Henry IV. He succeeded his father as earl of Warwick in 1401, from whom he received as a bequest, in addition to his inheritance, 'a bed of silk, embroidered with bears, and his arms' (Dugdale, i. 238). On 26 Jan. 1403, when within two days of attaining his majority, he jousted at the coronation of Henry IV's queen, Joan of Navarre. On 13 Feb. following he had livery of his lands after performing homage. That same year he was retained to serve the king with 100 men-at-arms and 300 archers, John Lord Audley being then of his retinue, and was put in commission for arraying the men of Warwickshire. He put Owen Glendower to flight and captured his banner. He fought against the Percys at the battle of Shrewsbury (1403), and is said to have been made knight of the Garter not long after. Some, however, have questioned this date upon internal evidence, thinking his admission to the order must have been about 1420; but if the accounts of the Wardrobe have been correctly enrolled, it was at least not later than 1416 (Rymer, ix. 335).
- In 1408 he obtained leave of the king to visit the Holy Sepulchre. He crossed the Channel and first visited his kinsman, the Duke of Bar, with whom he spent eight days; then went on to Paris, where at Whitsuntide he was the guest of Charles VI, who, wearing his crown at the feast, caused him to sit at his own table, and afterwards gave him a herald to conduct him through his realm to Lombardy. Here he was presently met by another herald, despatched by Sir Pandolph Malatete or Malet, to challenge him to certain feats of arms at Verona before Sir Galeot of Mantua. He accepted, and after performing a pilgrimage to Rome, the combat took place, in which he gained the victory. Indeed, he was on the point of killing his opponent outright, when Sir Galeot cried 'Peace,' and put an end to the combat. He went on to Venice, where the doge received him in state, and in course of time reached Jerusalem. He performed his vows, and set up his arms on the north side of the temple. While in the Holy City, he is said to have received a visit from the sultan's lieutenant, who said that he was familiar with the story of his ancestor, Guy of Warwick, which 'they had in books of their own language.' As remarked by Warton (Hist, of Engl. Poetry, section iii.), the thing is by no means incredible; but it may be observed that it is an error to talk of Rous, on whose authority it rests, as a contemporary writer. It is added that the sultan's lieutenant declared to the earl privately his belief in Christianity, and repeated the Creed to him, but said he dared not profess himself a christian openly.
- From Jerusalem he returned to Venice, and after travelling in Russia, Lithuania, Poland, Prussia, Westphalia, and other parts of Germany, he returned to England in 1410. The king immediately retained him by indenture to serve with his son Henry, Prince of Wales, he receiving a pension of 250 marks a year out of the prince s exchequer at Carmarthen. That same year he was also joined with the bishop of Durham and others to treat with the Scots. In 1413 he was lord high steward at the coronation of Henry V, and was soon afterwards appointed a commissioner, both for an alliance with Burgundy and for a truce with France (Rymer, ix. 34-38). In the beginning of the year 1414 he was very instrumental in suppressing the Lollard rising; and about this time we find him first mentioned as deputy of Calais (ib. 111). On 20 Oct. in the same year he was commissioned to go with certain bishops to represent England at the council of Constance, and on 16 Nov. Sir William Lisle, jun., was appointed his lieutenant to supply his place at Calais during his absence. The splendour of the English embassy at the council is said to have excited general admiration and astonishment. The earl appears, however, to have returned to England pretty early next year, as we find him at the Blackfriars in London on 21 May (Rymer, ix. 319). In August he accompanied the king in the invasion of France; but after the siege of Harfleur the king sent him home again, along with his brother Clarence, in charge of a number of prisoners and a quantity of the spoils of war (Monstrelet, i. 226).
- It is said that when he was appointed deputy of Calais the French were expected to besiege the place; but that when he found their forces were bent in a different direction he caused some new feats of chivalry to be instituted, of which a curious description may be seen in Dugdale. In 1416 he received the Emperor Sigismund at Calais on his way to England, and also conducted the Duke of Burgundy to Calais to a conference with Henry V. Next year he was appointed to receive the surrender of Caen Castle. So great was Henry's confidence in his military skill that he divided the chief commands in Normandy between himself, his brother Clarence, and the Earl of Warwick. In 1418 he won Domfront from the French, and joined the king at the siege of Rouen. Dugdale's statement, that he was sent to besiege Nully Levesque, is clearly an error, owing to a misreading of Walsingham's words, who really says that the Earl of Kyme was despatched on that mission. While the English army lay before Rouen the Dauphin made overtures for peace, and Warwick, along with other commissioners, was appointed to discuss matters with his deputies (Rymer, ix. 626). But these negotiations took no effect. In January 1419 Warwick was the principal commissioner to receive the capitulation of Rouen; after which he was again employed in frequent negotiations, not now with the dauphin's party, but with the Burgundian faction, who had charge of the imbecile king (Rymer, ix, 717, 750-1, 774-5, 782, 813). He arranged the truce preparatory to the treaty of Troyes and the marriage of Henry V to Katharine of France. It was presumably on the capture of Aumarle, or Aumale, in Normandy, this year, that the king granted him the additional title of earl of Aumarle, which he bore in his later years. In 1420 he besieged and took Melun. He returned to England with the king in 1421, and acted as deputy to the Duke of Clarence, steward of England at Queen Katharine's coronation. In 1422 he was one of the commissioners appointed to receive the surrender of Meaux, and assisted in the rescue of the Duke of Burgundy's city of Cosne when it was besieged by the dauphin.
