Robert I, King of France

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Robert, roi de France

Nicknames: "Robert", "Rodbertus", "Rotbertus rex", "/Robert/I", "King of France", "Robert I /Capet/", "Robert (Rodbert) I "the Posthumous" Robertarian", "Count of Paris and King of France", "Robert I", "King of Western France", "Robert //", "The /Pious/", "Count of Paris", "Count of Poitie..."
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Angers, Anjou (within present Maine-et-Loire), Neustrie, Francie occidentale (Present France)
Death: Died in Soissons, Aisne, Picardy, France
Cause of death: Soissons, Soissonnais (present département de l'Aisne), Neustrie, Francie occidentale (Present France)
Place of Burial: Basilique Saint-Martin de Tours, Quartier de Châteauneuf, Tours, Département Indre-et-Loire, Région Centre, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert IV "le Fort", marquis de Neustrie and Adelaide of Tours
Husband of Beatrice de Vermandois; Aélis and Béatrice de Vermandois
Father of Emma de France; Liegarde de France; Adela de France; Emma de France; Adèle de France and 1 other
Brother of Odo (Eudes), King of France and Richildes de France
Half brother of Eudes, Roi de France; Conrad II "the Younger", duke of Transjurane Burgundy; Judith von Welf; Adele Van Meaux; Ava d'Auxerre and 11 others

Occupation: Roi de France, King of Western Francia, Rei da França Ocidental (922-923), Dux Francorum (em 892, um cargo militar digno, de muita importancia), Evãeque de Valence, @occu00494@, King of the West Franks from June 29, 922 to June 15, 923, King of France
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Robert, roi de France

Robert I de France, roi des Francs (King of West Francia) is Queen Elizabeth II's 24th great grandfather.

-------------------------

Ben M. Angel notes: Robert I was never a Capet (this was a family name created by Hugh Capet, based on a place name). The name of his family or dynasty was "Robertian" (from Robert Le Fort, his father). He was to the best of my understanding never nicknamed "Le Grand". Please indicate the source you are using here if this is contrary to your information.

From the English Wikipedia page on Robert I of France: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_I_of_France with excerpts from the French Wikipedia page not included in the English article: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Ier_de_France

Robert I (15 August 866 – 15 June 923), King of Western Francia (922 – 923), was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who became king of the Western Franks in 888.

West Francia evolved over time into France; under King Odo, the capital was fixed on Paris, a large step in that direction. His family is known as the Robertians.

Robert was present at the Siege of Paris in 885. Appointed by King Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, the March of Neustria, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognising the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles III the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Norsemen.

The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of King Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Comte Hagano had aroused some irritation (he was made into Charles' principle advisor and favorite - the French Wikipedia page suggests Hagano served merely as a pretext for a premeditated bid for power); and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles III into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims (crowned by Gautier Archbishop of Sens) on Sunday 30 June 922.

Collecting an army, Charles III marched against the usurper and, on 15 June 923, in the stubborn and sanguinary Battle of Soissons (near the city of the same name), Robert I was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival (the French Wikipedia page says this was Fulbert, Faubert, or Foubert).

(The French Wikipedia continues the story, saying that Robert's son, Hugh the Great, denied Charles III the Simple his victory, preventing him from recovering the crown of Western Francia. The nobility instead elect Raoul Duke of Burgundy, stepson of Robert I; he was consecrated on 13 July 923.)

Robert was married twice. Through his first wife, Aelis/Adele du Maine, he had two daughters. Each married powerful lay vassals of their father: Emma of France (894–935) to Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy, and Hildebranda (895–931) to Herbert II of Vermandois.

Through his second wife, Béatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois, he had his only son, Hugh the Great, who was later dux Francorum and father of King Hugh Capet, and a daughter Richilda. He may have had other daughters.

References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

King of Western Francia (922–923) Preceded by Charles the Simple Succeeded by Rudolph -------------------- From the English Wikipedia page on the Battle of Soissons (923): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Soissons_(923)

The Battle of Soissons in 923 was a battle during which King Robert I of France was killed, possibly by King Charles III (by legend in single combat), and the latter was defeated and imprisoned by Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy who succeeded Robert I as French monarch. -------------------- French Wikipedia page on Robert I de France: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Ier_de_France

Robert Ier (né vers 860 - mort le 15 juin 923[1]), fils cadet du comte d'Anjou Robert le Fort, il était le frère d'Eudes et fut élu roi de Francie occidentale en 922.

Investi du titre de duc des Francs en 892 par son frère Eudes, ce dernier le nomme à la tête de plusieurs comtés, y compris le comté de Paris et la marche de Neustrie. Robert était également abbé in commendam de plusieurs abbayes. Il ne revendiqua pas la couronne de France quand son frère mourut en 898, mais il reconnut la prétention du roi carolingien, Charles III le Simple, qui, selon Richer de Reims, le confirma duc des Francs[2],[3]. (Cette précoce titulature de "duc des Francs" reste cependant sujette à caution[4]). Robert continua à défendre le nord de la France contre les attaques des Normands.

La paix entre Charles III et Robert dura jusqu'en 921. Le clergé et les nobles s'irritèrent contre le roi Charles III qui favorisait particulièrement le comte Haganon (bien qu'il puisse s'agir d'un prétexte politique[5]).

