Sancho IV el Bravo, rey de Castilla y León

Is your surname de Castilla y León?

Research the de Castilla y León family

Sancho IV el Bravo, rey de Castilla y León's Geni Profile

Records for Sancho IV de Castilla y León

12,592 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Sancho IV 'el Bravo' de Castilla y León, rey de Castilla y León

Nicknames: ""The Fierce"", "King Sancho IV of Castille", "The Brave", "El Bravo", "the Brave", "Sancho IV el Bravo", "rey de Castilla y León", "Sancho IV de Castilla y León (Geni Tree Match) Too Many Ancestors", "Rei de Castilla y León"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Valladolid, Castille and Leon, Spain
Death: Died in Toledo, Castille La Mancha, Spain
Place of Burial: Catedral de Santa María, Toledo, Castille La Mancha, Spain
Immediate Family:

Son of Alfonso X el Sabio, rey de Castilla y León; Violante de Aragón, reina consorte de Castilla and Violante de Aragon El Sabio
Husband of María La Grande de Alfonso Reina consorte de Castilla and María la Grande Alfonsa de Molina, reina consorte de Castilla
Partner of N.N.; María Pérez and María Alfonso de Meneses, señora de Ucero
Father of Teresa Sánchez de Castilla; Fernando IV el Emplazado, rey de Castilla y León; Isabel de Castilla, reina consorte de Aragón; Alfonso, infante de Castilla y León; Enrique, infante de Castilla y León and 5 others
Brother of Berenguela Alfonsez, infanta de Castilla; Beatrice di Castiglia, Marchesa del Monferrato; Fernando de la Cerda, príncipe heredero de Castilla y León; Juan el de Tarifa, señor de Valencia de Campos; Constanza Alfonsez, Infanta de Castilla and 5 others
Half brother of Beatriz de Castela, rainha consorte de Portugal; Berenguela Alfonso; Alfonso 'el Niño' Fernández; Urraca Alfonso, señora consorte de Fuentes; Martín Alfonso, Abad en Valladolid and 1 other

Occupation: Rey de Castilla, King
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sancho IV 'el Bravo' de Castilla y León, rey de Castilla y León

http://en.fundacionmedinaceli.org/casaducal/fichaindividuo.aspx?id=6

==================

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancho_IV_el_Bravo

Sancho IV el Bravo, rey de Castilla y León (Valladolid, 12 de mayo de 1258 - † Toledo, 25 de abril de 1295). Rey de Castilla y León. Hijo de Alfonso X el Sabio, rey de Castilla y León, y de su esposa, la reina Violante de Aragón y Hungría, hija de Jaime I el Conquistador, rey de Aragón.

Sancho IV contrajo matrimonio con su tía María de Molina, nieta de Alfonso IX de León, en el año 1281. Fruto del matrimonio nacieron los siguientes hijos:

   * Infanta Isabel de Castilla y de Molina (1283 - 1328), prometida en matrimonio a Jaime II de Aragón, quien la hizo regresar a Castilla, y con Juan III de Bretaña, duque de Bretaña y bisnieto de Enrique III de Inglaterra.
   * Fernando IV el Emplazado (1285 - 1312), coronado en 1295 como rey de Castilla y León con el título de Fernando IV a la muerte de su padre, Sancho IV el Bravo. Se encuentra sepultado en la Real Colegiata de San Hipólito de Córdoba junto con su hijo, Alfonso XI el Justiciero.
   * Infante Alfonso de Castilla y de Molina (1286 - 1291), fallecido en la infancia.
   * Infante Enrique de Castilla y Molina (1288 - 1299. Fallecido a los nueve años de edad.
   * Infante Pedro de Castilla y de Molina (1290 - 1319), fue Regente del Reino a la muerte de su hermano Fernando IV y falleció en el Desastre de la Vega de Granada, acaecido en 1319. Fue sepultado en el Monasterio de Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas de Burgos, junto con su esposa, la infanta María de Aragón y Anjou, hija de Jaime II de Aragón, y su hija, Blanca de Castilla y Aragón.
   * Infante Felipe de Castilla y de Molina (1292 - 1327); Regente del Reino desde 1319 hasta 1325, en que Alfonso XI el Justiciero alcanzó la mayoría de edad. Fue sepultado junto con su esposa, Margarita de la Cerda, en el Monasterio de las Dueñas de Santa Clara de Allariz, en Galicia.
   * Infanta Beatriz de Castilla y de Molina (1293 - 1359), reina de Portugal entre 1325 y 1357, por su matrimonio en el año 1309 con el heredero de la corona de Portugal, que reinaría como Alfonso IV de Portugal. Se encuentra sepultada junto con su esposo en la Catedral de Lisboa.

