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Sarah Thompson (Gold)

Birthplace: Fairfield, Fairfield Co, Connecticut,
Death: Died in Fairfield, Fairfield Co, Connecticut,
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Maj. Nathan Gold, of Milford and Fairfield and Martha Gold
Wife of John Thompson
Mother of Jerusha Sturges
Half sister of Lt. Nathan Gold, Jr., Governor of Connecticut; Deborah Clark (Gould); Abigail Seleck; Martha Davenport; Josiah Harvey and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Sarah Thompson

  • Genealogical and Personal History of Northern Pennsylvania, Volume 2 By John Woolf Jordan
  • Pg.895
  • The Gould family has been established in America since it's earliest Colonial days. Nathan Gould, or as he was known, Major Nathan Gold, removed from St. Edmonson, Cambridge, England to Fairfield Connecticut, during the reign of Charles II., and was one of the first settlers of that town; rendered much military service; was a wealthy landowner in 1649-1653; a member of council 1657-1694; died March 4, 1694. In 1657 he married Martha, widow of Edmund Harvey. Children, not in order: 1. Nathan, of whom further, 2. Sarah, died 1723. 3. Sarah, born 1660; married, 1684, John Thompson, of Fairfield; died June 4. 1747. 4. Deborah, married George Clark, of Milford, Connecticut. 5. Abigail, married, January 5, 1685. Jonathan Selleck Jr., of Stratford. 6. Martha, married (first) John Selleck, (second) Rev. John Davenport, April 16, 1695, of Stamford, died December, 12, 1712.
  • (II) Nathan Gold (as it was spelled at that time) was the son of Major Nathan and Martha Gold, and was born December 8, 1663, died October 3, 1723. He was recorder of town of Fairfield many years; was assistant, 1694; lieutenant-governor, 1708-1723; chief justice of supreme court, 1712. He married Hannah, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel John and He-
  • Pg.896
  • lena (Wakeman) Talcott; married (second) Sarah ---- . Children: .... etc.


  • The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Volume 47 edited by Richard Henry Greene, ....
  • Pg.205
  • No. 85. GOLD ........... WILLIAM ISAAC WALKER
  • 1. Major Nathan Gold,(!) b. ...... , at ...... , Eng.; d. Sunday, March 4, 1693-4, at Fairfield, Conn., and is supposed to have been buried in the Old Burying Ground, Fairfield, Conn., along side of the grave of his son Nathan2 Gold, but no stone marks his grave; m. ...... (subsequent to May 22, 1648, the date of death of Edmund Harvey), at ...... (Fairfield, Conn., probably), to Martha ( ...... ) Harvey (2nd wife and widow of Edmund Harvey; her parentage is as yet undetermined), b. ...... ; d. ...... (previous to her husband it is thought, as she is not mentioned in his will dated March 1, 1693-4), at ......
  • Res. He came over to this country in 1646-7 from St. Edmund's Bury (or Bury-St. Edmund's), Co. Suffolk, Eng.; he purchased land in Milford, Conn., in 1647, and again in 1649. On Dec. 31, 1649 (or 1650), he sold his land in Milford and removed to Fairfield, in which town he first bought land in 1652. He was Town Clerk in Fairfield and served as a Judge of the "sea-side" courts. In 1657 he was made an Assistant and was also appointed as a Magistrate by the General Assembly. He, with Governor Winthrop and others (19 in all), joined in the petition to Charles II of England to grant the Charter to Connecticut and he was named an Assistant to the Governor in that new Charter which was granted in 1662. So he was an Assistant under the old and new charters from 1657 until his death in 1693-4. The fact that he was named an Assistant in the Charter of Charles II is ample proof of his standing in the Colony. No gentleman would have been called upon to sign the petition for the Charter, and none would have been named an Assistant in the New Charter, but those who had maintained a high reputation in England before coming to this country. In 1664 he was made Commander-in-Chief of the military forces in Fairfield County to provide against attack by the Dutch. He was a member of the Committee on War in 1665 and was made a Major in 1673 and commanded the Fairfield troops in war against the Indians in 1675. In 1684 he was one of a committee of five sent from