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Samuel Eddy

Also Known As: "Fosten ;"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Cranbrook, Kent, England, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Swansea, Bristol County, Dominion of New England (Present Massachusetts), (Present USA)
Place of Burial: Eddy Cemetery, Swansea, Bristol County, MA, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Rev. William Eddy and Mary Eddy
Husband of Mary Eddy (Fosten) and Elizabeth Eddy
Father of John Eddy, of Taunton; Zachariah Eddy; Caleb Eddy; Obadiah Eddy; Hannah Manter and 2 others
Brother of Phineas Eddy; Nathaniel Eddy; Mary Everriden (Eddy); John Eddy; Eleanor Fosten Eddy and 6 others
Half brother of Priscila Eddy

Occupation: Tailor, Immigrant
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Samuel Eddy

Samuel and his brother John sailed from London on the Handmaid, Aug.10, 1630. They arrived at Plymouth, Massachusetts, on Oct. 29, 1630 (old style). He was poor and a debtor for several years. He became a freeman on Jan. 1, 1632/33. He and five other men acquired land for their "first born". His land became the site of Eddyville MA, part of the "26 man purchase" from the Indians.

-------------------- Arrived in New England on the "Handmaiden", leaving port of London on Aug 10, 1630. It arrived in Plymouth Harbor on Oct 29, 1630

-------------------- 10 Samuel Eddy (William) bapt. May. 15, 1608, at Cranbrook, Co. Kent, England (Church Register); d. Nov. 12, 1687, at Swansea, Mass. (Plymouth Ch. Rec., Vol. I, p. 262); m. Elizabeth . . . (probably Savery) who d. May 24, 1689, "in her 82nd year at the end of it;" in Swansea, Mass. (Plymouth Ch. Rec., Vol. I, p. 265).

PORTIONS OF LARGE PRING IN BIO:

It is not known whether Samuel and Elizabeth were married before they came to New England. It is supposed that Elizabeth's name was Savery from the following facts: A deed dated Feb. 20, 1662 (Plymouth Co. Deeds, 2.2.III) states that Thomas Savery makes over to Samuell Eedey, his brother-in-law, land in Puncateesett, lying over against Road Island. If Thomas Savery was a brother-in-law of Samuel Eddy, either he married Samuel's sister or Smuel married his sister. Thomas Savery's wife was named Ann. Samuel Eddy had a sister Anna, but there seems to be no doubt that Anna Eddy was the wife of Barnabas Wines. If Samuel's sister Anna was the wife of Barnabas Wines, then she was not the wife of Thomas Savery, and therefore Samuel Eddy's wife was Elizabeth Savery, sister of Thomas. It is possible that both Ann, wife of Thomas Savery and Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Eddy, were sisters, but if that were the case, it does not seem likely that Ann Savery (Savory) would have used the expression "our brother-in-law" in the following deed, dated Mar. 22, 1677/78. Ann Savery, widow, conveyed to her two sons "land at four mile brook which fell to my late husband Thomas Savery, by exchange with our brother-in-law, Samuel Eddy" (Plymouth Col. Rec., Vol. IV, p. 311).

Of the life of Samuel Eddy in England little is known. In accordance with his father's will, his brother Phineas Eddy was to care for his education and apprentice him to some trade. He learned the trade of a tailor. Upon reaching hte age of twenty-two years he was to receive by inheritance £100. So in May of 1630 he must have received this sum and probably used a goodly portion of it to pay his passage to New England. It is known that his brother John, whom he accompanied to New England, lived either in Boxted, County of Essex, or in Nayland, County of Suffolk, in England. These two parishes are on opposite sides of the River Stour, which separates the two counties. It is possible that the records of Boxted Church, which unfortunately are lost for the years between 1617 and 1662, might have contained the record of the marriage of Samuel and Elizabeth.

Samuel Eddy came to New England with his brother John Eddyh on the "Handmaid," leaving the port of London on August 10, 1630 and arriving at Plymouth Harbor on the 29th of October, 1630 (Old Style), after a very stormy twelve weeks at sea (See quotations under John Eddy, No. 5). Both Samuel and Jhon intended to join their distant connections, the Winthrops and the Doggetts, who had come to New England earlier in this same year, and who had settled at Boston, but they were not permitted to do so because htey had neglected to obtain letters from the Plymouth Colony, dismissing them from that colony to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The following quotation from Goodwin's "pilgrim Republic refers to this fact. "As two of the passengers (of the Handmaid) rated as gentlemen, desired to settle at Boston, Standish took them there, but the Bay people refused to receive them because they had no testimoy." Both the Eddys returned with Standish to Plymouth and Samuel Eddy remained there. It has been conjectured by some that he found his bride in Plymouth and that she not want to leave her relatives in Plymouth, so Samuel was persuaded to remain there. He did not accompany his brother, John Eddy, when John and his family left in the winter of 1631/31, having procured the necessary letters from Plymouth to Massachusetts Bay, in accordance with the agreement between the two colonies.

It must be remembered that Samuel Eddy was only twenty-two years of age had just finished an apprenticeship in the tailoring trade, when he set sail for New England. What remained of his inheritance after paying for his passage must have been nearly all expended when he purchased the property on Spring Hill from Experience Michell (Mitchell). This was then on South Street and is now No. 34 and 36 Market St. The deed was dated May 9, 1631.

Experience Michell, sould unto Samuell Eeddy his dwelling house, garden plott fence, wth all things nailefast in ye same; for ye summe of twelfe pounds starling, as apears more at large by a writing under their hands to which ffrancis Eaton was witness. Only this was excepted by ye above said Experience Michell, so much of ye said garden plote as lyeth between ye ende of ye youse ye streete; throw which notwithstanding he was to allow ye said Samuell a convienient way of Pasage, and to fence ye said ground (thus excepted) at his owne charge to maintaine ye same. (plym. Col. Deeds; Vol. 1, p. 18.)

Samuel thus acquired a house, perhaps a home for his bride. With the purchase of this property he also acquired whatever rights went with it as a landholder in Plymouth. Thus, it is that six years later on Nov. 7, 1637, Samuel received three acres of land at New Field, which was set off to him by the town.