Avec l'appui des nobles les plus puissants, Robert attaqua le roi Charles qui s'enfuit en Lorraine. Robert fut couronné roi des Francs à Reims par l'archevêque de Sens, Gautier, le dimanche 30 juin 922. Charles rassembla une armée et marcha contre Robert, et le 15 juin 923, Robert fut tué par Fulbert, Faubert, Foubert[6] au cours de la bataille de Soissons. Selon certains comme Adalbert, archevêque de Magdebourg, continuateur de la chronique de Réginon de prüm, Robert périt de la main même de Charles[7].

Grâce au courage et au sang-froid du fils de Robert, Hugues le Grand, la victoire revint au clan des Robertiens et le roi Charles III ne put récupérer sa couronne. Les grands du royaume élurent alors Raoul, duc de Bourgogne, beau-fils du roi Robert Ier, comme roi des Francs. Il fut sacré le 13 juillet 923.

D'une première épouse nommée Aélis/Adèle du Maine, Robert avait eu :

1. Adèle, mariée avant 907 à Herbert II, comte de Vermandois

Il épousa ensuite Béatrice de Vermandois, fille d'Herbert Ier, comte de Vermandois et eut de celle-ci :

1. Emma, mariée vers 918 avec Raoul, duc de Bourgogne, puis roi de France. 2. Hugues le Grand, duc des Francs, qui fut le père d'Hugues Capet. 3. Richilde.

Notes et références

1.↑ Généalogie de Robert Ier sur le site Medieval Lands http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAPET.htm#_Toc154136996 2.↑ Richer de Reims Histoire Gallica, image 59 : p. 37 http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k361020/f59.chemindefer 3.↑ Richer de Reims Histoire Gallica, image 55 : p. 33 http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k361020/f59.chemindefer 4.↑ Cf Olivier GUILLOT, « Formes, fondements et limites de l'organisation politique en France au Xe siècle», Il secolo di ferro : mito e realtà del secolo X, 19-25 aprile 1990, Spolète, Presso la sede del centro, 1991 (Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull'alto medioevo, 38), pp. 80-81 : « Tous deux [Robert et Hugues], depuis le règne d'Eudes jusqu'à celui de Raoul, quelle qu'ait été l'ampleur de leurs honores, n'ont cessé de se qualifier comme le roi de son côté, les qualifiait: comes, abbas, marchio, demarchio (sauf que Robert se dit tremarchio !) (89). Dans les annales et actes, il n'est jamais question de leur donner du princeps ou du dux (90). Si l'on ose dire, c'est Richer, vers 992, qui a inventé cela ! (91) ». Références d'O. GUILLOT (notes 89, 90 et 91) : 89. On trouve un relevé de ces intitulés, pris dans les actes, remarquable et critique, ménagé en deux séries par W. KlENAST (op. cit., n. 12), pp. 55-58 pour les actes dits privés, et pp. 61-63 pour les diplômes royaux). Les sources narratives ici retenues sont : les Annales de Saint Vaast, celles de Flodoard, celles de Sainte Colombe de Sens et l'Histoire de l'église de Reims, en laquelle, comme on l'a déjà souligné, l'on trouve des analyses de lettres fort précieuses et, il nous semble, fidèles (voir n. 75). Enfin, il y a le groupe des lettres publiées récemment par B. Bischoff (Anecdota novissima, 1984, p. 123-137). Sur la signification de marchio, on se limitera ici à rappeler, après K. F, WERNER (La genèse des duchés en France et en Allemagne dans Nascita dell'Europa ed Europa Carolingia ... Settimane di studio..., XXVII, Spolète 1981, p. 298) que cette fonction s'applique, dès la fin IXe, plus à un regnum qu'à une marche proprement dite. Pour le sens à donner à demarchus (ou demarchio) et à trimarchio, nous avouons notre perplexité (voir, ci-dessous, à la Discussion, notre réponse à Michel Parisse) et d'autant qu'il paraît constant, à la chancellerie royale elle-même, où seul demarchus apparaît, d'intituler indifféremment, d'un diplôme à un autre, un même personnage tel Robert: demarchus (Ph. Lauer, Rec. cit. (n. 52), n° 66, pp. 148-149 -3 août 911 -) puis marchio (Ibid., n° 77, pp. 172-174 —19 juin 914 —). Le titre de trimarchio apparaît dans un acte de Robert pour Marmoutier du 31 mars 914 dont K. F. Werner a découvert un extrait dû à Dom Anselme Le Michel (Untersuchungen, op. cit. (n. 8), pp. 286-287, d'après Bibl. Nat. (Paris) ms. lat. 12875 f. 9v°). Dans son extrait, Le Michel donne l'analyse du contenu de l'acte en citant pratiquement la titulature donnée à Robert: domnus Robertus gloriosus abbas sancti Martini atque trimarchio. 90. Sauf dans des actes faux (W. Kienast (op. cit. (n. 12), pp. 55-63), ou dans des sources narratives plus tardives (voir, par exemple, la Chronique de Saint Pierre le Vif de Sens, éd. cit. (n. 77), ici pp. 66-74). 91. En affirmant qu'après son avènement, en 898, Charles, étant en présence, pour la première fois, de Robert (Historia, éd. R. LATOUCHE, I, Paris 1930, 1. I, c. 14, pp. 34-36): Quem (c.a.d. Robert) etiam rex Celticae ducem praeficit ac in ea omnium gerendorum ordinatorem concedit ... J. Dhondt(op. cit. (n. 7) pp. 110-116 a plaidé, non sans talent, la thèse accréditant les dires, ici, de Richer, en concluant à l'existence d'un duché et d'un principat. Son opinion a été, depuis, le plus souvent admise. L'un des plus fermes à résister a été W. Kienast (op. cit. (n. 12), pp. 62-63). 5.↑ Cf. Carlrichard Brühl, Naissance de deux peuples : Français et Allemands, Fayard, 1994, pp. 197-198. 6.↑ Selon la chronique d'Adémar de Chabannes, écrite une centaine d'années après cet évènement :Histoire [archive] Gallica, image 101 : p. 79 note 3 de bas de page : « Fulbertus Rodbertum regem per medium cerebri dividendo confodit ». http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k361020.image.f101 7.↑ Auguste Alphonse Étienne-Gallois, historien, bibliothécaire du Luxembourg La Champagne et les derniers Carlovingiens 1853, p. 67 http://books.google.fr/books?id=9kO75rvVxnQC&pg=PA67&dq=Soissons+juin-923+robert+Charles+combat&lr=#v=onepage&q=Soissons%20juin-923%20robert%20Charles%20combat&f=false -------------------- From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page (Forrás / Source): http://www.thepeerage.com/p10519.htm#i105187

