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Also Known As: "Belait Scota", "Princess Scota", "Princess Scotia"
Birthplace: Egypt
Death: Died in Egypt
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Cingeris, Pharaoh of Egypt (Fictional) and Scotan
Wife of Gaodhal Glas and Gaodhal Glas .
Mother of Asruth / Esasru Esasru, of Crete and Nonaill Hemir, King of Gothia

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Scota

She is a legendary figure from whom the Scots took their name. She is said to have been the daughter of an unnamed Eyptian pharaoh. The context of her story shows that the Irish thought of her as a daughter of the pharaoh of the Exodus and a contemporary of Moses.

There are two different versions of her place in the genealogy. She was the wife either of Gaodhal Glas or of his descendant Míl Espáine.

An 11th century rescension of the Historia Brittonum mentions Scota. She also appears in the Book of Leinster, a 12th century redaction of the Lebor Gabála Érenn, where she married Geytholos (Gaodhal Glas). The earliest Scottish sources claim Geytholos was "a certain king of the countries of Greece, Neolus, or Heolaus, by name", while the Leinster redaction of the Lebor Gabála Érenn calls him a Scythian.

In variant manuscripts of the Lebor Gabála Érenn, her husband was Míl Espáine.

Faced with the discrepancy, modern genealogists have created two Scotas.

There are many guesses about her father, Scota the wife of Gaodhal Glas being (perhaps) daughter of the mythical Pharaoh Cingeris, and Scota the wife of Míl Espáine being (perhaps) daughter of the mythical Pharaoh Nactabaeus. Both pharaohs are named only in medieval Irish sources, not in Egyptian sources.

Later, her story became attached to the story of the Stone of Scone. It was she who brought it from Egypt to Scotland (Baldred Bisset, Processus, 1301).


The legends of Ireland and Scotland tell a tale of an Egyptian queen and her Greek husband, who were exiled from Egypt to Ireland at some point during the second millennium BC. It is said that it was from this Queen Scota and King Gaythelos that the modern titles for the Scottish and Gaelic people were derived.

Descent from Adam to Milesius of Spain.

i. Adam; 17. Asruth, his son;

2. Seth, his son ; 18. Sruth, his son ;

3. Enos, his son; 19. Heber Scutt (Scott), his son;

4. Cainan, his son; 20. Beouman, his son;

5. Mahalaleel. his son; 21. Oghaman, his son;

6. Jared, his son; 22. Tait, his son;

7. Enoch, his son ; 23. Agnan, his son ;

8. Methuselah, his son ; 24. Lamhfionn, his son ;

9. Lantech, his son; 25. Heber Glunfionn, his son;

10. Noah, his son. 26. Agnan Fionn, his son ;

11. Japhet, his son. 27. Febric Glas, his son;

12. Magog, his son ; 28. Xenuall, his son ;

13. Baoth, his son. (Baoth: Irish, 29. Nuadhad, his son;

" simple ; " Hebrew, " to ter- 30. Alladh, his son ; rify.") 31. Arcadh. his son ;

14. Phceniusa (or Fenius) Farsaidh, 3^- Deagh. his son;

the inventor of Letters, his son; 33- Brath, his son;

15. Niul, his son; 34- Breoghan (or Brigus), his son;

16. Gaodhal (the Clann-na-Gaodhail, 35- Bile, his son;

or the Gaels), his son; 36. Milesius of Spain, his son;

Pedigree of the Clan of Rede, or Read.


Descent from Milesius of Spain to .Eneas Turmeach-Teamrach.

2,~. Heremon, second Monarch of Ire- land, his son ;

38. Irial Faidh, the 10th Monarch, his son ;

39 Eithriall, the nth Monarch, his son ;

40. Falach (or Fallain), his son;

41. Tighearnmas, the 13th Monarch,

his son;

42. Eanbrotha, his son ;

43. Smiorgoill, his son ;

44. Fiachadh Lamhraein, the 18th

Monarch, his son ; 45- Aongus (or /Eneas) Ollmuchach, the 20th Monarch, his son ;

46. Maon, his son;

47. Rotheachta, the 22d Monarch, his


48. Dein, his son ;

49. Siorna Saoghalach, the 34th Mon-

arch, his son;

50. Olioll Olchaoin, his son ;

51. Giallchadh, the 37th Monarch, his


52. Nuadhas Fionnfail, the 39th Mon-

arch, his son;

53. Aodh Glas, his son ;

54. Simeon Breac, the 44th Monarch,

his son ;

55. Muireadhach (Muredach) Bol-

gach, the 46th Monarch, his son ;

56. Fiachadh Tolgrach, the 55th Mon-

arch, his son ;