- That same year Henry V died. So great had been the confidence he reposed in Warwick that he bequeathed to him the care of the education of his infant son, Henry VI, and his wishes were complied with by the council a few years later. On 10 July 1423 his commission as captain of Calais was renewed for two years dating from 4 Feb. preceding. Yet he appears to have resided chiefly in England for several years as member of the council during the king's minority. On 1 June 1428 the council gave him a formal commission under the great seal to take charge of Henry's education — a task in which four years later he demanded special authority to chastise his pupil when necessary, and to remove from his presence any associate whose influence might not tend to improve him. In 1429, at Henry's coronation at Westminster, he bore the king to church. In 1430 he went to Edinburgh, and arranged a truce with Scotland. Next year he was again in Normandy, and took a notable prisoner named Poton de Xaintrailles beside Beauvais. But we find him at Westminster again in August 1433 (Rymer, x. 555). He made his will at Caversham, in Oxfordshire, 8 Aug. 1435. Next year he crossed the Channel to protect Calais from a threatened siege by the Duke of Burgundy; and in 1437 (having meanwhile returned to England) he was again sent over sea, being appointed on 16 July lieutenant of France and Normandy, and discharged by the council of the care of the king's person. It was the most serious responsibility he had yet undertaken; for the English dominion in France was even then manifestly giving way, and though his predecessor, the Duke of York — who was now to be withdrawn — had achieved some marked success, he had been very ill supported. Warwick accordingly took care to make special conditions touching his appointment, and particularly stipulated that if those conditions were not fulfilled he might return without blame (Stevenson, Wars of the English in France, ii. lxvi-lxx). He set sail from Portsmouth on 29 Aug., and remained in France till his death, which occurred at Rouen on 30 April 1439, hastened, in all probability, by the grave anxieties of his position. His body was brought home and buried at Warwick, where his magnificent tomb and efiigy are still to be seen in a chapel attached to the collegiate church of Our Lady, which was built by his executors under his will.
- We have not related all the deeds of this hero of chivalry. The most characteristic were collected a generation later by John Rous, chaplain of the chantry founded by this earl at Guy's Cliff in Warwickshire, and illustrated by pencil drawings of high artistic merit. The manuscript containing them is still preserved in the Cottonian Library; the drawings have been engraved by Strutt (Manners and Customs vol. ii. pl. vii-lix), and the narrative they illustrate has been embodied in Dugdale's notice of this earl. It is to be regretted that the drawings and the narrative have never been published together. They are certainly a most interesting product of the art and literature of the middle ages, exhibiting our earl as the mirror of courtesy and refinement in many things of which we have not taken notice; among others, his declining to be the bearer of the Emperor Sigismund's precious gift to Henry V — the heart of St. George — when he knew that the emperor intended to come to England himself, suggesting that it would be more acceptable to his master if presented by the emperor in person.
- Besides the manuscript just referred to and the chapel built by his executors, there is one other memorial of this earl still abiding in the curious stone image of Guy of Warwick exhibited to visitors to Guy's Cliff. It was executed and placed there by his orders. It certainly does not suggest that he was a very discriminating patron of art: of which, indeed, there is little appearance otherwise; for it was his father that built Guy's Tower in Warwick Castle, and his executors that built the chapel at Warwick in which his bones repose.
- The earl was twice married. His first wife was Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas, Lord Berkley, by whom he had three daughters. His second, whom he married by papal dispensation, was Isabella, widow of his cousin, Richard Beauchamp, earl of Worcester, who was slain at Meaux in 1422. It was by this second marriage that he had his son and heir, Henry [see Beauchamp, Henry de].
- [Dugdale's Baronage; Dugdale's Warwickshire, i. 408-11; Cotton MS. Julius, E iv.; Walsingham's Historia Anglicana and Ypodigma Neustriæ; Fabyan; Hall; Gregory, in Gairdner's Historical Collections of a London Citizen; Leland's Itinerary, vi. 89; Paston Letters, No. 18; Rymer, ix.-x.]
- From: https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Beauchamp,_Richard_de_(1382-1439)_(DNB00)
- https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati04stepuoft#page/29/mode/1up to https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati04stepuoft#page/31/mode/1up
Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick's Timeline
January 28, 1382
Salwarpe, Worcestershire, England
Of, , Monmouthshire, Wales
Elizabeth was just 10 years of age when she married Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick sometime before 5 October 1397. He was the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick and Margaret Ferrers. The marriage remained unconsummated for at least 6 years.
March 25, 1404
England, United Kingdom
Wedgnock Park, Warwickshire, England
Walthamstow, Essex, England
September 16, 1417
March 22, 1424
Elmley Castle, Worcestershire, England
July 13, 1426
Caversham, Oxfordshire, England
April 30, 1439
Rouen, Upper-Normandy, France
October 4, 1439
St. Mary's, Warwick, Warwickshire, England