Saint Itta of Nivelles

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Saint Itta of Nivelles's Geni Profile

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Itta

Also Known As: "Berga", "Ida", "Idoberga", "Iduberga", "Itta", "Itte", "Iduberga of Metz", ""Iduberga."", "Iduberga van Nijvel", "Itta of Metz", "Itta of Metz / Itta van Nijvel", "Saint Itta von Metz"
Birthdate:
Death: Died in Nivelles, Walloon Region, Belgium
Place of Burial: Abbey of Nivelles (present St. Gertrudes Collegiate Church), Nivelles, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Unknown Father of St. Itta and Unknown Mother of St. Itta
Wife of Pepin of Landen
Mother of Saint Beggue of Austrasia; Grimoald I, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia; Saint Bavo of Ghent; Childa (Hilda) de Metz; Saint Gertrudis of Nivelles and 1 other

Occupation: Founder of the Abbey of Nivelles, de Nivelles, ABT 0591 - 0652, Eerste abdis van Nijvel, Abbesse de Nivelles, po śmierci męża Pepina założyła klasztor benedyktynek w Nivelles. została pierwszą opatką, Abbess of Nivelles, Abdes
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Saint Itta of Nivelles

Saint Iduberga (Itta, Ittaberga, Yduberga, Ida) (592-652 at Nivelle). After the death of her husband Pépin, on the advice of the missionary Bishop of Maastricht Saint Amand, she founded the Benedictine nunnery at Nivelles, with a monastery under the abbess. She herself entered it and installed her daughter Gertrude as abbess, perhaps after resigning the post herself. She is venerated as a saint (May 8).

The Annals Laubienses (11th century) say she was sister of Saint Modoald, archbishop of Trèves, from a senatorial family from Aquitaine. The Vita Modoaldi (12th century) says Modoald had a sister Saint Severa and a niece Saint Modesta, abbess of Œren at Trêves. These late sources may not be reliable.

Her ancestry is unknown, although there are different academic speculations:

  1. She was a daughter of Ansbertus, bishop of Metz. Prof. David H. Kelley suggested Itta and her brother Modoald were children of Ansbertus, Bishop of Metz ("A New Consideration of the Carolingians" in NEHGR (April 1947); Weis, Ancestral Roots 190:9).
  2. She was a daughter of Godinus, mayor of the palace of Burgundy (Smith & Wace, 3:209).
  3. She was a descendant of Garibald (died 590), duke of Bavaria and his wife Waldrada, who was wife successively of the French kings Thibaut and Clotaire I, and finally of Garibald. Eckhardt noted that the children of Itta and Pépin have the Agilolfing names Grimoald, Gertrude and perhaps Gerberge. However, Pépin had a sister Waldrada so it is more likely that the Agilolfing connection came from his ancestors than from Itta's.
    1. She was a daughter of Grimoald (c555-599), duke of Aquitaine, a Merovingian prince. He was a son of Theudebald, king of Austrasia and his wife Walderada. Source unknown.
    2. She was a daughter of Grimoald and his wife Itta. This Grimoald was a son of Waldrada (above). Ita was a daughter of Severus, duke of Aquitaine. Source unknown.

The near-contemporary Vita Garitrudis abbatissae Nivialencis (7th century) says Itta was wife of Pépin of Landen, and mother of:

  1. Grimoald, who became Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
  2. St. Begga, wife of Ansisegsil
  3. St. Gertrude

She was probably also mother of:

  1. St. Bavo (Allowin)

The Foundation for Medieval Genealogy says, “ITTA [Ittaberga], daughter of --- (592-652). The Annales Metenses name "matertera ipsius [Pippini]…virgo Domino consecrate Geretrudis" and record that she founded the monastery "in loco…Nivella cum genitrice sua Itaberga"[21]. The Annales Xantenses record that "Itta relicta Pippini" founded the abbey of Nivelles in 650[22]. The Annales Xantenses record the death in 657 of "Beata Itta mater sancte Gerthrudis"[23]. (http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FRANKSMaiordomi.htm#_Toc284005994)

Sources

  • Karl August Eckhardt, Merowinger Blut - I Die Frauen und ihre Karolinger, Witzenhausen, 1965, p. 23-59.
  • Findagrave: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8384096
  • Wikipedia: English - French - German
  • William Smith & Henry Wace, A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines: Being a Continuation of "The Dictionary of the Bible" (1882). The Bollandists date her birth to about 592, her widowhood to 640, and her death to 652 (Smith & Wace, 3:209, citing Acta 88, 8 Mai. Ii. 307).

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Descrição: A pedido do missionário Santo Amand, bispo de Maastricht, após a morte de Pepino, ela fundou um convento de freiras Beneditinas em Nivelles, com um mosteiro a ser governado por uma abadessa. Ela própria ingressou no convento como freira e colocou sua filha Gertrude, como abadessa (talvez após desistir deste posto para ela própria).