57. Duach Ladhrach, the 59th Mon-

arch, his son ;

58. Eochaidh Buidhe, his son ;

59. Ugaine Mor, the 66th Monarch,

his son ;

60. Cobthach Caol-bhreagh, the 69th

Monarch, his son;

61. Melg Molbhthach, the 71st Mon-

arch, his son ;

62. Iarn Gleo-Fathach, the 74th Mon-

arch, his son;

63. Conla Caomh, the 76th Monarch,

his son ;

64. Olioll Casfiacalach, the 77th Mon-

arch, his son;

65. Eochaidh Altleathan, the 79th

Monarch, his son;

66. Aongus (or ^Eneas) Turmeach-

Teamrach, the 81st Monarch (from whose younger son, Fiacha Fearmara, the kings of Dalriada, in' Scotland, down to Loarn, the maternal grand- father of Fergus Mor Mac- Earca, were descended) ;

Descent from /Eneas Turmeach-Teamrach to Fergus Mor MacEarca

67. Enda Agneach, the 84th Monarch,

son of Turmeach-Teamrach;

68. Asaman Eamhnadh, his son ; 77-

69. Roighean Ruadh, his son;

70. Fionnlaoch, his son;

71. Fionn, his son; 78.

72. Eochaidh Feidhlioch, the 93d

Monarch, his son ; 79.

73. Breas-Nar-Lothar, his son :

74. Lugaidh Sriabh-n Dearg, the 98th

Monarch, his son ; 80.

75. Crimthann Niadh-Nar (called

Crimthann the Heroic), the iooth Monarch, who reigned 81. when Christ was born, his son ;

76. Feareadach [Feredach] Fionn

Feachtnach (or Feredach, the

True and Sincere), the I02d

Monarch, his son ; Fiacha Fionn Ola (or Fiacha of

the White Oxen), the 104th

Monarch, his son ; Tuathal Teachdmar, the 106th

Monarch, his son ; Felim Rachtmar (or Felim, the

Lawgiver), the 108th Monarch.

his son ; Conn Ceadcatha (or Conn of the

Hundred Battles), the noth

Monarch, his son; Art-Ean-Fhear (or Art-Enear),

the 112th Monarch, the ances- tor of O'h-Airt, anglicised

O'Hart, his son ;


Rossi an a.

82. Cormac Ulfhada (commonly called

" Cormac Mac Art "), the 115th Monarch, his son ;

83. Cairbre Liffechar, the 117th Mon-

arch, his son ;

84. Fiacha Srabhteine, the 120th Mon-

arch, his son ;

85. Muredach Tireach [teeragh], the

I22d Monarch, his son;

86. Eochaidh Muigh Meadhoin (or

Eochy Moyoone), the 124th Monarch, his son ;

87. Niall Mor (known as Niall of the

Nine Hostages), the 126th Monarch, his son;

88. Eoghan (Owen), his son;

89. Muredach, his son ;

90. Fergus Mor Mac Earca, 1 the

brother of Murchertach (or Murtogh) Mor MacEarca, the 131st Monarch of Ireland, his son.

Descent of the Kings of Dalriada in Scotland from .Eneas Tuirmeach-


iEneas Tuirmeach-Teamrach (No. 66 in the preceding pedigree), the 8 1st Monarch of Ireland, who died at Tara, before Christ, 324, had a son named Fiacha Firmara, who was ancestor of the Kings of Dalriada and Argyle, in Scotland. Following is the descent from .Eneas Tuirmeach- Teamrach to Fergus Mor MacEarca, founder of the Scottish Monarchy:

67. Fiacha Firmara, as above.

68. Olioll Earon, his son ;

69. Fearach, his son ;

70. Forga, his son ;

71. Main Mor, his son ;

72. Arnold, his son ; 72,. Rathrean. his son ;

74. Trean, son of Rathrean ;

75. Rosan, his son ;

76. Suin, his son ;

77- Deadha, his son ; had a younger

brother; 78. Iar, his son;

79. Olioll Anglonnach, his son ;

80. Eoghan, his son ;

81. Edersceol, son of Eoghan, who

was the 95th Monarch of Ire- land:

82. Conaire Mor (or Conarius Mag-

nus), his son, who was the 97th Monarch of Ireland;

83. Carbry Fion Mor, his son ;

84. Daire (or Darius) Dorn Mor, his

son ;

85. Carbry (2) Cromcheann, his son ;

86. Lughach (or Luy) Altain, his son;

1" In a. D. 498, Fergus Mor Mac Earca, in the twentieth year of the reign of his father, Muredach, son of (Eugenius, or) Owen, sen of Niall of the Nine Hostages, with five more of his brothers, viz., another Fergus, two more named Loarn, and two named Aongus (or yEneas), with a complete army, went into Scotland to assist his grandfather Loarn, who was king of Dalriada, and who was much oppressed by his enemies the Picts, who were in several battles and engagements vanquished and overcome by Fergus and his party. Whereupon, on the king's death, which happened about the same time, the said Fergus was unanimously elected and chosen king, as being of the Blood Royal, by his mother; and the said Fergus was the first absolute king of Scotland, of the Milesian Race; so the succession continued in his blood and lineage ever since to this day." — Four Masters.

