Robert Bowie, 11th Governor of Maryland

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Robert Bowie

Birthdate:
Death: Died in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States
Place of Burial: Croom, Prince George's County, Maryland, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. William Bowie and Margaret Bowie
Husband of Priscilla Bowie and Priscilla Bowie
Father of Elizabeth Margaret Bowie; Margaret Anne Bowie; James John Bowie, Lieut.; Robert William Bowie; Mary Mackall Bowie and 1 other
Brother of Walter Bowie; Elizabeth Bowie; Lt. William Sprigg Bowie; Obsorn Sprigg Bowie; Margaret Sprigg Brookes and 1 other

Managed by: stanley w. duke, jr.
Last Updated:

About Robert Bowie, 11th Governor of Maryland

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Bowie

Robert Bowie (March 1750 – January 8, 1818) served as the 11th Governor of the state of Maryland in the United States, from 1803 to 1806, and from 1811 to 1812.


He was the third child born to Captain William Bowie and Margaret Sprigg, at Mattaponi. He graduated from Charlotte Hall Military Academy.


He also served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1785 to 1790, and from 1801 to 1803.

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John Bowie, Sr., the first member of this branch of the Bowie family to emigrate to North America, left Scotland around 1705 at the invitation of his uncle, John Smith, who preceded him to North America and established a plantation on the Patuxent River near Nottingham, Maryland. John Bowie, Sr., became the founder of an illustrious Maryland family that included several prominent lawyers, merchants, politicians, Revolutionary patriots, and military officers. Members of the Bowie family married into other leading families, including the Davis, Hall, and Pottinger families.

The Bowie family's economic, social, and political prominence increased during the Revolutionary and Early Federal periods. Allen Bowie, Jr., of Frederick and Montgomery counties served as a representative to the Maryland Convention that elected representatives to the Continental Congress. During the Revolution, he held numerous positions and served as one of Montgomery County's commissioners. In 1799, Allen Bowie's son, Washington Bowie, established the Alexandria merchant firm of Bowie and Kurtz, which soon gained an outstanding national and international reputation. In 1810, the Annapolis Gazette praised Colonel Bowie for his business acumen and devotion to public service, calling him the city's "merchant prince."

It was during the American Revolution that Robert Bowie, a grandson of the first American, John Bowie, Sr., achieved military and political prominence. In 1775, Robert Bowie enlisted in the minuteman company formed in Prince George's County, Maryland. Bowie received several commendations and promotions during the conflict. In 1776, he was commissioned captain of the Second Battalion, Maryland flying artillery; he amassed a distinguished service record at the Battles of Harlem Heights and White Plains; and in 1777 he was commissioned Captain of the Prince George's County militia. After the war, Robert Bowie entered politics. He served in the Maryland House of Delegates between 1785 and 1790. In 1803, he was elected governor of Maryland, a position he held until 1812.

According to family lore, Colonel James Bowie, the inventor of the Bowie Knife and hero of the Alamo, was directly related to Maryland's Bowie family. The validity of these claims is difficult to determine. Some family traditions say that James Bowie left Maryland in 1760 and settled in South Carolina, where he fathered Rezin Bowie, the father of Colonel James Bowie. Other traditions suggest that James Bowie died around 1760 and that there is no connection between Maryland's Bowie family and Colonel James Bowie.

Perhaps the most public member of the Bowie family was Oden Bowie (1826-1894), who became prominent in the Democratic Party and served as Maryland's governor between 1869 and 1872. Bowie received commendations for gallantry during the Mexican-American War. Following the war, he entered politics. In 1847, Bowie campaigned for the Maryland General Assembly, but his campaign was hindered by allegations that he was underage. He won a State Senate seat in a subsequent election, but his political career would soon suffer because of his Confederate sympathies. His 1861 Senate re-election bid, along with his 1864 campaign for Lieutenant Governor, were both unsuccessful. Nevertheless, Bowie remained active in the Democratic Party and kept the organization from crumbling during the Civil War. In 1867, Bowie won a landslide victory over his Republican opponent for the governor's office. An avid horseman, Bowie was responsible for the opening of Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore and the naming of their famous Preakness race. Outside of politics, Bowie was an active business promoter. His support was instrumental in the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad's success. He also served as manager of Baltimore's streetcar system.

Washington Bowie, Jr., the fifth member of the family to bear that name, built impressive legal and military careers. The son of Colonel Washington Bowie and Nettie Schley, Washington Bowie, Jr., was born on November 20, 1872. He was admitted to the bar in June, 1896, and eventually became Vice-President and Counsel of the Fidelity and Deposit Company. Bowie launched his military career in 1894, when he enlisted in the 5th Maryland Infantry. In the following decades, Bowie served along the Mexican Border, in the Spanish American War, and overseas during World War I. He retired from the military in 1936, having achieved the rank of Major General.