Ida teve com Pepino outra filha, Abadessa Begga, que se casou com Ansegisel, filho de Arnulf de Metz. Através de Begga, ela foi avó de Pepino de Herstal e uma das matriarcas da grande família Carolíngia. Seu único filho foi Grimoaldo, mais tarde prefeito do palácio, e pai do rei Childeberto o adotado. Morreu em 8 de maio de 652 no próprio convento.

Como ela própria, suas duas filhas foram posteriormente canonizadas. Seu dia de comemoração é 8 de maio.

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Widowed in 640, Itte Idoberge retired in religion. Soon after 640 or 647, St. Amand visited her and encouraged her to found a monastery. This advice came true in 648 or 649 by the foundation of a monastery (Abbey Nivelles) in Hainaut.

Her daughter Gertrude was an interesting party because Grimoald's sister was highly sought by proposals of marriage.

To prevent her from being kidnapped and forcibly married, and as the young girl destined to a religious life, Itta herself cut the hair of her daughter and installed her as Abbess of Nivelles.

Mother and daughter had monks coming in from France and from overseas, probably England or Ireland. The monastery became twice it previous size, with a congregation of nuns along with a congregation of monks.

Itte died there twelve years after her husband had died.

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From the Wikipedia page on Itta: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Itta

Saint Itta or Itta of Metz (also Ida, Itte or Iduberga) (592-652), was the wife of Pepin of Landen, mayor of the palace of Austrasia.

Her brother was Saint Modoald, bishop of Trier. Her sister was abbess Saint Severa. Their father was Arnoald, Bishop of Metz, son of Ansbertus.

On the advice of the missionary bishop Saint Amand, bishop of Maastricht, after Pepin's death, she founded the Benedictine nunnery at Nivelles, with a monastery under the abbess. She herself entered it and installed as abbess her daughter Gertrude, perhaps after resigning the post herself.

She had by Pepin another daughter, Abbess Begga of Andenne who married Ansegisel, son of Arnulf of Metz. By Begga, she is the grandmother of Pepin of Herstal and one of the matriarchs of the great Carolingian family. Her only son was Grimoald, later mayor of the palace, and father of King Childebert the Adopted.

Both her daughters were later canonised, as was she. Her feast day is May 8.

Sources and references

Alban Butler's Lives of the saints, edited, revised and supplemented by Thurston and Attwater. Christian Classics, Westminster, Maryland.

The Royal Ancestry Bible Royal Ancestors of 300 Colonial American Families by Michel L. Call (chart 2053) ISBN 1-933194-22-7

Les ancêtres de Charlemagne, 1989, Christian Settipani

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From the Dictionary of Saintly Woman entry on Itta's daughter Gertrude: http://www.archive.org/stream/saintlywomen01dunbuoft#page/n353/mode/2up/search/Ida

When Pepin died, Ida was inconsolable. Her son and older daughter were provided for, but she knew not what to do with herself and Gertrude, who was now a beautiful girl with a large estate. She consulted St. Amandus, who advised her to build a double monastery at Nivelle, and there devote herself, her daughter, and her worldly goods to the service of God. She followed his advice.

Before the monastery was quite ready for reception - haunted by the fear that the world and its votaries would take possession of Gertrude in spite of her care - she took a knife and cut off her beautiful long hair, shaving her head after the pattern of a crown. Gertrude rejoiced that she would be found worthy to wear a crown for her Lord's sake on earth, as a token that she should receive an immortal crown from Him in heaven.

As soon as all was duly arranged, Ida installed her daughter as first abbess, she herself being one of the nuns, and assisting Gertrude with her advice. Gertrude delighted to entertain pilgrims and pious travellers, and by this means often received sacred books or relics from Rome, or information and instruction in religious matters from those who were able to give it.

The Irish hagiographers say that she had Celtic monks to teach her community to sing psalms. Two irish monks - Saints Foillan and Ultan (May 1) - visited her on their way from Rome to Peronne, where their brother, St. Fursey (Jan. 16) was buried. Gertrude and ida gave them a piece of land called Fosse, or "St Mors des Fossez," to build a monastery for a perpetual place of entertainment for pilgrims coming from or going to distant places.

About 10 years after the death of Pepin, Ida died. It seems to have been on the occasion of her mother's burial that Gertrude translated her father's body from Landen to Nivelle.

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From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Merovingian Nobility: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FRANKSMaiordomi.htm#BeggaMAnsegiseldied662

PEPIN [I] "le Vieux" or "de Landen", son of --- (-[640]), adviser of King Dagobert I 622, maior domus in Austrasia in 639, m ITTA [Ittaberga], daughter of --- (592-652).

