Saloman Duc de Bretagne de Poher, III

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Salomon de Poher, de Bretagne

Nicknames: "Salaun", "Salaün"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: France
Death: Died in Église de la Martyre
Place of Burial: dans l'église
Immediate Family:

Son of Riwallon III, count of Poher and NN ., Mother of Salomon de Poër
Husband of Guenebret de Bretagne
Father of Rotilde de Bretagne; Hervé de Poher, comte de Bretagne du Maine; Rivallon (Riwalon) Comte de Poher; Prostion de Bretagne and Juditha
Brother of Marmoëc de Poher; Matuedoi I de Poher and de Vannes

Occupation: Comte, de Poher, Roi, de Bretagne, 888/907, Prince, de Bretagne, exilé, Comte de Poher, Roi de Bretagne (857-874), Rei da Bretanha e Conde de Poher, Comte de l'Avranchain et du Cotentin, Duke of Brittany
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Salomon de Poher, de Bretagne

Salomon (Breton: Salaün; died 874) was Count of Rennes and Nantes from 852 and Duke of Brittany from 857 until his death by assassination. He used the title King of Brittany intermittently after 868. In 867, he was granted the counties of Avranches and Coutances.

Parent are unknown but his mother may have be -- de Bretagne, sister of Nominoë. His wife was Guenebert, daugther of ---. His children were: Prostlon, Rivallon, Guegon (Wincon), and Albigeon.

Wikipedia in contrast to MedLands says: Salomon was the son of Riwallon III of Poher.

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http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BRITTANY.htm#ProstlonMPascwethen

The name and origin of Salomon´s father is not known. m ---. The name and origin of Salomon´s mother is not known. The charter dated 19 May [851/57], in which "Erispoius…provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps" names "genitoris mei Nominoe…consobrini mei Salomonis filiique mei Conan episcoporumque"[34], suggests that she may have been --- of Brittany, sister of Nominoë Duke of Brittany, daughter of ---, assuming that "consobrinus" should be interpreted in its strict sense.

SALOMON (-murdered 28 Jun 874). "Erispoius…provinciæ Brittaniæ princeps" names "genitoris mei Nominoe…consobrini mei Salomonis filiique mei Conan episcoporumque" in a charter dated 19 May [851/57][35]. The Chronicle of Nantes names "Salomon nepos Nomenoii" when recording that he murdered "Herispogium regem cognatum suum"[36]. The Historia Brittania Armorica names "Salomon nepos Nomenoii"[37]. The Annales Bertiniani record that "Salomon Britto" submitted to Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and was granted a third of Brittany in 852[38]. Regino records the accession of "Salomon dux" on the death of "Herispoius rex Brittonum"[39]. He murdered [his cousin] Duke Erispoe and succeeded in Nov 857 as Duke of Brittany. "Salomon Brittania princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 6 Mar 863[40]. Another charter dated [874] names "Salomoni Brittanie duci"[41]. An opponent of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, in 863 Salomon eventually swore allegiance to the king who granted him the land between the Mayenne and Sarthe rivers. However, he rebelled and defeated King Charles at Brissarthe in 866 helped by Viking allies, but was granted the county of Coutances (Cotentin and Avranchin) under the peace agreed subsequently. He styled himself king in charters[42]. The Annales Bertiniani record the death in 874 of "Salomon dux Brittonum"[43]. Regino records that "Salomon rex Brittonum" was killed by "Pasquitano et Vurfando", specifying that they thereupon divided the kingdom between them although Pascwethen received the larger share[44]. The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Salomon rex Britonum" was killed "874 IV Kal Jul" by his followers[45]. The Chronicle of Nantes records that "Salomon rex Britanniæ" was killed "a Britannis suis"[46]. m GUENEBRET, daughter of ---. Pope Nicholas I addressed a letter to "Salomone Britannorum rege eiusque conjuge Gyenebret" dated "7 Kal Jun Indictione XIII"[47]. No proof has been found that Guenebret was the mother of Salomon's children who are shown below. Duke Salomon & [his wife] had four children:

  1. PROSTLON de Bretagne (-before 8 Jan 876). Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the Annales Bertiniani which name "Paswithen gener Salamonis" when recording that he negotiated peace with Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks at Compiègne in early Aug 867[48]. "Pacuueten princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon "post mortem uxoris sue Prostlon" by charter dated 8 Jan 876[49]. m PASCWETHEN [Pasquitan] Comte de Vannes, son of ---.
  2. RIVALLON (-after 17 Apr 869, maybe before 10 Feb 872). The Annals of St Salvator Redon name "Rivallone filio Salamonis, Wincone fratre eius" citing a donation of 868[50]. "Salomon…totius Britanniæ magneque parties Galliarum princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 17 Apr 869, naming "antecessores nostri Nominoe videlicet Erispoe", witnessed by "Riuuallon et Guegon filii supradicti Salamonis"[51]. "…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[52]. If it is correct (as suggested below) that "Vuicon filius Riuuilin", who subscribed the charter dated 10 Feb 872 was the son of Duke Salamon's son Rivallon, the absence of Rivallon's name from the list of subscribers suggests that he may have died before that date. m ---. The name of Rivallon's wife is not known. Rivallon & his wife had [one possible child]...
  3. GUEGON [Wincon] (-after 10 Feb 872). The Annals of St Salvator Redon name "Rivallone filio Salamonis, Wincone fratre eius" citing a donation of 868[54]. "Salomon…totius Britanniæ magneque parties Galliarum princeps" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 17 Apr 869, naming "antecessores nostri Nominoe videlicet Erispoe", witnessed by "Riuuallon et Guegon filii supradicti Salamonis"[55]. "…Riuuelen comes, Pascuethen comes, Bran comes…Jedecael princeps Poucher…Moruuethen comes…Riuallon et Guigon filii Salomonis…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Jul 871 relating to a dispute involving the abbey of Redon[56]. "Salomon rex Britannie" donated property to the abbey of Redon by charter dated 10 Feb 872, witnessed by "Salamon rex…Vuicon filius eius, Bran, Vuruuant, Vuicon filius Riuuilin…"[57].
  4. ALBIGEON (-bur Redon). The Annals of St Salvator Redon record that "Albigeon, Salamonis Britonum regis filius" was buried at the abbey of Redon[58].

