Robert Fitzralph FitzGuillaume d'Eû, comte d'Eû (1022 - 1089) MP

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Nicknames: "Robert Comte d'Eû", "Portreve of /Hastings/", "Qunorma", "Eu des Normdis"
Birthplace: Eu, Seine Infereiure, Normandy, France
Death: Died in Normandy, France
Occupation: Count of Eu, Comte, d'Eu, Bailiff of Hastings
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Robert Fitzralph FitzGuillaume d'Eû, comte d'Eû

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_d%27Eu

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMAN%20NOBILITY.htm

Robert d’Eu (1022-1089), comte d'Eu, fut un baron anglo-normand.

Biographie

Il est le fils aîné et successeur de Guillaume d’Eu, comte d'Eu. Il ne prend aucune part à la rébellion de son frère, et rentre en possession du château d'Eu.[réf. nécessaire]

Il sert Guillaume le Conquérant dans ses différentes expéditions.[réf. nécessaire] Le duc épouse Mathilde de Flandre, fille de Baudouin V, comte de Flandre, dans le château de Robert d’Eu à Eu[1].

Le roi Henri Ier de France, étant entré en Normandie en 1054 à la tête d'une grande armée, le duc Guillaume partage son armée, dont il envoie une partie contre le frère du roi sous la conduite de Robert d’Eu et de Gautier (I) Giffard. Il fait partie des commandants normands qui taillent en pièces l'armée française commandée par Eudes, le frère du roi de France.[réf. nécessaire]

C'est encore au château d'Eu que Guillaume fait alliance, en 1065, avec Harold, comte de Kent, qu'il va vaincre l'année suivante à la bataille d'Hastings.[réf. nécessaire]

Il participe pour 60 navires à la flotte qui permet le débarquement en Angleterre et la conquête normande de l'Angleterre[2]. Vers 1068-1070, Guillaume le Conquérant confie à Robert d'Eu, le rape d'Hastings avec le château et les territoires qui en dépendent, soit le cinquième du Sussex, après que Onfroy du Tilleul, le neveu d'Hugues de Grandmesnil, soit rentré précipitamment en Normandie[3]. Son fils Guillaume II d'Eu est l'un des rares soldats dont on sait avec certitude la présence à la célèbre bataille d'Hastings. Le père et le fils sont, si on additionne leurs possessions séparées, propriétaires de domaines produisant un revenu d'environ 690 livres sterling annuellement à la rédaction du Domesday Book (1086)[4].

En échange du château, de la ville de Hastings et de toutes ses terres, le comte d'Eu doit fournir soixante chevaliers pour servir la couronne.[réf. nécessaire]

En 1069, il est chargé par le roi avec Robert de Mortain de surveiller les Danois dont la flotte mouille dans l'embouchure de l'Humber, pendant que celui-ci va réprimer la révolte initiée par Eadric le Sauvage dans l'ouest[5]. Quand les Danois sortent de leur lieu de retraite pour piller le voisinage, les deux hommes et leur armée leur tombent dessus à l'improviste et les écrasent, les forçant à s'enfuir par la mer[6].

Après la mort de Guillaume le Conquérant, le comte d'Eu suit quelque temps le parti du duc Robert Courteheuse. Mais rebuté de sa mollesse et de ses débauches, il se tourne, ainsi que plusieurs autres seigneurs normands, du côté de Guillaume le Roux, dont il reçoit les garnisons dans ses châteaux.[réf. nécessaire]

Très pieux, il fait des dons toute sa vie à l'Eglise, notamment de terres à la Sainte-Trinité de Rouen (1051) et est témoin d’une charte datée de 1053. Veuf, il se remarie avec Mathilde de Hauteville (1062-1094), fille de Roger Ier, comte de Sicile, et de Judith d'Evreux. Mais il la répudie et elle se remarie en 1080 avec Raymond IV de Saint-Gilles († 1105), comte de Toulouse et marquis de Provence.

Le comte Robert meurt en 1089 et est inhumé dans l’abbaye Saint-Michel du Tréport. Le comte fonde cette abbaye du Tréport, près de la ville d'Eu, entre 1057 et 1066, à la prière de sa première femme et par le conseil du duc Guillaume et de Maurille, archevêque de Rouen.

Famille et descendance

Il a de sa première femme Béatrix de Falaise[7], peut-être sœur d’Arlette de Falaise:

   * Raoul, mort avant lui, cité en 1036, dans une charte.
   * Robert
   * Condoha ou Condor, fille du comte d'Eu, mariée en 1058 Foulques d’Angoulême (en) mère de Guillaume V d'Angoulême et grand-mère de Vulgrin II d’Angoulême.
   * Guillaume II d’Eu, succède à Robert d’Eu en tant que comte d'Eu en 1089, lord d’Hastings.

