About Roger d'Ivry, seigneur d'Ivry, King's Butler (William I)
Roger d'Ivry From Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_d'Ivry
Roger d'Ivry or d'Ivri or Roger Perceval (died 1079) was an 11th century nobleman from Ivry-la-Bataille in Normandy.
He took part in William of Normandy's conquest of England in 1066 and founded the Abbey of Notre-Dame-d'Ivry in 1071. D'Ivry was a sworn brother-in-arms of Robert D'Oyly and the Domesday Book records that on 1086 D'Oyly and d'Ivry held a number of manors in various counties either partitioned between the two of them or administered in common. He was appointed hereditary Chief Butler to King William, just as he had been in Normandy.
Roger d'Ivry held estates in Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Gloucestershire, Huntingdonshire, Oxfordshire and Warwickshire. His estates in Oxfordshire included Beckley, Forest Hill, Hampton Gay, Holton, Horspath, Mixbury, North Leigh, Rousham, Shirburn, Thrupp, Wolvercote, Woodeaton and Worton. D'Ivry was married to Adeline or Adelina, eldest daughter of Hugh de Grandmesnil. and had three sons, Roger, Hugh and Geoffrey. He was succeeded on his death by his eldest son Roger, who was forced to flee to Normandy after William Rufus seized the English throne in 1087 and died there soon afterwards. Many of the family estates were confiscated by the crown and the position of Chief Butler passed to the d'Aubigny family. Geoffrey and a sister Adeline later had some lands restored to them.
^ a b c d The Domesday Book Online: G-I ^ *Collins, Arthur. The Peerage of England. Google Books
Burkes says that Robert had two other sons but it is uncertain whether Roger & Hugh D'Ivry, both prominent in the career of William the Conquerer are those sons. they may have been contemporaries of Robert and belong in an earlier generation. Possibly cousins rather than sons of Robert. Needs more investigation. In estimating the ages of the boys at 1066 (a very rough estimate), they would have been in their teens at 1066, which in the middle ages was not unusual for a knight.
Roger, came over to England with William the conqueror. Roger obtained from that prince the barony of Yvery in the county of Oxford; and Roger, his son, was a person of great riches, hereditary chief butler to the king of England, and one of the principal partisans of Robert duke of Normandy upon the death of king William the first. Robert, the contemporary of the elder Roger, also came over to England with William the conqueror, but afterwards returned to his former settlement in the duchy of Normandy, where he made a considerable figure. Source: The English Peerage 1790. It is interesting that Hugh d' Ivry and Roger d' Ivry are both listed as Butler to William in Douglas' book William the Conquerer. Kings Butler was one of 4 or 5 chief retainers to the King, men of great power who were content to hold domestic titles, as was the custom in Normandy, and later in England. Their functions were somewhat like Cabinet Members to the President or the Prime Minister. The were Master Steward (Osbern) chief advisor, Chief Butler (D'Ivry), typically in charge of properties, Constable, in charge of the knights and military, Chamberlain, and Chancellor. Duties varied, and there were sometimes several of each title. In some cases there was one in England and one in Normandy. to furthur confuse the issue, these officers often had assistants known by the same title so the main one was known as chief or master. They were sometimes hereditary and sometimes not. Hugh is listed as Chief Butler from before 1066 to after 1087. However, Roger was in charge of the castle at Rouen as kings butler in 1087 when William's son Robert unsucessfully tried to capture the castle at Rouen. Needs more investigation, but it is possible that Hugh was father, or more likely brother of Roger. Hugh D' Ivry is also listed as Bishop of Bayeux in the earlier generation. According to the Domesday Book in 1086, Roger D'Ivry had holdings in Oxfordshire, Buckingham, Glostershire, Huntingdonshire, and Warwickshire.
In one such entry, he is listed as holding land of the Bishop of Lincoln in Dorchester Hundred as follows: Roger Ivry holds Yarnton from the Bishop. It is Eynsham Church's. 9 1/2 hides. Land for 9 ploughs. Now in lordship 2 ploughs. 20 villagers with three smallholders have 7 ploughs. Meadow 200 acres less 20; pasture, 80 acres. One Mainou had 1 hide there; he could go where he would. Total value before 1066, 10 pounds, value now (1086), with the fishery and the meadow, 14 pounds. Source: The Norman Heritage 1066-1200 by Trevor Rowley, Routledge & Kegan Paul plc, London.
Ivry, Roger d' - Also called 'Butler'. From Ivry la Bataille, Eure. Married to Adeline, daughter of Hugh de Grandmesnil. Sworn brother-in-arms of Robert d'Oilly. Held several estates jointly. Perhaps Sheriff of Gloucestershire at one time. Holdings in Beds., Bucks., Gloucs., Hunts., Oxon., Warwicks.
''The Domesday Book'' (Thomas Hinde, ed., 1985, CLB International)
Roger D' Ivry (also known as Robert St. Ivo) was the first Ivy in England (with spelling varations that include Ivy, Ivry, D/Ivry, Ivey, Ives, Ivo, Ivye, Ives noting that we are all related and are the same family) as well as the first of the Ivy family surname. The surname comes from the fact he came from Ivry-la-Batalle (also known as St. Ivo) ,in Eure (Normandy), France. Danny Chris Ivy has researched this matter and has come up with this conclusion.
The Photograph is of the remaining surviving Western Portion of the Abbey Notre-Dame d'Ivry-la-Bataille in Normandy, France built in 1070 by Roger D'Ivry - Danny Chris Ivy