Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke

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Robert Greville

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Thorpe Latimer, Lincolnshire, , England
Death: Died in Lichfield, Staffordshire, , England
Immediate Family:

Son of Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke and Mary Margaret Greville
Husband of Catherine Greville
Father of Fulke Greville, 5th Baron Brooke; Robert Greville, 4th Baron Brooke; Thomasine Allston and Dorothy Heselrige
Brother of Edward Greville; Fulke Greville; Fulke Grenville and William Greville

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About Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke

Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke[1] (May 1607 – 2 March 1643[2]) was an English Civil War Roundhead General.

Greville was the cousin and adopted son of Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, and thus became 2nd Lord Brooke, and owner of Warwick Castle.[3] He was born in 1607, and entered parliament for Warwickshire in 1628. He was involved in the foundation of Saybrooke in Connecticut.

During the Civil War, he commanded Parliament forces in Warwickshire and Staffordshire and was looked on by many as the Earl of Essex's eventual successor. In 1642 he gained the victory of Kineton. He took Stratford-upon-Avon in February, 1643 and was killed shortly afterwards besieging Lichfield Cathedral on 2 March.

Greville was reportedly shot by a sniper (a concealed person who fired at Greville with a rifle) and many consider him to be the first recorded victim of sniper fire.

Brooke, eulogized as a friend of toleration by John Milton, wrote on philosophical, theological and current political topics. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature said of Greville,:

He was an ardent puritan, and, in 1641, wrote A Discourse opening the nature of that Episcopacie which is exercised in England, aimed at the political power of the bishops. In the same year was published his philosophical work The Nature of Truth. In this work, he refuses to distinguish between philosophy and theology. "What is true philosophy but divinity?" he asks, "and if it be not true, it is not philosophy."

References

  • 1.^ "Greville, Robert (1608-1643)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  • 2.^ Ann Hughes, ‘Greville, Robert, second Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court (1607–1643)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2008, accessed 30 Dec 2008
  • 3.^ Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p.2519
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. THE GREAT REBELLION
  • Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Greville, Robert". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • Chapter XII. Hobbes and Contemporary Philosophy: Robert Greville, lord Brooke in The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21) .Volume VII. Cavalier and Puritan.
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Greville,_2nd_Baron_Brooke
  • _____________
  • 'Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court1
  • 'M, #57807, b. 1607, d. 2 March 1642/43
  • Last Edited=3 Sep 2011
  • ' Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court was born in 1607.1 He was the son of Fulke Greville and Mary Copley.1 He married Lady Catherine Russell, daughter of Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford and Hon. Catharine Brydges, circa 1630.3 He died on 2 March 1642/43 at Michael Biddulph's house, killed in action, by a musket ball while looking out a window.1
  • ' He was adopted by Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court circa 1611.1 He was educated at Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England.1 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Warwick between February 1628 and May 1628.1 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court, co. Warwick [E., 1621] on 30 September 1628.1 He was Joint Commissioner to the Scots in September 1640 at Ripon, Yorkshire, England.1 He was Joint Commissioner to the Scots in November 1640 at London, England.1 He held the office of Recorder of Warwick between 1641 and 1643.1 He gained the rank of Colonel in 1642 in the service of the Regiment of Foot.1 He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Warwickshire in 1642.1 He fought in the Battle of Edgehill on 22 October 1642, for the Parliamentarians.1 He gained the rank of Major General on 7 January 1642/43 in the service of the Warwickshire and Staffordshire.1 He fought in the Siege of St. Chad's Church on 2 March 1642/43.1
  • ' Clarendon wrote that "those who were acquainted with him believed him to be well natured and just, and rather seduced and corrupted in his understanding than perverse and malicious. Whether his Passion, or Conscience sqayed him, he was undoubtedly one of those who could have been with most difficulty reconciled to the government of Church or State."1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.4
  • 'Children of Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court and Lady Catherine Russell
    • 1.Francis Greville, 3rd Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court1 d. 19 Nov 1658
    • 2.Robert Greville, 4th Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court+1 b. 4 Jan 1638/39, d. 17 Feb 1676/77
    • 3.Fulke Greville, 5th Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court+1 b. a 2 Mar 1642/43, d. 22 Oct 1710
  • Citations
  • 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 334. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • http://thepeerage.com/p5781.htm#i57807
  • _____________
  • 'Robert GREVILLE (2º B. Beauchamp)
  • 'Born: 1607
  • 'Died: 2 Mar 1643
  • 'Notes: 2nd Baron Broke of Beauchamps Court England . Col. of a Parliamentary Regt. at Battle of Edgehill 1642. Major General 1643 Warwickshire. Recorder of Warwickshire 1641-1643 . Lord Liutenant 1642 Warwickshire. Died in a successful assault on Lichfield by a musket ball.
  • Father: Fulke GREVILLE of Wadsworth
  • Mother: Margaret COPLEY
  • 'Married: Catherine RUSSELL (B. Beauchamp) ABT 1630
  • Children:
    • 1. Francis GREVILLE (3º B. Beauchamp)
    • 2. Edward GREVILLE
    • 3. Robert GREVILLE (4º B. Beauchamp) (b. ABT 1638)
    • 4. Fulke GREVILLE (5º B. Beauchamp) (b. 1643)
    • 5. Thomasine GREVILLE
    • 6. Algernon GREVILLE
  • http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/GREVILLE.htm#Robert GREVILLE (2º B. Beauchamp)
  • __________________________
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Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke's Timeline

1607
May 1607
Thorpe Latimer, Lincolnshire, , England
1630
1630
Age 22
England
1641
1641
Age 33
1643
March 2, 1643
Age 35
Warwick, Warwickshire, , England
April 1, 1643
Age 35
Lichfield, Staffordshire, , England
1644
1644
Age 35
Hammersmith, Middlesex, , England
1650
January 28, 1650
Age 35