The persons mentioned had divers porcons allowed them 3 acres in breadth and 2 in length next to the land of John Dunham, the elder, . . . to Samuell Eedey, 3 acres . . . all wch psons have or are to build in the towne of Plymouth and these lands to belong to their dwelling houses there and not to be sold from their houses. (plym. Court Orders, Vol. 1, p. 46.)

The "New Field" was the first section of cleared ground found by the people of Plymouth at a distance from the town. They used it as a planting ground for the most part and so these acres were to be considered as a garden plot belonging to each estate, and could not be sold apart from such homestead.

On Jan. 1, 1632/33 Samuel Eddy was admitted to the "freedom of the colony" and received the oath (Court Orders of Plym., Vol. 1, p. 1 and p. 5). A list of the names of the "Freemen of the Incorporation of Plymouth in New England," dated 1633, contains the name, Samuell Eedey. This list at first numbered only 68 men, but later 91 men (Plym. Court Orders, Vol. 1, p. 4). At this time there were about 300 persons in Plymouth.

On Jan. 2, 1633 the "persons were rated for the public use," that is, the tax was assessed. Samuell Eedey's tax was 9 shillings. This was the lowest tax assessed to any man. Of the 89 persons on the tax-list, 44 were taxed 9 sh. This was just half that of Miles Standish, who was assessed 18 shillings, while Governor Winslow's tax was £2-5 sh. and Bradford's was £1-16 sh., Prince's, £1-7 sh. and John Alden's £1-4 sh.

On March 24, 1633, the lists were again made up. Samuel's tax remained the same. At various times lists of the freemen were made and sometimes the records contain the names of the freemen who were present or absent from a given town meeting. A list taken Mar. 7, 1636 contains the name of Samuel (Plym. Court Orders, Vol. 1, p. 53). In Oct. 1646 Samuel was absent from the town meeting, but was present in December of the same year (Plym. Rec.).

On Sept. 1, 1640 the order went forth that "every inhabitant of every Towne within the Government fitt and able to beare armes must be trayned (at least) six tymes in the year." In 1643 Samuel was enrolled as a person capable of bearing arms and was made a member of a troop enrolled for the defence of the Colony against the Indians (Hist. of Middleboro, p. 588). On Nov. 29, 1652, Samuel Eddy was a witness to a deed for the purchase of lands from the Indians, "Wosamequen and Wamsutta my sonne", by Bradford, Standish, Winslow and others (May. Des. 6.245). This land is now the town of New Bedford (Hist. of New Bedford, Bristol Col., Mass. 1858, by Daniel Ricketson). In June 1668 it is recorded that Samuel voted in a town meeting in Plymouth (plym. Rec., p. 101).

On May 29, 1670 an exact list of all the names of the "Freemen of the Jurisdiction of New Plymouth," contains the name of Samuel Eedey. This list was made because the towns of Middleberry and Swansea had been incorporated and all those freemen, who had taken up residence in either were listed as freemen of those towns and no longer as belonging to Plymouth. Samuel remained in Plymouth. His son Zachariah was listed as a resident of Swansea but neither Caleb nor Obadiah appear on the lists, as they had not at this time qualified as freemen.

On Aug. 5, 1672 "The Swamp at Wellingsley [a section to the south of the town] lying up the brooke is Graunted wholly unto the Neighbors living there, viz. John Jourdain, Gyles Rickard, Jun., Nathaniel Morton, Sen'r, Abraham Jackson and Samuell Eedey."

On June 27, 1677 Samuel's name appears as a proprietor of land in the Township of Middleborough, but this term proprietor does not mean that Samuel was a resident of Middleborough, but only that he was an owner of property in that town (Rec. of Town of Plym., Vol. 1, p. 191).

On June 25, 1678, it was voted that "The collectors to Gather the minnesters maintainence for this year are William Clarke and Abraham Jackson who are to doe it on the same conditions as it was performed the last yeer: . . . five shillings was allowed to Goodman Edey, viz. Samuell Edey for work don by him in time of warr in making Clothes for Souldiers." (Plym. Col. Rec., Vol. 1, p. 157.) At this time Samuel was seventy years old. Though he could not fight as a soldier, he could aid by using his hands in helping to make clothes for the fighters, thereby finding a use for the trade he had learned in boyhood.

From these records it is evident that Samuel and Elizabeth were residents of Plymouth all their lives until this date and nevre were residents of Middleboro. But at this time both were over seventy years of age. Their four sons had long since left Plymouth, and they were alone. Probably sometime between June 1678 and December 1681 Caleb or Zachariah of Swansea persuaded them that it was time that they gave up their own home at Plymouth, for in Dec. 1681 when giving a deed Samuel and Elizabeth gave their residence as Swansea. They both died there.

By a study of the records, it is possible to learn much about the life of Samuel and his family. Soon after arriving at Plymouth, Samuel must have taken an apprentice boy to teach him the tailor's trade, unless perhaps he had brought him from England, for the records state that on Jan. 10, 1632:

Thos Brian, the serv't of Samuell Eedy was brought before the Gov. and Mr. Will Bradford, Mr. John Done, Stephen Hopkins and William Gilson, Asst. because the said Thomas had runne away and absented himself five daies from his master's service & being lost in the wood & found by an Indian, was forced to returne & for this his offense was privately whipped before the Govr & Council aforementioned.

The following year it is recorded that ffrancis Eaton, carpenter, owed Sam Eedy £2. Perhaps Samuel had been making some clothes for the Eaton family.

So far as the records show, John Eddy, born on Dec. 25, 1637 was the oldest child of Samuel and Elizabeth. There may have been and probably were other children born before this time. In the first years of his sojourn in the new colony, there was probably very little opportunity for Samuel to ply his tailoring trade, which in England at that time was so profitable. Instead it was necessary for this young man to wrest a living for himself and his family from the soil, a calling for which he doubtless had no preparation. For these reasons and perhaps for others Samuel and Elizabeth found life in the new country very hard, so that by 1638, they were rated among the "poore of the town." In the spring of 1624 Edward Winslow returned from a trip to England and brought with him the first cattle introduced into the Colony, and a letter from James Shurley, one of the merchant-adventurers, presenting a heifer, with its increase, as a gift for the benefit of the poor of the town. Each year the "poores stock" as it was called, was assigned to those who needed it.

