Sancho Garcés de Pamplona, Infante de Pamplona (deceased) MP

‹ Back to Garcés de Pamplona surname

Is your surname Garcés de Pamplona?

Research the Garcés de Pamplona family

Sancho Garcés, Infante de Pamplona's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Nicknames: "Sancho", "of Navarre", "of Pamplona", "Sanç I Garcés de Navarra", "Sancho I Garcés of Pamplona", "Sancho Garcez", "Antso I.a Gartzes", "Ximeno", "Iruñoakoa", "Sancho Garcés de Pamplona"
Birthplace: Navarre, Spain
Death: (Date and location unknown)
Managed by: Nancy Sawalich
Last Updated:

About Sancho Garcés de Pamplona, Infante de Pamplona

Sancho Garcés I de Pamplona

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancho_Garc%C3%A9s_I_de_Pamplona

Sancho Garcés I (n.Sangüesa (actual Rocaforte) 865 - † Resa, 10 de diciembre de 925). Rey de Pamplona entre los años 905 y 925.

Hijo de García Jiménez, descendiente de la dinastía Jimena. A la muerte de García I Íñiguez en el año 870, es gobernante de la Valdonsella y pronto comienza a intervenir en todos los territorios circundantes.

Ocupa Pamplona cuando todavía reina Fortún Garcés, ayudado por Alfonso III de Asturias, junto con el conde de Pallars. Eliminados los derechos patrimoniales de los hijos de Fortún Garcés, estos recaerán en su nieta Toda, casada con Sancho Garcés I, que los hizo valer y se proclamó rey de Pamplona en 905, tras destronar a Fortún Garcés.

Al morir el conde de Aragón Galindo Aznárez II, Sancho Garcés I ocupó las tierras de Aragón ignorando los derechos sucesorios de todos. Ésta fue la causa que justificó las luchas del gobernador musulmán de Huesca, al-Tawil, que tenía derechos sucesorios sobre el territorio por estar casado con Sancha, hermana del conde. Se solucionó el problema al prometer en matrimonio a Andregoto Galíndez, hija de Galindo Aznárez II, con el hijo de Sancho Garcés I, el futuro rey García Sánchez I, que era todavía un niño.

Amplió considerablemente las fronteras meridionales del reino hasta llegar a tierras riojanas mediante una serie de campañas militares contra los musulmanes. Conquistó Nájera y estableció allí su corte, dotando de una organización definitiva al reino de Pamplona.

Aliado con Ordoño II de León, venció a un ejército cordobés en San Esteban de Gormaz (917), pero fue derrotado por Abd al-Rahman III en Valdejunquera (920).

Durante su reinado se comienza a acuñar moneda, siendo el primer reino cristiano que use tal regalía. Así mismo, aparece el sistema de tenencias, que se perpetuará en Navarra y Aragón hasta principios del siglo XIII.

El centro político del mundo cristiano estaba en la corte de Nájera que dio como resultado varios matrimonios reales de las hijas de Sancho Garcés I y la reina Toda Aznar:

   * Urraca de Pamplona, casada con Ramiro II de León.
   * Oneca de Pamplona, casada con Alfonso IV "El Monje" de León. Fue reina de León entre 926 y 931. Murió en 931.
   * Sancha de Pamplona, casada en primeras nupcias con Ordoño II de León, en segundas con el Conde alavés Álvaro Herrameliz y en terceras, con Fernán González, Conde de Castilla.
   * García I Sánchez, Rey de Pamplona, casado con Andregoto Galíndez y con Teresa de León.
   * Velasquita o Belasquita Sánchez, casada en primeras nupcias con el Conde alaves Munio Velaz, en segundas con Galindo de Ribagorza y en terceras con Fortún Galíndez.
   * Munia (Muña) de Pamplona, casada con Ordoño I de Asturias.
   * Orbita de Navarra, probablemente casada con al-Tawil, gobernador de Huesca. Pudo ser hija póstuma, como hace suponer el significado de su nombre, "la huérfana".

El rey Sancho Garcés I murió en las cercanías de Resa, a orillas del río Ebro, el día 10 de diciembre del año 925 y fue enterrado en San Esteban de Deio en Monjardín.

