Rudolph II, King of Upper Burgundy & Italy

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Rudolph de Bourgogne, King of Upper Burgundy & Italy

Also Known As: "Rudolph II of Burgundy"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Rhone Valley, Burgundy, France
Death: Died in Aquitane, Lot-et-Garonne, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Rudolph I, King of Upper Burgundy and Willa, Queen of Upper Burgundy
Husband of Bertha of Swabia
Father of Conrad "the Peaceful", King of Burgundy; Saint Adelaide of Italy; Richardus de Bourgogne; Rudolph de Bourgogne; Edith von Burgundy and 1 other
Brother of Willa of Burgundy; Adélaïs of Burgundy; Waldrada of Burgundy; Louis of Aquitane II l'Aveugle, de Bourgogne, King of Provence; N.N. Duc de Bourgogne and 2 others

Occupation: King of Upper Burgundy (912-937), King of Italy (924-926),
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rudolph II, King of Upper Burgundy & Italy

Rudolf II, King of Upper Burgundy (912) and Italy (924). See Kings of Upper Burgundy 888-1032 (Welf) at MedLands, visited Aug. 3, 2013.

Ylä-Burgundian, Ala-Burgundian (Provence) ja Italian kuningas.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolph_II,_King_of_Burgundy

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http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_van_Bourgondië

Rudolf I van Frankrijk, Raoul of Rodolphe in het Frans (?, circa 890 - Auxerre, 15 januari 936) was de oudste zoon van hertog Richard I van Bourgondië en Adelheid van Auxerre. In 918 verwierf Rudolf Bourges van Willem II van Aquitanië. In 921 volgde hij zijn vader op als hertog van Bourgondië en als lekenabt van de H. Germain van Auxerre en de H. Colomba.

Als schoonzoon van koning Robert van Frankrijk volgde hij Robert in 923 op als koning en werd hetzelfde jaar gekroond in Soissons. Rudolf moest optornen tegen de Noormannen, die Karel de Eenvoudige steunden en moest Nantes aan hen afstaan. De Noormannenvorst Willem Langzwaard onderwierp zich nadat Rudolf Avranches en Coutances had afgestaan. Pas na de dood van Karel de Eenvoudige in 928, werd Rudolf ook in het zuiden van Frankrijk erkend als koning.

Hoewel Herbert II van Vermandois voordien zijn bondgenoot was geweest tegen Karel de Eenvoudige, kwam het nu tot een conflict. In deze strijd was Rudolf aangewezen op de hulp van Hugo de Grote. In Bourgondië zelf onderdrukte hij de opstand van graaf Giselbert van Châlon, en verwierf hij Dijon van graaf Boso.

Rudolf was gehuwd met Emma van Neustrië, de dochter van koning Robert van Frankrijk, maar had geen erfgenamen.

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Rudolf de Bourgogne, Roi de France (1)

M, #105193, d. 936

Last Edited=31 Oct 2004

    Rudolf de Bourgogne, Roi de France was the son of Richard 'the Justicer' d'Autun, Duc de Bourgogne and Adelaide d'Auxerre. He married Emma de France, daughter of Robert I, Roi de France. (1) 

He died in 936. (1)

    Rudolf de Bourgogne, Roi de France gained the title of Roi Rudolf de France in 923. (1) He gained the title of Duc de Bourgogne. (1)

Forrás / Source:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10520.htm#i105193

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Wikipedia:

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_II._%28Burgund%29

Rudolf II. (* um 880 (~ 905); † 11. Juli 937) war Herzog, später König von Hochburgund (912–937) und König von Italien (922–926), begraben in Saint-Maurice. Er zählt zu den Nationalkönigen Italiens.

Rudolf war der älteste Sohn des Königs Rudolf I. von Hochburgund (888–911) aus dem Hause der Rudolfinger, des burgundischen Zweiges der Welfen und der Willa von Niederburgund, Tochter von König Boso von Vienne.