Connecticut to New York to congratulate Governor Dongan on his arrival in New York and to settle the boundary dispute between New York and Connecticut. He made his will on March 1, 1693-4, and died at Fairfield, March 4, 1693-4, 3 days after making his will. His death is thus recorded in the Town Records of Fairfield:—"Major Nathan Gold departed this life into the mansions of rest upon the Day of Rest, on the Sabbath, it being the 4th of March, 1693-4." Almost from the moment of his arrival in Fairfield for nearly 40 years he had been a leader in political, military and ecclesiastical affairs of the town and colony. No man in the country was more respected or honored than he, and none in New England stood higher in the esteem of the Lords of the Council Chamber at Whitehall. In his will he mentions his only son Nathan, his daughters Sarah (wife of John Thompson ot Fairfield): Deborah (wife of George Clark of Milford); Abigail (wife of Jonathan Selleck of Stamford), and Martha (widow of John Selleck). The will does not mention an elder daughter who m. Dr. Josiah Harvey of Fairfield, as she had died childless before her father's death. No mention is made of his wife who also died before him. Schenck's History of Fairfield, vol. i, p. 370, states, "The name of his first wife is not known." If he was married previous to his marriage to the widow of Edmund Harvey there is at present no evidence of the fact; and his wife Martha ( ...... ) Harvey-Gold was certainly the mother of his children.
  • Children, 6 (Gold): 1 son and 5 daughters, all probably b. in Fairfield, Conn., and all by his wife Martha ( ...... ) Harvey-Gold— viz: (1) a dau. (baptismal name not known), b. ...... ; d. ...... (previous to March 1, 1694), without issue; m. Dr. Josiah Harvey, of Fairfield, Conn. (2) Sarah, b. ...... 1660 (about, see age and date of death); d. June 4, 1747, in her 87th year, at Fairfield, Conn., and was buried there in Old Burying Ground, gravestone; m. April 25. 1694, to Deacon John Thompson, of Fairfield, Conn., b. ...... 1651; d. March 1, 1734, aged 83, at Fairfield, Conn., and buried there in Old Burying Ground, gravestone. (3) Deborah, b. ...... ; d. ...... ; m. George Clark, of Milford, Conn. (4) Nathan, b. ...... , 1663 (see age at and date of death); d. Oct. 3, 1723. aged 60 years, at Fairfield, Conn., and was there buried in Old Burying Ground, gravestone; m. (1) Hannah Talcott, dau. of Col. John Talcott, of Hartford, Conn.; m. (2) Sarah ...... (5) Abigail, b. ...... ; d. ...... ; m. Jan. 5, 1685, to Capt. Jonathan Selleck, of Stamford, Conn, (son of Jonathan Selleck, b. 20-3-1641. at Boston, Mass.; d. Jan. 10, 1712-13, at Stamford. Conn.; will dated Dec. 21, 1712; m. May 11, 1663) and his wife Abigail Law (dau. of Richard and Margaret (Kilbourne) Law, of Stamford, Conn.), b. July 11, 1664, at Stamford, Conn.; d. June 11, 1710, at Stamford, Conn. (6) Martha (see below).
  • 2. Martha Gold (Gould), b. ...... , at ...... (probably at Fairfield, Conn.); d. Dec. 1, 1712, at Stamford, Conn.; m. (1) ...... at ...... , to Capt. John Selleck (son of Major Jonathan and Abigail (Law) Selleck, of Stamford, Conn.), b. ...... , at ...... (Stamford, Conn., probably); he was of the Class of 1690 at Harvard College, and was probably born some 21 years previous to the year of his graduation; d. ...... (subsequent to 1690, in which year he graduated from Harvard, and also subsequent to March 16, 1692-3, as on that date he was appointed on a committee at Stamford, Conn., to treat with the Rev. John Davenport relative to the Rev. Mr. Davenport's settlement in Stamford; and previous to March 1, 1693-4, on which date he is spoken of as dead in will of his father-in-law Nathan Gold), at ..... She m. (2) April 18 (or 16), 1695, at ...... (Stamford, Conn., probably), to Rev. John Davenport (son of John and Abigail (Pierson) Davenport, of New Haven, Conn., and Boston, Mass.), as his 1st wife, b. Feb. 22, 1668-9, at Boston, Mass.; d. Feb. 5, 1730-1, at Stamford, Conn.; he m. (2) ......, at ...... , to Elizabeth (Morris) Maltby
  • Pg.206
  • (widow of William2 Maltby and dau. of John and his 3rd wife Hannah (Bishop) Morris of New Haven, Conn.), b. ...... , 1675, at ......; d. Jan. II, 1758, at Stamford, Conn.