--------------------

Sancho I Garcés (c. 860 – December 11, 925) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was regent of Pamplona from 870 to 880 while Fortún Garcés was held captive and apparently co-king of Pamplona from 860 to his death in 882, and Dadildis de Pallars. Sancho may also have been a co-king during the reign of Fortún. The elderly Sancho (already 45 years old) succeeded King Fortún when the latter was deposed by a coalition of enemies: the Banu Qasi under Lope ibn Mohammed, King Alfonso III of Asturias, and Sancho's uncle, the count of Pallars.

Sancho's first wife Urraca, daughter of the count of Aragón, did not have surviving children. So Sancho married a second time to Toda Aznárez in his old age. His children were thus minors upon his death. Queen Toda (born Teuda de Larraun) was a daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, and Oneca Fortúnez, who herself was a daughter of King Fortún. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs. Sancho fought against the Moors with repeated success and joined Ultra-Puertos, or Basse-Navarre (Baja Navarra), to his own dominions, also extending his territory as far as Nájera. As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda. Before his death, all the Moors had been driven from the country.

Sancho was succeeded by his son García Sánchez, with his widow Toda and brother Jimeno (who used the royal title) acting as regents.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

   * Oneca (d.931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
   * Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile
   * Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
   * Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.
   * Orbita
   * García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

Sancho also had an illegitimate daughter:

   * Lupa, mother of Raymond I, Count of Bigorre

--------------------

Sancho I Garcés (c. 860 – December 11, 925) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars, his second wife. In 905, a coalition of enemies of the king, Fortún Garcés: Lubb ibn Muhammed of the Banu Qasi, King Alfonso III of Asturias, Galindo Aznar II of Aragon and Sancho's uncle, Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, deposed the king, and put Sancho on the throne in his place. Throughout his reign, he involved himself in the squabbles among the Muslim lords to the south with repeated success. In 907, he turned on his former ally Lubb ibn Muhammad, killing him in battle. Four years later, another former ally, Galindo Aznar, joined with his brother-in-law Muhammad al-Tawil and Abd Allah ibn Lubb ibn Qasi to attack Sancho, but they were crushed: al-Tawil was killed, the power of the Banu Qasi was severely crippled, and Galindo forced into vassalage to Sancho, leading to the incorporation of the County of Aragon into Pamplona. In 920, he teamed with Bernard I of Ribagorza and Amrus ibn Muhammed, son of Muhammad al-Tawil, to attack Monzón. He joined Ultra-Puertos, or Basse-Navarre (Baja Navarra), to his own dominions, also extending his territory as far as Nájera. As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda.

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancho_I_of_Pamplona]

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancho_I_of_Pamplona

Sancho I Garcés (c. 860 – December 11, 925) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars, his second wife. In 905, a coalition of enemies of the king, Fortún Garcés: Lubb ibn Muhammed of the Banu Qasi, King Alfonso III of Asturias, Galindo Aznar II of Aragon and Sancho's uncle, Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, deposed the king, and put Sancho on the throne in his place. Throughout his reign, he involved himself in the squabbles among the Muslim lords to the south with repeated success. In 907, he turned on his former ally Lubb ibn Muhammad, killing him in battle. Four years later, another former ally, Galindo Aznar, joined with his brother-in-law Muhammad al-Tawil and Abd Allah ibn Lubb ibn Qasi to attack Sancho, but they were crushed: al-Tawil was killed, the power of the Banu Qasi was severely crippled, and Galindo forced into vassalage to Sancho, leading to the incorporation of the County of Aragon into Pamplona. In 920, he teamed with Bernard I of Ribagorza and Amrus ibn Muhammed, son of Muhammad al-Tawil, to attack Monzón. He joined Ultra-Puertos, or Basse-Navarre (Baja Navarra), to his own dominions, also extending his territory as far as Nájera. As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda.

