Selim II Sultan of the Ottoman Turks, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

public profile

Is your surname Sultan of the Ottoman Turks?

Research the Sultan of the Ottoman Turks family

Selim II Sultan of the Ottoman Turks, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire's Geni Profile

Records for Selim II Sultan of the Ottoman Turks

5 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

About Selim II Sultan of the Ottoman Turks, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Selim II Sarkhosh (Ottoman Turkish: سليم ثانى Selīm-i sānī, Turkish:II.Selim) (Manisa or Constantinople, 28 May 1524 – Topkapi Palace, Contantinople,[1] 12 December/15 December 1574), also known as "Selim the Sot (Mest)" or "Selim the Drunkard", was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1566 until his death. He was a son of Suleiman the Magnificent and his fourth and favourite wife Hürrem Sultan, originally named Roxelana, a Ruthenian.

Marriage

In 1545, at Konya, he married Nurbanu Sultan, originally named Cecilia Venier-Baffo, a Venetian noblewoman, and mother of Murad III, who later became the first Valide Sultan who acted as co-regent with the sultan in the Sultanate of Women.

Accession

After gaining the throne after palace intrigue and fraternal dispute, succeeded as Sultan on 7 September 1566, Selim II became the first Sultan devoid of active military interest and willing to abandon power to his ministers, provided he was left free to pursue his orgies and debauches. Therefore, he became known as Selim the Drunkard or Selim the Sot (Turkish:Sarhoş Selim).[2] His Grand Vizier, Mehmed Sokollu, a Serbian devsirme from what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina, controlled much of state affairs, and two years after Selim's accession succeeded in concluding at Constantinople an honourable treaty (17 February 1568) with the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian II, whereby the Emperor agreed to pay an annual "present" of 30,000 ducats and essentially granted the Ottomans authority in Moldavia and Walachia.

Sultan Selim II receiving the Safavid ambassador in the palace at Edirne in 1567.Against Russia Selim was less fortunate, and the first encounter between the Ottoman Empire and her future northern rival gave presage of disaster to come. A plan had been prepared in Istanbul for uniting the Volga and Don by a canal, and in the summer of 1569 a large force of Janissaries and cavalry were sent to lay siege to Astrakhan and begin the canal works, while an Ottoman fleet besieged Azov. But a sortie of the garrison of Astrakhan drove back the besiegers; a Russian relief army of 15,000 attacked and scattered the workmen and the Tatar force sent for their protection; and finally, the Ottoman fleet was destroyed by a storm. Early in 1570 the ambassadors of Ivan IV of Russia concluded at Constantinople a treaty which restored friendly relations between the Sultan and the Tsar.

16th century copy of the 1569 Capitulations between Charles IX and Selim II.Expeditions in the Hejaz and Yemen were more successful, but the conquest of Cyprus in 1571, which provided Selim with his favourite vintage, led to the calamitous naval defeat against Spain and Italian states at Lepanto in the same year, freeing the Mediterranean Sea from corsairs.

The Empire's shattered fleets were soon restored (in just six months; it consisted of about 150 galleys and 8 galleasses) and the Ottomans maintained control of the Mediterranean (1573). In August 1574, months before Selim's death, the Ottomans regained control of Tunisia from Spain who had controlled it since 1572.

Marks of decay

Lord Patrick Kinross' account of Selim's reign is how he starts a chapter of his book called "The Seeds of Decline". He sees the massive outlay for the fleet-rebuilding following the Battle of Lepanto as the start of the Empire's slow decay. Kinross also says that Selim's reputation for drunkenness was solidified in his decision to invade Cyprus rather than supporting the Morisco Revolt in Granada as well as in the manner of his death; Selim died after a period of fever brought on when he drunkenly slipped over on the wet floor of an unfinished bath-house (Kinross 1977, p. 273).

Notes

1.^ Finkel, Caroline, Osman's Dream, (Basic Books, 2005), 57;"Istanbul was only adopted as the city's official name in 1930.."

2.^ New international encyclopedia, Vol.20, (Dodd, Mead and Company, 1916), 684.

References

■Finkel, Caroline, Osman's Dream, Basic Books, 2005.

■New International Encyclopedia, Vol.20, Dodd, Mead and Company, 1916.

Further Reading

■Ancestry of Sultana Nur-Banu (Cecilia Venier-Baffo) (http://www.wargs.com/royal/venier.html)

■Patrick Balfour Kinross, Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire (1977), ISBN 0-688-08093-6

■John Julius Norwich, A History of Venice (1989), ISBN 0679721975

■John Julius Norwich, A History of Venice (1989), ISBN 0679721975

--------------------

-------------------- He was born in Constantinople[1][2] a son of Suleiman the Magnificent and his legal Ukrainian wife, Hürrem Sultan.[3]

In 1545, at Konya, he married Nurbanu Sultan whose background is disputed. It is said that she was originally named Cecelia Venier Baffo, or Rachel, (or Kale Katenou). She was the mother of Murad III . She later became the first Valide Sultan who acted as co-regent with the sultan in the Sultanate of Women.[4]

After gaining the throne after palace intrigue and fraternal dispute, he succeeded as Sultan on 7 September 1566, According to one source Selim II became the first Sultan devoid of active military interest and willing to abandon power to his ministers, provided he was left free to pursue his orgies and debauches. His Grand Vizier, Mehmed Sokollu, from what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina, controlled much of state affairs, and two years after Selim's accession succeeded in concluding at Constantinople an honourable treaty (17 February 1568) with the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian II, whereby the Emperor agreed to pay an annual "present" of 30,000 ducats and essentially granted the Ottomans authority in Moldavia and Walachia.