  • Res. John Selleck resided at Stamford, Conn.; he lived for a considerable time in the family of Jeremiah Peck of Greenwich, Conn., who "helped him in his initiation into the Latin tongue," after which he was "for several years partly with Mr. John Harriman (Harvard University, 1667) of New Haven." Rev. John Davenport resided at Stamford, Conn.; he was pastor of the church there; graduated at Harvard College 1687. He was a member of Yale College corporation from 1707 until his death. Major Jonathan Selleck of Stamford. Conn., the father of John Selleck, the first husband ol Martha Gold (Gould), in his will dated Dec. 21, 1713, gives his books to Rev. John Davenport of Stamford.
  • Children 7: by her 1st m. (Selleck), none that are known of; by her 2nd m. 7 (Davenport), Abigail, John, Martha, Sarah, Theodora. Deodate, Elizabeth; by his 2nd m. 3 (Davenport), Abraham, James, Elizabeth Morris; by her first husband William2 Maltby, Elizabeth Morris had one son, William3 Maltby, who m. Sarah Davenport (of the next generation) as her 1st husband (see below).
  • 3. Sarah Davenport, .... etc.


  • The History of Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut, from the Settlement ... Vol. I. By Elizabeth Hubbell Godfrey Schenck
  • Pg.370
  • GOLD, GOULD — NATHAN GOLD came from St. Edmundsbury in South Britain. He pur. land at Milford Ct. in 1647 (Milford T. Rec. Vol. I. p. 101.) On the 12. Dec. 1649 he "pur. George Hubbard's dwelling-house & home-lot at Milford, & all his upland & meadow, with all the appurtenances thereto belonging." On the 31. of Dec. following, he sold the above purchase to John Streame, & re-moved to Fairfield. Here he first pur. John Foster's homestead on the Frost Square, which he sold to Thomas Sherwood 15. Dec. 1653. He next pur. of Alexander Bryan, Richard Perry's homestead on the Newton Square 8. Dec. 1653 ; & also Edmund Harvey's homestead on the n. e. of sd Newton's lot. On the 30. Nov. 1653, he pur. Thomas Newton's homestead, lying between Richard Perry's & the parsonage land ; & through Alexander Bryan sold it to Dr. Thomas Pell 9. Feb 1653/4. He next pur. 11. May 1654, Rodger Ludlow's homestead & home-lot of six acres on the n. e. corner of the Ludlow Square ; & also Ludlow's pasture lot, at the present time occupied by Mrs. Abraham Benson, the widow of a Revolutionary officer. The name of his first wife is not known. His second wife was Martha wid. of Edmund Harvey of F. His name is mentioned in the Connecticut Royal Charter of 1662. He died 4. March 1694, greatly revered & beloved by the people of the town ; & honored throughout Conn. New England, & in fact throughout the country for his christian character, sterling worth, & great usefulness. His will is dated 1. March 1693/4 1 , in which he gave to his "only & well beloved son Nathan" his home lot & new house, buildings & fences, bd. s. w. by the home stead of Nathaniel Burr, & on all other sides with highways ; also the opposite pasture-lot with buildings & accommodations, & the house he built for him on this land, with 2 1/2 acres adjoining ; 1/2 of his building lot in the woods ; 3/4 of his long-lot, & 3/4 of his interest in the Perpetual Common, & other lands; one horse, a yoke of oxen, cart, plow, & carpenter's tools, & all stock & other estate, which he had previously given him ; also his Bible, wearing-apparel, arms, ammunition & staff, & his farm in the woods, lying on both sides of the Saugatuck River. To his four ds. viz : Sarah wife of John Thompson of F., Deborah w. of George Clark of Milford, Abigail w. of Jonathan Selleck of Stamford & d. Martha widow of John Selleck, he gave the remainder of his estate, to be equally divided among them. Dr. Josiah Harvey of F. m. an elder d. of Major Nathan Gold, who died childless before her father. Martha was the widow of John Selleck, another s. of Jonathan Selleck I,* who died before Major Nathan Gold. Martha next m. 16 April 1695, the Rev. John