Herzog Rudolf II. war bestrebt, sein Reich im Nordosten zu erweitern. Dabei nutzte er die unklaren Zustände im Gebiet des schwäbischen Herzogtums. 916 erwarb er schwäbische Gebiete westlich der Linie Huttwil-Aarwangen sowie Basel. Seine Niederlage in der Schlacht bei Winterthur im Jahre 919 gegen Herzog Burchard II. kostete Rudolf den Thur- und den Zürichgau. Um Frieden einkehren zu lassen, heiratete er – wohl im Jahr 922 – Burchards Tochter Berta. Aus dieser Ehe gingen vier Kinder hervor: König Konrad III., Rudolf (961/62 bezeugt), Erzbischof Burchard I. von Lyon und Adelheid, später Frau von Kaiser Otto I.. Burchard und Rudolf unterstützten sich fortan politisch.

Im gleichen Jahr begann er kriegerisch in Richtung Süden vorzustoßen. Er wurde 921 von Adalbert von Ivrea auf den Thron von Italien erhoben. Kaiser Berengar I. von Friaul stellte sich 923 bei Fiorenzuola (Piacenza) Rudolf entgegen, wurde aber besiegt. Dies machte Rudolf zum König von Italien.

Inzwischen begann der italienische Adel gegen Rudolf zu revoltieren. Es eilte ihm Herzog Burchard II. von Schwaben zu Hilfe. Burchard starb nach einem Überfall durch den Erzbischof Lambert von Mailand im April 926 vor Novara. Rudolf II. zog sich darauf hin aus Italien zurück und gab im November 926 in Worms die ihm als Herrschaftssymbol übergebene italienische Heilige Lanze an König Heinrich I. zurück.

Rudolf verzichtete 933 zugunsten Hugos von Provence endgültig auf Italien gegen die Abtretung des Niederburgunds.

König Rudolfs II. Thron erbte sein Sohn Konrad III..

Quellen [Bearbeiten]

   * Liudprand von Cremona: Werke., in: Quellen zur Geschichte der sächsischen Kaiserzeit, übersetzt von Albert Bauer, Reinhold Rau (Freiherr vom Stein- Gedächtnisausgabe 8), Darmstadt 1971, S.233–589.

Literatur [Bearbeiten]

   * Bernd Schneidmüller, Die Welfen: Herrschaft und Erinnerung. Kohlhammer Urban, Stuttgart, 2000. ISBN 3-17-014999-7

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

Vorgänger Amt Nachfolger

Rudolf I. König von Hochburgund

912-937 Konrad III.

Hugo I. König von Niederburgund

930-937

Berengar I. König von Italien

922-926 Hugo I.

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Rudolph II, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne (1)

M, #25256, d. 937

Last Edited=15 Jul 2005

    Rudolph II, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne was the son of Rudolph I, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne. 

He died in 937.

    Rudolph II, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne was a member of the House of Guelph. He succeeded to the title of Roi Rudolph II de Jurane Bourgogne in 912. (1) He gained the title of King Rudolph I of Italy in 922. He abdicated as King of Italy in 926.

Child of Rudolph II, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne

-1. Conrad, Roi de Jurane Bourgogne+ d. 993

Forrás / Source:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p2526.htm#i25256

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Rudolph II of Burgundy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rudolf II (died July 11, 937) was king of Upper Burgundy (912–937), Lower Burgundy (Provence) (933–937), and Italy (effective, 922–926—claim abandoned 933). He was the son of Rudolf I, king of Upper Burgundy, and it is presumed that his mother was his father's known wife, Guilla of Provence. He married Bertha of Swabia.

Following his ascension to the throne in 912, Rudolf was asked by several Italian nobles to intervene in Italy on their behalf against Emperor Berengar in 922. Having entered Italy, he was crowned King of the Lombards at Pavia. In 923, he defeated Berengar at Piacenza; Berengar was murdered the following year, possibly at the instigation of Rudolf. The king then ruled Upper Burgundy and Italy together, residing alternately in both kingdoms.

