Robert II Stewart, King of Scots (1316 - 1390) MP 100

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Nicknames: "Robert II Stewart King of Scotland"
Birthplace: Dundonald, Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland
Managed by: Sally Gene Cole
Last Updated:

About Robert II Stewart, King of Scots

Name: Robert II, The Steward, King of Scots was born 2 March 1316. He died 19 April 1390 in Dundonald Castle in 1390 and lies buried at Scone Abbey. He was also known as Robert, High Steward of Scots and by his Gaelic Name, Roibert II Stiùbhairt.

Coronation: 26 Mar 1371

Ruled: 22 February 1371 to 19 April 1390

Preceded by: David II (Dàibhidh Bruis) Ruled 7 June 1329 - 22 Febuary 1371

Succeeded by Robert III Ruled 19 April 1390 - 4 April 1406

Basics

Son of: Walter Steward 1293 - 9 Apr 1326 and Marjorie Bruce December 1296 - 2 March 1316 (Daughter of Robert I)

Married:

  1. Elizabeth Mure c.1348

Children:

  1. John Stewart, Earl of Carrick
  2. Walter Stewart, Lord of Fife (d. 1362)
  3. Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, Earl of Fife and Monteith
  4. Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, Lord of Badenoch and Ross
  5. Margaret Stewart
  6. Marjory Stewart
  7. Isabella Stewart
  8. Katherine Stewart
  9. Elizabeth Stewart

Married

2. Euphemia de Ross 1355

Children:

  1. David Stewart, 1st Earl of Caithness, Earl of Strathearn
  2. Walter Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl
  3. Margaret Stewart
  4. Elizabeth Stewart
  5. Egidia Stewart

Illegitimate children of with Mariota de Cardney

  1. Alexander Stewart of Innerlunan
  2. Sir John Stewart of Cardney
  3. James Stewart of Abernethy & Kinfaun
  4. Walter Stewart
  5. Possible Unknown Daughter(s)

Illegitimate children with Moira Leitch

  1. Sir John Stewart of Bute
  2. Possible Unknown Daughter(s)

Illegitimate children with Unknown

  1. Sir John Stewart of Dundonald
  2. Thomas Stewart, Bishop of St Andrews
  3. Alexander Stewart, Canon of Glasgow
  4. James Stewart, Canon of Glasgow
  5. Possible Unknown Daughter(s)
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Wikipedia links:

Български, Česky, Dansk, Deutsch, Ελληνικά, English, Español, Suomi, Français, עברית, Magyar, Íslenska, Italiano, 日本語, Nederlands, Norsk (bokmål)‎, Polski, Português, Русский, Svenska, Українська, 中文

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other links:

http://www.britroyals.com/scots.asp?id=robert2

http://www.douglashistory.co.uk/history/kingrobert2nd.htm

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9457579

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=9591

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I3115&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I6180&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I187561&tree=Welsh

http://www.mathematical.com/stuartrobert1316.html

http://thepeerage.com/p10210.htm

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Citations / Sources :

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, pages 16, 77, 310-311. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage

[S39] Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets (filmed 1996), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Family History Department. Medieval Family History Unit, (Manuscript. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1996), FHL film 1553977-1553985..

[S40] Handbook of British Chronology (1986), Fryde, E. B., editor, (Royal Historical Society guides and handbooks, no. 2. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1986), FHL book 942 C4rg no. 2., p. 59.

[S109] #2419 Genealogical account of the family of Edmonstone of Duntreath, Edmonstone, Archibald, Sir, (Edinburgh : A. Edmondson, 1875), 929.241 Ed58e., p. 25.

[S658] The Royal Stewarts, Henderson, T. F., (William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh and London, 1914), 929.241 St49h., Stewart Pedigree.

[S2149] #665 The Genealogist (1877-1922), (Old Series, 7 volumes, 1877-1883. New Series, 38 volumes, 1884-1922. London: George Bell, 1877-1922), FHL book 942 B2gqm; see FHL catalog for list of vo., Spring 1980, vol. 1 no. 1 p. 93 fn. 45.

[S2318] #1210 The Family of Griffith of Garn and Plasnewydd in the County of Denbigh, as Registered in the College of Arms from the Beginning of the XIth Century (1934), Glenn, Thomas Allen, (London: Harrison, 1934), FHL book 929.2429 G875g; FHL microfilm 994,040 ite., p. 306.

