|Birthplace:||Combs, Suffolk, , England|
|Death:||Died in Fairfield, CT, USA|
|Place of Burial:||Fairfield, Fairfield, Connecticut, United States|
Son of Edmund Creswell Lockwood (Immigrant) and Alice Cowper
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Robert Lockwood
Robert Lockwood (c1605 - 1658), son of Edmund Lockwood and Alice Cowper, was born about 1605 at Coombs, Suffolk, England; he died at the age of 53 on 11 September 1658 at Fairfield, Connecticut. He married by 1635 Susanna Norman (1617 - 1660), daughter of Captain Richard Norman and Margaret Alford, who was born 31 July 1617 at Dorchester, Dorchestershire, England. Following the death of Lockwood, Susanna married (2) about 1659 Jeffrey Ferris (born 1634 Watertown).
Children of Robert and Susanna Lockwood
- Jonathan Lockwood (1634 - 1688)
- Deborah Lockwood (1636 - 1660)
- Joseph Lockwood (1638 - 1717)
- Daniel Lockwood (1640 - 1691)
- Ephraim Lockwood (1641 - 1685)
- Gershom Lockwood (1643 - 1718)
- John Lockwood (1645 - 1677)
- Abigail Lockwood (1646 - 1690)
- Sarah Lockwood (1650 - c1651)
- Sarah Lockwood (1651 - 1688)
- Mary Lockwood (1654 - 1749)
Robert Lockwood was baptized on 18 January 1600/1, at Combs, Suffolk, England, the son of Edmund Lockwood and Alice Cowper. Robert arrived in Massachusetts in 1633. He was designated a freeman of Massachusetts Bay at Watertown 9 March 1636/7, so he was certainly also a member of the Watertown Congregational church (membership was required for freeman status).
He removed to Fairfield, Connecticut, about 1646, was made a freemen of Connecticut in May 1652, and died in 1658 (estate inventoried 11 September 1658). He married Susannah, probably daughter of Richard Norman of Salem, Massachusetts, she married (second) Jeffrey Ferris.
Edmund Lockwood, brother. Robert was executor of Edmund's estate in 1635, and gave permission for the church of Watertown to appoint Governor John Haynes and Simon Bradstreet to give the minor children unto the care of such persons as they thought meet. Edmund's widow married 2nd to John Masters. Edmund had resided at Cambridge before his death.
Prior to 1639, Robert Lockwood sold to John Masters "five acres of marsh at the oyster bank near the river." This land had probably belonged to Edmund prior to his death. Also, we know that in late 1636 to early 1647, the size of property granted was based on number of family members, and Robert had two extra persons in his family. These were the two orphaned children of Edmund's first marriage, (her name is unknown). One was Edmund's son, Edmund Lockwood, and the other is unidentified.
Nicholas Knapp's "Homestall" was an adjoining property to Robert's. Nicholas sold all his holdings at Watertown on 6 May 1646, while Robert had done so a week earlier, on 30 April 1646, and to the same men, Bryan Pendleton and Edward Garfield. They both removed to Stamford in 1646. Immigrated to Watertown
Robert arrived at Massachusetts Bay Colony sometime before 1634. In fact, judging by the pattern of his landholding at Watertown, he probably arrived by 1633. His son, Jonathan, was born in Watertown 10 September 1634. His wife, Susanna was in Watertown for several years by that time, and his brother, Edmund, arrived in 1630. Therefore it is entirely possible that Robert immigrated earlier. He may have even traveled with his brother. The year is set at 1634 only because we have solid documentation for it.
Robert married, by 1634, to Susanna Norman, the daughter of Richard Norman. Robert and Susanna had eleven children.
After Robert's death, Susanna married Jeffrey Ferris, and she died at Greenwich on 23 December 1660. Jeffrey Ferris was made guardian of the minor children after the death of Robert.
Property at Watertown, Stamford and Fairfield
Robert was granted or purchased land many times while in Watertown. In the Composite Inventory, he held eight parcels. Examples include:
- July 25, 1636, Robert was granted a thirty-five acre lot out of the "second division" at Watertown.
- February 28, 1636 he was granted six acres.
- In the allotting of land on June 26, 1637, Robert Lockhart received six acres in Watertown.