(little type on p. 24 skipped)

Twice Elizabeth Eddy was summoned to appear before the Coutr of Plymouth. It is recorded that on "Oct. 7, 1651, Wee further present Elizabeth Eeddy, Sen'r of the towne of Plymouth for laboring, that is to say, for wringing and hanging out clothes on the Lord's day, in time of publicke Exercise." She was fined ten shillings, but this fine was remitted. (Court Orders, Vol. II, p. 73.)

(little type on p. 25 skipped)

Samuel Eddy lived at the house which he purchased from Experience Mitchell until about 1645. During that time he was granted "6 acres of upland on the north west side of Fresh Lake, about the fishing place and 30 acres of Upland at Narrogansett Hill and 4 acres of meddow or else a half there meddow ground to yt" (Plymouth Court Orders, Vol. II, p. 26). Fresh Lake is better known by the name of Billington Sea. Narrogansett Hill was the high land to the west of the town, where a battle between two Indian tribes, the Narragansetts and the Pochanockets, had occurred.

On July 6, 1638, Samuel Eddy appears in two transactions as follows:

(little type on p. 25 skipped)

In 1642 Samuel purchased a house, barn and other buildings at Willingsley and Wayberry Plain. This was a section beginning at Hobbs Hole and extending along a brook which had its source about a mile inland. Waybeerry Plain (Playne) appears often on the early maps as Oberry and Woeberry Plain, near the source of the brook aforementioned. Another method of describing this section would be to call it the settlement near Sandwich St. at Hobbs Hole and the South Pond Road.

(little type on p. 25 skipped)

This home at Wellingsley was their home so long as Samuel and Elizabeth lived in Plymouth. Within a month of the time that they purchased this place they apprenticed little John Eddy to one of the neighbors, Francis Goulder, who lived farther down the borok near Hobbs Hole. He was hardly a mile away.

At some time previous to 1660 Samuel Eddy had come into possession of land at Manomett Ponds. This he sold in July 1660 to Samuel Ryder.

(little type on p. 26 skipped)

Some time late there was a question in regard to the title of these lands, so that it was voted

During the year 1651 Samuel acquired interest in some lands at Puncateesett "over against Road Island." These lands were in what is now the northern art of Tiverton, R. I., to the south west of Fall River. On March 22, 1663 these lands were allotted. Samuel Eddy and Thomas Savery together received hte "3rd lott which is on the ewst side of the south point bounded on the south end with a walnut stake standing att the highway side betwixt the 2cond lott and att the north end buteth to the highway att the cove as farr as a white thorne bush : att the East side bounded with the highwayat the west side with the sea & ffogland beach. (Plym. Rec., Vol. I, p. 63.)

This is the land which Thomas Savery on Feb. 20, 1662 made over to htis brother-in-law and in exchange obtained from Samuel Eedey, land lying near Four Mile Brook and also a piece of upland lying and being near Fresh Lake. (Plym. Deeds 2-2-11.) Samuel and Elizabeth kept possession of these Puncateesett lands until Dec. 21, 1681 when

(little type on p. 26 skipped)

When John, the oldest son of Samuel was about nineteen, Samuel began to look about for some lands for him to possess. Together with others he applied to the court for a grant of land for these "firstborn" children of the colony and it is recorded

(little type on p. 26 skipped)

This tract which Capt. Southworth had purchased was divided among twenty-siz men and was known as "The 26 Men's Purchasse." It was between the Namasket River and the Tippacunnett Brook. As Samuel had asked for this grant for "his posterity," he soon deeded it to them. On March 24, Sameul

(little type on p. 26 skipped)

By this grant Samuel became one of the first proprietors of Middleberry, as the town midway between Plymouth and the Pokanoket chief was called. In 1669 this town included what had been known as Assawampsett, Nemasket, the Titicut land of the Indians, the west portion of the town of Halifax and the whole of Lakeville.

At various times during the following years these lands were again confirmed by the Court and their boundaries were more accurately defined. On June 7, 1665 Samuel was assigned 30 acres on the west side of the Nemasket River and on July 14, 1667, he was given 6 acres on the South Meadow River which in April 1710 was definitely bounded.

PARTS SKIPPED

Children, b. in Plymouth Mass.:

+33 John Eddy, b. Dec. 25, 1637. +34 Zachriah Eddy, b. 1639. +35 Caleb Eddy, b. 1643. +36 Obadiah Eddy., b. 1645. 37 Hannah Eddy, b. June 23 or June 27, 1647. Nothing more is known about her.

Source: http://www.gojp.com/genealogy/samueleddy.html

-----------------------

Samuel Eddy, son of William and Mary (Foston) Eddye, was born in May, 1608, died 1685. He was the immigrant ancestor. On August 10, 1630, with his brother, John, he left London, England, in the ship 'Handmaid', Captain John Grant, arriving at Plymouth, Mass., October 29, 1630. He settled in Plymouth, and on January 1, 1632, was made freeman. On November 7, 1637, three acres of land and thirty acres of meadow were set off to him. On April 3, 1645, he sent his son John to live with Francis Gould until he should come of age. His wife was fined, October 7, 1651, for wringing out clothes on Sunday, but later the fine was remitted. She was summoned before court, May 1, 1660, to answer for traveling on Sunday from Plymouth to Boston, and she declared that she went there on that day because of the illness of Mistress Saffin. She was excused, but admonished. On May 9, 1631, Samuel Eddy purchased a house at Spring Hill at the end of Main street, in Plymouth, of Experience Mitchell, and his sold it in 1645. He was one of the original purchasers of Middleboro, Mass., and owned much land in other places. In 1631 his assessment was half that of Captain Standish, and in 1633 it was the same. He married Elizabeth ------ , who died in 1689.