Robert I, Roi de France (1) M, #105187, d. circa 15 June 923 Last Edited=13 Jun 2008

Robert I, Roi de France was the son of Robert of Neustria, Duke of Neustria. (1) He died circa 15 June 923, killed in action. (1), (2)

Robert I, Roi de France gained the title of Roi Robert I de France circa 29 June 922. (1), (2)

Child of Robert I, Roi de France and Beatrice de Vermandois -1. Adela de France b. c 895 Children of Robert I, Roi de France -1. Emma de France (1) -2. Liégarde de France+ (3) -3. Hugues of Neustria, Comte de Paris+ (2) b. c 895, d. 9 Jun 956 --------------------

   * BIRTH: BEF 0923, Bourgogne, France
   * DEATH: 15 Jun 0923, Soissons, France 

-------------------- From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on France Capetian Kings: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAPET.htm#RobertIdied923B

ROBERT, son of ROBERT "le Fort" Comte [de Tours], Marquis en Neustrie & his wife --- ([860]-killed in battle near Soissons 15 Jun 923).

"Rodbertum fratrem Odonis regis" is named in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin[53].

He was installed as lay abbot of Marmoutier on the death of Hugues l’Abbé in 886[54].

He succeeded his brother in 888 as Marquis en Neustrie, and probably also as Comte de Paris, d'Orléans et de Tours. After his brother King Eudes captured Poitou in 893, he installed Robert as Comte de Poitou but the latter was expelled by Adémar, son of Comte Emenon[55].

Abbot of Saint-Martin de Tours: "Robert abbé de Saint-Martin" confirmed possessions of Saint-Martin de Tours by charter dated 30 Aug 894[56]. Eudes King of France granted the abbey of Saint-Hilaire de Poitiers to the bishop of Poitiers, at the request of "marchiones…Hrobertus…atque Ademarus", by charter dated to [894][57].

After the death of his brother in 898, Robert supported Charles III King of France who seems to have confirmed Robert's position in Neustrie. "Robert abbé de Saint-Martin" restored "l´hospice de Saint-Clément" to Saint-Martin de Tours by charter dated 900[58]. He rebelled against the king in 922, triggered by the confiscation of the monastery of Chelles by King Charles from Rothilde (who was the mother-in-law of Robert's son Hugues) in favour of his favourite Haganon.

He was elected ROBERT I King of France 22 Jun 922, consecrated at Reims by Gauthier Archbishop of Sens. King Robert was killed fighting ex-King Charles, although his forces won the battle[59].

The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XVII Kal Jul" of "Rotbertus rex"[60]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Magloire records the death "XVII Kal Jul" of "Robertus rex"[61]. The necrology of Auxerre cathedral records that "Rotbertus rex" was killed in battle 15 Jun[62].

m firstly ---.

The name of Robert's first wife is not known. However, as King Robert's known wife Béatrix de Vermandois could not have been the mother of his daughter Adela (married to the brother of Béatrix) it is assumed that this earlier marriage is correct.

According to Europäische Stammtafeln[63], Robert's first wife was named AELIS. This may be based on the 21 May 907 donation of Rebais abbey to the church of Paris which refers to "comitis Rotberti et Adele comitisse"[64]. However, as shown below, this is more likely to refer to Robert and his daughter than his wife.

m secondly ([897]) BEATRIX de Vermandois, daughter of HERIBERT I Comte de Vermandois & his wife --- ([880/83]-after 26 Mar 931).

The Historia Francorum Senonensis records that "sororem Herberti" was the wife of "Robertus princeps" who rebelled against Charles III "le Simple" King of France[65]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Duke Robert's wife was the sister of Héribert, by whom he had a son Hugues[66]. "Hugo rector Abbatiæ sancti Martini" names "genitoris nostri Rotberti quondam regis ac genitricis nostræ domnæ Beatricis" in his charter dated 26 Mar 931[67].

The marriage date is estimated by Werner on the assumption that the marriage accompanied the political reconciliation between Béatrix's father and Robert's uncle[68]. If the 907 donation mentioned above in fact refers to Robert's first wife, the marriage would of course have taken place after that date.

King Robert I & his first wife had one child:

1. [ADELA] (before 898-).

The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to "comitis Heriberti gener…Roberti" and in a later passage to the sister of "dux Hugo Cappatus" as the wife of "comitis Heriberti de Peroni, Campanie et Veromandie" but does not name her[69]. Her origin is confirmed by Flodoard naming "Hugo dux cum nepotibus suis, Heriberti filiis" in 943[70].

