Samuel Sixkiller, Captain of the U.S. Indian Police and Deputy U.S. Marshal

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Samuel Sixkiller, Captain of the U.S. Indian Police and Deputy U.S. Marshal's Geni Profile

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About Samuel Sixkiller, Captain of the U.S. Indian Police and Deputy U.S. Marshal

Sam Sixkiller (1842-1886) - One of the most outstanding members of the Longhorse Police in Indian Territory, Sixkiller was born in the Going Snake District (now Adair County) of the Cherokee Nation in 1842. At the age of 19, during the Civil War, he joined a Union Indian artillery company, commanded by his father, 1st Lt. Redbird Sixkiller. In 1875, Sixkiller was appointed high sheriff of the Cherokee Nation and warden of the National Penitentiary.

Five years later, in February, 1880, Sixkiller became the first captain of the United States Indian Police headquartered at Muskogee, Indian Territory . He also held a U.S. Deputy Marshal’s commission that allowed him to pursue these outlaws out of Indian Territory into Texas, Kansas, Missouri and Arkansas, as well as being a special agent for the Missouri-Pacific Railroad, which gave him access to any railroad property in pursuit of any bandit. With forty men under his command, tasked with policing Muskogee, one of the most dangerous towns in the Wild West, Sixkiller and his men dealt with bootleggers, cattle rustlers, murderers, train robbers, and all manner of lawless characters.

During his six years as captain, Sixkiller’s most famous event was when he attempted to arrest Dick Glass, a notorious outlaw who led a gang of horse rustlers and bootleggers. In June, 1885, Sixkiller and his posse set up an ambush for Glass and his gang near Colbert in the Chickasaw Nation. When the outlaws arrived, the six-shooters began to go off and in the melee, Sixkiller shot Glass. The rest of the gang were either killed or arrested shortly thereafter.

On December 24, 1886, Captain Sixkiller was murdered in Muskogee by two men named Dick Vann and Alf Cunningham. Supposedly holding a grudge against the lawman for a prior run-in, the pair fired on Sixkiller without notice before escaping.

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Samuel Sixkiller, Captain of the U.S. Indian Police and Deputy U.S. Marshal's Timeline

1842
November 25, 1842
Cherokee Nation West
1870
May 5, 1870
Age 27
May 5, 1870
Age 27
1872
January 16, 1872
Age 29
1874
February 11, 1874
Age 31
September 4, 1874
Age 31
1877
February 13, 1877
Age 34
1878
February 13, 1878
Age 35
1879
January 16, 1879
Age 36
1879
Age 36