Robert Rich 2nd Earl, Warwick

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Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Warwich,,Nottinghamshire,England
Death: Died in Warwick House, Holborn, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Rich, 1st Earl of Warwick and Penelope Blount, Countess of Devonshire
Husband of Susan Halliday; Frances Rich; Eleanor Wortley and Frances Rich
Father of Lucy Robartes; Anne Montagu; Viscountess of Mandeville, Ann Montagu; Robert Rich, 3rd Earl of Warwick; Frances, Countess of Scarsdale and 2 others
Brother of Charles Rich; Essex Cheke; Penelope Clifton (Rich); Isabel Smythe; Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland and 1 other
Half brother of Mountjoy Blount, 2nd Earl of Devonshire; Ruth Tilghman; Elizabeth Blount and John Blount

Occupation: 2nd Earl of Warwick
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Robert Rich 2nd Earl, Warwick

Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, 1587-1658

Puritan nobleman involved in colonial ventures and privateering, he served as Lord High Admiral of Parliament's navy during the civil wars.

biography

From British Civil War project

The eldest son of Robert Rich, third Baron Rich (later first Earl of Warwick) and his wife Penelope, daughter of the first Earl of Essex, Robert Rich was born around June 1587 at Leighs Priory in Essex. He was knighted at the coronation of King James I in July 1603 and succeeded as the second Earl of Warwick in March 1619. His inheritance made him one of the most powerful landowners in the kingdom, with extensive estates in Essex and property in London.

During the 1620s and '30s, Warwick was active in colonial ventures in New England and the West Indies. He also financed several privateering expeditions against the Spaniards. A staunch Puritan, Warwick became increasingly alienated from court life and was associated with the opposition to King Charles' policies led by Lord Saye-and-Sele and the Broughton Castle circle.

Although he was appointed to the King's privy council in April 1641, Warwick was a leading critic of the Earl of Strafford and was active in his prosecution, introducing into the House of Lords the bill of attainder by which Strafford was condemned to death. After King Charles fled from London early in 1642, Parliament appointed Warwick lord-lieutenant of Essex, where he personally put the Militia Ordinance into execution. ...

.... The republican government in England viewed Warwick's caution against the Royalists with suspicion, particularly as his brother the Earl of Holland was on trial for his life after fighting against Parliament in the Second Civil War. In February 1649, Warwick's admiralty commission was revoked. He retired from public life until the establishment of Cromwell's Protectorate with its anti-Spanish foreign policy, of which he approved. In June 1657, Warwick carried the sword of state during Cromwell's second inauguration as Lord Protector. The following November, his grandson and heir Robert Rich married Cromwell's daughter Frances. Warwick died in April 1658, his death greatly lamented by Cromwell.

notes

"Puritanism remained a strong theme in politics. In 1628-1629 were parliamentary confrontations with the crown over unparliamentary taxation, forced loans, arbitrary imprisonment, and Arminianism and persecution of Puritans. A political opposition grouped around the Earl of Warwick, Lord Saye and Sele, and Sir Nathaniel Rich and their colonizing ventures."  Brenner, Merchants and Revolution, pp. 148ff.

"It would appear that Brenner is the first historian to strongly link the second Earl of Warwick with the formerly unreported extent of the trading engaged by Maurice Thomson and Thomson's associates."

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Robert Rich 2nd Earl, Warwick's Timeline

1587
June 5, 1587
Warwich,,Nottinghamshire,England
1604
February 12, 1604
Age 16
Hackney, Middlesex, England
1604
Age 16
Warwickshire, UK
1604
Age 16
1611
June 28, 1611
Age 24
Warwich, England
1615
1615
Age 27
UK
1658
April 19, 1658
Age 70
Warwick House, Holborn, Middlesex, England
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