Robert "le Magnifique" fitz Richard, Duc de Normandie

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Robert "le Magnifique" fitz Richard, I

Nicknames: "the Magnificent", "Robert the Devil", "Robert 'le Diable'", "Duke Robert the Devil", "The Devine", "Robert I /De Normandy/", "Robert The /Devil/", ""The /Magnificent"/", "the Devil", "/Robert I", ""The Magnificent"", "Duke of Normandy/", "The /Magnificent/", "The", "leDiable", "Duk..."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Rouen, Seine Inferieure, Haute-Normandie, France
Death: Died in Nicea, Bithynia, Turkey
Place of Burial: Apuglia, Italia
Immediate Family:

Son of Richard II, duc de Normandie; Richard II 'the Good', Count of Rouen, Duke of Normandy; Judith de Bretagne and Judith de Bretagne
Partner of Arlette de Falaise
Father of William the Conqueror, King of England and Adelaide of Normandy
Brother of Richard III, duc de Normandie; Girard Tancred DeHautville; Adeliza, comtesse de Bourgogne; William of Normandy; Eleanor of Normandy and 5 others
Half brother of Mauger, Archbishop of Rouen and Guillaume, comte de Arques

Occupation: Duke of Normandy, Duke of Rouen, Duke of Normandy 1027-1035, Duke of Normandy - see http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_187.htm, The Magnificent Duke of Normandy, ALIA: "The Devil" Title: Duke Of Normandy, 6th Duke of Normandy, Duke
Managed by: Private User
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About Robert "le Magnifique" fitz Richard, I

Robert I 'le Magnifique', 'le Diable' FitzRichard Duc de Normandie Son of Richard II 'le Bon' and Judith He never married Children: 1. William Conqueror (by Arlette Herlève de Falaise) 2. Adelais (might have a different mother, uncertain)

[NB: Estrid of Denmark was NOT his wife - she was for a short time engaged to his father Richard.]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_the_Magnificent

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMANDY.htm#RichardIIdied1026A