Perhaps to legitimize the succession, Sancho married Toda Aznárez, granddaughter of former king Fortún Garcés. Queen Toda was a daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, and Oneca Fortúnez, who herself was a daughter of King Fortún. Thus, Sancho and Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs, but likewise akin to Abd-ar-Rahman III of Cordoba, a grandson of Oneca by a former husband. When Sancho died in 925, his only son was still quite young. Thus Sancho was succeeded by his brother, Jimeno Garcés, upon whose death Sancho's son García would succeed.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

   * Oneca (d.931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
   * Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile
   * Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
   * Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza, and third, nobleman Fortún Galíndez.
   * Orbita
   * García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

Sancho also had an illegitimate daughter:

   * Lupa, mother of Raymond I, Count of Bigorre

--------------------

Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona1

b. circa 881?, d. 11 October 925

Father García II Jiménez, regente de Pamplona2,1 d. circa 885

Mother Dadailidis de Bigorre b. circa 860?

Also called rey Sancho I Garcés de Navarra. Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona was the father of Sancha Sánchez de Pamplona; daughter of Sancho Gárces I of Navarre (905-925).3 Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona was born circa 881?. He was the son of García II Jiménez, regente de Pamplona and Dadailidis de Bigorre.2,1 Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona associated with N. N. , a concubine of Sancho I before 905; She was a handmaiden. Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona married Toda Aznárez de Larraun, daughter of señor de Larraun Aznar Sánchez and Oneca Fortunez de Navarra; His 2nd. His grandniece.4,5,6 Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona married Urraca Aznárez de Aragón, daughter of Aznar II Galíndez, conde de Aragón, before 905; His 1st.4 Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona succeeded his brother, Fortuno, to the throne of Navarre in 905. He was strenghted the Basque Kingdom centered on Navarre in 905.7 He established a new dynasty in Pamplona in 905.8 King of Pamplona at Navarre, Iberian peninsula, between 905 and 926.9,3,10 He advanced into the upper Ebro Basin to seize Nájera, Calahorra and Viguera, what Spanish historians occasionally define this as the beginning of the Reconquest, before 920. He able to capture Pamplona and fortify a long line of forts in the foothills of the Pyrenees, after the decline of the powerful Banû Qasî clan made such an advance possible, but no further advances were registered during the tenth century, as 'Abd al-Rahmân III was able to turn the Navarrese back in a series of campaigns before 924.9 He was defeated by 'Abd al-Rahmân III, al-Nâsir, of Córdoba, who inflicted heavy losses on the Basque troops and sacked Pamplona in 924.11 He was a witness where 'Abd al-Rahmân III an-Nasir li-din Allah ibn Muhammad, khalifa al-Qurtubi sacked Pamplona and inflicted heavy losses on the Basque troops of Sancho Garcés of Navarre in 924.11 Sancho I Garcés, rey de Pamplona died on 11 October 925.1

Family 1

Toda Aznárez de Larraun b. circa 885, d. after 970

Children

Nunilo Sánchez de Pamplona+ b. c 904?12

Sancha Sánchez de Pamplona+ b. c 915, d. Dec 9594,13,14

Velasquita Sánchez de Pamplona+ b. c 91715

García II Sánchez, rey de Navarra+ b. bt 919 - 921, d. 97016,1

Family 2

Urraca Aznárez de Aragón b. circa 880

Children

Urraca Sánchez de Pamplona+ b. c 905, d. 23 Jun 9563

Oneca Sánchez de Navarra+ b. c 9054

Family 3

N. N. , a concubine of Sancho I b. circa 885

Child

Lopa Sancha de Navarre+ b. a 90517

Citations

[S882] Armerías ilustres, online http://members.xoom.com/chema, Corona de Navarra.

[S1316] Reyes y Reinos Genealogias, online www.homar.org, España - 08.B.

[S1074] Bishop Pelayo "the Fabulist" of Oviedo, "CRL", 79.

[S187] Royal Genealogy Database, online http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/

[S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 293-40.

[S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Ishmael, 91.

[S223] Si, online http://www.sispain.org/english/history/, reconque.html.

[S1312] Stanley G. Payne Payne, pg. 51.

[S515] Thomas F. Glick, Islamic and Christian Spain, pg. 46.