Her birth date is estimated from the birth of her first child in [915].

Her name is deduced as follows. The 21 May 907 donation of Rebais abbey to the church of Paris refers to "comitis Rotberti et Adele comitisse"[71]. Although this phrasing usually indicates husband and wife, Settipani suggests that the chronology of the life of King Robert's son Hugues (attested as Robert's son by his second wife Béatrix) favours his birth, and therefore his father's second marriage, well before 907, which would mean "Adele" could not have been Robert's wife. This reasoning appears based firstly on Hugues already being married in [914], and secondly on the probability of his having reached the age of majority when he was recognised as duke in 922. The 907 document is explained as referring to Robert and his elder daughter. The issue, however, is not beyond doubt, especially if the document in question was misdated.

m (before 21 May 907) HERIBERT II Comte de Vermandois, son of HERIBERT I Comte de Vermandois[-Carolingian] & his wife [Liedgardis] --- ([880]-23 Feb 943, bur Saint Quentin).


King Robert I & his [first/second] wife had one child:

2. EMMA (-2 Nov 934).

Flodoard names "Emma regis Rotberti filia" when recording that she obliged Seulf Archbishop of Reims to consecrate her as queen at Reims in 923 in the absence of her husband fighting[72]. Rodulfus Glaber names "Emmam…sororem…magni Hugonis" as wife of "Rodulfus, Richardi ducis Burgundiæ filius", suggesting that she was instrumental in persuading her brother to support her husband's accession as king[73]. "Emme nostri imperii consortis" and "Emma coniux mea" is named in the charters of "Rodolfus Francorum rex" dated 21 Jun 931 and 1 Jul 931[74].

There is no indication whether Emma was born from her father's first or second marriage.

Flodoard records the death of "Emma regina" at the end of his passage dated 934[75]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "IV Non Nov" of "domna Emma regina"[76].

m ([911/19]) RODOLPHE [Raoul] Comte de Bourgogne, son of RICHARD “le Justicier” Duke of Burgundy & his wife Adélais d’Auxerre [Welf] (-Auxerre, Yonne 15/16 Jan 936, bur Abbaye de Sainte-Colombe de Sens).

He succeeded his father in 921 as Duke of Burgundy.

He was elected as RAOUL King of France in 13 Jul 923 at Soissons to succeed his father-in-law, consecrated by Gautier Archbishop of Sens at the Abbey of Saint-Médard de Soissons.

King Robert I & his second wife had one child:

3. HUGUES ([898]-Dourdan, Essonne 16 Jun 956, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).

The Historia Francorum Senonensis names "Hugo Magnus" as son of "Robertus princeps [et] sororem Herberti"[77]. He was installed as HUGUES "le Grand" Duc des Francs in 936.

Hertig Robert av huset Capet och bror till salig kung Odo var av den starkaste Kung Karls vasaller, men han lydde bara kungen När han själv hade nytta av det. Om kung Karl förstod sig på kartan, kund han se Att Roberts valde var Lika stort som hans eget Återstående arvland: Robert var herre över Vermandois, Champagne och Anjou, därtill Greve av Paris och Chartres, Tours och Blois, Orléans och Dreux. Kung Roberts här segrade I ett slagg mot normanderna vid Soissons, Frankrike, i juni år 923, men kung Robert stupade själv i slaget.

Källa: "Normandernas Hövding" av Rune Pär Olofsson. -------------------- Robert I (född cirka 865, död 15 juni 923) var en frankisk robertingisk kung över västfrankiska riket . Son till Robert den starke, hertig av Anjou; bror till Odo, hertig av Paris.

Genom sin bror Odo erhöll Robert fler grevskap inklusive grevskapet Paris och blev också utsedd till abbot in commendam vid många kloster och Robert själv säkrade posten som hertig av frankerna, en viktig militär titel. När hans bror dog 898 gjorde inte Robert anspråk på broderns titel som kung, utan accepterade den karolingiske tronpretendenten Karl den enfaldiges överhöghet. Detta gjorde han kunde behålla sina poster och egendomar och fortsätta att bekämpa attackerna från vikingar.

Friden mellan kungen och hans mäktiga rival varade ända till 921 då Karls styre, och särkskilt hans svaghet för en viss Hagano, väckte sådan irritation hos prästerskapet och många av de mäktigaste adelsmännen att Robert tog till vapen och fördrev Karl till Lothringen. Robert kröntes till kung i Reims 28 juni 922. Karl ställde dock upp en armé och gick till motangrepp och i närheten av Soissons 15 juni 923 drabbade rivalerna samman. Robert blev dödad i striden, enligt traditionen i en kamp man mot man med sin rival.

Robert efterlämnade en son Hugo den store vars son Hugo Capet kom att överta tronen från den karolingiska ätten. -------------------- Foi representante de Odo (seu irmão) em de diversos condados, incluindo o condado de Paris, abade superior de muitas abadias, e Duque dos Francos, uma dignidade militar de importância elevada.

Não reivindicou a Coroa de França quando seu irmão morreu em 898 mas, reconhecendo a supremacia do rei carolíngio, Carlos III, o Simples, teve confirmadas as suas posses territoriais, tendo, depois, continuado a defender o norte de França dos ataques dos Normandos.

A paz entre o Rei e seu poderoso vassalo não foi perturbada seriamente até aproximadamente 921. As ações de Carlos e, em especial a sua parcialidade a favor de um tal de Hagano, despertaram-lhe alguma impopularidade e, apoiado por muitos do clérigos e por diversos dos mais poderosos nobres franceses, Roberto se fez coroar Rei francês em Reims, no dia 29 de junho de 922.

