Sampsigeramus III Silas, Priest-King of Emesa

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Records for Gaius Iulius Sampsigeramus Silas of Emesa

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Gaius Iulius Sampsigeramus Silas of Emesa, Priest-King

Birthdate:
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Alexio II, Priest-King of Emesa and Claudia
Husband of N.N., Unknown Wife of Sampsigeramus III and Claudia Balbilla
Father of Soaemus, Priest-King of Emesa and N.N. of Emesa
Brother of Mamaea Queen of the Septimii Palmyra

Occupation: 9th King of Emesa 79-120 CE
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sampsigeramus III Silas, Priest-King of Emesa

From Wikipedia:

Gaius Julius Fabia Sampsiceramus III Silas (flourished second half of the 1st century & first half of the 2nd century, died 120) was a Syrian Prince and Roman Client Priest King of Emesa.

Silas was a monarch of Assyrian, Greek, Armenian, Medes, Berber and Roman ancestry. He was the son of Gaius Julius Alexio, also known as Alexio II by an unnamed wife.[1] His paternal grandparents were the previous Emesene Monarchs Sohaemus of Emesa and Drusilla of Mauretania.[2]

Silas was born and raised in Emesa. After his father died in 78, Silas succeeded his father as Priest King of Emesa. Silas ruled as a Priest King from 79 until his death in 120. He was the priest of the Syrian Sun God, known in Aramaic as El-Gebal. Little is known on his life and his reign as Emesene Priest King. What is known about Silas is from surviving inscriptions from Emesa.[3]

There is a noted sepulchral Greek inscription on a monument dated 78/79[4] at Emesa, dedicated by Silas to his family:

Gaius Julius Fabia, Sampsiceramus, also called Silas, son of Gaius Julius Alexio, while still living made this for himself and his family, year 390

The generations after Silas, are not recorded sufficiently to accurately present a pedigree.[5] Silas was the father of Gaius Julius Longinus Soaemus, also known as Soaemus[6] by an unnamed wife. Soaemus would succeed Silas as the Emesene Priest King. A descendant of Silas’ is the Emesene high priest Gaius Julius Bassianus, who was the father of the Roman Empress Julia Domna and another possible descendant was the Syrian Queen of the 3rd century, Zenobia of Palmyra.[7]

References

  1. Cleopatra’s Children and Descendants: credited by Karl Leon Ciccone at Ancient History by Suite101
  2. Cleopatra’s Children and Descendants: credited by Karl Leon Ciccone at Ancient History by Suite101
  3. Birley, Septimius Severus: the African emperor p.71
  4. Temporini, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im spiegel der neueren Forschung p.219
  5. Cleopatra’s Children and Descendants at Ancient History by Suite101
  6. Settipani, Continuité gentilice et continuité familiale dans les familles sénatoriales romaines à l’époque impériale
  7. Cleopatra’s Children and Descendants at Ancient History by Suite101

Sources

  • H. Temporini & W. Haase, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im spiegel der neueren Forschung, Walter de Gruyter, 1977
  • A.R. Birley, Septimius Severus: the African emperor, Routledge, 1999
  • C. Settipani, Continuité gentilice et continuité familiale dans les familles sénatoriales romaines à l’époque imperial, Oxford, 2000
  • Cleopatra’s Children and Descendants at Ancient History by Suite101

Additional Sources

About Sampsigeramus III Silas, Priest-King of Emesa (Ελληνικά)

Γαΐος Ἰούλιος, Φαβίᾳ, Σαμσιγέραμος ὁ καὶ Σείλας, Γαΐου Ἰουλίου Ἀλεξιῶνος υἱὁς, ζῶν ἐποίησεν ἑαυτῷ καὶ τοῖς ἰδίοις, ἔτους Οτʹ