  • Pg.371
  • Davenport of Stamford who "was born in Boston 28. Feb. 1669, & was the s. of John Davenport Esqr. the only s. of Rev. John Davenport, the ecclesiastical founder of New Haven. He grad. at H. C. in 1687, & commenced preaching in 1690. By Martha Gold Selleck he had seven children viz: "Abigail who m. Rev. Stephen Williams D.D. of Springfield, & became the mother of an illustrious family ; John of New Canaan ; Martha who m. Rev. Thomas Goodsell of Brandford ; Sarah who first m. Capt. William Maltbie of New Haven, & second Rev. Eleazer Wheelock D.D., the founder & first president of Dartmouth College; and thus became the ancestress of a talented & noble lineage ; Theodore who d. early ; Deacon Deodate of East Haven ; & Elizabeth who m. the Rev. William Gaylord of Wilton, Conn. Mrs. Martha Davenport d. 1. Dec. 1712." Her death was deemed no ordinary event, as attested by the extraordinary record of it found in Book I. p. 110 of Stamford T. Rec. as follows: "That eminently Pious & virtuous, Grave & whorthily much Lamented Matron Mrs. Martha Davenport, Late wife of the Reverend Mr. John Davenport, Pastor of ye Church of Christ in Stamford, Laid down or exchanged Her mortal or temporall Life, to putt on Immortality & to be crowned with Immortal Glory ; on ye 1st Day of )Decemb. 1712." Mr. Davenport next m. Mrs. Elizabeth Maltby d. of John Morris, by whom he had two children ; Hon. Abraham & Rev. James Huntington's Hist. Stamford, p. 270.
  • LIEUT. GOV. NATHAN GOLD 2. s. of Major Nathan Gold 1. m. Hannah d. of Col. John Talcott 2. of Hartford, & sister of the great lawyer, John Read of Boston. His children were Abigail b. 14. Feb. 1687, who m. Rev. Thomas Hawley of Ridgefield, Conn. 8. Nov. 1738 ; John b. 25. April 1688, who m. Hannah Slawson ; Hezekiah (birth not recorded) grad. at H. C. in 1719, m. Mary Ruggles, & became a minister at Stratford, where he d. 22. April 1761 ; Nathan 6. April 1690 ; Samuel 27. Dec. 1692 (F. T. Rec.) ; Sarah bapt. 23. July 1696 ; Sarah again bapt. 3. March 1699/1700 ; Onesimus bapt. 19. Oct. 1701 ; David bapt. 3. Dec. 1704 ; Martha bapt. 8 Feb. 1707 (at which time the father is called the Worshipful Nathan Gold), & Joseph, b. 21. Oct. 1711. Lieut Gov. Nathan Gold died the 31. Oct. 1723, when but sixty years of age. His tomb-stone, well preserved, is in the Burial Hill Cemetery. His will is dated 13. Sept 1723. (Superior Court Rec. Hartord, Vol. 3 1/2 p. 545-6) in which he gives his eldest s. John a double portion of his estate ; to s. Samuel one single share, including what he had already given him ; to s. Hezekiah "50£ over & above what he had expended upon his learning ; "to son-in-law Rev. Thomas Hawley, of Ridgefield, who had m. his d. Abigail 100£. besides her mar. dower : to d. Martha (who m Samuel Sherman) 200£ ; sons Onesimus, David & Joseph one single portion of his estate.
  • .... etc.


  • Genealogical Guide to the Early Settlers of America: With a Brief History of ... By Henry Whittemore
  • Pg.218
  • GOULD, or GOLD; --- Adam Gould, of Groton, by wife Rebecca, had Dorcas, born 1683, removed to Woburn, there by wife Hannah, had Thomas, born 1689; and his wife died soon.
  • CHRISTOPHER GOULD, of Hampton, 1660.