However, in 926 the Italian nobility turned against him and requested that Hugh of Arles, the effective ruler of Provence (or Lower Burgundy), rule them instead. Rudolf returned to Upper Burgundy to protect himself, assuring Hugh's coronation as King of Italy in the process. The Italians then switched sides again, declaring that they wished for Rudolf to reclaim the throne. To prevent this, Hugh and Rudolf signed a treaty in 933, granting Rudolf rule of Lower Burgundy in exchange for his renunciation of all claims on the Italian throne. He married his daughter Adelaide to Hugh's son Lothar. The two Burgundian kingdoms unified, Rudolf ruled until his death in 937. He was succeeded by Conrad.

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Rudolf II (died July 11, 937) was king of Upper Burgundy (912–937), Lower Burgundy (Provence) (933–937), and Italy (effective, 922–926—claim abandoned 933). He was the son of Rudolf I, king of Upper Burgundy, and it is presumed that his mother was his father's known wife, Guilla of Provence. He married Bertha of Swabia.

Following his ascension to the throne in 912, Rudolf was asked by several Italian nobles to intervene in Italy on their behalf against Emperor Berengar in 922. Having entered Italy, he was crowned King of the Lombards at Pavia. In 923, he defeated Berengar at Piacenza; Berengar was murdered the following year, possibly at the instigation of Rudolf. The king then ruled Upper Burgundy and Italy together, residing alternately in both kingdoms.

However, in 926 the Italian nobility turned against him and requested that Hugh of Arles, the effective ruler of Provence (or Lower Burgundy), rule them instead. Rudolf returned to Upper Burgundy to protect himself, assuring Hugh's coronation as King of Italy in the process. The Italians then switched sides again, declaring that they wished for Rudolf to reclaim the throne. To prevent this, Hugh and Rudolf signed a treaty in 933, granting Rudolf rule of Lower Burgundy in exchange for his renunciation of all claims on the Italian throne. He married his daughter Adelaide to Hugh's son Lothar. The two Burgundian kingdoms unified, Rudolf ruled until his death in 937. He was succeeded by Conrad.

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Rudolf II (died July 11, 937) was king of Upper Burgundy (912–937), Lower Burgundy (Provence) (933–937), and Italy (effective, 922–926—claim abandoned 933). He was the son of Rudolf I, king of Upper Burgundy, and it is presumed that his mother was his father's known wife, Guilla of Provence. He married Bertha of Swabia.

Following his ascension to the throne in 912, Rudolf was asked by several Italian nobles to intervene in Italy on their behalf against Emperor Berengar in 922. Having entered Italy, he was crowned King of the Lombards at Pavia. In 923, he defeated Berengar at Piacenza; Berengar was murdered the following year, possibly at the instigation of Rudolf. The king then ruled Upper Burgundy and Italy together, residing alternately in both kingdoms.

However, in 926 the Italian nobility turned against him and requested that Hugh of Arles, the effective ruler of Provence (or Lower Burgundy), rule them instead. Rudolf returned to Upper Burgundy to protect himself, assuring Hugh's coronation as King of Italy in the process. The Italians then switched sides again, declaring that they wished for Rudolf to reclaim the throne. To prevent this, Hugh and Rudolf signed a treaty in 933, granting Rudolf rule of Lower Burgundy in exchange for his renunciation of all claims on the Italian throne. He married his daughter Adelaide to Hugh's son Lothar. The two Burgundian kingdoms unified, Rudolf ruled until his death in 937. He was succeeded by Conrad.

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Rudolph of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rudolph (also Radulf, Ralph, or Raoul) (died 15 January 936) was the duke of Burgundy between 921 and 923 and king of France from thereafter to his death. Rudolph inherited the duchy of Burgundy from his father, Richard the Justiciar. He married Emma of France, daughter of Robert I of France and Béatrice of Vermandois.