Comandando um poderoso exército, Carlos marchou de encontro ao usurpador, e no dia 15 de junho de 923, em uma batalha sanguinária perto de Soissons, Roberto foi morto, de acordo com a tradição, em combate com seu rival.

Roberto I deixou um filho, Hugo, o Grande, Duque dos francos, e seu neto, Hugo Capeto, futuro Rei da França e fundador da Dinastia dos Capetos. -------------------- From the Celtic Casimir online family tree: http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/2/2516.htm

Robert I DE BOURGOGNE King of the West Franks 574,616 Born: Abt 866, Bourgogne, Marne, France Married (2): Before 898, Paris, Seine, France 605 Married (3): Not Married Died: 15 Jun 923, Soissons, Aisne, Picardy, France Ancestral File Number: 9G81-BX.

General Notes: Marquess of Neustria 898-923 Western Frankish King 922-923 In 922, Robert succeeded Charles III, the Simple, to the kingdom of France, but died the next year. On his death, his son-in-law Rudolph took the government. France France (Duke Of France Of House Of Capet Ii) November 29, 995

Marriage Information: Robert married Alpaidia CAROLING Princess of France, daughter of Ludwig (Louis I "Le Pieux") CAROLING King of the Frank, Holy Roman Emperor and Princess Ermengarde DE HESBAYE. (Alpaidia CAROLING Princess of France was born in 818.)

Marriage Information: Robert also married Bйatrice DE VERMANDOIS Queen of France, daughter of Cte Herbert I DE VERMANDOIS and Countess Bertha (Bйatrice) DE MORVOIS of France, before 898 in Paris, Seine, France 605. (Bйatrice DE VERMANDOIS Queen of France was born about 880 in Vermandois, Neustria and died in Mar 931 in Europe.)

Marriage Information: Robert also married Adele DE FRANCE Queen of the Franks. (Adele DE FRANCE Queen of the Franks died 758.) -------------------- Robert I of France From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Robert I (August 15, 866 – June 15, 923), king of West Francia (922 – 923), was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who became king of the Western Franks in 888. West Francia evolved over time into France; under Odo, the capital was fixed on Paris, a large step in that direction. His family is known as the Robertians. He was present at the Siege of Paris in 885. Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognising the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Norsemen. The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on June 29, 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper and, on June 15 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival. Robert was married twice. Through his first wife, Aelis, a descendant of Charlemagne, he had two daughters. Each married powerful lay vassals of their father: Emma of France (894–935) to Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy, and Hildebranda (895–931) to Herbert II of Vermandois. Through his second wife, Béatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois, he had his only son, Hugh the Great, who was later dux Francorum and father of King Hugh Capet, and a daughter Richilda. He may have had other daughters.

References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

-------------------- Robert I (August 15, 866 – June 15, 923), king of West Francia (922 – 923), was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who became king of the Western Franks in 888. West Francia evolved over time into France; under Odo, the capital was fixed on Paris, a large step in that direction. His family is known as the Robertians.

He was present at the Siege of Paris in 885. Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognising the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Norsemen.

The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on June 29, 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper and, on June 15, 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival.

Robert was married twice. Through his first wife, Aelis, a descendant of Charlemagne, he had two daughters. Each married powerful lay vassals of their father: Emma of France (894–935) to Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy, and Hildebranda (895–931) to Herbert II of Vermandois. Through his second wife, Béatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois, he had his only son, Hugh the Great, who was later dux Francorum and father of King Hugh Capet, and a daughter Richilda. He may have had other daughters. -------------------- http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberto_I_de_França -------------------- From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps03/ps03_442.htm

Robert did not claim the crown on his brother's death in 898, but recognized the Carolingian king, Charles III; Robert continued to defend northern France from Norman attacks as "duke of the Franks"; about 921 he gathered support for his claim, and drove Charles into Lorraine; 06-29-922 he was crowned at Rheims and the next year faced Charles' attempt to oust him, during which "in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition, in single combat with his rival." {-Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1956 Ed., 19:346}

References: [AR7],[Weis1] -------------------- Robert I (August 15, 866 – June 15, 923), king of West Francia (922 – 923), was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who became king of the Western Franks in 888. His family is known as the Robertians. (West Francia evolved over time into France; under Odo, the capital was fixed on Paris, a large step in that direction.)

Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognising the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Norsemen.The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on June 29, 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper and, on June 15, 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival.

Robert was married twice 1) Aelis, a descendant of Charlemagne, 2) Béatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois, he had his only son, Hugh the Great, who was later dux Francorum and father of King Hugh Capet, -------------------- Sources: Comptons Interactive encyclopedia The book, 'The Oxford History of Medieval Europe'. -------------------- Robert I (August 15, 866 – June 15, 923), king of West Francia (922 – 923), was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who became king of the Western Franks in 888. West Francia evolved over time into France; under Odo, the capital was fixed on Paris, a large step in that direction. His family is known as the Robertians.

He was present at the Siege of Paris in 885. Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognising the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Norsemen.

The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on June 29, 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper and, on June 15, 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival.