  • DANIEL GOULD, of Newport, a freeman there 1655, represent. 1672, married 1651, Wait Coggeshall, probably daughter of the first John, had Mary, born 1653; Thomas, 1655; Daniel 1656; John, 1659; Priscilla, 1661; Jeremy, 1664; James, 1666; Jeremy, again, 1669; Content, 1671; and Wait, 1676. The date of his death is not found.
  • EDWARD GOULD, of Hingham, a pailmaker, came in the "Elizabeth" from London, 1635, aged 28, was of Hawkhurst, Co., Kent; living in Boston, in 1657.
  • FRANCIS GOULD, of Chelmsford, had been of Braintree, by wife Rose had there Hannah, born 1655; and john 1657, who probably died young; and at C. had John, again, 1660.
  • HENRY GOULD, of Ipswich, by wife Sarah, married 1675, had Sarah; Elizabeth, 1677; Jane, 1679; and Joanna, 1681.
  • JAMES GOULD, of Haverhill, took oath of fidelity, 1677.
  • JARVIS GOULD, of Hingham, cordwainer, came in the "Elizabeth," 1635, aged 30, servant to Clement Bates, removed to Boston, 1656, leaving John.
  • JEREMIAH GOULD, of R. I., 1638, is in list of Newport freeman, 1655.
  • JEREMY GOULD, of Weymouth, 1639.
  • JOHN GOULD, a husbandman from Towcester, Northamptonsh., came in the "Defence," 1635, aged 25, with wife Grace, 25; but nothing is found of his settlement.
  • JOHN GOULD, of Charlestown, had wife Mary in 1636, who died 1642; daughter Mary baptized 1637; Sarah, 1637, Elizabeth, 1640; Abigail, 1642; by another wife, Hannah, who died 1647, had Hannah, 1644; and John, 1647, died soon. By the same records he is favored with another John, 1648, probably by another wife, Joanna; both father and son living 1678. He may have been one of the early settlers at Reading.
  • JOHN GOULD, of Newport, 1655, represent. 1672, but no more can be learned of him.
  • JOHN GOULD, of Topsfield, only son of Zaccheus, born about 1637, in England, freeman, 1665, the greatest landholder in the neighborhood, married 1660, Sarah, perhaps daughter of John Baker, who died 1709, had John, born 1662, Sarah, 1664; Thomas, 1667; Samuel, 1670; Zaccheus, 1672; Priscilla, 1674; Joseph, 1677; Mary, 1681, and he died perhaps 1710.
  • JOHN GOULD, of Taunton, married Mary, daughter of Robert Crossman, 1673, had mary, born 1674; Hannah, 1677.
  • JOHN GOULD, of Stamford, married a daughter of George Slawson.
  • NATHAN GOULD, of Fairfield, 1652, married Martha, widow of Edmund Harvey, an assistant, 1657, and every year but one following; was named for some rank in the Royal Charlter of 1662; in 1670 was the riches inhabitant. He wrote his surname without the u, but perhaps the universal pronunciation caused the change. he died 1694, in his will names only son Nathan, and daughters Sarah, Deborah, Abigail and Martha.
  • NATHAN GOULD, of Salisbury, 1660, by wife Elizabeth, had Mary, born 1661; Elizabeth, 1664; and Samuel, 1668; was of Amesbury, 1690, freeman that year. In his will names wife Elizabeth, and children Joseph, Elizabeth, Hannah, and Samuel.
  • ROBERT GOULD, of Hull, married, 1666, Judith, and had second wife Jane Smith, a widow, daughter of Thomas Harris, of Boston; was freeman 1680.
  • THOMAS GOULD, of Boston, came in the "Jonathan," 1639, aged 32, may have been the freeman of 1641, but
  • Pg.219
  • that is doubful; was perhaps first of Cambridge, by wife Mary had Jacob, born 1643, died 1662.
  • THOMAS GOULD, of Newport, 1655, married Elizabeth, daughter of William Balstone, may have been many years of Wickford, 1674.
  • THOMAS GOULD, of Charlestown, with wife Hannah, joined to the church, 1640; had Hannah, baptized 1641; became a Bapt., was long imprisoned for his falling off, but ultimately discharg. with reput. He had second wife Mary, before all his troubles were over. He died perhaps 1674, at Boston, and in his will names wife Mary, son Samuel, daughters Mary Skinner, Mehitable Goodwin, Mary Bunker, and her two children, Abigal Shapely, son, Nathaniel Haywood, and daughter Hannah Gold.