Source: http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~rigenweb/articles/194.html --------------------

   Samuel and his brother John left London, Aug. 10, 1630, in the ship
   Handmaid, Capt. Joseph Grant, Master, and arrived in Plymouth Colony,
   Oct. 29, 1630 (O.S.) or Nov. 8, 1630 (N.S.). Admitted as a Freeman,
   Jan. 1, 1632. Shared in division of land in 1637 and 1641. In 1631 he
   purchases a house from Experience Mitchell. He was one of the
   original purchasers of Middleboro, MA. His wife, Elizabeth (Savory?)
   died in 1689.
   Database: Plymouth Colony, History and People
   Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society (hereafter MHS Collections) 3rd Series (Boston, 1825), 1:199; Charles Henry Pope, The Pioneers of Massachusetts (Boston, 1900; reprint, Baltimore, 1986), 151. John Winthrop, Winthrop Papers 1623-1630, Vol. 2 (1931, reissued New York, 1968), 269, wrote on 29 October 1630 that the Handmaid arrived at Plymouth, having been twelve weeks at sea, with about sixty passengers, the ship's master having come to Boston with Captain Standish "and 2 gent passingers, who came to plant here, but havinge no testimonies we would not receive them." It has been presumed that these were the Eddy brothers. That the Eddy brothers did arrive on the Handmaid can be seen from the same source, 319, where in a letter to his wife on 29 November 1630 Winthrop writes, "Edy of Boxted, who came in her [the Handmaid] tould me a fortnight that he had many lettres in the shippe for me, but I heer not yet of them: which makes me now (havinge opportunity to send to Plimmouth) to write these few lines to thee, least the shippe should be gone before I have received my lettres." The wording of these two passages makes it appear that the ship's master, along with Standish and the two gentleman passengers, arrived at Boston via some other, perhaps smaller, vessel, and the Handmaid stayed at Plymouth. This would make it seem that some at least, perhaps most, of the about sixty passengers on the Handmaid must have been destined for Plymouth.
   Plymouth Colony: Its History and People 1620-1691
   Part One: Chronological Histories
   Chapter 2: Bringing Over Their Friends (1627-1633)
   Not long before 29 October 1630, the Handmaid arrived at Plymouth with about sixty passengers, including two Eddy brothers from Boxted, Sussex, whose father had been vicar at Cranbrook, Kent. They continued to the Bay Colony to settle, but were rejected there for "having no testimonies." They returned to Plymouth, where John Eddy stayed about one year and then removed to Watertown, where he became a leading citizen, while Samuel Eddy remained in Plymouth.
   Plymouth Colony: Its History and People 1620-1691
   Part Two: Topical Narratives
   Chapter 11: Man and Master
   One important source of servants was the practice of some families of "putting out" one or more children. Samuel Eddy, for example, although the son of an English minister and university graduate, did not seem to prosper in Plymouth, and he and his wife, "by reason of many wants lying on them," were forced to put out several children as servants.
   Plymouth Colony: Its History and People 1620-1691
   Part Three: Biographical Sketches
   Biographical Sketches
   Eddy, Samuel
   The son of the Reverend William and Mary (Fosten) Eddy, Samuel was baptized at Cranbrook, Kent, 15 September 1608 (Parish Register). He and his older brother John Eddy arrived at Plymouth on [p.287] the Handmaid in 1630, as is shown in the text. The Eddy Family Association, Inc., has published one of the better family histories, The Eddy Family in America (Boston, 1930, with occasional supplements), which gives the results of much research on the English antecedents of the two brothers and on their descendants in America. John Eddy moved to Watertown in the Bay Colony after a year or so in Plymouth. Samuel was a tailor by trade, having been apprenticed in England after his father's death. He bought a house at Plymouth 9 May 1631 from Experience Mitchell (PCR 12:18), and he was made a freeman 1 January 1632/33 (PCR 1:5). On 10 January 1632/33 Thomas Brian, the servant of Samuel Eddy, was brought before the council for running away from his master, and was privately whipped (PCR 1:7). Though Eddy was of gentry status, and though he received land grants, he did not seem to prosper in Plymouth, as can be seen from his putting his children out as servants. On 3 April 1645 Samuel Eddy put his seven-year-old son John to dwell with Francis and Katherine Goulder until John reached twenty-one (PCR 2:82). The court noted on 2 March 1646/47 that Samuel and Elizabeth Eddy, having many children and "by reason of many wants lying on them," were not able to bring up their children as they desired, and thus they put their seven-year-old son Zachary out with Mr. John Browne of Rehoboth to be brought up in the employment of husbandry "or any busines he shall see meete for ye good of theire child" until age twenty-one (PCR 2:112). On 4 March 1652 Samuel and Elizabeth Eddy for their "many wants" put out their nine-year-old son Caleb with Mr. John Browne (MD 2:30).
   The Eddy Family book, which is well documented in the early generations, shows that although Samuel had land rights elsewhere, he lived in Plymouth until the family moved to Swansea ca. 1680. Samuel died at Swansea 12 November 1687 in his eighty-seventh year (Ply. Ch. Recs. 1:262-as often happens, his age at death could be wrong, for it would seem unlikely that his clergyman father would not have baptized him shortly after birth); and his wife Elizabeth died at Swansea 24 May 1689 at the end of her eighty-second year (Ply. Ch. Recs. 1:265). The maiden name of Samuel's wife Elizabeth is unknown. From PCR 2:82 we know that son John (the oldest known child) was born 25 December 1637, and thus it seems reasonable to suppose that Samuel and Elizabeth were married after his arrival in Plymouth. There is a mystery about Samuel Eddy appearing on a list of 3 June 1662 of "first born children" who received land purchased by Major Winslow and Captain Southworth (PCR 4:18-19). The list is a bit misnamed, for the original act from PCR 11:16 provides that "such children as are heer borne & next unto them such as are heer brought up under their parents[...]be provided for [...]before any that either come from England or elsewhere." A good reason can be found for virtually all the names on the 1662 list. The "first born" seems to be any needy child (or a parent for the child) of those who were in Plymouth by 1627. One [p.288] person on the list does not fit the pattern, William Pontus, but we might suppose that he was included because he and his wife were of the Leiden Separatists and needed land. Some men are on the list because they married "first born" children, such as William Hoskins (married Sarah Cushman), William Nelson (Martha Ford), George Partridge (Sarah Tracy), and Andrew Ring (Deborah Hopkins). Edward Gray was the only person receiving a double share, and he was the husband of Mary Winslow, daughter of two Old Comers (Mary Chilton and John Winslow). But why was Samuel Eddy's name on the list?

