Robert II de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale

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Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale

Nicknames: "The Cadet", "2nd Lord of /Annandale/", "Le Meschin", "Robert Le Meschin Brus.", "9754"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Annandale, Dumfries, Scotland
Death: Died in Annandale, Dumfries, Scotland
Place of Burial: Gisborough Priory, North Riding, Yorkshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert I de Bruce, seigneur de Brix; Robert de Brus; Agnès Pagnel of Carlton and Agnes de Brusse
Husband of Eufemia d'Aumale
Father of Robert IV de Brus, III, of Annandale; William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale; Agatha and Bernard De Brus
Brother of Agatha FitzRibald; Adam de Brusse of Skelton Lord of Cleveland; Pagon De Brus and Luce de Bruce
Half brother of Guillaume de Bruce

Occupation: 2nd Lord of Annandale 1138-1196, le Meschin, 2nd Lord of Annandale, le Meschin (the Cadet)
Managed by: Bianca May Evelyn Brennan
Last Updated:

About Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale

Robert II de Brus, The Cadet, (died 1194) was a 12th century Norman noble and Lord of Annandale. He was the son, perhaps the second son,[1] of Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale.

The elder de Brus' allegiances were compromised when David invaded England in the later 1130s, and he had renounced his fealty to David before the Battle of the Standard in 1138. The younger Robert however remained loyal and took over his father's land in Scotland, whilst the English territories remained with the elder Robert and passed to the latter's elder son Adam. Bruce family tradition has it that Robert II was captured by his father at the battle and given over to King Stephen of England.

A legend tells that in the 1140s, Robert II was visited at Annan by St Malachy. St Malachy asked Robert to pardon a thief, but Robert hung him anyway, and for this the River Annan destroyed part of his castle and the de Brus line received a curse from the holy man. Robert made Lochmaben the centre of his lordship and constructed a new caput there.

Robert was buried at Guisborough Priory in North Riding, Yorkshire, a monastery founded by his father Robert I de Brus. As his eldest son, Robert, predeceased him, he was succeeded by his second son William.

He married Euphemia, a daughter of Ingleram de Aumale, who's father was Stephen, Count of Aumale. They had five known children,

Robert (d. 1191), eldest son.

William (d. 1212).

Bernard.

Agatha.

Euphemia

Footnotes

^ Burke's The Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire 1883: 80

References

Burke, Messrs. John and John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with their Descendants, etc., London, 1848: vol.1, pedigree XXXIV.

Flower, William, Norroy King of Arms, The Visitation of Yorkshire, 1563/4, (edited by Charles B. Northcliffe, M.A., of Langton) London, 1881, p.40.

Duncan, A.A.M., ‘Brus , Robert (I) de, lord of Annandale (d. 1142)’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed 14 Nov 2006

Duncan, A. A. M., ‘Brus , Robert (II) de, lord of Annandale (d. 1194?)’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed 14 Nov 2006

Oram, Richard, David: The King Who Made Scotland, (Gloucestershire, 2004)

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See the extensive discussion of Robert de Brus and his role in the history of England and Scotland in Ruth Margaret Blakeley's book, "The Brus Family in England and Scotland, 1100-1295." Much of this book is available on line through Googlebooks at http://books.google.com/books?id=_c95jpY_joAC&printsec=frontcover.

-------------------- The Lord of Annandale was a sub-comital lordship in southern Scotland (Annandale) established by David I of Scotland by 1124 for his follower Robert de Brus. The following were holders of the officers:

Robert II de Brus, le Meschin (the Cadet) (fl. 1138, died c. 1189 or 1194), was a 12th century Norman noble and 2nd Lord of Annandale. He was the son, perhaps the second son,[1] of Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale.

The elder de Brus' allegiances were compromised when David I invaded England in the later 1130s, and he had renounced his fealty to David before the Battle of the Standard in 1138. The younger Robert however remained loyal and took over his father's land in Scotland, whilst the English territories remained with the elder Robert and passed to the latter's elder son Adam. Bruce family tradition has it that Robert II was captured by his father at the battle and given over to King Stephen of England.

A legend tells that in the 1140s, Robert II was visited at Annan by St Malachy. St Malachy asked Robert to pardon a thief, but Robert hung him anyway, and for this the River Annan destroyed part of his castle and the de Brus line received a curse from the holy man. Robert made Lochmaben the centre of his lordship and constructed a new caput there.

He married Euphemia de Crosebi or Crosbj of Aumale, daughter of Sir Adam de Crosebi or Crosbj. They had five known children:

Robert (d. 1191), eldest son. William (d. 1212). Bernard. Agatha. Euphemia. Robert was buried at Gisborough Priory in the North Riding, Yorkshire, England, a monastery founded by his father Robert I de Brus. As his eldest son, Robert, predeceased him, he was succeeded by his second son William.

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Robert II de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale's Timeline

1103
1103
Annandale, Dumfries, Scotland
1138
1138
Age 35
supported the case of King David at battle of the Standard
1140
1140
Age 37
Anandale,Dunfrieshire,,England
1144
1144
Age 41
Annandale, Dumfrieshire, Scotland
1150
1150
Age 47
Annandale, Dumfrieshire, Scotland
1190
1190
Age 87
Annandale, Dumfries, Scotland
1191
1191
Age 87
Haddington, Lincolnshire, England, (Present UK)
1194
1194
Age 87
Gisborough Priory, North Riding, Yorkshire, England
1932
September 20, 1932
Age 87
AZ
1933
March 21, 1933
Age 87