Fruto de su relación extramatrimonial con María de Meneses, señora de Ucero y prima segunda de la reina María de Molina nacieron los siguientes hijos:[7]

   * Violante Sánchez de Castilla. Contrajo matrimonio en 1293 con Fernando Rodríguez de Castro, señor de Lemos y Sarria. Fruto del matrimonio de ambos nació Pedro Fernández de Castro "el de la Guerra", fallecido en 1342.
   * Teresa Sánchez de Castilla. Contrajo matrimonio con Juan Alfonso de Meneses, conde de Barcelos y señor de Meneses, e hijo de Alfonso Téllez de Meneses, señor de Meneses.

Fruto de su relación con una dama cuyo nombre se desconoce[8] nació:

   * Alfonso Sánchez de Castilla. Contrajo matrimonio con María de Salcedo, hija de Diego López de Salcedo. Falleció sin descendencia.

Los comienzos del matrimonio con la reina María de Molina fueron dificultosos, pues el matrimonio no contaba con la imprescindible dispensa pontificia, debido a un doble motivo, ya que por un lado existían lazos de consaguineidad en tercer grado entre los contrayentes, y además existían unos esponsales previos del entonces infante Sancho, aunque nunca consumados, con una rica heredera catalana llamada Guillerma de Montcada. El matrimonio con María de Molina al principio fue considerado nulo y por tanto todos los hijos nacidos de él, se consideraban ilegítimos. -------------------- Sancho IV of Castile From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sancho IV the Brave (1257 or 1258 – 25 April 1295, Toledo) was the king of Castile and León from 1284 to his death. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon. His elder brother, Ferdinand de la Cerda, died in November 1275, and in 1282 Sancho assembled a coalition of nobles to declare for him against Ferdinand's son Alfonso, then took control of the kingdom when Alfonso X died in 1284. This was all against the wishes of their father, but Sancho was crowned in Toledo nevertheless. Sancho was recognised and supported by the majority of the nobility and the cities, but a sizable minority opposed him throughout his reign and worked for the heirs of Ferdinand de la Cerda. One of the leaders of the opposition was Don Juan, his uncle, who united to his cause the lord of Vizcaya, Lope Díaz III de Haro. Sancho responded by executing the lord of Vizcaya and incarcerating his uncle. According to the chroniclers, he cemented his hold on power by executing 4,000 other followers of the infante Alfonso, son of Ferdinand de la Cerda, in Badajoz. He executed 400 more in Talavera and much more als in Ávila and Toledo. Upon dispensing with this opposition, Sancho pardoned his uncle, who was released. Don Juan bided his time before fomenting revolt again: the conflict over Tarifa. He called in the aid of the Marinids of Morroco and besieged Guzmán the Good in his castle (1291). At this siege occurred that famous act of heroism, the innocent death of the son of Guzmán. Tarifa was faithfully defended until Sancho could rescue it and the Marinids retreated to Morroco. The intent of both Don Juan and the king of Morroco (to invade) was foiled. When James II succeeded to the Crown of Aragon, he endeavoured to bind the two crowns more closely and to unite in the Reconquista. Indeed, both of James predecessors had tried to do likewise. Sancho was also the friend and tutor of Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena. Just before succumbing to a fatal illness, he appointed his queen, María de Molina, to act as regent for his nine year-old son, Ferdinand IV. He died in 1295 in Toledo. [edit]Family

Sancho married Maria de Molina in 1282 and they had the following children: Isabella of Castile (1283-1328). Married first James II of Aragon and secondly John III, Duke of Brittany. Ferdinand IV (1285-1312). Alfonso (1286-1291) Enrique (1288-1299) Pedro of Castile (1290-1319). Married Maria of Aragon, daughter of James II of Aragon. Their daughter, Blanca of Castile, married and later divorced Peter I of Portugal. Felipe (1292-1327). Married his cousin Margarita de la Cerda, daughter of Ferdinand de la Cerda, Infante of Castile. Beatrice of Castile (1293-1359). Married Afonso IV of Portugal.