  • THOMAS GOULD, of Boston, married, 1656, Frances Robinson, had probably other children, besides Ann, born about 1685, who married Nathaniel Green.
  • ZACCHEUS GOULD, of Lynn, 1640, had son Daniel, it is said, born about 1650, who went, probably, with other of his neighbors to Reading.
  • ZACCHEUS GOULD, of Wyemouth, 1639
  • ZACCHUES GOULD, of Ipswich, 1644 (in that part which was soon incorp. as Topsfield), came from Hants Green, near Potter's Row, in Co. Bucks; left good estate to only son, John, and four daughters, perhaps both at Rawley and Topsfield. His daughters were Phebe, Martha, Mary, and Priscilla.
  • Arms: Or, on a chevron, between three roses, azure, three pineapples, [sometimes thistles], slipped of the first.
  • Crest: An eagle's head, erased, azure. In the beak a pineapple, or.
  • MASSACHUSETTS.--- Chandler's Hist. of Shirley, 428; Daniel's Hist. of Oxford, 523; Temple's Hist. of N. Brookfield, 605; Marse's Sherborn, 93; Ballou's Hist. of Milford, 773-5; Cleveland's Topfield Anniv., 52.
  • NEW HAMPSHIRE--- Kider's New Ipswich, 379-83; Norton's Hist. of Fitzwilliam, 585; Cochrane's Hist. of Antrim, 512; Haywood's Hist. of Hancok, 613; Stearn's Hist. of Rindge, 536-8
  • OTHER PUBLICATIONS:--- Gould Gen., (1841), 2 pp.; (1872), 109 pp.; (1895), 353 pp.; Savage's Gen. Dict., II, 284-7; Am. Ancestry, I, 32; III, 197; IV, 178; VI, 158; Binney Gen., 24, 88-93; Dwight Gen., 976-80; Walworth's Hyde Gen., 813-6.


  • Sarah Gold Thompson
  • Birth: 1660
  • Death: Jun. 4, 1747
  • The daughter of my ancestor, MAJOR NATHAN GOLD, and his first wife, Martha (widow Harvey) Gold, she married Deacon John Thompson on April 25, 1684 in Fairfield, Conn.
  • Family links:
  • Parents:
  • Nathan Gold (1623 - 1694)
  • Sarah Phippen Gold (1633 - 1692)
  • Spouse:
  • John Thompson (1652 - 1734)*
  • Children:
    • Jerusha Thompson Sturgis (1683 - 1745)*
  • Siblings:
  • Sarah Gold Thompson (1660 - 1747)
  • Deborah Gold Clark (1661 - 1697)*
  • Nathan Gold (1663 - 1723)*
  • Inscription:
    • Here lyes Buried ye
    • Body of Mrs. SARAH
    • THOMPSON. Relict of
    • Deacon John Thompson
    • Who died June ye
    • 4th Anno Dom'ni 1747 in ye
    • 87th Year of Her Age.
  • Burial: Old Burying Ground , Fairfield, Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 9075536


  • GOULD, Nathan
  • b. 14 DEC 1623 England
  • d. 4 MAR 1693/4 Fairfield, Fairfield, CT.
  • Family:
  • Marriage: ABT 1657 Milford, New Haven, CT.
  • Spouse: HARVEY, Martha
  • b. ABT 1630
  • Children:
    • GOULD, Deborah b. 1659 Fairfield, Fairfield, CT.
    • GOULD, Sarah b. ABT 1661 Fairfield, Fairfield, CT.
    • GOULD, Nathan
    • GOULD, Abigail
    • GOULD, Martha
  • From:


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Sarah Thompson's Timeline

Fairfield, Fairfield Co, Connecticut,
April 25, 1684
Age 24
May 11, 1685
Age 25
June 4, 1747
Age 87
Fairfield, Fairfield Co, Connecticut,
June 1747
Age 87
October 27, 1934
Age 87
February 15, 1935
Age 87
March 20, 1970
Age 87