-------------------- Robert II (March 2, 1316 - April 19, 1390), king of Scots, called "the Steward", a title that gave the name to the House of Stewart (or Stuart). He ruled from 1371 until his death.

Robert was the sole son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of King Robert I of Scotland and his first wife Isabella of Mar. He was delivered by caesarean section. His mother survived his birth by some hours at most.

In 1318 the Scottish parliament decreed that if King Robert died without sons the crown should pass to his grandson; but the birth of a son afterwards, King David II, to Bruce in 1324 postponed the accession of Robert for nearly forty-two years. Soon after the infant David became king in 1329, the Steward began to take a prominent part in the affairs of Scotland. He was one of the leaders of the Scottish army at the battle of Halidon Hill in July 1333; and after gaining some successes over the adherents of Edward Balliol in the west of Scotland, he and John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray (d. 1346), were chosen as regents of the kingdom, while David sought safety in France.

The colleagues soon quarrelled; then Randolph fell into the hands of the English and Robert became sole regent, meeting with such success in his efforts to restore the royal authority that the king was able to return to Scotland in 1341. Having handed over the duties of government to David, the Steward escaped from the battle of Neville's Cross in 1346, and was again chosen regent while the king was a captive in England. Soon after this event some friction arose between Robert and his royal uncle. Accused, probably without truth, of desertion at Neville's Cross, the Steward as heir-presumptive was greatly chagrined by the king's proposal to make Edward III of England, or one of his sons, the heir to the Scottish throne, and by David's marriage with Margaret Logie.

In 1363 he rose in rebellion, and after having made his submission was seized and imprisoned together with four of his sons, being only released a short time before David's death in February 1371. By the terms of the decree of 1318 Robert now succeeded to the throne, and was crowned at Scone, Perthshire in March 1371. He was not a particularly active king. Some steps were taken by the nobles to control the royal authority. In 1378 a war broke out with England; but the king took no part in the fighting, which included the burning of Edinburgh and the Scottish victory at the Battle of Otterburn in 1388.

As age and infirmity were telling upon him, the estates in 1389 appointed his second surviving son Robert, Earl of Fife, afterwards Duke of Albany, guardian of the kingdom. The king died at Dundonald in 1390, and was buried at Scone.

His first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan, a lady who had formerly been his mistress. Robert had married her in 1336, but as the marriage had been criticised as uncanonical, he remarried her in 1349. By her he had at least ten children:

John Stewart (d. 1406), later king as Robert III Alexander of Buchan (1343?1394) Margaret Stewart, married John MacDonald, Lord of the Isles Walter Stewart (d. 1362), married Isabel Macduff, 9th Countess of Fife Robert of Albany (1339?1420) Marjory Stewart, married first John Dunbar, 5th Earl of Moray, second Alexander Keith Jean Stewart, married in 1373 Sir John Keith, in 1379 Sir John Lyon, in 1384 Sir James Sandilands Isabel Stewart, married first James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas, married second David Edmondstone Katherine Stewart Elizabeth Stewart, married Sir Thomas Hay, Lord High Constable of Scotland By his second wife, Euphemia, daughter of Hugh de Ross, 4th Earl of Ross, and widow of the 3rd Earl of Moray, formerly his colleague as regent, he had five children:

David Stewart, 1st Earl of Caithness (d. bef. 1389) Walter Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl (d. 1437) Margaret Stewart Elizabeth Stewart, married 1380 David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford Egidia Stewart, married 1387 Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale The confusion about the circumstances of his first marriage would later lead to conflict amongst the descendants of his first marriage (which included James I of Scotland) and the unquestionably legitimate descendants of his second marriage.

Robert had also eight illegitimate children, mostly by unknown mothers.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_II_of_Scotland

view all 32

Robert II of Scotland's Timeline

1316
March 2, 1316
Kyle, Ayrshire, Scotland
1330
1330
Age 13
overlooking-Village of Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland
1332
1332
Age 15
Scotland
1333
July 19, 1333
Age 17
Scotland

Battle of Halidon Hill (19 July 1333) was fought during the Second War of Scottish Independence. Scottish forces under Sir Archibald Douglas were heavily defeated on unfavourable terrain while trying to relieve Berwick-upon-Tweed.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Halidon_Hill

1335
1335
Age 18
1337
August 4, 1337
Age 21
Dundonald Castle, Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland
1340
1340
Age 23
Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland
1343
1343
Age 26
Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland
1347
1347
Age 30
1348
1348
Age 31
Scotland, (Present UK)