-------------------- Samuel Eddy came to New England with his brother John Eddy on the sailing ship the "Handmaid" leaving the port of London on August 10, 1630 and arriving at Plymouth Harbor on October 29, 1630 after a very stormy 12 weeks at sea. -------------------- Among the passengers in the "Handmaid" that landed in Plymouth on October 29, 1630 were John and Samuel Eddy. John, thirty-three years of age and his brother Samuel, twelve years younger, were sons of William Eddy, the Vicar of St. Dunstan's, Cranbrook, England, from 1591-1616. John settled in Watertown, Mass. becoming the first Town Clerk and a member of the Board of Selectmen.

Samuel settled in Plymouth. He was admitted as a Freeman in 1633 when but three hundred people were there. Records indicate that he built on what is now Market Street in the center of town. Later with a growing family, he built a second house in the Hobb's Hole* section. In England he had been apprenticed to the tailor's trade, which bears out records of clothing he made for soldiers in Plymouth's early battles with the Indians.

http://www.eddyfamily.com/homestead_history.htm

The History of the Eddy Homestead EDDYVILLE* 1661-1969

by G. Ward Stetson

Reprinted from The Middleboro Antiquarian, September, 1969.

  • a section of Middleboro(bhp)

-------------------- Samuel was baptized on May 15, 1608 in Cranbrook, Kent county, England. Of his life in England little is known. In accordance with his father's will, his brother Phineas Eddy was to care for his education and apprentice him to some trade, and he learned the trade of a tailor. Upon reaching the age of twenty-two years he was to receive by inheritance £100. So in May of 1630 he must have received this sum and probably used a goodly portion of it to pay his passage to America.

Samuel came to New England with his brother John on the Handmaid under John Grant, leaving the port of London on August 10, 1630 and arriving at Plymouth Harbor on October 29, 1630 after a very stormy twelve weeks at sea. Both Samuel and John, rated as "gentlemen," intended to join their distant connections, the Winthrops and the Doggetts, who had come to New England earlier in this same year and who had settled at Boston. However, even though Miles Standish personally escorted them to Boston, Samuel and John were not permitted to remain because they had neglected to obtain testimonial letters from the Plymouth Colony, dismissing them from that colony to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The brothers returned to Plymouth with Miles Standish. John and his family returned to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the winter of 1631/32 having procured the necessary letters from Plymouth. Samuel decided to remain in Plymouth.

Soon after arriving at Plymouth, Samuel must have taken an apprentice boy to teach him the tailor's trade, unless perhaps he had brought him from England, for the records state that on January 10, 1632/3:

Thos Brian, the serv't of Samuell Eedy wsa brought before the Gov. and Mr. Will Bradford, Mr. John Done, Stephen Hopkins and Wiliam Gilson, Asst. because the said Thomas had runne away and absented himself five daies from his master's service & being lost in the wood & found by an Indian, was forced to returne & for this his offense was privately whipped before the Govr & Council aforementioned.

What remained of Samuel's inheritance after paying for his passage must have been nearly all spent when he purchased the property on Spring Hill from Experience Mitchell, who came in the Anne in 1623 This place was then on South Street and is now No. 34 and 36 Market Street. The deed was dated May 9, 1631.

Experience Michell, sould unto Samuell Eeddy his dwelling house, garden plott fence, wth all things nailefast in ye same; for ye summe of twelfe pounds starling, as apears more at large by a writing under their hands to which ffrancis Eaton was witness. Only this was excepted by ye above said Experience Michell, so much of ye said garden plote as lyeth between ye ende of ye house ye streete; throw which notwithstanding he was to allow ye said Samuel a convienient way of Pasage, and to fence ye said goud (thus excepted) at his owne charge to maintaine ye same.

Samuel thus acquired a house, perhaps a home for his bride. He lived there from 1631 to 1645. With the purchase of this property, he also acquired whatever rights went with it as a landholder in Plymouth. Thus it is that six years later on November 7, 1637, Samuel received three acres of land at New Field, which was set off to him by the town. "The persons mentioned had divers porcons allowed them 3 acres in breadth and 2 in length next to the land of John Dunham the elder...to Samuell Eedey, 3 acres...all wch psons have or are to build in the towne of Plymouth and these lands to belong to their dwelling houses there and not to be sold from their houses."

On January 1, 1632/33, Samuel Eddy was admitted to the "freedom of the colony" and received the oath. A list of the names of the "Freemen of the Incorporation of Plymouth in New England" dated 1633 contains the name, Samuell Eddey. On January 2, 1633 the "persons were rated for the public use", that is, the tax was assessed. Samuel Eddy's tax was 9 shillings, the lowest tax assessed to any man. On March 24, 1633, the lists were again made up. Samuel's tax remained the same. A list taken March 7, 1636 contains the name of Samuel.

Sometime before 1637 (birth of first child), Samuel married. His wife's name was Elizabeth, though her maiden name is uncertain. Elizabeth has been called sister of Thomas Savory of Plymouth, based on relationships stated in deeds. Unfortunately for this argument, one of these deeds does not state the connection; the deed from Thomas Savory to Samuel Eddy of February 20, 1662 does not refer to Eddy as "brother-in-law". The later deed, by the widow of Thomas, does refer to "our brother-in-law Samuel Eddy", so the identification certainly remains possible. Note also that Eddy and Savory were granted lands jointly in 1664, although these lots were all granted to pairs of individuals, not necessarily related. If Thomas Savory was a brother-in-law of Samuel Eddy, either he married Samuel's sister or Samuel married his sister. Thomas Savory's wife was named Ann. Samuel Eddy had a sister Anna, but there seems to be no doubt that Anna Eddy was the wife of Barnabas Wines. If Samuel's sister Anna was the wife of Barnabas Wines, then she was obviously not the wife of Thomas Savory, and therefore Samuel Eddy's wife according to this theory was Elizabeth Savory, sister of Thomas.