--------------------------------------

ROBERT d'Eu, son of GUILLAUME Comte d'Hiémois et d'Eu & his wife Lesceline d´Harcourt (-8 Sep [1089/93], bur Le Tréport). "Hugonis, Willelmi et Rotberti filiorum eius" are named in the charter of "Lezelina comitissa" dated [1049][1290]. He is named as the son of Guillaume Comte d'Eu by Orderic Vitalis[1291]. He succeeded his father as Comte d'Eu, indicating presumably that he was the eldest son. "Rotbertus comes de Ou" donated land at Spinei to Saint-Trinité de Rouen dated 1051[1292] and "Rotberti comitis de Auco" witnessed a charter of "Rogerius de Buslei" dated 1053[1293]. Robert of Torigny's De Immutatione Ordinis Monachorum records that "Lecelina comitissa Aucensis relicta Willermi comitis" founded "mon. Sancti Petri super Divam virorum et mon. fem. ante urbem Lexoviensem" with "filiis suis Roberto comite Aucensi et Hugone episcopo Lexoviensi"[1294]. He contributed 60 ships to the fleet of Guillaume II Duke of Normandy which invaded England in 1066[1295]. The necrology of Saint-Nicaise de Meulan records the death of "Robertus comes Aucensis", undated but listed among deaths recorded in early September[1296].

m firstly BEATRICE, daughter of ---. "Robertus comes Augensis…uxore Beatrice et filiis meis Radulfo, Willermo atque Roberto" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport by a charter dated 1036, witnessed by "Hugo vicecomes"[1297]. "Beatrix conjux eius" is named in the charter of "Rotbertus comes de Ou" dated 1051, which also refers to their unnamed sons[1298].

m secondly (repudiated before [1080][1299]) as her first husband, MATHILDE of Sicily, daughter of ROGER I Count of Sicily & his first wife Judith d'Evreux (1062-before 1094). The primary source which confirms her parentage and first marriage has not yet been identified. According to Houben[1300], Mathilde who married Robert Comte d'Eu was the daughter of Roger I Count of Sicily by his second wife, and a different person from Mathilde his daughter by his first wife who married Raymond Comte de Saint-Gilles. No source is quoted, but this seems unlikely from a chronological point of view as Roger's second marriage took place in [1077], and Robert Comte d'Eu died in [1089/93]. In addition, it seems unlikely that Roger, at the height of his power as Count of Sicily in the late 1080s, would have agreed to his daughter's marriage to an obscure count in northern France at the same time as arranging royal marriages for his other daughters. She married secondly ([1080], divorced [1088]) as his second wife, Raymond de Toulouse, who later succeeded as Raymond IV Comte de Toulouse. Malaterra records the marriage of "Raimundus comes Provinciarum" and "Matildem filiam suam [Rogerii Siculorum comitis]…de prima uxore" which he dates to 1080[1301].

Comte Robert & his first wife had six children:

1. RAOUL d'Eu . "Robertus comes Augensis…uxore Beatrice et filiis meis Radulfo, Willermo atque Roberto" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport by a charter dated 1036, witnessed by "Hugo vicecomes"[1302].

2. GUILLAUME d'Eu (-2 Jan after 1096). "Robertus comes Augensis…uxore Beatrice et filiis meis Radulfo, Willermo atque Roberto" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport by a charter dated 1036, witnessed by "Hugo vicecomes"[1303]. He ravaged Gloucestershire in 1089 after plundering Berkeley castle[1304]. He succeeded in [1093] as Comte d'Eu, Lord of Hastings. Florence of Worcester records that "Willelmi comes de Owe" deserted Robert Duke of Normandy in [1093/94] "won over by his greediness of lucre and attracted by the promise of vast domains" by William II King of England[1305]. Florence of Worcester records that "Northymbrensis comes Rotbertus de Mulbrei et Willelmus de Owe" conspired against William II King of England in [1095], planning to place "filium amitæ illius Stephanus de Albamarno" on the English throne[1306]. The same source records that Guillaume was captured after being vanquished in a duel, and condemned at Salisbury 13 Jan 1096 to be blinded and castrated[1307]. m firstly BEATRICE, sister of ROGER de Builly Lord of Tickhill, daughter of --- & his wife ---. The primary source which confirms her origin and marriage has not yet been identified. m secondly HELISENDE d'Avranches, daughter of RICHARD Vicomte d'Avranches & his wife Emma ---. Her marriage is referred to by Orderic Vitalis, who says that she was the sister of Hugh Earl of Chester but does not give her name[1308]. Comte Guillaume & his [first/second] wife had three children:

a) HENRI d'Eu (-Fécamp 12 Jul 1140). "Henricus comes Augensis filius comitis Willermi" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport with the consent of "Margarita comitissa et fratres supradicti comitis Robertus, Willelmus major, Willelmus minor" by a charter dated 1101[1309]. He succeeded his father in 1096 as Comte d'Eu.