[S1281] De Galíndez, Jesús, online http://www.armiarma.com/andima/gern/gern2216.htm & http://www.armiarma.com/andima/gern/gern2323.htm

[S515] Thomas F. Glick, Islamic and Christian Spain, pg. 41.

[S682] D.S.O. Lt.-Col. W. H. Turton, Turton, pg. 46.

[S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 285-36.

[S1074] Bishop Pelayo "the Fabulist" of Oviedo, "CRL", CRL (pg. 79).

[S674] Family Trees, A&E Family Forest.

[S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.

[S1265] Genealogy.eu, online genealogy.euweb.cz, Counts of Bigorre, Ribagorza and Pailhars.

Sancho I of Pamplona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sancho I Garcés (c. 860 – December 11, 925) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars, his second wife. In 905, a coalition of enemies of the king, Fortún Garcés: Lope ibn Mohammed of the Banu Qasi, King Alfonso III of Asturias, and Sancho's uncle, Raymond, the count of Pallars, deposed the king, and put Sancho on the throne in his place.

About the time of, and perhaps to legitimize the succession, Sancho married Toda Aznárez, granddaughter of former king Fortún Garcés. Queen Toda was a daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, and Oneca Fortúnez, who herself was a daughter of King Fortún. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs, but likewise akin to Abd-ar-Rahman III of Cordoba, a grandson of Oneca by a former husband. Sancho fought against the Moors with repeated success and joined Ultra-Puertos, or Basse-Navarre (Baja Navarra), to his own dominions, also extending his territory as far as Nájera. As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda. Before his death, all the Moors had been driven from the country.

When Sancho died in 925, his children were still minors upon his death, and his only son still quite young. Thus Sancho was succeeded by his brother, Jimeno Garcés, upon whose death Sancho's son García would succeed.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d.931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

Sancho also had an illegitimate daughter:

Lupa, mother of Raymond I, Count of Bigorre

--------------------

Sancho I Garcés (c. 860 – December 11, 925) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars, his second wife. In 905, a coalition of enemies of the king, Fortún Garcés: Lope ibn Muhammed of the Banu Qasi, King Alfonso III of Asturias, and Sancho's uncle, Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, deposed the king, and put Sancho on the throne in his place. Throughout his reign, he involved himself in the squabbles among the Muslim lords to the south with repeated success. In 907, he turned on his former ally Lope ibn Mohammad, killing him in battle. In 920, he teamed with Bernard I of Ribagorza and Amrus ibn Muhammed, son of Muhammad al Tawil, to attack Monzón. He joined Ultra-Puertos, or Basse-Navarre (Baja Navarra), to his own dominions, also extending his territory as far as Nájera. As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda.

About the time of, and perhaps to legitimize the succession, Sancho married Toda Aznárez, granddaughter of former king Fortún Garcés. Queen Toda was a daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, and Oneca Fortúnez, who herself was a daughter of King Fortún. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs, but likewise akin to Abd-ar-Rahman III of Cordoba, a grandson of Oneca by a former husband. When Sancho died in 925, his only son was still quite young. Thus Sancho was succeeded by his brother, Jimeno Garcés, upon whose death Sancho's son García would succeed.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d.931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

Sancho also had an illegitimate daughter:

Lupa, mother of Raymond I, Count of Bigorre -------------------- García Íñiguez of Pamplona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

García Íñiguez had following children:

Fortún Garcés, the future king.

Sancho Garcés, whose only known child, Aznar Sánchez, married a daughter of king Fortún Garcés and by her had queens Toda Aznárez, wife of king Sancho Garcés I, and Sancha Aznárez, wife of king Jimeno Garcés.

Onneca Garcés, wife of Aznar Galíndez II.

Velasquita Garcés, married to Mutarrīf ibn Mūsā ibn Qasi, Wali of Huesca, son of Mūsā ibn Mūsā.

(perhaps) Jimena, wife of Alfonso III of León (assignment of her parentage based on political, chronological and onomastic arguments).