According to the Scottish chroniclers, it was a. d. 424. that Fergus Mor Mac Earca went from Ireland to Scotland. Before him, the Milesian kings in that country were kings only of that part of it called " Dalriada," of which Loarn. the grandfather of Fergus Mor Mac Earca {Mac Earca: Irish, son of Earca, daughter of Loarn) was the last king.

Pedigree of the Clan of Rede, or Read.


87. Mogha Lainne, his son ;

88. Conaire (2), his son, who was

the 1 nth Monarch of Ireland, and known as " Conaire Mac Mogha Lainne." This Conaire (or Conarius) the Second, was married to Sarad, daughter of Conn of the Hundred Battles, the noth Monarch of Ireland, who began to reign A. D. 122; and Sarad was mother of Car- bry Riada, the first king of Dalriada (Dal-Riada; Irish, Riada's share or portion) in Scotland;

89. Carbry Riada,* son of Conaire

the Second, whose brother, Cairbre Muse, was ancestor of

O'Falvey and O'Shee, and whose son, Eochaidh, settled in Kerry.

90. Kionga, King of Dalriada;

91. Felim Lamh-foidh, his son, King

of Dalriada;

92. Eochy Fortamail, his son, King

of Dalriada;

93. Fergus Uallach, his son, King of

Dalriada; /Eneas Feart (feartas: Irish,

manly conduct; Lat. virtus)

his son, King of Dalriada; Eochy Mun-reamhar, his son,

King of Dalriada;

96. Earc, his son, King of Dalriada ;

97. Loarn, his son, and the last King

of Dalriada.



This was the Loarn to assist whom in his war against the Picts, his grandson, Fergus Mor MacEarca, went to Scotland, A. D. 498, or, according to the Scottish chroniclers, A. D. 424; and this Fergus Mor MacEarca was the founder of the Scottish Monarchy.

  • Carbry Riada (Reoda) : "One of the most noted facts in ancient Irish and British

history," writes Dr. Joyce, " is the migration of colonies from the north of Ireland to the neighboring coasts of Scotland, and the intimate intercourse that in consequence existed in early ages between the two countries. The first regular settlement mentioned by our historians was made in the latter part of the second century, by Cairbre Riada, son of Conary the Second, king of Ireland. This expedition, which is mentioned in most of our Annals, is confirmed by Bede, in the following words: — 'In course of time, Britain, besides the Britons and Picts, received a third nation, Scotia, who, issuing from Hibernia under the leadership of Reuda (Riada), secured for themselves, either by friendship or by the sword, settlements among the Picts which they still possess. From the name of their commander, they are to this day called Dalrcudini: tor, in their language, Dal signifies a part.' (Hist. Eccl., Lib. I. cap. 1.)

" There were other colonies, also, the most remarkable of which was that led by Fergus, Angus, and Loarn, the three sons of Ere, which laid the foundation of the Scottish monarchy. The country colonized by these emigrants was known by the name of Airer Gaedhil [Arrer-gale], i. e. the territory of the Gael or Irish; and the name is still applied to the territory in the shortened form of Argyle, a living record of these early colonizations.

The tribes over whom Cairbre ruled were, as Bede and our own Annals record, called from him Dalriada, (Riada's portion or tribe); of which there were two— one in (the north of) Ireland, and the other and more illustrious in Scotland."— Irish Names of Places.

Read, or Reade, of Barton Court.

Milesius of Spain bore three Lions in his shield and standard, for the following reasons; namely, that, in his travels in his younger days into foreign countries, passing through Africa, he, by his cunning and valour, killed in one morning three Lions; and that, in memory of so noble and valiant an exploit, he always after bore three Lions on his shield, which his two surviving sons Heber and Heremon, and his grandson Heber Donn, son of Ir, after their conquest of Ireland, divided amongst them, as well as they did the country : each of them bearing a Lion in his shield and banner, but of different colours; which the Chiefs of their posterity continue to this day : some with additions and differences ; others plain and entire as they had it from their ancestors.

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