Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marqués de Dalí y de Púbol (1904 - 1989) MP

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Birthplace: Figueres, Girona, Catalonia, Spain
Death: Died in Figueres, Girona, Catalonia, Spain
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About Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marqués de Dalí y de Púbol

Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, marqués de Dalí y de Púbol (Figueras, 11 de mayo de 1904 – ibídem, 23 de enero de 1989), fue un pintor, escultor, grabador, escenógrafo y escritor español, considerado uno de los máximos representantes del surrealismo.

Dalí es conocido por sus impactantes y oníricas imágenes surrealistas. Sus habilidades pictóricas se suelen atribuir a la influencia y admiración por el arte renacentista. También fue un experto dibujante. Los recursos plásticos dalinianos también abordaron el cine, la escultura y la fotografía, lo cual le condujo a numerosas colaboraciones con otros artistas audiovisuales. Tuvo la habilidad de forjar un estilo marcadamente personal y reconocible, que en realidad era muy ecléctico y que «vampirizó» innovaciones ajenas. Una de sus obras más célebres es La persistencia de la memoria, el famoso cuadro de los «relojes blandos», realizado en 1931.

Como artista extremadamente imaginativo, manifestó una notable tendencia al narcisismo y la megalomanía, cuyo objeto era atraer la atención pública. Esta conducta irritaba a quienes apreciaban su arte y justificaba a sus críticos, que rechazaban sus conductas excéntricas como un reclamo publicitario ocasionalmente más llamativo que su producción artística. Dalí atribuía su «amor por todo lo que es dorado y resulta excesivo, [su] pasión por el lujo y su amor por la moda oriental» a un autoproclamado «linaje arábigo», que remontaba sus raíces a los tiempos de la dominación árabe de la península ibérica.

References:

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Salvador Dalí:

b. May 11, 1904, Figueras, Spain

d. Jan. 23, 1989, Figueras

Beginnings

As an art student in Madrid and Barcelona, Dalí assimilated a vast number of artistic styles and displayed unusual technical facility as a painter. In the late 1920s, two events brought about the development of his mature artistic style:

• His discovery of Sigmund Freud's writings on the erotic significance of  subconscious imagery; and

• His affiliation with the Paris Surrealists, a group of artists and writers who  sought to establish the "greater reality" of man's subconscious over his reason.

Surrealism To bring up images from his subconscious mind, Dalí began to induce hallucinatory states in himself by a process he described as “paranoiac critical.” Once Dalí hit on this method, his painting style matured with extraordinary rapidity, and from 1929 to 1937 he produced the paintings that made him the world's best-known Surrealist artist.

He depicted a dream world in which commonplace objects are juxtaposed, deformed, or otherwise metamorphosed in a bizarre and irrational fashion. Dalí portrayed these objects in meticulous, almost painfully realistic detail and usually placed them within bleak, sunlit landscapes that were reminiscent of his Catalonian homeland.

Perhaps the most famous of these enigmatic images is "The Persistence of Memory" (1931), in which limp, melting watches rest in an eerily calm landscape.

With the Spanish director Luis Buñuel, Dalí also made two Surrealistic films:

• Un Chien andalou (1928; An Andalusian Dog); and

• L'Âge d'or (1930; The Golden Age).

Both films are similarly filled with grotesque but highly suggestive images.

Renaissance In the late 1930s, Dalí switched to painting in a more academic style under the influence of the Renaissance painter Raphael, and as a consequence he was expelled from the Surrealist movement.

Thereafter, he spent much of his time designing theatre sets, interiors of fashionable shops, and jewelry, as well as exhibiting his genius for flamboyant self-promotional stunts in the United States, where he lived from 1940 to 1955.

In the period from 1950 to 1970, Dalí painted many works with religious themes, though he continued to explore erotic subjects, to represent childhood memories, and to use themes centering on his wife, Gala. Notwithstanding their technical accomplishments, these later paintings are not as highly regarded as the artist's earlier works.

The most interesting and revealing of Dalí's books is The Secret Life of Salvador Dali (1942-44).

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Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí I Domènech MyHeritage family trees Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech Web Site, managed by Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech (Contact)

Birth: 1904

Parents: Salvador Dalí i Cusí, Felipa Dalí i Cusí (nacida Domènech i Ferrés)

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Salvador Dalí's Timeline

1904
May 11, 1904
Figueres, Girona, Catalonia, Spain
1929
September 10, 1929
Age 25
Madrid, Madrid, Community of Madrid, Spain
1989
January 23, 1989
Age 84
Figueres, Girona, Catalonia, Spain
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