Robert was married twice. Through his first wife, Aelis, a descendant of Charlemagne, he had two daughters. Each married powerful lay vassals of their father: Emma of France (894–935) to Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy, and Hildebranda (895–931) to Herbert II of Vermandois. Through his second wife, Béatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois, he had his only son, Hugh the Great, who was later dux Francorum and father of King Hugh Capet, and a daughter Richilda. He may have had other daughters. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_I_of_France -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_I_of_France -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montfort-l%27Amaury

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_II_of_France -------------------- Birth: 850 in Burgundy, Marne, France Death: 15 JUN 923 in Soissons, Aisne, France Sex: M Father: Robert de Marvois Mother: Adelaide de Upper Alsace

	 

Aliases: Robert of France

Title: BET 922 AND 923 in King of France, Versailles, Yvelines, France Title: 922 in King of the Rhine, North Rhine-Westphalia, Preussen Title: Duke of France, Versailles, Yvelines, France Title: Marquis of Neustria, France Title: Count of Paris, Ville-de-Paris, France Alt. Birth: 860 in Bourgogne, France Title: King of France Spouses & Children Beatrice de Vermandois (Wife) Marriage: ABT 894 in Versailles, Yvelines, France Children:

  1. DescendantsHildebrante de Marvois
  2. Emma de Queen of France MARVOIS
  3. DescendantsHugues Magnus de Marvois

Aelis of France (Wife) Children:

  1. DescendantsRichende de Champagne

Adele de Bourges (Wife) Children:

  1. DescendantsLiegarde Of The West Franks

-------------------- Robert I van Bourgondië (?, 865 - Soissons, 15 juni 923) was de jongste zoon van Robert de Sterke van Anjou en een broer van Odo I van Frankrijk.

Hij werd door Odo benoemd als hoofd van verschillende graafschappen, waaronder Parijs en Neustrië. Robert was ook abt in commendam van verschillende abdijen en verwierf het hertogdom der Franken, een belangrijke militaire graad. Robert eiste de Franse kroon niet op bij het overlijden van zijn broer in 898, maar erkende in tegendeel de aanspraken van de Karolingische vorst Karel III en bleef Noord-Frankrijk tegen de Noormannen verdedigen. De vrede tussen Karel de Eenvoudige en Robert bleef duren tot in 921. De geestelijkheid en de adel werden boos op Karel, die graaf Hagano bevoordeelde en met de hulp van de belangrijkste edelen voerde Robert een aanval uit op koning Karel III, die naar Lotharingen vluchtte en Robert werd op 30 juni 922 in Reims tot koning gekroond. Karel verzamelde nu een leger en trok tegen Robert op en op 15 juni 923 overwon hij hem en doodde hem in Soissons tijdens een duel.

Robert was gehuwd met

   * Adelheid van Maine
   * Beatrix van Vermandois, dochter van Herbert I van Vermandois,

en werd de vader van:

   * Adelheid, gehuwd met Herbert II van Vermandois,
   * Emma, in 918 gehuwd met Rudolf van Bourgondië,
   * Hugo de Grote, de vader van Hugo Capet,
   * Beatrix, gehuwd met Frederik I van Lotharingen,
   * Richildis.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_I_of_France -------------------- Robert I Capet De Morvais, King of West Franks, Marquis De Neustra1

M, b. 866, d. 15 June 923

Father Robert (Rupert Iv) Capet "The Strong", Marquis De Neustra b. b 836, d. 15 Sep 866

Mother Adelaide De Tours, De Aquitane b. bt 822 - 824

Robert I Capet De Morvais, King of West Franks, Marquis De Neustra|b. 866\nd. 15 Jun 923|p124.htm#i92237|Robert (Rupert Iv) Capet "The Strong", Marquis De Neustra|b. b 836\nd. 15 Sep 866|p124.htm#i92253|Adelaide De Tours, De Aquitane|b. bt 822 - 824|p1.htm#i92254|||||||Louis I. "The Pious", Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire|b. Aug 778\nd. 20 Jun 840|p6.htm#i92257|Judith 'The Fair", Princess of Bavaria|b. c 800\nd. 19 Apr 843|p6.htm#i92258|

Last Edited 12 Mar 2007

Birth* Robert I Capet De Morvais, King of West Franks, Marquis De Neustra was born in 866 in Bourgogne, France.

He was the son of Robert (Rupert Iv) Capet "The Strong", Marquis De Neustra and Adelaide De Tours, De Aquitane.

Marriage* Robert I Capet De Morvais, King of West Franks, Marquis De Neustra married Bâeatrice de Vermandois in 890.

Death* Robert I Capet De Morvais, King of West Franks, Marquis De Neustra died on 15 June 923 in Soissons, Picardy, France.

Family

Bâeatrice de Vermandois b. circa 880, d. March 931

Children

   * Hildebrante (Liegrade) Capet of Neustria b. c 887, d. a Mar 931
   * Emma Capet Princess of France b. c 896, d. bt 934 - 935
   * Hugues Magnus Capet Duke of France+ b. c 898, d. 17 Jun 956

Citations:

  1. He is also known as Robert I de Morvais, King of West Franks, Marquis de Neustria.

-------------------- Hertig Robert av huset Capet och bror till salig kung Odo var den starkaste av kung Karls vasaller, men han lydde bara kungen när han själv hade nytta av det. Om kung Karl förstod sig på kartan, kunde han se att Roberts välde var lika stort som hans eget återstående arvland: Robert var herre över Vermandois, Champagne och Anjou, därtill greve av Paris och Chartres, Tours och Blois, Orleans och Dreux. Kung Roberts här segrade i ett slag mot normanderna vid Soissons, Frankrike, i juni år 923, men kung Robert stupade själv i slaget.

