Robert de Sablé, 11th Templar Grand Master (c.1150 - 1193) MP

‹ Back to de Sablé surname

Is your surname de Sablé?

Research the de Sablé family

Robert de Sablé, 11th Templar Grand Master's Geni Profile

Records for Robert de Sablé

145,979 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Nicknames: "Robertus de Sabloloi"
Birthplace: Sablé-sur-Sarthe, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France
Death: Died in Jerusalem, Palestine, Israel
Occupation: Grand-Maître, Seigneur de Sablé & de La Suze, Sieur, de la Suze, de Briollay, de Chypre, Grand Maître, du Temple, Croisé lors de la troisième croisade, 11e grand-maître de l'Ordre du Temple
Managed by: William John O'Brien
Last Updated:

About Robert de Sablé, 11th Templar Grand Master

Robert de Sablé was the Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1191 to 1193 and Lord of Cyprus from 1191 to 1192.

Contents [hide]

1 Personal life

2 Military record

2.1 Angevin Civil War

2.2 Third Crusade

3 Acquisition of Cyprus

4 Delayed election

5 References


[edit] Personal life

No exact record of his birth date exists, but it is believed he was relatively old at the time of his death. He was born to a respected military family in Anjou and was "a leading Angevin vassal of the King".[1] His lordship was based in a cluster of lands in the River Sarthe valley, which he inherited in the 1160s.[2]. He married Clemence de Mayenne (died before 1209), the daughter of Geoffroy, Seigneur de Mayenne and Isabelle de Meulan. He was succeeded in Anjou by his daughter Marguerite de Sablé, who by marriage passed the entire honor to William des Roches, also a knight of the Third Crusade. Robert died in the Holy Land on 23 September 1193.[3]

[edit] Military record

[edit] Angevin Civil War

In 1173, Sablé supported Henry the Young King in a revolt against Henry II. The uprising was crushed but Robert must have remained in favour with the Angevin Kings, as Richard I would later be instrumental in his appointment as Grand Master.[4] He contributed money to French monastic houses in 1190 as a way of making amends.[5]

[edit] Third Crusade

Despite only having a short tenure, Sablé's reign was filled with campaigning, and successful campaigning at that. The might of Richard the Lion Heart's strategy, seasoned troops, and the elite Templar knights scored many victories. During the Third Crusade, they laid siege to the city of Acre, which soon fell. Throughout August 1191, they also recaptured many fortresses and cities along the Palestinian coast, which had been lost previously.

The new coalition's finest hour was the Battle of Arsuf, 7 September 1191. Saladin's Muslim forces appeared to have become far stronger than the Christians, and a decisive victory was desperately needed. Pooling all of the crusader's strength, the Knights Hospitaller joined the ranks, plus many knights from Sablé's native Anjou, Maine, and Brittany. They met Saladin's troops on the dry plains and soon broke his ranks. Those who stayed to fight were killed, and the remaining Islamic troops were forced to retreat.

[edit] Acquisition of Cyprus

At the end of 1191, Richard Lion Heart agreed to sell Cyprus to the Templars for 25,000 pieces of silver. Richard had plundered the island from the Byzantine forces of a rival emperor in Cyprus some months earlier and had no real use for it. The Hospitallers would later establish solid bases on the islands Rhodes and Malta, but Sablé failed to do the same with the island of Cyprus. He was lord for two years, until he gave (or sold) the island to Guy de Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, as he was without a kingdom.

Sablé did manage to establish a Chieftain House of the Order in Saint-Jean d'Acre, which remained for almost a century.

[edit] Delayed election

Sablé was lucky to have been Grand Master at all, as at the time of Gérard de Ridefort's death, he was not even a member of the Templar Order. However, the senior knights had become increasingly opposed to Masters fighting on the front line, and the capture and beheading of Grand Master Gerard de Ridefort became the final straw. They delayed elections for over a year so that the rules regarding active service of Grand Masters could be reviewed. During this hiatus, Sablé did join the order, just in time to be considered for election. When he was made Grand Master, he had been a Templar knight for less than a year.