[edit] -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancho_I_of_Pamplona

Sancho I of Pamplona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

This article does not cite any references or sources.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2009)

The Kingdom of Pamplona at the death of Sancho I

Sancho I Garcés (c. 860 – December 11, 925) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars, his second wife. In 905, a coalition of enemies of the king, Fortún Garcés: Lubb ibn Muhammed of the Banu Qasi, King Alfonso III of Asturias, Galindo Aznar II of Aragon and Sancho's uncle, Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, deposed the king, and put Sancho on the throne in his place. Throughout his reign, he involved himself in the squabbles among the Muslim lords to the south with repeated success. In 907, he turned on his former ally Lubb ibn Muhammad, killing him in battle. Four years later, another former ally, Galindo Aznar, joined with his brother-in-law Muhammad al-Tawil and Abd Allah ibn Lubb ibn Qasi to attack Sancho, but they were crushed: al-Tawil was killed, the power of the Banu Qasi was severely crippled, and Galindo forced into vassalage to Sancho, leading to the incorporation of the County of Aragon into Pamplona. In 920, he teamed with Bernard I of Ribagorza and Amrus ibn Muhammed, son of Muhammad al-Tawil, to attack Monzón. He joined Ultra-Puertos, or Basse-Navarre (Baja Navarra), to his own dominions, also extending his territory as far as Nájera. As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda.

Perhaps to legitimize the succession, Sancho married Toda Aznárez, daughter of Oneca Fortúnez, (who was a daughter of former king Fortún Garcés) and Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun. Thus, Sancho and Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs, but likewise akin to Abd-ar-Rahman III of Cordoba, a grandson of Oneca by a former husband. When Sancho died in 925, his only son was still quite young. Thus Sancho was succeeded by his brother, Jimeno Garcés, upon whose death Sancho's son García would succeed. The family would be called the Banu Sancho (Arabic: بنو شانجه‎) by Al-Andalus chroniclers, in his memory.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

   * Oneca (d.931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
   * Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile
   * Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
   * Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza, and third, nobleman Fortún Galíndez.
   * Orbita
   * García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

Sancho also had an illegitimate daughter:

   * Lupa, mother of Raymond I, Count of Bigorre

Preceded by

Fortún Garcés King of Pamplona

905–925 Succeeded by

Jimeno Garcés

This page was last modified on 27 April 2010 at 09:54. -------------------- Sancho Garcés I de Pamplona

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Sancho Garcés I (n.Sangüesa (actual Rocaforte) 865 - † Resa, 10 de diciembre de 925). Rey de Pamplona entre los años 905 y 925.

Hijo de García Jiménez, descendiente de la dinastía Jimena. A la muerte de García I Íñiguez en el año 870, es gobernante de la Valdonsella y pronto comienza a intervenir en todos los territorios circundantes.

Ocupa Pamplona cuando todavía reina Fortún Garcés, ayudado por Alfonso III de Asturias, junto con el conde de Pallars. Eliminados los derechos patrimoniales de los hijos de Fortún Garcés, estos recaerán en su nieta Toda, casada con Sancho Garcés I, que los hizo valer y se proclamó rey de Pamplona en 905, tras destronar a Fortún Garcés.

Al morir el conde de Aragón Galindo Aznárez II, Sancho Garcés I ocupó las tierras de Aragón ignorando los derechos sucesorios de todos. Ésta fue la causa que justificó las luchas del gobernador musulmán de Huesca, al-Tawil, que tenía derechos sucesorios sobre el territorio por estar casado con Sancha, hermana del conde. Se solucionó el problema al prometer en matrimonio a Andregoto Galíndez, hija de Galindo Aznárez II, con el hijo de Sancho Garcés I, el futuro rey García Sánchez I, que era todavía un niño.

Amplió considerablemente las fronteras meridionales del reino hasta llegar a tierras riojanas mediante una serie de campañas militares contra los musulmanes. Conquistó Nájera y estableció allí su corte, dotando de una organización definitiva al reino de Pamplona.

Aliado con Ordoño II de León, venció a un ejército cordobés en San Esteban de Gormaz (917), pero fue derrotado por Abd al-Rahman III en Valdejunquera (920).

