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Samuel Taylor

Birthplace: probabably at the farm called Holland in the parish of Firth, Orkney, Scotland
Death: Died in St. Clements, Manitoba, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of James Taylor in Holland and Margaret Olay
Husband of <private> McKay
Father of <private> Taylor; Reverend James Taylor; <private> Taylor; <private> Taylor; <private> Taylor and 3 others
Brother of Isabella Taylor
Half brother of James Goudie; <private> Taylor; <private> Taylor; <private> Taylor of Midgarth; <private> Taylor and 1 other

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Immediate Family

About Samuel Taylor


carpentar and stonemason at Moose Factory in Ontario, Canada

is the only known son of James Taylor, a farmer at Holland in the Orkney parish of Firth, and his second wife, Margaret Olay (Margaret had previously been married to James Goudie).Samuel's son James believed that his father was born on 22 December 1812 [Orkney Library and Archives, 44 Junction Road, Kirkwall,Orkney, Letter written by James Taylor on 27 December 1907, which is addressed to his cousin, David Rendall, Midgarth, Rendall, Orkney, reference D1/695] but his baptism was registered at Firth on 1 January 1812 and, in view of this, it seems much more likely that he was born in 1811. Possibly, therefore, he might have been born on 22 December 1811 [ Registrar General for Scotland, New Register House, Edinburgh, Baptisms at Firth, 1732-1819, reference OPR.17/1].

Service with the Hudson's Bay Company

Samuel Taylor was a carpentar and stonemason who took up service with the Hudson's Bay Company According to his son James he entered the service of the Hudson's Bay Company at Kirkwall on 14 February 1836, in the office of Edward Clouston, and set sail from Stromness on 23 June 1836, on board the ship Prince Albert, which was under the command of Captain Henry Baker [Orkney Library and Archives, 44 Junction Road, Kirkwall,Orkney, Letter written by James Taylor on 27 December 1907, which is addressed to his cousin, David Rendall, Midgarth, Rendall, Orkney, reference D1/695].

Moose Factory, 1836-57

Samuel Taylor arrived at Moose Factory in Ontario, Canada, on 2 September 1836. The Atlantic crossing had taken 72 days. He kept at diary while he was employed there. He noted in his diary of February 1853 that his wife, Nancy McKay, had been issued the sewing that she was paid to do for the company [Myra Rutherdale and Katie Pickles, Contact Zones: Aboriginal and Settler Women in Canada's Colonial Past (UBC Press, 2005), page 25 & Notes 52 & 53 on page 44. Note 52 states Jane Hariott identified her parents as Samuel Taylor (Scot) and Nancy McKay (Half Breed) and cites Jane Hariott script affidavit, RG 15, vol. 1321, series D-11-8-a, LAC. Note 53 cites Samuel Taylor's Journal, pp. 11 and 21, Miscellaneous Diaries, Microfilm, R2.47, Saskatchewan Archives Board (SAB)]

The Red River Settlement, 1857-94

It was around 1857 that Samuel Taylor (1812-1894), an HBC Stonemason from the Orkneys, arrived in Mapleton to begin building the stone church at Mapleton. Sam Taylor wrote in his journal: "On December 1861, Sunday 1st, the Church of St Clements was opened for divine worship by Lord Bishop of Rupertsland and Mr Hunter. The church was full of people from up above and down below. Indeed, many had to go home as it was rather cold that evening." [Saskatchewan Archives Board (SAB) Miscellaneous Diaries, Microfilm, R2.47]

Death and Burial, 1894

Samuel Taylor died at St. Clements, Manitoba, Canada, on 17 November 1894, and is buried there in St. Andrew's Churchyard, 3 St Andrews Rd. St. Andrews, Manitoba, Canada. Postal Code: R1A2Y1 For the inscription on his memorial stone see


According to the Canadian History Directory, Samuel Taylor married Nancy McKay at Moose Factory, James Bay, Saskatchewan, Canada, on 2 February 1847. Nancy was born at Ruperts House in Saskatchewan, Canada, on 11 May 1831. She was the daughter of William McKay and his Metis wife, Mary Bunn


Samuel Taylor, and his wife, Nancy Bunn, hey had eight children whose names are known:

(1) William McKay Taylor,who was probably named after his maternal grandfather

(2) Reverend James Taylor, who was probably named after his paternal grandfather

(3) Jane Taylor

(4) Mary Taylor

(5) Robert Taylor

(6) Ann Elizabeth Frances Taylor

(7) Louisa Taylor

(8) John Taylor.

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Samuel Taylor's Timeline

December 22, 1811
Orkney, Scotland
January 1, 1812
Parish of Firth, Orkney, Scotland
April 2, 1850
Age 38
Ontario, Canada