Saint Flavia Domitilla

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Flavia Domitilla

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Death: Died
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Daughter of Quintus Petilius Cerialis Caesius Rufus Cerealis and Flavia Domitilla Minor
Wife of Titus Flavius Clemens, Consul 95
Mother of Titus Flavius Titianus, Praefect of Egypt and Titus Flavius

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About Saint Flavia Domitilla

Flavia Domitilla (saint) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Contents [hide] 1 In Roman literature 2 In Jewish tradition 3 As a Christian saint 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links Flavia Domitilla was daughter of Domitilla the Younger by an unknown father, perhaps Quintus Petillius Cerialis. She married her cousin, the consul Titus Flavius Clemens. [edit]In Roman literature

Quintilian[1] reports that he had been entrusted with the tutelage of two of Domitian's grandsons. These should be the children of this Domitilla and Clemens. Suetonius states that Domitian designated Clemens' children his successors whilst they were still very young, before their parents' fall, and renamed them Domitianus and Vespasianus.[2] Dio reports[3]: Domitian slew, along with many others, Flavius Clemens the consul, although he was a cousin and married to Flavia Domitilla, who was also a relative of the emperor's. The charge brought against them both was that of atheism (ἀθεότης), a charge on which many others who drifted into Jewish ways were condemned. Some of these were put to death, and the rest were at least deprived of their property. Domitilla was merely banished to Pandateria (Ventotene). Suetonius also states that Domitilla's steward Stephanus was involved in the final, successful plot against Domitian.[4] [edit]In Jewish tradition

Some scholars connect Domitilla with a character in Jewish tradition. A Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b)and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva (Akiba ben Joseph). This may integrate with the tradition of her as a Christian (see below). [edit]As a Christian saint

Saint Flavia Domitilla Born 1st century Rome Died 90s Ponza or Pandateria Honored in Greek Orthodox Church Roman Catholic Church Major shrine Santi Nereo e Achilleo Feast May 7 (Catholic), May 12 (Orthodox) See also: Nereus, Achilleus, Domitilla and Pancratius Flavia Domitilla is a saint in the Greek Orthodox Church, which celebrates her feast day on 12 May.[5] And also as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, which honoured her on 12 May together with Saints Nereus and Achilleus, in whose church of Santi Nereo e Achilleo in Rome, her supposed relics were housed. Her name was not linked with theirs in the Tridentine Calendar of Pope Pius V. It was added in 1595, and was removed from that date in 1969, and is now listed on 7 May in the Martyrology.[6] Eusebius of Caesarea,[7] the acts of Nereus and Achilles, and St. Jerome[8] represent Flavia Domitilla as the niece, not the wife of the consul Flavius Clemens, and say that her place of exile was Pontia (now Ponza), an island also situated in the Tyrrhenian Sea. These statements have given rise to the opinion that there were two Domitillas (aunt and niece) who were Christians, and latter generally referred to as Flavia Domitilla the Younger. Lightfoot has shown that this opinion, adopted by Tillemont and De Rossi and still maintained by many writers (among them Allard and Duchesne), is derived entirely from Eusebius who was led into this error by mistakes in transcription, or ambiguity of expression, in the sources which he used. He mentions only the conversion of Domitilla, saying that she was the daughter of Clemens' sister, and that she was deported to the island of Pontia (compare also his "Chronicle," year 98). [edit]References

^ Quintilian, "Institutio Oratoria," iv. 1, § 2 ^ Suetonius, Life of Domitian, 12 ^ Epitome of Cassius Dio, 67.4 ^ Domitian, 17 ^ Martyrologium Romanum (Typis Vaticanis, 2nd edition, 2004), p. 274. ^ Historia Ecclesiae, III, 18; Chron. ad an. Abrahami, 2110 ^ Ep., CVIII, 7. [edit]Bibliography

Heinrich Grätz, Die Jüdischen Proselyten im Römerreiche, pp. 28 et seq. idem, Gesch. 3d ed., iv. 403 Lebrecht, in Geiger's Jüd. Zeit. xi. 273 Berliner, Gesch. der Juden in Rom, p. 39 Kraus, Roma Sotterranea, p. 41, Freiburg-in-Breisgau, 1873 Reinach, Fontes Rerum, Judaicaram, i. 195 Prosopographia Imperii Romani, ii. 81. [edit]External links

Jewish Encyclopedia Catholic Encyclopaedia

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavia_Domitilla_(saint)

About Saint Flavia Domitilla (Ελληνικά)

^ (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Δομιτίλλα ἡ Μάρτυς . 12 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.