Durante su reinado se comienza a acuñar moneda, siendo el primer reino cristiano que use tal regalía. Así mismo, aparece el sistema de tenencias, que se perpetuará en Navarra y Aragón hasta principios del siglo XIII.

El centro político del mundo cristiano estaba en la corte de Nájera que dio como resultado varios matrimonios reales de las hijas de Sancho Garcés I y la reina Toda Aznar:

Urraca de Pamplona, casada con Ramiro II de León.

Oneca de Pamplona, casada con Alfonso IV "El Monje" de León. Fue reina de León entre 926 y 931. Murió en 931.

Sancha de Pamplona, casada en primeras nupcias con Ordoño II de León, en segundas con el Conde alavés Álvaro Herrameliz y en terceras, con Fernán González, Conde de Castilla.

García I Sánchez, Rey de Pamplona, casado con Andregoto Galíndez y con Teresa de León.

Velasquita o Belasquita Sánchez, casada en primeras nupcias con el Conde alaves Munio Velaz, en segundas con Galindo de Ribagorza y en terceras con Fortún Galíndez.

Munia (Muña) de Pamplona.

Orbita de Navarra, probablemente casada con al-Tawil, gobernador de Huesca. Pudo ser hija póstuma, como hace suponer el significado de su nombre, "la huérfana".

El rey Sancho Garcés I murió en las cercanías de Resa, a orillas del río Ebro, el día 10 de diciembre del año 925 y fue enterrado en San Esteban de Deio en Monjardín.

-------------------- Sancho I Garcés (c. 860 – December 11, 925) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars, his second wife. In 905, a coalition of enemies of the king, Fortún Garcés: Lubb ibn Muhammed of the Banu Qasi, King Alfonso III of Asturias, Galindo Aznar II of Aragon and Sancho's uncle, Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, deposed the king, and put Sancho on the throne in his place.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

   * Oneca (d.931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
   * Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile
   * Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
   * Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza, and third, nobleman Fortún Galíndez.
   * Orbita
   * García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

Sancho also had an illegitimate daughter:

   * Lupa, mother of Raymond I, Count of Bigorre

-------------------- Sancho I Garcés (c. 860 – December 11, 925) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez, who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars, his second wife. In 905, a coalition of enemies of the king, Fortún Garcés: Lope ibn Muhammed of the Banu Qasi, King Alfonso III of Asturias, and Sancho's uncle, Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza, deposed the king, and put Sancho on the throne in his place. Throughout his reign, he involved himself in the squabbles among the Muslim lords to the south with repeated success. In 907, he turned on his former ally Lope ibn Mohammad, killing him in battle. In 920, he teamed with Bernard I of Ribagorza and Amrus ibn Muhammed, son of Muhammad al Tawil, to attack Monzón. He joined Ultra-Puertos, or Basse-Navarre (Baja Navarra), to his own dominions, also extending his territory as far as Nájera. As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda.

About the time of, and perhaps to legitimize the succession, Sancho married Toda Aznárez, granddaughter of former king Fortún Garcés. Queen Toda was a daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, and Oneca Fortúnez, who herself was a daughter of King Fortún. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs, but likewise akin to Abd-ar-Rahman III of Cordoba, a grandson of Oneca by a former husband. When Sancho died in 925, his only son was still quite young. Thus Sancho was succeeded by his brother, Jimeno Garcés, upon whose death Sancho's son García would succeed.

The Codex of Roda gives Sancho and Toda six children:

Oneca (d.931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926

Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León, secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava, and thirdly Fernán González, Count of Castile

Urraca, married Ramiro II of León

Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya, secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza.

Orbita

García, king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa

Sancho also had an illegitimate daughter:

Lupa, mother of Raymond I, Count of Bigorre -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancho_I_of_Pamplona

view all 12

Sancho Garcés, Infante de Pamplona's Timeline

852
852
Pamplona, Spain
860
860
905
905
- 925
King of Pamplona (Navarre)
????
Navarre, Spain
????
????
????
????
King of, Navarre, (Pamplona), 905-925
????
King of, Navarre, (Pamplona), 905-925
????
King of, Navarre, (Pamplona), 905-925