However, there is also a mystery about Samuel Eddy appearing on a list of June 3, 1662 of "first born children" who received land purchased by Major Winslow and Captain Southworth. The list is a bit misnamed, for the original act from Plymouth Colony Records provdes that "such children as are heer borne & next unto them such as are heer brought up under their parents...be provided for...before any that either come from England or elsewhere." A good reason can be found for virtually all the names on the 1662 list. The "first born" seems to be any needy child (or a parent for the child) of those who were in Plymouth by 1627. One person on the list does not fit the pattern, William Pontus, but it might be supposed that he was included because he and his wife were of the Leiden Separatists and needed land. Some men are on the list because they married "first born" children, such as William Hoskins (married Sarah Cushman), William Nelson (Martha Ford), George Partridge (Sarah Tracy), and Andrew Ring (Deborah Hopkins). Edward Gray was the only person receiving a double share, and he was the husband of Mary Winslow, daughter of two Old Comers (Mary Chilton and John Winslow). But why was Samuel Eddy's name on the list?

Samuel did not qualify for including by any right of his own. Therefore, it is reasonable to suppose that he qualified by right of his wife, and that she must have been the daughter of some Old Comer family. Which Old Comer families had daughters named Elizabeth who cannot otherwise bwe accounted for? Only one. William Bradford's account says thatt "Thomas Rogers dyed in the first sickness, but his sone Joseph is still living, and is maried, and hath six children. The rest of Thomas Rogers children came over, and are married, and have many children." Yet not all of Thomas Rogers's other children at Plymouth have been identified. Besides Joseph, who came over with Rogers, his son John came over about 1630, but that is all that is known about his children in New England. Leiden records show that Rogers also had in Holland Lysbeth (Elizabeth) and Grietgen (Margaret). It might seem reasonable then to think that Samuel Eddy's wife was Elizabeth Rogers.

Elizabeth, whether Savory or Rogers, was twice summoned to appear before the Court of Plymouth. It is recorded that on "October 7 1651, Wee further present Elizabeth Eeddy, Sen'r of the towne of Plymouth for laboring, that is to say, for wringing and hanging out clothes on the Lord's day, in time of publicke Exercise." She was fined ten shillings, but this fine was remitted. Again on May 1. 1660, it is recorded that "Elizabeth Eedey was summoned to this court, and appeared, to make answare for her traueling on the Lord's day from Plymouth to Boston; and affeirmed that shee was nessesitated to goe on that day, in regard that Mistris Saffin was very weake and sent for her, with an earnest desire to see her, in her weakness with some other pleaes of like nature. The Court considering some cercomstances in her answare, although they saw not sufficient excuse for her act therein, saw cause to admonish her and soe shee was discharged of the Court."

Samuel was granted three acres "next to the lands of Joh. Dunham the elder," November 7, 1636. On July 6, 1638 Samuel Eddy sold to Richard Clough for forty bushels of Indian corn "all that his house and garden in Plymouth wherein the said Samuel now dwelleth". On the same day Nicholas Snow sold to Samuel Eddy for the same amount "all that his house & garden adjoining with the fence in & about the same in Plymouth wherein the said Nicholas now dwelleth".

In 1640 with several of his neighbors, Samuel bought a large tract of land of the Indians and founded the town of Middleborough. His portion included several hundred acres in the northern section of town and a part of the town of Halifax, and there as his descendants multiplied grew up the little village of Eddyville.

"Six acres of upland lying on the northwest side of Fresh Lake, about the fishing place, and thirty acres of upland at the Narragansett Hill, and four acres of meadow, or else half the meadow ground there to it," were granted to Samuel on September 16, 1641. Fresh Lake is better known by the name of Billington Sea. Narragansett Hill was the high land to the west of the town, where a battle between two Indian tribes, the Narragansetts and the Pochanockets, had occurred. On March 7, 1642/3, John Allen sold to Samuel Eddy "all that his house, barns & buildings with the lands thereunto belonging lying at Willingsly and Woeberry Plain". On March 3, 1645/6 Samuel Eddy sold to John Tompson "all that his house situate at the Spring Hill in Plymouth with the garden place adjoining and three acres of uplandÉlying in the Newfield". On March 20, 1647/8 "Samuell Eedy" sold to Experience Mitchell of Duxbury "one acre of marsh meadow".

As early as March, 1651 Samuell Eddy had "interest and proprieties in the town's land at Punckateesett over against Rhode Island," and on March 22, 1663/4 he and Thomas Savory were jointly recorded as the holders of Lot #3 on "Puncateesett Necke". On July 14, 1667 Samuel Eddy was granted six acres of meadow "lying at the South Meadow Brook". On August 5, 1672 "the swamp at Wellingsley lying up the brook" was granted to "the neighbors there," being five men including "Samuell Eedey".

On November 29, 1652 Samuel Eddy was a witness to a deed for the purchase of lands from the Indians, "Wosamequen and Wamsutta my sonne," by Bradford, Standish, Winslow and others. This land is now the town of New Bedford.

On June 7, 1659, "Samuell Eedey", was one of five men "desiring some proportions of land to accommodate them for their posterities. The Court giveth liberty unto them to look out a tract of land for that purpose, and if found convenient it shall be confirmed unto them for the ends aforesaid." On June 3, 1662, Samuel's name was in the list of those permitted to "look out some accommodations of land, as being the first borne children of this government."

On February 20, 1662 Thomas Savory of Plymouth, planter, deeded to Samuel Eddy of Plymouth, tailor, "all that his whole right part and portion of the land belonging to the town of Plymouth aforesaid commonly called and known by the name of Punckateesett, and places adjacent lying over against Road Island," in exchange for "a parcel of upland and meadow belonging to the said Samuell Eedey lying at the four mile brook in the township if Plymouth aforesaid, as also a parcel of upland being six acres lying and being at or near Fresh Lake in the township of Plymouth."

On March 24, 1662 "Samuell Eedey seni[o]r" of Plymouth, tailor, granted "unto his two sons viz: Zacariah Eedey and Obadiah Eedey all that his share lot and portion of land which he hath in the land granted and confirmed by the court in June last past before the date hereof, unto sundry persons, lying near unto Namassakett," to be equally divided between them, reserving "unto his own use six acres of the upland of the said lot of land," this six acres to belong to our sons Zachariah and Obadiah at his death, and that they permit him to winter three cows on their share of the land; " it was mutually agreed before the ratification of the premises by and between the said Samuell Eedey and Zachariah Eedey that in case Caleb Eedey shall desire a quarter part of the abovesaid land he shall have it"; acknowledged February 26, 1672.