In 1643, the town decreed that "all that had not Farmes laid out formerly shall take them by ten in a Division ... allowing 13 Acres of upland to every head of Persons and cattle," and Robert was assigned 130 acres.
In 1645, Robert sold a small parcel, and on April 30, 1646, he sold all his holdings at Watertown to Bryan Pendleton and Edward Garfield. Robert removed in 1646 to Stamford and to Fairfield in 1650.
On 21 May 1657 Robert was appointed Sergeant of the Fairfield train band.
Robert died without having left a will. The court appointed his widow, "Susanna Lockwood" administratrix of the estate. Nine children received bequests: Jonathan, the eldest; Joseph; Daniell; Epraim; Gershom; John; Abigall, who married John Barlowe; Sarah; and Mary, who later married Jonathan Hewsteed. Daughter Deborah, who had already received her portion.
The inventory of Robert Lockwood's estate was taken on 1 September 1658 He is described as "Robert Lockwood deceased in Fairfield." His estate was worth £464, with £110 in real estate. He may have died suddenly; besides not leaving a will, some property transfers were left unfinished and were addressed by the court.
"An Atrocious Lockwood Blunder"
An 1889 genealogical work about this family, "Descendants of Robert Lockwood: Colonial and Revolutionary history of the Lockwood family in America, from A.D. 1630", by Holden and Lockwood, contains major mistakes and has lead to problems in understanding the lineage of the Lockwoods in America.
Apparently the surviving children of Edmund Lockwood, brother of the subject of this profile, were assigned to Robert instead of Edmund. Donald Lines Jacobus wrote an article published in the The American Genealogist in 1954, entitled "An Atrocious Lockwood Blunder."
Unfortunately the errors have been repeated and propagated in many other works, and now are infecting many of the databases available online. Jacobus cautions us with a "warning against accepting the statements of this book as authentic without thorough investigation and verification." This is an appropriate warning in regards to any secondary source in genealogy, but it is especially essential in regards to the Lockwoods.
Sources and Further Reference
- Anderson, Robert C. "Robert Lockwood" Great Migration 1634-1635, I-L. Pages 308-15 (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2008.) accessed online May 15, 2014
- Holden, Frederick A. and E. Dunbar Lockwood, comp., Descendants of Robert Lockwood. Colonial and Revolutionary history of the Lockwood family in America, from A.D. 1630 (Vol 31(1954), Pgs 222-28) Philadelphia: S.P., 1889, accessed online May 15, 2014
- Jacobus, Donald L., "An Atrocious Lockwood Blunder." (Vol 31(1954), Pgs 222-24) The American Genealogist. New Haven, CT: D. L. Jacobus, 1937-. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2009 - .) accessed online May 15, 2014
- Historical Society of Watertown Watertown records comprising the first and second books of town proceedings with the lands grants and possessions, also the proprietors' book and the first book and supplement of births and deaths and marriages (Pages 4,6,9, 12,15, 25, 82) Watertown, Mass: Fred G. Baker Pr., 1894, accessed online May 15, 2014
- Schenck, Elizabeth H., The History of Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut, from the Settlement of the Town in 1639 to 1818: 1639-1700 (Page 392) New York: S.P., 1889, accessed May 15, 2014.
- Anderson, Robert C., "Robert Lockwood of Watertown, Stamford and Fairfield: English ancestry, New England Connections and children’s marriages." Connecticut Ancestry 47 (2004):119-
- Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988: Town and City Clerks of Massachusetts. Massachusetts Vital and Town Records. Provo, UT: Holbrook Research Institute (Jay and Delene Holbrook). Publication: Ancestry.com
- Find-A-Grave Virtual Cemetery memorial #26982940
Robert Lockwood's Timeline
January 18, 1600
Combs, Suffolk, United Kingdom
January 18, 1600
Combs, Suffolk, England
January 18, 1600
Combs, Suffolk, England, United Kingdom
Combs, Suffolk, , England
Watertown, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
September 10, 1634
Watertown, Massachusetts Bay Colony
October 12, 1636
Watertown, Middlesex, MA, USA
August 6, 1638
Watertown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States
March 21, 1640
Watertown, Middlesex Co., MA