-------------------- Robert contributed to the restoration of Henry King of France to his throne, and received from the gratitude of that monarch, the Vexin, as an additional to his patrimonial domains. In the 8th year of his reign,curiosity or devotion induced him to undertake a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, where the fatigues of the journey and the heat of the climate so impaired his consitution he died on his way home. -------------------- Robert I the Magnificent (French: le Magnifique) (22 June 1000 – 1–3 July 1035), was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert I. He was the father of William the Conqueror. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I, Duke of Brittany. He was also grandson of Richard I of Normandy, great-grandson of William I of Normandy and great-great grandson of Rollo, the Viking who founded Normandy. Before he died, Richard II had decided his elder son Richard III would succeed him while his second son Robert would became Count of Hiémois. In August of 1026 their father, Richard II, died and Richard III became duke, but very soon afterwards Robert rebelled against his brother, was subsequently defeated and forced to swear fealty to his older brother Richard. Early reign: When Richard III died a year later there were suspicions that Robert had something to do with his brother's death and although nothing can be proved, Robert had most to gain.[3] But the civil war Robert I had brought against his brother Richard III was still causing instability in the duchy. Private wars between neighboring barons raged resulting in a new aristocracy which rose in Normandy during Robert’s reign. It was also during this time that many of the lesser nobility left Normandy to seek their fortunes in southern Italy and elsewhere.[3] Soon after assuming the dukedom, however, possibly in revenge for supporting his brother against him, Robert I assembled an army against his uncle, Robert, Archbishop of Rouen and count of Évreux. Only a temporary truce allowed his uncle to leave Normandy in exile but with an edict of excommunication placed on all of Normandy, which was only lifted when Archbishop Robert was allowed to return and his countship was restored. Robert also attacked another powerful churchman, his cousin Hugo III. d'Ivry, Bishop of Bayeux, banishing him from Normandy for an extended period of time. Robert also seized a number of church properties belonging to the abbey of Fecamp. Outside of Normandy: Despite his domestic troubles Robert decided to intervene in the civil war in Flanders between Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and his father Baldwin IV whom the younger Baldwin had driven out of Flanders.[7] Baldwin V, supported by king Robert II of France, his father-in-law, was persuaded to make peace with his father in 1030 when Duke Robert promised the elder Baldwin his considerable military support. Robert gave shelter to Henry I of France against his mother, Queen Constance, who favored her younger son Robert to succeed to the French throne after his father Robert II. For his help Henry I rewarded Robert with the French Vexin. In the early 1030s Alan III, Duke of Brittany began expanding his influence from the area of Rennes and appeared to have designs on the area surrounding Mont Saint-Michel[9] After sacking Dol and repelling Alan's attempts to raid Avranches, Robert mounted a major campaign against his cousin Alan III. However, Alan appealed to their uncle, Archbishop Robert of Rouen, who then brokered a peace between Duke Robert and his vassal Alan III. His cousins, the Athelings Edward and Alfred, sons of his aunt Emma of Normandy and Athelred, King of England had been living at the Norman Court and at one point Robert, on their behalf, attempted to mount an invasion of England but was prevented in doing so, it was said, by unfavorable winds. Gesta Normannorum Ducum stated that King Cnut sent envoys to Duke Robert offering to settle half the Kingdom of England on Edward and Alfred. After postponing the naval invasion he chose to also postpone the decision until after he returned from Jerusalem. The Church and his pilgrimage: Robert's attitude towards the Church had changed noticeably certainly since his reinstating his uncle's position as Archbiship of Rouen. In his attempt to reconcile his differences with the Church he restored property that he or his vassals had confiscated, and by 1034 had returned all the properties he had earlier taken from the abbey of Fecamp. After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the Gesta Normannorum Ducum he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, fell seriously ill and died[b] on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him. According to the historian William of Malmesbury, decades later his son William sent a mission to Constantinople and Nicaea, charging it with bringing his father's body back to be buried in Normandy. Permission was granted, but, having travelled as far as Apulia (Italy) on the return journey, the envoys learned that William himself had meanwhile died. They then decided to re-inter Robert's body in Italy. -------------------- Duke of Normandy -------------------- The early portion of Robert's reign was disturbed by uprisings, but he subdued his foes so completely that he considered it safe for him to go on a pilgrimage to Palestine. His health was thoroughly undermined by the climate of Asia, so that he was obliged to complete his journey in a litter. Another Norman pilgrim, returning from Jerusalem, met Robert, who was carried by four Saracens, and asked the duke what account he should give of him on his return. Robert replied: "Tell my friends that you saw me borne into Paradise by four devils." The invalid duke died on his return at Nice, in Bithynia, without any legitimate heir.

--------------------



Sources 1.[S265] Colquoun_Cunningham.ged, Jamie Vans

2.[S370] Kings & Queens, Neil Grant, (pub 2003 by HarperCollinsPublishers Hammersmith London W6 8JB), p96 (Reliability: 3)

3.[S289] Betty and Dick Field's Family History, Richard Field

4.[S327] Lakey - Genealogy, Gilbert Marlow Lakey, (http://members.cox.net/benchrest/Genealogy.html)




      
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Robert "le Magnifique" fitz Richard, Duc de Normandie's Timeline

999
999
Rouen, Seine Inferieure, Haute-Normandie, France
1023
1023
Age 24
Not Married, France
1023
Age 24
Not Married
1024
October 14, 1024
Age 25
Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France
1027
1027
Age 28

Succeeded his older brother Richard as Duke of Normandy. It has been speculated that Robert had Richard killed, because Richard had only been Duke for a year when he died.

1027
- 1035
Age 28
Normandie, France
1029
1029
Age 30
Falaise, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, France
1035
June 22, 1035
Age 36
Apuglia, Italia
July 22, 1035
Age 36
Nicea, Bithynia, Turkey

Died on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
--------------------
Died on return journey of pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Some speculate poison.

1035
Age 36
Years of reign in Normandy