-------------------- Sancho IV the Brave (1257 or 1258 – 25 April 1295, Toledo) was the king of Castile, León and Galicia from 1284 to his death. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon.

His elder brother, Ferdinand de la Cerda, died in November 1275, and in 1282 Sancho assembled a coalition of nobles to declare for him against Ferdinand's son Alfonso, then took control of the kingdom when Alfonso X died in 1284. This was all against the wishes of their father, but Sancho was crowned in Toledo nevertheless.

Sancho was recognised and supported by the majority of the nobility and the cities, but a sizable minority opposed him throughout his reign and worked for the heirs of Ferdinand de la Cerda. One of the leaders of the opposition was Don Juan, his uncle, who united to his cause the lord of Vizcaya, Lope Díaz III de Haro. Sancho responded by executing the lord of Vizcaya and incarcerating his uncle. According to the chroniclers, he cemented his hold on power by executing 4,000 other followers of the infante Alfonso, son of Ferdinand de la Cerda, in Badajoz. He executed 400 more in Talavera and much more als in Ávila and Toledo.

Upon dispensing with this opposition, Sancho pardoned his uncle, who was released. Don Juan bided his time before fomenting revolt again: the conflict over Tarifa. He called in the aid of the Marinids of Morocco and besieged Guzmán the Good in his castle (1291). At this siege occurred that famous act of heroism, the innocent death of the son of Guzmán. Tarifa was faithfully defended until Sancho could rescue it and the Marinids retreated to Morocco. The intent of both Don Juan and the king of Morocco (to invade) was foiled.

When James II succeeded to the Crown of Aragon, he endeavoured to bind the two crowns more closely and to unite in the Reconquista. Indeed, both of James predecessors had tried to do likewise. Sancho was also the friend and tutor of Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena.

Just before succumbing to a fatal illness, he appointed his queen, María de Molina, to act as regent for his nine year-old son, Ferdinand IV. He died in 1295 in Toledo.

[edit] Family Sancho married Maria de Molina in 1282 and they had the following children:

Isabella of Castile (1283-1328). Married first James II of Aragon and secondly John III, Duke of Brittany. Ferdinand IV (1285-1312). Alfonso (1286-1291) Peter (1290-1319) married Maria daughter of James II of Aragon Enrique (1288-1299) Felipe (1292-1327). Married his cousin Margarita de la Cerda, daughter of Alfonso de la Cerda (1270-1333).[1] Beatrice of Castile (1293-1359). Married Afonso IV of Portugal. He had several bastard children before his marriage as well. by an unknown woman:

Teresa Sanchez, who married Joao Afonso de Menezes, the 1st Earl of Barcelos, Portugal by Maria Afonso Teles de Menezes:

Violante Sanchez, who held the dowry of Uzero, married Fernando Rodriguez de Castro, Lord of Lemos.[2] by Maria Perez:

Alfonso Sanchez, who married Maria Diaz de Haro, without issue. [edit] Notes 1.^ Medieval Iberia: An Encyclopedia, Ed. E. Michael Gerli and Samuel G. Armistead, (Routledge, 2003), 50. 2.^ XXV años de la Escuela de Genealogía, Heráldica y Nobiliaria, Ed. Escuela de Genealogía, Heráldica y Nobiliaria, (Hidalguia, 1985), 431. [edit] References XXV años de la Escuela de Genealogía, Heráldica y Nobiliaria, Ed. Escuela de Genealogía, Heráldica y Nobiliaria, Hidalguia, 1985. Preceded by Alfonso X King of Castile and León 1284–1295 Succeeded by Ferdinand IV Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancho_IV_of_Castile" Categories: House of Burgundy-Spain | Castilian monarchs | Roman Catholic monarchs | 13th-century Spanish people | 1250s births | 1295 deaths -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sancho_IV_of_Castile -------------------- Sancho IV the Brave (1257 or 1258 – 25 April 1295, Toledo) was the king of Castile, León and Galicia from 1284 to his death. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon.