- see below.

b) ROBERT d'Eu (-1149 or after). "Henricus comes Augensis filius comitis Willermi" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport with the consent of "Margarita comitissa et fratres supradicti comitis Robertus, Willelmus major, Willelmus minor" by a charter dated 1101[1310]. 1101/1109. "Johannes Augensium comes" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport referring to "antecessores mei comes Robertus et Guillermus filius eius et Henricus pater meus" by a charter dated 1149, witnessed by "Robertus de Augo"[1311]. m ---. The name of Robert's wife is not known. Robert & his wife had one child:

i) THOMAS de Bréançon . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

c) GUILLAUME d'Eu "major" . "Henricus comes Augensis filius comitis Willermi" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport with the consent of "Margarita comitissa et fratres supradicti comitis Robertus, Willelmus major, Willelmus minor" by a charter dated 1101[1312]. 1101/1109. "Guillaume de Grandcourt son of Guillaume Comte d'Eu" captured Amaury de Montfort Comte d'Evreux at the battle of Bourg-théroulde (Rougemontier) in 1124, but chose to go into exile with him[1313].

d) GUILLAUME d'Eu "minor" . "Henricus comes Augensis filius comitis Willermi" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport with the consent of "Margarita comitissa et fratres supradicti comitis Robertus, Willelmus major, Willelmus minor" by a charter dated 1101[1314]. 1101/1109.

Comte Guillaume had three illegitimate children by an unknown mistress:

e) three children . Orderic Vitalis records that Comte Guillaume "had three children by a concubine" ignoring his second wife[1315].

3. ROBERT d'Eu . "Robertus comes Augensis…uxore Beatrice et filiis meis Radulfo, Willermo atque Roberto" made donations to the abbey of St Michel, Tréport by a charter dated 1036, witnessed by "Hugo vicecomes"[1316].

4. ARMAND de Mortain . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

- CONTI di MONTESCAGLIOSO.

5. EREMBURGE de Mortain (-[1087]). Malaterra records the death of "Eremburga filia Gulielmi comitis Mortonensis" wife of "comes Rogerius", dating the event to 1089[1317]. m ([1077]) as his second wife, ROGER I Count of Sicily, son of TANCRED de Hauteville & his [second wife] [Fressenda] ([1031]-Mileto 22 Jun 1101, bur Mileto, Abbey of the Holy Trinity). .

6. [CONDOHA (-after 1087). The Historia Pontificum et Comitum Engolismensis names "filia de Ounormani Vagena…Condo" as wife of "Fulconi…Engolismensi Comiti" and mother of Comte Guillaume V[1318]. "Ounormani" in interpreted as meaning "Eu des Normands". Assuming that this is correct, it is appears chronologically consistent for Condoha's father to be identified as Robert Comte d'Eu, but this is not beyond doubt. The interpretation of "Vagena" as applied to Condoha's father has not yet been found. "Fulco Engolismensium comes" donated property to Saint-Amant-de-Boixe with the consent of "Condoha comitissa uxore mea, filiisque meis Guillelmo…ac Gaufrido atque Fulcone" by charter dated to [1076/87][1319]. m FOULQUES Comte d'Angoulême, son of GEOFFROY Comte d'Angoulême & his first wife Pétronille d'Archiac (-1087).]

-------------------

-------------------- Comte d'Eu

Lord Hastings

attesté à la bataille d'Arques en février 1054

fonda l'abbaye du Tréport

view all 25

Robert FitzGuillaume, comte d'Eu's Timeline

1022
1022
Eu, Seine Infereiure, Normandy, France
1043
1043
Age 21
Shenton, , England
1050
1050
Age 28
1050
Age 28
Normandy, , , France
1055
1055
Age 33
Shenton, Leicestershire, England
1057
1057
Age 35
Shenton, England
1062
1062
Age 40
Angoulême, Charente, Poitou-Charentes, France
1080
1080
Age 58
Hastings, Sussex , England
1085
1085
Age 63
Hastings, Sussex,England
1089
September 8, 1089
Age 67
Normandy, France