[edit] References

http://www.templiers.org/robertsable-eng.php

1.^ History of the Templars - Malcolm Barber

2.^ History of the Templars - Malcolm Barber

3.^ vitae paparum avenionensium

4.^ History of the Templars - Malcolm Barber

5.^ History of the Templars - Malcolm Barber

Preceded by

Gérard de Ridefort Grand Master of the Knights Templar

1191–1193 Succeeded by

Gilbert Horal

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_de_Sabl%C3%A9"

Categories: Medieval Knights Templar members -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_de_Sable

Robert de Sablé was the Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1191 to 1193 and Lord of Cyprus from 1191 to 1192.

No exact record of his birth date exists, but it is believed he was relatively old at the time of his death. He was born to a respected military family in Anjou and was "a leading Angevin vassal of the King".[1] His lordship was based in a cluster of lands in the River Sarthe valley, which he inherited in the 1160s.[2] He married Clemence de Mayenne (died before 1209), the daughter of Geoffroy, Seigneur de Mayenne and Isabelle de Meulan. He was succeeded in Anjou by his daughter Marguerite de Sablé, who by marriage passed the entire honor to William des Roches, also a knight of the Third Crusade. Robert died in the Holy Land on 23 September 1193.[3]

Military record Angevin Civil War In 1173, Sablé supported Henry the Young King in a revolt against Henry II. The uprising was crushed but Robert must have remained in favour with the Angevin Kings, as Richard I would later be instrumental in his appointment as Grand Master.[4] He contributed money to French monastic houses in 1190 as a way of making amends.[5]

Third Crusade Despite only having a short tenure, Sablé's reign was filled with campaigning, and successful campaigning at that. The might of Richard the Lion Heart's strategy, seasoned troops, and the elite Templar knights scored many victories. During the Third Crusade, they laid siege to the city of Acre, which soon fell. Throughout August 1191, they also recaptured many fortresses and cities along the Palestinian coast, which had been lost previously.

The new coalition's finest hour was the Battle of Arsuf, 7 September 1191. Saladin's Muslim forces appeared to have become far stronger than the Christians, and a decisive victory was desperately needed. Pooling all of the crusader's strength, the Knights Hospitaller joined the ranks, plus many knights from Sablé's native Anjou, Maine, and Brittany. They met Saladin's troops on the dry plains and soon broke his ranks. Those who stayed to fight were killed, and the remaining Islamic troops were forced to retreat.

Acquisition of Cyprus At the end of 1191, Richard Lion Heart agreed to sell Cyprus to the Templars for 25,000 pieces of silver. Richard had plundered the island from the Byzantine forces of a rival emperor in Cyprus some months earlier and had no real use for it. The Hospitallers would later establish solid bases on the islands Rhodes and Malta, but Sablé failed to do the same with the island of Cyprus. He was lord for two years, until he gave (or sold) the island to Guy de Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, as he was without a kingdom.

Sablé did manage to establish a Chieftain House of the Order in Saint-Jean d'Acre, which remained for almost a century.

Delayed election Sablé was lucky to have been Grand Master at all, as at the time of Gerard de Ridefort's death, he was not even a member of the Templar Order. However, the senior knights had become increasingly opposed to Masters fighting on the front line, and the capture and beheading of Grand Master Gerard de Ridefort became the final straw. They delayed elections for over a year so that the rules regarding active service of Grand Masters could be reviewed. During this hiatus, Sablé did join the order, just in time to be considered for election. When he was made Grand Master, he had been a Templar knight for less than a year.

In popular culture In the 2007 video game Assassin's Creed, Robert de Sablé is presented as the main antagonist (in addition to being presented as the leader of the Knights Templar within the game's story).

view all

Robert de Sablé, 11th Templar Grand Master's Timeline

1150
1150
Sablé-sur-Sarthe, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France
1169
1169
Age 19
Pas De La, Loire, Rhone-Alpes, France
1183
1183
Age 33
Sablé-sur-Sarthe, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France
1193
September 23, 1193
Age 43
Jerusalem, Palestine, Israel
????
????
????