His elder brother, Ferdinand de la Cerda, died in November 1275, and in 1282 Sancho assembled a coalition of nobles to declare for him against Ferdinand's son Alfonso, then took control of the kingdom when Alfonso X died in 1284. This was all against the wishes of their father, but Sancho was crowned in Toledo nevertheless.

Sancho was recognised and supported by the majority of the nobility and the cities, but a sizable minority opposed him throughout his reign and worked for the heirs of Ferdinand de la Cerda. One of the leaders of the opposition was Don Juan, his uncle, who united to his cause the lord of Vizcaya, Lope Díaz III de Haro. Sancho responded by executing the lord of Vizcaya and incarcerating his uncle. According to the chroniclers, he cemented his hold on power by executing 4,000 other followers of the infante Alfonso, son of Ferdinand de la Cerda, in Badajoz. He executed 400 more in Talavera and much more als in Ávila and Toledo.

Upon dispensing with this opposition, Sancho pardoned his uncle, who was released. Don Juan bided his time before fomenting revolt again: the conflict over Tarifa. He called in the aid of the Marinids of Morocco and besieged Guzmán the Good in his castle (1291). At this siege occurred that famous act of heroism, the innocent death of the son of Guzmán. Tarifa was faithfully defended until Sancho could rescue it and the Marinids retreated to Morocco. The intent of both Don Juan and the king of Morocco (to invade) was foiled.

When James II succeeded to the Crown of Aragon, he endeavoured to bind the two crowns more closely and to unite in the Reconquista. Indeed, both of James predecessors had tried to do likewise. Sancho was also the friend and tutor of Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena.

Just before succumbing to a fatal illness, he appointed his queen, María de Molina, to act as regent for his nine year-old son, Ferdinand IV. He died in 1295 in Toledo.

[edit] Family

Sancho married Maria de Molina in 1282 and they had the following children:

   * Isabella of Castile (1283-1328). Married first James II of Aragon and secondly John III, Duke of Brittany.
   * Ferdinand IV (1285-1312).
   * Alfonso (1286-1291)
   * Peter (1290-1319) married Maria daughter of James II of Aragon
   * Enrique (1288-1299)
   * Felipe (1292-1327). Married his cousin Margarita de la Cerda, daughter of Ferdinand de la Cerda, Infante of Castile.
   * Beatrice of Castile (1293-1359). Married Afonso IV of Portugal.

He had several bastard children before his marriage as well. by an unknown woman:

   * Teresa Sanchez, who married Joao Afonso de Menezes, the 1st Earl of Barcelos, Portugal

by Maria Afonso Teles de Menezes:

   * Violante Sanchez, who held the dowry of Uzero, married Fernando Rodriguez de Castro, Lord of Lemos.

by Maria Perez:

   * Alfonso Sanchez, who married Maria Diaz de Haro, without issue.

-------------------- Sancho IV the Brave (1257 or 1258 – 25 April 1295, Toledo) was the king of Castile and León from 1284 to his death. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon.

His elder brother, Ferdinand de la Cerda, died in November 1275, and in 1282 Sancho assembled a coalition of nobles to declare for him against Ferdinand's son Alfonso, then took control of the kingdom when Alfonso X died in 1284. This was all against the wishes of their father, but Sancho was crowned in Toledo nevertheless.

Sancho was recognised and supported by the majority of the nobility and the cities, but a sizable minority opposed him throughout his reign and worked for the heirs of Ferdinand de la Cerda. One of the leaders of the opposition was Don Juan, his uncle, who united to his cause the lord of Vizcaya, Lope Díaz III de Haro. Sancho responded by executing the lord of Vizcaya and incarcerating his uncle. According to the chroniclers, he cemented his hold on power by executing 4,000 other followers of the infante Alfonso, son of Ferdinand de la Cerda, in Badajoz. He executed 400 more in Talavera and much more als in Ávila and Toledo.

Upon dispensing with this opposition, Sancho pardoned his uncle, who was released. Don Juan bided his time before fomenting revolt again: the conflict over Tarifa. He called in the aid of the Marinids of Morroco and besieged Guzmán the Good in his castle (1291). At this siege occurred that famous act of heroism, the innocent death of the son of Guzmán. Tarifa was faithfully defended until Sancho could rescue it and the Marinids retreated to Morroco. The intent of both Don Juan and the king of Morroco (to invade) was foiled.