On March 7, 1671/2 Samuel Eddy of Plymouth, tailor, sold to Steven Bryant Senior of Plymouth, husbandman, "all that my one share of land be it more or less divided and undivided that I have in a certain share or tract of land called the Major's Purchase lying at or near Namassekeesett Pond"; acknowledged by Samuel Eddy and Elizabeth his wife on the same day. On February 16, 1673/4 the town of Plymouth noted that "land which Samuell Ryder bought of Samuell Eedey lying at Mannomett Ponds" was still common land, according to the records searched.

So far as is known Samuel Eddy held no public office. This was due probably to his youth and inexperience with conditions in a colony which had been established for ten years when he joined it, and as time went on the care of his family occupied his entire attention. Though Samuel was of gentry status and though he received land grants, he did not seem to prosper in Plymouth, as can be seen from his putting his children out as servants. In the first years of his sojourn in the new colony, there was probably very little opportunity for Samuel to ply his tailoring trade, which in England at that time was so profitable. Instead it was necessary for this young man to wrest a living for himself and his family from the soil, a calling for which he doubtless had no preparation. For these reasons and perhaps for others Samuel and Elizabeth found life in the new country very hard, so that by 1638 they were rated among the "poore of the town." In the spring of 1624 Edward Winslow returned from a trip to England and brought with him the first cattle introduced into the Colony, and a letter from James Shurley, one of the merchant-adventurers, presenting a heifer, with its increase, as a gift for the benefit of the poor of the town. Each year the "poores stock" as it was called, was assigned to those who needed it.

At a meeting of the Townesmen of New Plymouth held at the Governor's the XVIth day of July 1638, all the Inhabitants from Jones River to the Eele River beingÉthereunto To consider of the disposal of the stock given (by Mr. Shurley of London) to the poore of Plymouth who had playnely declared by severall letters in his owne hand writing that his intent therein was - wholly to the poore of the Town of New Plymouth.

In the division of the "poores-stock" in July 1638, it is stated that Samuell Eddy as one of the "poore of the town of New Plymouth received four shares in the black heiffer, which was Henry Howland," that is the one which Henry Howland had had the previous year and was now holding. From some of the records it would seem that they had to pay a small sum which might be termed a year's rental, but in many cases there is no reference to any such payment. Perhaps those that were too poor had their share in the heifer free of charge. At various times in the next few years, Samuel Eddy's name appeared in the lists of those who received a share in the "poores-stock."

In July 1644 it was voted "For the ordering of the poores stock, Edmond Tilson and Samuell Eedey are to have the cow at Edmund Tilsons betwixt them, but Edmong to have two parts and Samuel one part & Edmond to winter her and Samuel to pay his part thereof."

Again in July 1646. "The cow calf that came from Tilson was sould to John Dunham and Sam Eedey at 18 sh. John Dunham hath paid his part...and Edey still is debtor."

In 1648 when the "poores stock" was called, one cow was "in the hands of John Dunham and Samuell Eedey. The increase thereof a yearling heifer and a bull calfe." The value of these was £3, 4 shillings.

From this time Samuel's affairs began to improve; for the next year, "John Dunham had the cow that he and Samuel Eedy had before" and after this Samuel has no more of the "poores stock" assigned to him.

In addition to the heifer in which Samuel Eddy had shares he had the use of a furnished pasturage for four goats and a lamb, and he had a dog which was not loved by all of his neighbors as it was by his own family. [See An Elegy on the death of Samuel Eddy's Dog following.]

On December 7, 1641, Thomas Sheriff (Shurtleff?) and William Brown complained against James Laxford in an action of trespass." They attached four goats which were in the hands of Samuell Eedey and Joshua Pratt amounting to 33 shillings.

On August 4, 1646 "it was decided in the case betwixt Sam'l Edey and John Dunham, Jr. about ye said John Dunham's giveing poysen to the said Samuel Eddys Dogg, the Court having taken the same into consideration upon hearing what could be said upon both sides the Court doth order yt ye said John Dunham shall find sureties for his good behavior unto the next Court." Later in the same year it is recorded on October 27, 1646 "In a case of difference twixte John Dunham, Jun'r and Sam Edie, the court orders, & the said John Dunham agreed thereunto, that Mr. Wm. Paddie and John Cooke, Jun. shall heare & determine all former civill differences twixte them to this present day." [See An Elegy on the death of Samuel Eddy's Dog following.]

During these years of struggle, Robert Hicks, a neighbor and friend died. In his will, probated May 24, 1647, he left to Samuel Eddy a "payer of my wearing stockings," not such a small gift as it would seem, when the scarcity of wool in a new settlement and the labor of carding it and the final knitting of the wool into stockings is taken into consideration.

These years from 1638 to 1649 are the years in which his five children were born and in which he apprenticed the oldest son John to Francis Goulder of Plymouth, and sons, Zachariah and Caleb, to John Brown of Rehoboth.

Memorand: that Samuell Eddy hath put his sonn, John Eddy, to dwell with Francis Goulder, and Katherne, his wyfe, vntill he shall accomplish the age of xxjtie yeares (being seaven yeares of age the xxvth of December, last past) and said Francis, and Katherne, his wyfe, fynding vnto the said John, their servant, meat, drink, and apparell during the said term, and either in the end thereof, or else at the term of the death of said Francis, or of the said Katherne, his wyfe, whether shall last happen, to pay him five pounds in country pay, or, if it pelase God so to disable the said Francis, or Katherne, his wyfe, that they shall not be then able to pay so much then to pay him s much as I shall haue left: And if it happen that both the said Francis, and Katherne, his Wyfe shall dye before the ende of the said terme, that then the said John shalbe at liberty to be disposed of as his parents shall think fitt; but if either of them doe live out the said terme, the said John to dwell with the longer liuer of them vntill he shall accomplish the age of xxjtie yeares as aforesaid. Dated April 3, 1645.

