Servilia Caepionis Maior

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Servilia Caepionis Maior

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Rome, Roma, Italy
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Quintius Servilius Caepio and Caecilia Metella
Wife of Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder; Decimus Junius Silanus and Gaius Julius Caesar, Roman Dictator
Mother of Marcus Junius Brutus Iunior; Junia ???; Junia Prima; Junia Secunda and Junia Tertia
Sister of Servilia Caepionis Minor and Quintus Servilius Caepio
Half sister of Servilia Caepio

Managed by: James Michael Christensen
Last Updated:

About Servilia Caepionis Maior

Mistress of Julius Caesar, mother to his murderer Marcus Brutus, and one of the grandes dames of Rome's late republican period.

Servilia was the daughter of Quintus Servilius Caepio and Livia. Servilia was first wed to Marcus Junius Brutus, by whom she bore the younger Brutus in 85 BC. She was then married to Decius Junius Silanus (consul in 62 BC) from 77 to 61 BC, by whom she had three daughters.

She was Caesar's favourite mistress for a period of 20 years. He appears to have been captivated more by her cleverness than by her physical beauty. It was rumoured that her son Brutus was actually by Caesar, but this is unlikely as the two men were born only 15 years apart. The irony of her relation to Caesar is compounded in that Tertia, a daughter by her first marriage, was the wife of Cassius, another of the principal conspirators against Caesar.

Caesar gave Servilia several estates confiscated following the civil wars. She survived to see not only Caesar's death but also that of Brutus, whose ashes Antony sent her after Brutus committed suicide following the Battle of Philippi (42 BC). [Encyclopædia Britannica, online <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9066886>]

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Servilia Caepionis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Servilia Caepionis (b. c.107 BC - d. after 42 BC) was the mistress of Julius Caesar, mother of one of Caesar's assassins, Brutus, mother-in-law of another Caesar assassin Cassius, and half-sister of Cato the Younger.

Life

Little is known of Servilia's early life. She was a patrician who could trace her line back to Gaius Servilius Ahala,[1] and was the eldest child of Livia Drusa and Quintus Servilius Caepio the Younger. Her parents had two other children, Servilia the younger and a younger Quintus Servilius Caepio. Her parents divorced when she was young and her mother married Marcus Porcius Cato (who was father to Servilia's younger half-brother Cato the Younger.) Following her parents' divorce both her mother and stepfather died. Servilia and her younger siblings were brought up in the house of their maternal uncle, Marcus Livius Drusus, who was the tribune. He too, however, died when she was 19.

Prior to 85 BC, she was married to Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder, who became tribune of the plebs in 83 BC, and was founder of the colony in Capua. They had only one known child, Marcus Junius Brutus, born around 85 BC. Following the death of Sulla, who had been dictator in 79 BC but had resigned a year later, the elder Brutus was killed by Pompey after the surrender of Mutina, where he had fought him in 77 BC.[2][3][4] Servilia's second marriage was with Decimus Junius Silanus, with whom she had three daughters; Junia Prima, Junia Secunda, and Junia Tertia.

Before 64 BC she became the mistress of Julius Caesar, and remained so until his death in 44 BC. Caesar was very fond of Servilia and, years later, when he returned to a chaotic Rome after the Gallic Wars, he presented her a priceless black pearl. It is also said that she offered him her youngest daughter Junia Tertia once his interests began to wane.[5] Cicero wittily referenced this in remarking of a real estate deal: "It's a better bargain than you think, for there is a third (tertia) off." There was also gossip that Junia Tertia was Caesar's daughter, but it is unlikely that both tales could be true at once. It was also rumored that Servilia's son Marcus Junius Brutus, later one of Caesar's assassins, was Caesar's son[6] but this is unlikely, as Caesar was only fifteen to seventeen years older than Brutus, and parricide was considered among the worst of crimes.

Scandalously, during a debate in the Senate over the execution or imprisonment of the Catiline conspirators in 63 BC, someone handed Caesar a letter. Servilia's half-brother, Cato, and Caesar were on opposing sides in the debate. When Cato accused Caesar of corresponding with the conspirators, and demanded the letter be read aloud, he discovered to his horror that it was a love letter written by his half-sister to Caesar.[7]

Servilia may still have had influence over both Cato and her son, Brutus, at that time, but in 50 BC civil war broke out, and Cato left Rome to side with Pompey the Great, despite Servilia's relationship with Caesar. Although Brutus resented Pompey for the death of his father, he went too. In 48 BC Pompey was defeated in the battle of Pharsalus. Caesar gave orders to his officers not to harm Brutus if they saw him in battle, probably out of respect for Servilia.[8] In 46 BC Caesar defeated Cato at the battle of Thapsus, and Cato took his own life.

Following the death of his uncle, although he was given high honour by Caesar, Brutus divorced his first wife Claudia Pulchra[9] and married his cousin Porcia Catonis, Cato's daughter, in 45 BC. Servilia appears to have deeply resented the marriage as it caused a semi-scandal due to Brutus' unexplained and unreasonable rejection of Claudia Pulchra.[10] As well as this she was jealous of the affection Brutus had for Porcia[11] and Servilia possibly identified the influence Porcia could have over Brutus. The marriage resulted in a rift between mother and son. It may have been through Porcia's influence that Brutus decided to attack Caesar in 44 BC,[12] in which he and several other senators conspired and assassinated Caesar.

After the assassination of Caesar by her son Brutus (and her son-in-law Cassius), the conspirators met at Servilia's house. Apart from Servilia the only other women in attendance were Porcia and Junia Tertia. Despite this, she herself escaped the purges of the second triumvirate unscathed. After Brutus's death, she lived out the remainder of her life in relative comfort and affluence under the care of Cicero's friend Titus Pomponius Atticus. Her son's ashes were sent to her from Philippi and she died naturally, as did Junia Tertia. Porcia, on the other hand, died in around 43/42 BC of uncertain causes although a majority of them claim that she committed suicide following Brutus' death.[citation needed]

[edit] Marriages and issue

-Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder

-1. Marcus Junius Brutus

-Decimus Junius Silanus, the consul of 62 BC

-1. Junia Prima

-2. Junia Secunda (married Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, the future triumvir of the Second Triumvirate)

-3. Junia Tertia (married Gaius Cassius, another prominent assassin of Julius Caesar.)

Forrás / Source:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Servilia_Caepionis

-------------------- Mother of Brutus, Caesar's son and one of his assassins.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Servilia_Caepionis

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