When James II succeeded to the Crown of Aragon, he endeavoured to bind the two crowns more closely and to unite in the Reconquista. Indeed, both of James predecessors had tried to do likewise. Sancho was also the friend and tutor of Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena.

Just before succumbing to a fatal illness, he appointed his queen, María de Molina, to act as regent for his nine year-old son, Ferdinand IV. He died in 1295 in Toledo.

Sancho married Maria de Molina in 1282 and they had the following children:

Isabella of Castile (1283-1328). Married first James II of Aragon and secondly John III, Duke of Brittany.

Ferdinand IV (1285-1312).

Alfonso (1286-1291)

Enrique (1288-1299)

Felipe (1292-1327). Married his cousin Margarita de la Cerda, daughter of Ferdinand de la Cerda, Infante of Castile.

Beatrice of Castile (1293-1359). Married Afonso IV of Portugal.

-------------------- Sancho IV of Castile

Sancho IV the Brave (1257 or 1258 – 25 April 1295, Toledo) was the king of Castile and León from 1284 to his death. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon.

His elder brother, Ferdinand de la Cerda, died in November 1275, and in 1282 Sancho assembled a coalition of nobles to declare for him against Ferdinand's son Alfonso, then took control of the kingdom when Alfonso X died in 1284. This was all against the wishes of their father, but Sancho was crowned in Toledo nevertheless.

Sancho was recognised and supported by the majority of the nobility and the cities, but a sizable minority opposed him throughout his reign and worked for the heirs of Ferdinand de la Cerda. One of the leaders of the opposition was Don Juan, his uncle, who united to his cause the lord of Vizcaya, Lope Díaz III de Haro. Sancho responded by executing the lord of Vizcaya and incarcerating his uncle. According to the chroniclers, he cemented his hold on power by executing 4,000 other followers of the infante Alfonso, son of Ferdinand de la Cerda, in Badajoz. He executed 400 more in Talavera and much more als in Ávila and Toledo.

Upon dispensing with this opposition, Sancho pardoned his uncle, who was released. Don Juan bided his time before fomenting revolt again: the conflict over Tarifa. He called in the aid of the Marinids of Morroco and besieged Guzmán the Good in his castle (1291). At this siege occurred that famous act of heroism, the innocent death of the son of Guzmán. Tarifa was faithfully defended until Sancho could rescue it and the Marinids retreated to Morroco. The intent of both Don Juan and the king of Morroco (to invade) was foiled.

When James II succeeded to the Crown of Aragon, he endeavoured to bind the two crowns more closely and to unite in the Reconquista. Indeed, both of James predecessors had tried to do likewise. Sancho was also the friend and tutor of Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena.

Just before succumbing to a fatal illness, he appointed his queen, María de Molina, to act as regent for his nine year-old son, Ferdinand IV. He died in 1295 in Toledo.

Sancho married Maria de Molina in 1282 and they had the following children:

Isabella of Castile (1283-1328). Married first James II of Aragon and secondly John III, Duke of Brittany.

Ferdinand IV (1285-1312).

Alfonso (1286-1291)

Enrique (1288-1299)

Felipe (1292-1327). Married his cousin Margarita de la Cerda, daughter of Ferdinand de la Cerda, Infante of Castile.

Beatrice of Castile (1293-1359). Married Afonso IV of Portugal.

-------------------- See http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/25067072/person/12794559053

view all 24

Sancho IV el Bravo, rey de Castilla y León's Timeline

1258
May 12, 1258
Valladolid, Castille and Leon, Spain
1275
1275
Age 16
Castile, Spain
1282
June 1282
Age 24
1283
1283
Age 24
Toro, Castille and Leon, Spain
1285
December 6, 1285
Age 27
Seville, Andalusia, Spain
1286
1286
Age 27
Valladolid, Castille and Leon, Spain
1288
1288
Age 29
Vitoria, Basque Country, Spain
1290
1290
Age 31
Valladolid, CL, Spain
1292
May 28, 1292
Age 34
Seville, Andalusia, Spain
1293
1293
Age 34
Toro, Castille and Leon, Spain