He was elected king of France by an assembly of nobles, to succeed his father-in-law, and crowned by Walter, Archbishop of Sens, at St Médard in Soissons on Sunday, 13 July 923. Assuming the crown, he passed Burgundy to his younger brother, Hugh the Black, after only two years as duke. Charles III was still living and claiming the kingdom at the time, but Rudolph's brother-in-law, the Carolingian Count Herbert II of Vermandois, who was married to Emma's sister, tricked Charles, a fellow Carolingian, into meeting him and took him prisoner. Rudolph's first act as king was to lead an army against King Henry I of Germany, who had made a compact with King Robert at Jülich earlier in the year. Trying to annex Lorraine, the German monarch met Rudolph and a considerably-sized army and made peace again. Though, in 925, Henry attacked the waffling Gilbert, Duke of Burgundy, constantly changing sides, and wrested control of Lorraine from France permanently, Rudolph then being in no position to resist.

At about this point, 924, the Vikings made a fresh series of raids into West Francia. From the Loire Valley, they threatened Hugh the Great, brother of Emma, his wife, but Rudolph did nothing. Soon they had attacked Burgundy, domain of his own brother and were repulsed, moving to Melun, where they threatened the royal demesne. Joined only by his ecclesiastic vassals and Herbert, he recruited troops in Burgundy, while Hugh the Great was convinced to join him. The Vikings left, but the Normans, whom Charles had legally implanted around Rouen in 911, began ravaging that whole region. Herbert and Arnulf I of Flanders joined him this time and they took Eu, but were ambushed near Fauquembergues and the king was wounded, the Count of Ponthieu killed, and many Normans left dead on the field. Also in that year, Rudolph conversed with Louis the Blind, king of Provence, over the Magyars, the newest migrants to Europe, then menacing Louis. In 930, the Magyars invaded the region around Rheims, but left before the king could engage them. In 935, the Magyars invaded Burgundy and Rudolph brought a large army against them, causing their retreat without battle. France was temporarily safe from both Viking and Magyar at Rudolphs's death.

Herbert, however, was not to continue to be one of Rudolph's partisans. He used his royal prisoner as a bargaining tool to secure the archbishopric of Rheims for his son Hugh in 925 and the county of Laon for his other son Odo in 927. The protestations of Rudolph led Herbert to bring Charles before William Longsword, son of Rollo, the duke of Normandy, for homage and thence to Rheims to press Charles' claim on Pope John X. In 928, Herbert finally got possession of Laon, but the next year, Charles died at Péronne and Herbert lost his leverage against Rudolph. By defeating the Vikings of the Limousin, Rudolph received the allegiance of the Aquitainians and the homage of William Longsword, now duke.

In 929, Rudolph started trying to reduce the power of Ebalus, count of Poitou and duke of Aquitaine. He withdrew from him access to Berry, then, in 932, he granted the title of prince of Gothia to the count of Toulouse, Raymond Pons, and his brother of Rouergue, Ermengol. He also transferred the title Count of Auvergne to Raymond. Moreover, the territory of the march which was under the control of the lord of Charroux was transformed into an independent county. Later, however, he was campaigning with Ebalus in the south to eradicate the last Viking strongholds there. He then proceeded aggressively against Herbert, marching into Rheims and replacing Hugh with Artald (931). Then, joined by Hugh the Great, Rudolph burned Herbert's fortresses and cornered him in Château-Thierry, where he had first imprisoned Charles, from 933 to 934. The two made peace in 935 and Rudolph fell ill, dying a few months hence on 14 or 15 January 936.

This Rudolph is frequently confused with his uncle Rudolph I of Burgundy, who was the second King of Upper Burgundy.

Sources

Gwatking, H. M., Whitney, J. P., et al. Cambridge Medieval History: Volume III—Germany and the Western Empire. Cambridge University Press: London, 1930.

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Rudolph (also Radulf, Ralph, or Raoul) (died 15 January 936) was the duke of Burgundy between 921 and 923 and king of France from thereafter to his death. Rudolph inherited the duchy of Burgundy from his father, Richard the Justiciar. He married Emma of France, daughter of Robert I of France and Béatrice of Vermandois.

