Sir Robert de Ufford, Justicar

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Robert de Ufford (de Peyton), Justiciar of Ireland

Also Known As: "de ufford"
Birthplace: Peyton Hall, Ramshold, Suffolk, England
Death: Died in Ufford, Suffolk, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir John de Peyton, of Peyton Hall and Clemence de Peyton
Husband of Sarah Ufford; Mary de Ufford and Joan de Ufford
Father of Alice Howard; Amabilia de Ufford, Prioress of Carrow; Alice Wateville; Robert de Ufford, 1st Baron Ufford; Margaret Coleville and 1 other
Brother of Sir John de Peyton, of Peyton Hall

Occupation: Lord of Ufford, Chief Justice of Ireland
Managed by: Daniel Robert May
Last Updated:

About Sir Robert de Ufford, Justicar

ROBERT de Ufford (d. 1298), was the founder of the greatness of the family. A younger son of a Suffolk landowner, John de Peyton, Robert assumed his surname from his lordship of Ufford in Suffolk, and attended Edward I on his crusade. Between 1276 and 1281 he acted as justice of Ireland. He was instructed by Edward I to introduce English laws into Ireland (Fœdera, i. 540), and practised skilfully but unscrupulously the policy of sowing dissension among the different Irish septs (Gilbert, Viceroys of Ireland, pp. 108–10). He also built the castle of Roscommon ‘at countless cost’ (Cal. Documents, Ireland, 1302–7, p. 137). On 21 Nov. 1281 Stephen de Fulburn, bishop of Waterford, was appointed justice in his place, since Ufford ‘by reason of his infirmities could not perform his duties’ (Cal. Patent Rolls, 1281–92, p. 1). He died in 1298. His son Robert, who was born on 11 June 1279, further increased the family possessions and importance by his marriage to the heiress Cicely de Valognes.

from Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chicheley: Their Ancestors and Descendants, Volume 1 (Google eBook) Robert Edmond Chester Waters Robson & sons, 1878.  Page 322 - 323

It was shown in the last chapter that Sir John Tyndall, the grandfather of the first Sir John Peyton of Doddington, was, through his descent from the Lords Scales, one of the coheirs of that younger but more illustrious branch of the house of Peyton, which bore the surname of De Ufford, and enjoyed in the fourteenth century the several baronies of Ufford and the earldom of Suffolk. I shall therefore attempt to disentangle the genealogy of De Ufford from the confusion in which Dugdale has left it. (99)

Sir John de Peyton of Peyton Hall in Boxford, who lived in the reign of Henry III. and was the ancestor of all the families of Peyton, had a younger son Robert, who was called De Ufford from his lordship of that name near Woodbridge in Suffolk, and was sent to Ireland as Justiciary in 1269* ' to settle and pacify Erin.' (100) There is no record of his earlier career, but this important mission implies that he was a knight of proved valour and discretion, who had been loyal to the King in the Barons' War. His administration was brief and barren of events, but it is recorded that he built the castle at Roscommon, (100) and that a writ was addressed to him by the King to levy aurum regituv for Eleanor wife of Edward Prince of Wales, (101) to whom the lordship of Ireland had been granted in 1254 on his marriage. Sir Robert was rewarded by Prince Edward by a grant in fee of the rich manor of Kilmeaden in Waterford, which produced a fee farm rent of 110 marks per annum. (102) His return to England was probably hastened by his wish to join the Crusade, for he and his brother Sir John de Peyton were among those who obtained on 10th May 1270 patents of protection from the King during their intended absence in the Holy Land. (103) If Sir Robert actually went to the Crusade, ho soon returned, for in the beginning of 1273 he fined 100 marks for the King's permission to marry Mary the widow of William de Say. (104)

William de Say of Sawbridgeworth, Herts, a baron by tenure, died early in 1272, (105) leaving William his son and heir, who was born on 20th Nov. 1252, and a daughter Agnes, who was then already the wife of Alexander de Cheney. (106) The age of these children makes it clear that Mary was not their mother, as the son and heir of her second marriage was nearly 27 years younger than his supposed half-brother William de Say. Mary's parentage is wholly unknown.