Källa: "Normandernas hövding" av Rune Pär Olofsson.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_I_of_France

And in French: http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Ier_de_France

Robert I (15 August 866 – 15 June 923), King of Western Francia (922 – 923), was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who became king of the Western Franks in 888. West Francia evolved over time into France; under Odo, the capital was fixed on Paris, a large step in that direction. His family is known as the Robertians.

He was present at the Siege of Paris in 885. Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognising the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Norsemen.

The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on 29 June 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper and, on 15 June 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival.

Robert was married twice. Through his first wife, Aelis, he had two daughters. Each married powerful lay vassals of their father: Emma of France (894–935) to Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy, and Hildebranda (895–931) to Herbert II of Vermandois. Through his second wife, Béatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois, he had his only son, Hugh the Great, who was later dux Francorum and father of King Hugh Capet, and a daughter Richilda. He may have had other daughters.

Reign 29 June 922 – 15 June 923

Coronation 29 June 922, Rheims

Predecessor Charles the Simple

Successor Rudolph of France

Issue

Emma of France

Hildebranda of France

Hugh the Great

Richilda of France

Father Robert the Strong

Mother Adelaide of Tours

Born 15 August 866(866-08-15)

Died 15 June 923 (aged 56)

Soissons, France -------------------- Robert I (c. 865 - June 15, 923), king of France, or king of the Franks, was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, or Eudes, who became king of the western Franks in 888.

Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of duke of the Franks, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of France when his brother died in 898; but recognizing the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles III, the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern France from the attacks of the Normans.

The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks at Reims on June 29 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper, and on June 15 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival.

Robert left a son, Hugh the Great, duke of the Franks, and his grandson was Hugh Capet, king of France.

-------------------- Robert I (c. 865 - June 15, 923), king of France, or king of the Franks, was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, or Eudes, who became king of the western Franks in 888.

Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of duke of the Franks, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of France when his brother died in 898; but recognizing the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles III, the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern France from the attacks of the Normans.

The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks at Reims on June 29 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper, and on June 15 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival.

Robert left a son, Hugh the Great, duke of the Franks, and his grandson was Hugh Capet, king of France. --------------------

 Robert I, Roi de France was the son of Robert of Neustria, Duke of Neustria.1 He died circa 15 June 923, killed in action.1,2
    Robert I, Roi de France gained the title of Roi Robert I de France circa 29 June 922.1,2

Child of Robert I, Roi de France and Beatrice de Vermandois

   * Adela de France b. c 895

Children of Robert I, Roi de France

   * Emma de France 1
   * Liégarde de France+ 3
   * Hugues of Neustria, Comte de Paris+ b. c 895, d. 9 Jun 9562

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10519.htm#i105187

-------------------- Robert I (född cirka 865, död 15 juni 923) var en frankisk robertingisk kung över västfrankiska riket . Son till Robert den starke, hertig av Anjou; bror till Odo, hertig av Paris.

Genom sin bror Odo erhöll Robert fler grevskap inklusive grevskapet Paris och blev också utsedd till abbot in commendam vid många kloster och Robert själv säkrade posten som hertig av frankerna, en viktig militär titel. När hans bror dog 898 gjorde inte Robert anspråk på broderns titel som kung, utan accepterade den karolingiske tronpretendenten Karl den enfaldiges överhöghet. Detta gjorde han kunde behålla sina poster och egendomar och fortsätta att bekämpa attackerna från vikingar.

Friden mellan kungen och hans mäktiga rival varade ända till 921 då Karls styre, och särkskilt hans svaghet för en viss Hagano, väckte sådan irritation hos prästerskapet och många av de mäktigaste adelsmännen att Robert tog till vapen och fördrev Karl till Lothringen. Robert kröntes till kung i Reims 28 juni 922. Karl ställde dock upp en armé och gick till motangrepp och i närheten av Soissons 15 juni 923 drabbade rivalerna samman. Robert blev dödad i striden, enligt traditionen i en kamp man mot man med sin rival.

Robert efterlämnade en son Hugo den store vars son Hugo Capet kom att överta tronen från den karolingiska ätten

Västfrankiska riket

Västfrankiska riket, ett historiskt rike, bildat ca 843 som omfattade ungefär det område som utgör dagens Frankrike till skillnad från det östfrankiska riket som ungefär motsvarar dagens Tyskland och Österrike och blev det tysk-romerska riket.

Frankerriket har sin upprinnelse i de frankiska stammarnas landområde, och blev en tydligare statsbildning under den merovingska dynastin. Ett par århundraden utvidgade Karl den store riket avsevärt. Tre av hans sonsöner delade i fördraget i Verdun 843 riket mellan sig i det västfrankiska, östfrankiska och lotharingska (hertigdömet Lorraine) rikena. Detta fördrag ersattes år 870 av fördraget i Meerssen. Det västfrankiska riket styrdes därefter av karolingerna t o m Ludvig lättingen som fick lämna tronen till Hugo Capet som blev stamfader till den capetingska ätten. Det västfrankiska riket börjar under de närmaste århundradena att betraktas som Frankrike.

Hämtad från "http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/V%C3%A4stfrankiska_riket"

-------------------- Robert I (15 August 866 – 15 June 923), King of Western Francia (922–923), was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who became king of the Western Franks in 888. West Francia evolved over time into France; under Odo, the capital was fixed on Paris, a large step in that direction. His family is known as the Robertians.

He was present at the Siege of Paris in 885. Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognising the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Norsemen.

The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on 29 June 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper and, on 15 June 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival. His army nonetheless won the battle, and Charles was captured.