He was elected king of France by an assembly of nobles, to succeed his father-in-law, and crowned by Walter, Archbishop of Sens, at St Médard in Soissons on Sunday, 13 July 923. Assuming the crown, he passed Burgundy to his younger brother, Hugh the Black, after only two years as duke. Charles III was still living and claiming the kingdom at the time, but Rudolph's brother-in-law, the Carolingian Count Herbert II of Vermandois, who was married to Emma's sister, tricked Charles, a fellow Carolingian, into meeting him and took him prisoner. Rudolph's first act as king was to lead an army against King Henry I of Germany, who had made a compact with King Robert at Jülich earlier in the year. Trying to annex Lorraine, the German monarch met Rudolph and a considerably-sized army and made peace again. Though, in 925, Henry attacked the waffling Gilbert, Duke of Burgundy, constantly changing sides, and wrested control of Lorraine from France permanently, Rudolph then being in no position to resist.

At about this point, 924, the Vikings made a fresh series of raids into West Francia. From the Loire Valley, they threatened Hugh the Great, brother of Emma, his wife, but Rudolph did nothing. Soon they had attacked Burgundy, domain of his own brother and were repulsed, moving to Melun, where they threatened the royal demesne. Joined only by his ecclesiastic vassals and Herbert, he recruited troops in Burgundy, while Hugh the Great was convinced to join him. The Vikings left, but the Normans, whom Charles had legally implanted around Rouen in 911, began ravaging that whole region. Herbert and Arnulf I of Flanders joined him this time and they took Eu, but were ambushed near Fauquembergues and the king was wounded, the Count of Ponthieu killed, and many Normans left dead on the field. Also in that year, Rudolph conversed with Louis the Blind, king of Provence, over the Magyars, the newest migrants to Europe, then menacing Louis. In 930, the Magyars invaded the region around Rheims, but left before the king could engage them. In 935, the Magyars invaded Burgundy and Rudolph brought a large army against them, causing their retreat without battle. France was temporarily safe from both Viking and Magyar at Rudolphs's death.

Herbert, however, was not to continue to be one of Rudolph's partisans. He used his royal prisoner as a bargaining tool to secure the archbishopric of Rheims for his son Hugh in 925 and the county of Laon for his other son Odo in 927. The protestations of Rudolph led Herbert to bring Charles before William Longsword, son of Rollo, the duke of Normandy, for homage and thence to Rheims to press Charles' claim on Pope John X. In 928, Herbert finally got possession of Laon, but the next year, Charles died at Péronne and Herbert lost his leverage against Rudolph. By defeating the Vikings of the Limousin, Rudolph received the allegiance of the Aquitainians and the homage of William Longsword, now duke.

In 929, Rudolph started trying to reduce the power of Ebalus, count of Poitou and duke of Aquitaine. He withdrew from him access to Berry, then, in 932, he granted the title of prince of Gothia to the count of Toulouse, Raymond Pons, and his brother of Rouergue, Ermengol. He also transferred the title Count of Auvergne to Raymond. Moreover, the territory of the march which was under the control of the lord of Charroux was transformed into an independent county. Later, however, he was campaigning with Ebalus in the south to eradicate the last Viking strongholds there. He then proceeded aggressively against Herbert, marching into Rheims and replacing Hugh with Artald (931). Then, joined by Hugh the Great, Rudolph burned Herbert's fortresses and cornered him in Château-Thierry, where he had first imprisoned Charles, from 933 to 934. The two made peace in 935 and Rudolph fell ill, dying a few months hence on 14 or 15 January 936.

This Rudolph is frequently confused with his uncle Rudolph I of Burgundy, who was the second King of Upper Burgundy. -------------------- http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BURGUNDY%20KINGS.htm#RudolfIIdied937 -------------------- Duke of Bourgogne

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Rudolph II, King of Upper Burgundy & Italy's Timeline

900
900
Burgundy, France
923
923
Age 23
Arles, Bouches-du-Rhone, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
929
929
Age 29
Burgundy,Marne, France
931
931
Age 31
Burgundy, France
937
July 11, 937
Age 37
Aquitane, Lot-et-Garonne, France
937
Age 37
Rhone Valley, Burgundy, France
937
Age 37
????
????
????
Arles, Bouches Du Rhone, France