The Annales Metenses name "matertera ipsius [Pippini]…virgo Domino consecrate Geretrudis" and record that she founded the monastery "in loco…Nivella cum genitrice sua Itaberga"[21].

The Annales Xantenses record that "Itta relicta Pippini" founded the abbey of Nivelles in 650[22].

The Annales Xantenses record the death in 657 of "Beata Itta mater sancte Gerthrudis"[23].

Pepin [I] & his wife had three children:

1. BEGGA (-693). m ([643/44]) ANSEGISEL, son of ARNOUL Bishop of Metz & his wife [Doda] (-killed [662]).

2. GRIMOALD ([615]-Paris beheaded 657). Succeeded his father as maior domus[26], dated to [640]. Succession was challenged by "Otto quidam filius Urones domestici", and only assured after Otto was killed "in the tenth year of Sigebert's reign"[27]. He tried to usurp the throne after the death in 656 of King Sigebert III, installing his son as king. He was captured by the Neustrians, angry over his interference in the royal succession, tortured and executed.

3. GERTRUDIS (-17 Mar 659). Co-founder, with her mother, of the abbey of Nivelles, where she was abbess in [644].

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From the English Wikipedia page on St. Itta (Kilde):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Itta

Saint Itta (also Ida, or Iduberga) (died 652), was the wife of Pepin of Landen, mayor of the palace of Austrasia. Her brother was Saint Modoald, bishop of Trier. Her sister was abbess Saint Severa.

On the advice of the missionary bishop Saint Amand, bishop of Maastricht, after Pippin's death, she founded the Benedictine nunnery at Nivelles, with a monastery under the abbess. She herself entered it and installed as abbess her daughter Gertrude, perhaps after resigning the post herself.

She had by Pepin another daughter, Abbess Begga who married Ansegisel, son of Arnulf of Metz. By Begga, she is the grandmother of Pepin of Herstal and one of the matriarchs of the great Carolingian family. Her only son was Grimoald, later mayor of the palace, and father of King Childebert the Adopted.

Both her daughters were later canonised, as was she. Her feast day is May 8.

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From http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Itta

Saint Itta (also Ida, Itte, or Idulberga) (died May 8, 652) was the wife of Pepin of Landen, mayor of the palace of Austrasia. Austrasia & Neustria Austrasia formed the north-eastern portion of the Kingdom of the Merovingian Franks, comprising parts of the territory of present-day eastern France, western Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

According to Weis, her parents were actually Arnoldus of Metz, Bishop of Metz & Margrave of Schelde, and Oda. (Arnoldus of Metz was a son of Senator Ansbertus of Gaul & Rome and Blithilde. Ansbertus was son of Tonantius of Rome and grandson of Tonantius Ferreolus.) The (Roman Catholic) Diocese of Metz is an territorial subdivision of the catholic church in France.

On the advice of the missionary bishop Saint Amand, bishop of Maastricht, after Pepin's death, Itta founded the Benedictine nunnery at Nivelles, in present-day Belgium, with a monastery under the abbess. She herself entered it and installed as abbess her daughter Gertrude, perhaps after resigning the post herself. (Nivelles is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant.)

Ittta had by Pepin another daughter, Abbess Begga (or Begue) of Andenne. By Begga, she is the grandmother of Pepin of Heristal and one of the matriarchs of the great Carolingian family.

Her only son was Grimoald, later mayor of the palace, and father of King Childebert the Adopted. When King Sigebert III died in 656, Grimoald had Sigebert's son Dagobert II shorn of hair and packed off to an Irish monastery and then proclaimed his own son, Childebert the Adopted, king of Austrasia.

Both of Itta's daughters were later canonised, as was she. Her feast day is May 8.

Sources:

Weis, Frederick Lewis Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonist Who Came To America Before 1700 (7th ed.), line 180 (all), line 190-9

New England Historic and Genealogical Register 101:112

GeneaNet Genealogical database

-------------------- Abbesse de Nivelles.

Leo: Caroli Magni Progenies, Neustadt an der Aisch, 1977 , Rösch, Siegfried, Reference: 52.

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Saint Itta of Nivelles's Timeline

592
592
613
613
Age 21
Landen, Vlaams Gewest, België
613
Age 21
Landen, Liege, Belgium
615
615
Age 23
Landen, Flemish Region, Belgium
622
622
Age 30
Landen, Flemish Region, Belgium
625
625
Age 33
France
626
626
Age 34
Landen, Flemish Region, Belgium
639
639
- 640
Age 47
Germany
648
648
- May 8, 652
Age 56
Nivelles, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
652
May 8, 652
Age 60
Nivelles, Walloon Region, Belgium