Robert was married twice. Through his first wife, Aelis, he had two daughters. Each married powerful lay vassals of their father: Emma of France (894–935) to Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy, and Hildebranda (895–931) to Herbert II of Vermandois. Through his second wife, Béatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois, he had his only son, Hugh the Great, who was later dux Francorum and father of King Hugh Capet, and a daughter Richilda. He may have had other daughters. -------------------- http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/2/2516.htm -------------------- Roberto I de França (865 - 15 de junho de 923) foi um rei francês, da dinastia carolíngia . Era o filho mais novo de Roberto, o Forte, Conde de Anjou, e irmão de Odo, rei francês de 888 a 898.

Foi filho de Roberto, o Forte, (820 - 866), conde e duque de Anjou e marquês da Nêustria.

Casou-se a primeira vez, em 890, com Aelis/Adele (cuja origem se desconhece), de quem teve:

  1. Luitegarda (ou Adela) de França (885 - 931) casada com Herberto II de Vermandois, (880 - 5 de Março de 943) conde de Vermandois.
  2. Emma da França (890 - 934) casou em 918 com Raul I de França, (890 - 15 de Janeiro de 936) rei dos Francos.

O segundo casamento foi com Beatriz de Vermandois (880 -?), filha de Herberto I de Vermandois, conde de Vermandois (840 -?), de quem teve:

  1. Hugo, o Grande, (895 - 19 de Junho de 956) marquês da Nêustria e duque dos francos, casado por três vezes, a primeira com Judite do Maine, a segunda com Adelaide de Inglaterra e a terceira com Hedwige da Saxônia.

in: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. <http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberto_I_de_Fran%C3%A7a>

-------------------- Count of Paris, Margrave of Neustria (and later at King of the Franks)

Robert I (c. 865 - June 15, 923), king of Western Francia, or king of the Franks, was the younger son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, or Eudes, who became king of the western Franks in 888.

He was present at the Siege of Paris in 885. Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of duke of the Franks, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of Western Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognizing the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles III, the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Normans.

The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks at Reims on June 29, 922. Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper, and on June 15 923, in a stubborn and sanguinary battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, according to one tradition in single combat with his rival.

-------------------- About Robert I de Neustria, King of France Robert I (866–923), King of Western Francia (922–923). Before succeeding his brother Odo as King he was the Count of Poitiers, Marquis of Neustria and Orléans and Count of Paris. Robert was born in 866 as the youngest son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who became king of the Western Franks in 888. West Francia evolved over time into France; under Odo, the capital was fixed on Paris, a large step in that direction. His family is known as the Robertians. He was present at the Siege of Paris in 885.[4] Appointed by Odo ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys, Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance. He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; but recognising the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple, he was confirmed in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of the Norsemen. The peace between the king and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921. The rule of Charles, and especially his partiality for a certain Hagano, had aroused some irritation; and, supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lorraine, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on 29 June 922.[6] Collecting an army, Charles marched against the usurper and, on 15 June 923, in a battle near Soissons, Robert was killed, but his army won the battle, and Charles was captured Robert I, obtained the county of Soissons before 889, probably in order to ensure the defence of the Oise against the Vikings. He thus secured a good landed base for expansion. He had the advantage over Baldwin I of Flanders, whose career started in much the same way, in that Herbert was a Carolingian in his own right, the grandson of Pippin, King of Italy. It was probably this that led Robert of Neustria, who aspired to enhance his family's standing, to take Herbert's daughter as his second wife, and also to marry his daughter (by his first wife) Adela to Herbert's son Herbert II, giving him the county of Meaux and possibly also Mezerais as her dowry. Herbert II, as a consequence, controlled a stretch of territory in the surroundings of Paris, in the heart of what had once been Eudes' power base.

-------------------- Robert I, King of France and Herbert I, Count of Vermandois, obtained the county of Soissons before 889, probably in order to ensure the defence of the Oise against the Vikings. He thus secured a good landed base for expansion. He had the advantage over Baldwin I of Flanders, whose career started in much the same way, in that Herbert was a Carolingian in his own right, the grandson of Pippin, King of Italy. It was probably this, that led Robert of Neustria, who aspired to enhance his family's standing, to take Herbert's daughter as his second wife, and also to marry his daughter (by his first wife) Adela to Herbert's son Herbert II, giving him the county of Meaux and possibly also Mezerais as her dowry. Herbert II, as a consequence, controlled a stretch of territory in the surroundings of Paris, in the heart of what had once been Eudes' power base. -------------------- Marquês da Neustria (893)- Conde de Paris (898). Rei de França (922).

Roberto I, rei dos Francos. Nascido cerca de 866, achou-se na Batalha de Soissons 15.06.923 Pais: Pai: Roberto o Forte, marquês da Neustria Mãe: Ema da Argóvia Casamentos Beatriz de Vermandois Filhos Hugo o Grande, marquês de Neustria, duque de França * 895 Heduvige de Saxe

in, http://pagfam.geneall.net/1180/pessoas.php?id=1050980

-------------------- Leo: Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser , Reference: 1961.

view all 72

Robert I, King of France's Timeline

862
862
1st wife
866
August 15, 866
Angers, Anjou (within present Maine-et-Loire), Neustrie, Francie occidentale (Present France)
866
born posthumously
888
888
- June 15, 923
Age 21
France
890
890
Age 23
Western Francia (Present France)
892
892
- June 15, 923
Age 25
France
893
893
- 893
Age 26
Poitou, France
894
August 30, 894
- June 15, 923
Age 28
Tours, France
895
895
Age 28
897
897
Age 30
France