Against Russia Selim was less fortunate, and the first encounter between the Ottoman Empire and her future northern rival gave presage of disaster to come. A plan had been prepared in Constantinople for uniting the Volga and Don by a canal, and in the summer of 1569 a large force of Janissaries and cavalry were sent to lay siege to Astrakhan and begin the canal works, while an Ottoman fleet besieged Azov. But a sortie of the garrison of Astrakhan drove back the besiegers; a Russian relief army of 15,000 attacked and scattered the workmen and the Tatar force sent for their protection; and finally, the Ottoman fleet was destroyed by a storm. Early in 1570 the ambassadors of Ivan IV of Russia concluded at Constantinople a treaty which restored friendly relations between the Sultan and the Tsar.

Expeditions in the Hejaz and Yemen were more successful, but the conquest of Cyprus in 1571, which provided Selim with his favourite vintage, led to the calamitous naval defeat against Spain and Italian states in the Battle of Lepanto in the same year, freeing the Mediterranean Sea from corsairs.

The Empire's shattered fleets were soon restored (in just six months; it consisted of about 150 galleys and 8 galleasses) and the Ottomans maintained control of the Mediterranean (1573). In August 1574, months before Selim's death, the Ottomans regained control of Tunisia from Spain who had controlled it since 1572.

Children[edit] Boys Şehzade Abdullah (b.1543, Manisa.-d.1568, murdered), son of Selimiye Sultan Murad III (b.1546, Manisa.-d.1595, Istanbul), son of Nurbanu Sultan Girls Esmehan Sultan (b.1544, Manisa.-d.1585, Istanbul), daughter of Nurbanu Sultan Gevherhan Sultan (b.1544, Manisa.-d.1580, Istanbul), daughter of Selimiye Sultan Şah Sultan (b.1548, Manisa.-d.1602, Istanbul), daughter of Nurbanu Sultan Fatma Sultan (b.1549, Manisa.-d.1580. Istanbul), daughter of Nurbanu Sultan Selim II between reality and myths[edit] The discussion about the personality of Sultan Selim II goes back centuries, he was most likely the center of discussion even in the period of time in which he lived. This would be understandable, as his father, Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent, would be difficult to surpass in greatness.[5]

Actual imperial orders from the Sultan seem hardly able to fit within the uncited fictional character seeking to escape Islam’s commandments to pursue Western frivolities. On the contrary, imperial orders show firm resolve to ease the burden of those engaging in the strenuous Hajj pilgrimage, and special consideration for Muslims living under the subjugation of intolerant colonialists.

An excerpt of an imperial order from the Sultan:

"..because the accursed Portuguese are everywhere owing to their hostilities against India, and the routes by which Muslims come to the Holy Places are obstructed and moreover, it is not considered lawful for the people of Islam to live under the power of miserable infidels … you are to gather together all the expert architects and engineers of that place and investigate the land between the Mediterranean and the Red Seas and report where it is possible to make a canal in that desert place and how long it would be and how many boats could pass side by side."[6]

Many Western sources created the common story that Sultan Selim II was actually controlled by his Grand Vizir. This theory has left out important information contained within Ottoman Archives where Sultan Selim II was often deciding between various Vezirs and creating his own hierarchies of authority:

"In 1568 a strong expedition was sent to pacify the province under the command of Sultan Selim’s former tutor and confidant Lala Mustafa Pasha, a choice which showed that Selim was not entirely the pawn of his grand vezir, for Sokullu Mehmed resented Lala Mustafa’s place in the Sultan’s affections. To put down the uprising in Yemen Lala Mustafa needed men and supplies from Egypt but the provincial governor, another rival Koca Sinan Pasha, refused his requests and made it impossible for him to pursue the campaign. In a spate of petitions to the Sultan the two defended their respective positions. Koca Sinan proved the stronger and Lala Mustafa was dismissed from command of the Yemen campaign. To mark his continuing favour, however, Selim created for him the position of sixth vezir of the governing council of the empire. -Osman’s Dream by Caroline Finkel".[7]

Marks of decay[edit] Scottish historian Lord Kinross, in his The Seeds of Decline, sees the massive outlay for the fleet-rebuilding following the Battle of Lepanto as the start of the Empire's slow decay, although many historians confirm the Empire's decay started with Murad III his son. Sultan Selim II died in Topkapi Palace after a period of fever brought on when he slipped over on the wet floor of an unfinished bath-house, getting a head injury.[8]

О {profile::pre} (Русский)

Селим II, наричан по прякор Пияницата, е 11-ият султан на Османската империя. Завзел е Йемен и о-в Крит. По негово време флотът претърпява поражение в битката при Лепанто.Той е син на Сюлейман Великолепни или Сюлейман Законодател (на турски Кануни). През 1545 година в Кония се жени за Nurbanu Sultan (Cecilia Venier-Baffo). Най-любимата му съпруга била четвъртата Hurrem Sultan (сменила името си на Рокселана).

view all 17

Selim II Sultan of the Ottoman Turks, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire's Timeline

1509
1509
Manisa, Manisa, Manisa Province, Turkey
1523
1523
Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Turkey
1524
May 28, 1524
Istanbul, Turkey
1543
1543
Age 18
1544
1544
Age 19
Manisa, Manisa, Manisa Province, Turkey
1544
Age 19
Manisa, Manisa, Manisa Province, Turkey
1544
Age 19
1546
July 4, 1546
Age 22
Маниса, Turkey
1546
Age 21
1548
1548
Age 23
Manisa, Manisa, Manisa Province, Turkey