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Robert Bowie, 11th Governor of Maryland's Timeline

1750
March 1750
1770
1770
Age 19
1776
1776
Age 25
1776
Age 25
1780
October 4, 1780
Age 30
1783
1783
Age 32
1785
1785
Age 34
1787
March 3, 1787
Age 37
1818
January 8, 1818
Age 67
Prince George's County, Maryland, United States

Bowie, Walter Worthington. The Bowies and their Kindred. (1899) p. 83
A cold, contracted in December, 1817, developed into pneumonia. He was attended by his cousin, the noted Dr. William Beans, but finding his end approaching, executed a will on January 5th, expired at his home in Nottingham, January 8, 1818, in the sixty-eighth year of his age, and was interred in the family graveyard at "Mattaponi."
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http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=BOW&G...;
Robert William Bowie
Birth: Mar., 1750
Prince George's County
Maryland, USA
Death: Jan. 8, 1818
Prince George's County
Maryland, USA

Maryland Governor. Born on a plantation near Nottingham, Prince George's County, Maryland, he was educated near Baltimore, Maryland. He was appointed to a committee to see that the resolutions of the American Continental Congress was carried out in 1774 and then to a Committee of Observation in 1775 in which he was instructed to enroll a company of Minutemen at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. He was commissioned as a 1st Lieutenant in the militia that was formed in Nottingham in 1776 and was then commissioned that same year to Captain of the 2nd Battalion Maryland Flying Artillery. After the war ended he was elected to the House of Delegates for six consecutive terms from 1785 to 1790. Upon leaving the House of Delegates he was appointed a Major of the militia and Justice of Peace in Prince George's County, Maryland. He became governor in 1803 and was re-elected for his eligible three year term which ended in 1807 in which he was once again appointed Justice of the Peace. When America was to enter into war with England for the second time he was again elected as Governor of Maryland, serving from 1811 to 1812. His career ended when members of the Federalist party were attacked at a private dinner party, which resulted in some being killed. When no apprehensions for that crime were made Robert Bowie was accused of shielding the criminals. He fought hard to regain his gubernatorial seat back unsuccessfully until his death. He died at the plantation, Mattaponi, in which he was born and was buried at the plantation in the family graveyard. (bio by: C)

Family links:
Spouse:
Priscilla Mackall Bowie (1758 - 1822)*

Children:
Mary Mackall Bowie Wootton (1776 - 1825)*
Margaret Ann Bowie Ghiselin (1783 - 1850)*
Robert William Bowie (1787 - 1848)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Bowie Family Cemetery
Croom
Prince George's County
Maryland, USA

Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: C
Record added: Oct 29, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 22542467

1818
Age 67
Croom, Prince George's County, Maryland, United States

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=BOW&a......;
Robert William Bowie
Birth: Mar., 1750
Prince George's County
Maryland, USA
Death: Jan. 8, 1818
Prince George's County
Maryland, USA

Maryland Governor. Born on a plantation near Nottingham, Prince George's County, Maryland, he was educated near Baltimore, Maryland. He was appointed to a committee to see that the resolutions of the American Continental Congress was carried out in 1774 and then to a Committee of Observation in 1775 in which he was instructed to enroll a company of Minutemen at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. He was commissioned as a 1st Lieutenant in the militia that was formed in Nottingham in 1776 and was then commissioned that same year to Captain of the 2nd Battalion Maryland Flying Artillery. After the war ended he was elected to the House of Delegates for six consecutive terms from 1785 to 1790. Upon leaving the House of Delegates he was appointed a Major of the militia and Justice of Peace in Prince George's County, Maryland. He became governor in 1803 and was re-elected for his eligible three year term which ended in 1807 in which he was once again appointed Justice of the Peace. When America was to enter into war with England for the second time he was again elected as Governor of Maryland, serving from 1811 to 1812. His career ended when members of the Federalist party were attacked at a private dinner party, which resulted in some being killed. When no apprehensions for that crime were made Robert Bowie was accused of shielding the criminals. He fought hard to regain his gubernatorial seat back unsuccessfully until his death. He died at the plantation, Mattaponi, in which he was born and was buried at the plantation in the family graveyard. (bio by: C)

Family links:
Spouse:
Priscilla Mackall Bowie (1758 - 1822)*

Children:
Mary Mackall Bowie Wootton (1776 - 1825)*
Margaret Ann Bowie Ghiselin (1783 - 1850)*
Robert William Bowie (1787 - 1848)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Bowie Family Cemetery
Croom
Prince George's County
Maryland, USA

Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: C
Record added: Oct 29, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 22542467