Sir Robert de Ufford was appointed for the second time Justiciary of Ireland in 1276, (107) and retained his office during the unusually long period of nearly six years. He was succeeded at the end of 1281 by Stephen Fulbourn, Bishop of Waterford, who had acted as his deputy in 1279, when he spent the winter in England. (107) His recall was not followed by any loss of royal favour, for in the next year he obtained a grant of a weekly market and yearly fair at his manor of Bawdsey in Suffolk. (108) He died in 1298, when it was found at the inquest held after his death on 5th Oct., 26th Edw. I., that he had died seised of Ufford and other estates in Suffolk, and that his next heir was his son Robert, who was 19 years old on the feast of St. Barnabas the Apostle then last past (11th June). (109)

Sir Robert de Ufford had issue two sons and at least two daughters :*

  • I. Robert, son and heir, afterwards the first Lord Ufford.
  • II. Thomas, the ancestor of the Uffords of Wrentham, of whom hereinafter.
  • I. Alice De Ufford was the first and childless wife of Sir William Howard Kt. of Wigenhale near Lynn, a Judge of Common Pleas 1293-1308, who was by his second wife Alice Fitton the ancestor of the Dukes of Norfolk.
  • H. MARGARet had the Royal assent 10th Feb. 1291-2 to marry Edmond Lord Colevillef of Bytham, who was then only four years old. (m)
  • I suspect that Amarel De Uftord, Prioress of Carrow, in the suburbs of Norwich, 1289-1291, was another daughter of Robert and Mary de Ufford. (in)

From Some Account of Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk ... (Google eBook) Harrison, 1877 - Stoke by Nayland (England) - 118 pages.  "Peyton Manor"

“John the elder was Lord of Peyton Hall in Boxford, part of his land being in “ Stoke, temp. Richard I. and Henry III. He married Maud, the daughter and heiress of “ Geoffry de Stamundeshey. He was buried in Stoke Church, under a marble stone having “ a French inscription, in Saxon characters, ofwhich the following words alone remain :— “Jena de Peytona . . . mercye . . . . . . l'ame Christ. “ He had two sons, Sir John de Peyton, the first knight of that name, and Robert. “ This Robert was Lord Chief Justice of Ireland in the 53rd of Henry III (A.D. 1268), “ and was Lord of the Manor of Ufford in Suffolk, which name he assumed. He died “ in the 26th of Edward I., A.D. 1298. His son, Robert de Ufford, was created Earl of “ Suffolk 1336. Another son, John, was Chancellor and Archbishop of Canterbury, “ elect, but died before his institution, June 7th, 1348. He was buried in Canterbury “ Cathedral. (See ‘Weever’s Monuments,’ p. 222.)

From The house of Howard by the late Gerald Brenan ... and Edward Phillips Statham ... With 32 full-page illustrations and 2 photogravure plates ...Published 1907 by Hutchinson & co. in London . Written in English. Page 6. "His first wife -- an Ufford, of the house which afterwards became the Earls of Suffolk -- brought him lands and gold, and although she died childless, these material relicts of her love remained in her possession."

From Medlands:

son of --- (-before 9 Sep 1298). He had interests in Ufford, Suffolk[421].

m firstly (before 12 May 1273) as her second husband, MARY, widow of WILLIAM de Say, daughter of --- (-after 10 Aug 1280). m secondly (before [1286/87]) JOAN, daughter of --- (-after 18 Nov 1307).

Robert de Ufford & his first wife had --- children:

1. ROBERT de Ufford (11 Jun 1279-9 Sep 1316 or before). He was summoned to parliament 4 Mar 1309, whereby he is held to have become Lord Ufford. m (before 1298) CECILY de Valognes, daughter of ROBERT de Valognes & his wife Eve Tregoz née --- ([1280/81]-16 Jul 1325). Robert & his wife had three children ...

2.         THOMAS de Ufford (-killed in battle Bannockburn 24 Jun 1314, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  m (before 2 Dec 1308) as her second husband, EVA de Clavering, widow of THOMAS Audley, daughter of JOHN de Clavering Lord Clavering & his wife Hawise de Tibetot (-30 Sep 1369, bur Langley Abbey, Norfolk).  ... Secondary sources identify her husband as Thomas de Ufford, son of Robert de Ufford and his first wife Mary, but the primary source on which this information is based has not been identified.  Thomas & his wife had three children ...


Sir Robert de Ufford[1, 2] Died Bef 9 Sep 1298 

Family 1 Mary  Married Bef 12 May 1273 


  •   1. Alice de Ufford,   d. Bef 1 Jun 1326
  • + 2. Robert de Ufford, 1st Baron Ufford ,   b. 11 Jun 1279,   d. Abt 9 Sep 1316  (Age 37 years)

Family 2 Joan  Married Bef 1287 


  • + 1. Thomas de Ufford,   b. Bef 1286


view all 12

Sir Robert de Ufford, Justicar's Timeline

Ramshold, Suffolk, England
Age 19
Woodbridge, Norfolk, England
May 12, 1273
Age 37
England, United Kingdom
Age 37
Ufford, Suffolk, England
June 11, 1279
Age 43
Ufford, Suffolk, England
Age 44
Ufford, Suffolk, England
Age 51
September 9, 1298
Age 62
Ufford, Suffolk, England
September 9, 1298
Age 62