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Salomon, King of Brittany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Salomon, Duke of Brittany)

For the Spanish martyr called Saint Salomon, see Saint Roderick.

Salomon (Breton: Salaün; died 874) was Count of Rennes and Nantes from 852 and Duke of Brittany from 857 until his death by assassination. He used the title King of Brittany intermittently after 868. In 867, he was granted the counties of Avranches and Coutances.

In popular tradition within Brittany he was canonised as "Saint Salomon" after his death and raised to the rank of martyr.

Rise under Erispoe

Salomon was the son of Riwallon III of Poher. In 851, Charles the Bald, after his defeat at the Battle of Jengland, made peace with Erispoe, the Breton duke, and granted him the counties of Rennes and Nantes and the Pays de Retz in Poitou as far as the river Mayenne. In 852, Salomon swore an oath to Charles and became his loyal follower (fidelis); in return, he was granted Rennes, Nantes, and Retz as a "third" of Brittany to be held from Charles in fee.[1] He and Erispoe were the dominatores of Rennes in 853. Salomon was the most powerful aristocrat at Erispoe's court.

[edit]Revolt of 858–863

Probably because he feared losing his benefices (which he held under Erispoe) if Louis the Stammerer were allowed to become king at Le Mans, Salomon colluded with the otherwise unknown Almarchus to assassinate his cousin Erispoe and seize the Breton throne in 857. In 858, he was behind the large-scale revolt of the Frankish nobles of Neustria against Charles the Bald.[2] Bretons were involved in the chasing of Louis from Le Mans in Spring that year. In September, Louis the German marched as far as Orléans, where a Breton delegation from Salomon met him and took oaths on Salomon's behalf.[3] In 859, a synod met at Savonnières near Toul and tried to order Salomon to remember his oath of 852 and to resume paying the tribute which Brittany had paid in years past.[4]

By 862, Salomon was the centre of the revolt against Charles the Bald, though he had not made war on the king himself since 860.[4] In that year he hired the services of a band of Vikings with which to fight Robert the Strong, who himself had hired mercenary Vikings to help him.[5] Salomon also lent a force of Bretons to aid Louis the Stammerer, now in league with the rebels, in his war with Robert.[4] In 863, Charles gathered and army and began marching on Brittany, but held off near Entramnes and negotiated a peace with Salomon whereby western Anjou was recognised as a part of Brittany and the lay abbacy of Saint-Aubin in Angers was granted to Salomon, who commended himself to Charles and paid tribute.[4]

[edit]Revolt of 865–867

Salomon did not give up his war with Robert or his alliance with the Vikings quite so readily, however. In 865 and 866, the Vikings and Bretons ravaged the vicintiy of Le Mans and Robert was killed in the Battle of Brissarthe against the Vikings allied with the Bretons.[6] This was the start of a new insurrection; even Pope Nicholas I wrote letters to Salomon uring him to resume the halted tribute payments. Charles marched on Brittany in 867, but Salomon sent his son-in-law Pascweten to negotiate a peace at Compiègne in August. Charles sent hostages to Salomon and Pascweten swore oaths of featly to Charles on Salomon's behalf.

[edit]Peace and regalia

This peace was to last until the end of Salomon's life. Charles rewarded his now faithful vassal with a gift of regalia in 868, including a golden, jewelled crown.[7] It is also likely that Salomon's two-year-old son Wigo was baptised on this occasion and that Charles acted as godfather to him, thus making Salomon and Charles linked by "blood" as co-fathers.[8] Though Salomon thereafter began to call himself king, he was not king in any official capacity, as an eleventh-century historian at Redon monastery wrote:

Salomon was called king, not because it was true in fact, but because he wore a gold coronet and purple robes by a grant of the Emperor Charles, and for this reason was designated by this name.[9]

Salomon expended some effort in the mid-860s trying to have Pope Nicholas send the pallium to the Bishop of Dol to create and archdiocese for all the Breton bishoprics, which did not recognised the Archdiocese of Tours, their legal metropolitan.[10] Salomon may have wanted an archbishop which was pliable to his wishes or who could consecrate him as king. Perhaps he simply wished to break the deadlock which had ensued following Nominoe's deposition of five Breton bishops a decade and a half earlier.

In 874, a conspiracy involving Pascweten, Wrhwant, and Wigo, son of Riwallon, Count of Cornouaille, plotted to kill Salomon.[11] This they did, though they quickly fell out with each other and a civil war followed until 876.

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http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/e/c/h/Stephen-D-Echard-musgrave/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0688.html

Salomon De Bretagne (b. 835, d. 15 Dec 874)

  • Salomon De Bretagne (son of Riwallon De Poher) was born 835, and died 15 Dec 874.
  • He married Gwenvred N.
  • Children of Salomon De Bretagne and Gwenvred N are:
  1. +Hervé De Bretagne, b. 870, d. 955.
view all 13

Saloman Duc de Bretagne de Poher, III's Timeline