Sara Maria Viljoen (c.1852 - c.1919)

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Nicknames: "Sara Maria Ruiter", "Mrs Dirk Ruiter"
Death: Died
Managed by: Lea Herbst
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Sara Maria Viljoen

Balmoral Refugee Camp 1900 – 1902

Personal Details

Name: Mrs Jan Ruiter

Born in camp? No

Died in camp? No

Gender: female

Race: white

Marital status: married

Nationality: Transvaal

Occupation: farmer

Registration as head of family: Yes

Unique ID: 61782

Camp History

Name: Balmoral RC

Age arrival: 49

Date arrival: 12/10/1901

Date departure: 21/06/1902

Reason departure: returned home

Destination: Lydenburg Town

Tent number: 653

Notes: RT 653*

Farm History

Name: Rustplaats

District: Lydenburg

Notes: share of farm

Name: Ruiter family

Town: Lydenburg

Notes: 3 erven in town

Status of Husband

Type: prisoner of war

Notes: self: sent in by Col Parks' column, sent here 11/10/1901

Relationships

Mrs Jan Ruiter

is the mother of Miss Sarah Maria Ruiter

is the mother of Miss Emma Ruiter

is the mother of Master Karel Christoffel Ruiter

is the mother of Miss Jan Anna Ruiter (girl)

Sources

Title: DBC 46 Balmoral CR

Type: Index camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 46

Notes: R 09

Title: DBC 47 Balmoral CR

Type: Camp register

Location: National Archives, Pretoria

Reference No.: DBC 47

Notes: 0653

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Sara Maria Viljoen's Timeline

1852
1852
1876
December 13, 1876
Age 24
1880
1880
Age 28
1883
1883
Age 31
1887
July 17, 1887
Age 35
1895
1895
Age 43
1900
1900
- 1902
Age 48
South Africa

The camps were formed by the British army to house the residents of the two Boer republics of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. They were established towards the end of 1900, after Britain had invaded the Boer republics. This database was designed to investigate mortality and morbidity in the camps during the war. Although it will include everyone listed in the registers during the war, it usually excludes returning prisoners-of-war and men who came back from commando at the end of the war, as well as the considerable movement of people which took place after 31 May 1902, when families were repatriated to their homes.

Balmoral camp was established relatively late, on 25 July 1901, coming into use a week later – a remarkably short time in which to set up a camp. It was created to take the overflow from the Middelburg and Belfast camps and was divided into the districts from which most of the inmates came – Balmoral, Lydenburg and, later, Ermelo. The move from Middelburg had been precipitated by the poor health in that very large camp and the people arrived unwell. Later arrivals included fugitives from the Bronkhorstspruit district, who were starving and exhausted. By November 1901 they were coming in from the Lydenburg and Barberton districts, in a very bedraggled state, it was noted, because they had been out on the veld for some time. Although by the end of 1901 Kitchener had ordered that no more families should be sent to the camps, his instructions were often ignored and some continued to trickle in. On 27 April 1902 125 people arrived, half of them men, in a pitiful state. ‘They were literally in rags and it was hard to discern the original material of the men’s clothing. When compared with the inmates of the camp they looked a very unkempt lot’, the superintendent noted.

http://www2.lib.uct.ac.za/mss/bccd/Histories/Balmoral/

1919
1919
Age 67
????