Whereas Samuell Edeth, & Elizabeth, his wife, of ye towne of Plymouth aforesaid, having many children & by reason of many wants lying upon them so as they are not able to bring them up as they desire and out of ye good respect they beare to Mr. John Browne, of Rehoboth, one of ye assistants of this government, did both of them jointly desire that he, ye said Mr. Browne, would take Zachery, their son, being of the age of seven yeres & bring him up in his imployment of husbandry, or any business he shall see meete for ye good of their child till he come to ye age of one & twenty yeres, whereupon Mr. Browne did in ye presence of Mr. Bradford Governor, take unto his service the said Zachary & promiseth to provide for & allow him during ye said terme all necessaries convenient & fitting such a servant according to ye state and condicon of ye country & doth further of his own will provide that if in case he, ye said Mr. John Browne & his wife, shall depart this life that said Zachary shall attaine to ye end of his time of service that then his eldest son, that shall haue the government of him during the residue of ye said time not attained unto, shall not make sale of ye said residue of time not attained unto nor any part thereof to any person or persons whatsoever whereby he shall or may be wronged: and if it shall so come to passe that those to whomsoever he shalbe committed unto, after the death of ye said Mr. John Browne & his wife, shall not deal well with him, as such servant ought to be dealt with, thereupon the complaint of any of ye friends of ye said Zachary shalbe and take him wholly away & place him with whom they shall see meete, provided that no sale or merchandise be made of ye remaine of his time by any. Dated March 2, 1946/7.

On March 4, 1652, Caleb Eddy, aged 9 years, was "to be taken by Mr. John Browne of Rehoboth...who was to bring him up in his Imployment of husbandry (or any other business)."

There were several other items in the records, of minor import, but which serve to give a glimpse into the daily life of the family in Plymouth.

In October 1646 Samuel was absent from the town meeting, but was present in December of the same year. On September 1, 1640 the order went forth that "every inhabitant of every Towne within the Government fitt and able to beare armes must be trayned." In 1643 Samuel was enrolled as a person capable of bearing arms and was made a member of a troop enrolled for the defense of the Colony against the Indians. In June 1668 it is recorded that Samuel voted in a town meeting in Plymouth.

In 1646 it is recorded that "ffrancis Eaton, carpenter, owed Sam Eedy £2." Perhaps Samuel had been making some clothes for the Eaton family.

On June 26, 1678 the town of Plymouth allowed five shillings to "Goodman Edey viz: Samuell Edey for work done by him in time of the war in making clothes for soldiers."

On May 29, 1670 an exact list of all the names of the "Freemen of the Jurisdiction of New Plymouth," contains the name of Samuel Eedey. This list was made because the towns of Middleberry and Swansea had been incorporated and all those freemen, who had taken up residence in either were listed as freemen of those towns and no longer as belonging to Plymouth. Samuel remained in Plymouth. His son Zachariah was listed as a resident of Swansea but neither Caleb nor Obadiah appear on the lists, as they had not at this time qualified as freemen.

On August 5, 1672 "The Swamp at Wellingsley (a section to the south of the town) lying up the brooke is Graunted wholly unto the Neighbors living there, viz. John Jourdain, Gyles Rickard, Jun., Nathaniel Morton, Sen'r, Abraham Jackson and Samuell Eedey."

On June 27, 1677 Samuel's name appears as a proprietor of land in the Township of Middleborough, but this term proprietor does not mean that Samuel was a resident of Middleborough, but only that he was an owner of property in that town.

On June 25, 1678, it was voted that "The collectors to Gather the minnesters maintainence for this year are William Clarke and Abraham Jackson who are to doe it on the same conditions as it was performed the last yeer: .... five shillings was allowed to Goodman Edey, viz. Samuell Edey for work don by him in time of warr in makeing Clothes for Souldiers." At this time Samuel was seventy years old. Though he could not fight as a soldier, he cold aid by using his hands in helping to make the clothes for the fighters, thereby finding a use for the trade he had learned in boyhood.

From these records it is evident that Samuel and Elizabeth were residents of Plymouth all their lives until this date and never were residents of Middleboro. But at this time both were over seventy years of age. Their four sons had long since left Plymouth, and they were alone. Probably sometime between June 1678 and December 1681 Caleb or Zachariah of Swansea persuaded them that it was time that they gave up their own home at Plymouth, for in December 1681 when giving a deed Samuel and Elizabeth gave their residence as Swansea, where they both died.

Samuel died on November 12, 1687 in his eighty-seventh year and Elizabeth on May 24, 1689 "in her 82nd year at the end of it". Their death dates were included in the records of the Plymouth church, indicating that both had been members of this institution.

It was the custom in early New England to bury the dead on the day following the death and in a plot near the house, so it would be natural for Samuel and Elizabeth to be buried near the home of one of these Swansea sons. It happens that in December of 1696, just nine years after the death of Samuel and seven years after the death of Elizabeth, Zachariah Eddy sold to his son, Zachariah Eddy, twenty acres in Swansea, lying in a place "Commonly known by the name of Matapoysett, bounded northerly with the highway, easterly with the fence and Spring Brook to the Salt Water, southerly to the land of Ralph Chapman and bounded westerly with the highway which leadeth to the land of Ralph ChapmanÉexcepting and reserving the Burying Place on the premises which is to lye and remain as a burying place for and to the families of the said Eddys & for such of their neighbors as the said Eddys shall admit of forever." Thus it is known that previous to 1696 Zachariah had already buried some members of his family near his home. Since the only Eddys who had died besides his wife Alice were his father and mother, it seems almost certain that Samuel and Elizabeth lie in the Eddy Cemetery in Swansea Village, perhaps in two of those graves whose locations are marked by stones which bear no inscriptions.

Source: http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sam/eddy/samuel.html

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Samuel Eddy's Timeline

1608
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Kent, England, (Present UK)
May 15, 1608
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Cranbrook, Kent, England
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Kent, England
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Cranbrook, Kent, England
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Cranbrook, Kent, England
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Cranbrook, Kent, England
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Cranbrook, Kent, England
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Kent, England
May 15, 1608
Cranbrook, Cranbrook, Kent, England