William's Top Matches
About William Cornwall, Jr.
Came to America in early 1630's with his wife Joan
Emigration: To Roxbury, Mass. 1633; to Hartford, Conn., by 1639; to Middletown, Conn. before November 1652.
Sgt in the militia - fought Pequot Indians in 1637
Represented Middletown in colonial legislature
Constable in Middletown
Christened by the brother of Fairsted's incumbent rector, the Rev. Henry Robinson on 25 May 1609 in Terling, Essex, England.
William was one of sixteen Sargeant-At-Arms assigned as body-guards to protect King Charles I.
He was dispatched to 'The New World' (New England Colony) in the 1600's. (All three brothers were dispatched to different areas. William never saw his brother, Charles, again.). William arrived with the Winthrop Fleet aboard the flagship 'Arbella' to help in the settlement of the Massachusetts Bay Colony at Roxbury (Boston) in 1633. He came from England to Boston with his first wife, Joan.
He became a member of Rev. John Eliot's ('the Indian Missionary') church. In the mid 1630's, after Joan was murdered by the Pequots, he spent a winter on Cape Cod where he presumably met 'Little Dove'.
William went as a Cavalier, assigned to protect the Puritan Colonist from marauding Pequot Indians. William served with Capt. John Underhill after joining Capt. Masons' force at Saybrook, CT. for their mass attack on Pequot Indians in their Fort at Mystic, in May of 1637. He fought alongside Chief John Hyanno.
In 1638 he negotiated with John Hyanno for the purchase of Indian lands for the Stratford Colony in CT. After the Pequot Expedition he settled in Hartford (CT.). For his service against the Pequot Indians, he was awarded a lot in "Souldier's Field" in 1639. This land was located at what is now known today as the north end of Village St.
On or about 1650/1651 he removed with the first settlers to Middletown (CT.). This land originally belonged to the Narragansetts. He was the founder of Middletown & a representative in 1654, 1664 & 1665. His land was located at what is known today as the corner of Main & Washington St.
His descendants have been certified as 'Patriots' by the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.
- Cousin Gale Thomas Cornwell 48100 Desert Grove Dr. #12, Indio, CA. 92201 (Gale was a 1st Lieut. in WWII. I have a sketch he completed during the end of the war (June 1945; age 19) in Linz, Austria. Gale is a native of Redwood, Town of Alexandria, N.Y.).
- Middlefield, CT. History: Kellogg's White Gen., 27; Amer. Ancestry, II, 28: Savage's Gen. Dict., vol. 1, 459.
- Corp. Austin's R.I. Gen. Dist. 56.
- Correll. Power's History of Sangamon Co., Ill., 228.
- From a book whose chapter pg. (50) states, 'The First Meeting House'.
- Article entitled, 'A Brief Summary of the Cornwell Family'
- Info from the 'Order of the Honorable Artillery Co., Inc.'
- Letter from cousin Harry W. Kinsley, Jr., Limerick, Maine.
- Book whose chapter title is: 'The English Origin of the Cornwell/Cornell Family, pg. 115.
Ben M. Angel notes: This individual was listed as having been buried at the following location:
Ole' Theresa Cemt., Theresa, Connecticut, United States
I was not able to find an Old (or Ole, or Ol') Theresa Cemetery, nor a town of Theresa, CT. Further, there is a profile for William Cornwall (1609-1678) on Find A Grave, but this profile indicates that his burial place is unknown:
Birth: May, 1609 - Harwich, England
Death: Feb. 21, 1677 - Middletown, Middlesex County, Connecticut, USA
Baptized at Terling, Essex, 25 May 1609, son of William Cornwall and Margaret Hayward. Came from Fairsted, Essex to Massachusetts Bay in 1633. First settled in Roxbury; then moved to Hartford, & finally Middletown CT by 1651. Died in Middletown 21 February 1677/8.
- (1) Fairsted, Essex, 27 September 1632, Joan Ranke; she was admitted to Roxbury church as member #77, immediately following her husband; no further record.
- (2) By 1640 Mary _____; apparently dead by 2 February 1674[/5?], as not named in husband's will.
The identification of William Cornwall set forth by Prentiss Glazier would make him nephew, through a half-brother, of Thomas Cornwall or Cornell of Massachusetts, New York and Rhode Island.
- Joan Ranke Cornwall
- Mary Cornwall
Created by: Linda Mac
- Record added: Apr 15, 2009
- Find A Grave Memorial# 35897053
-------------------- William was supposedly a direct descendant of King Henry II of England. His current day descendants 37 point DNA matches that of Thomas Cornell of Rhode Island's decendants linked via George Cornell, b. 1545 in Faristead Manor, Terlling, Essex, England. (F-669) William, the immigrant ancestor, is first listed in America in the Reverend John Elio's list of the members of his church in Roxbury, Massachusetts as William Cornewell and Joane Cornewell, the wife of William Cornewell, 1633. By 1636, he joined a group of settlers moving to Connecticut according to a "Commemorative Biographical Records of Middlesex Co., CT. (F-576.8) According to an unamed genealogy on William Cornwell, his parents were William Cornwell and Joan Martyn instead of Margary Hayward and it's source was the Parish Records of Terling. I suspect from other writings that the author was a J. Ferren at Jferren1@cs.com. The Parish records however, only list his father, William.
In 1639 when the land records began in Hartford, Connecticut, he was already living there at #54, west of South Street, south from the Lane with eight acres of land in the village. He was not an original landowner of Hartford but was still one of it's earliest residents. He is listed on the Needle Statue at Hartford as one of it's founders. Part of his lands were received for his services in the Pequot War.
A land inventory was taken of Hartford in 1639 where he is called "William Cornwell, Sergeant-at-arms". Family tradition according to Edward Cornwall, M.D. in "William Cornwall and his Descendants" in 1901 said that this title comes from the fact that he was a body guard for Charles I before emigrating to the new world, but this has not been proven. All indications from records in England is that he was a farmer, pure and simple. He emigrated to New England about the time he married and became a Puritan. Historian, Christopher Kylin, believes this would have been in the early 1630's. Shortly after his first marriage he traveled to the Americas in search of other opportunities. He is listed as a founder of Hartford in their monument in 1636. He was an Indian Fighter in the territories here, participating in what is now the famous Pequot Massacre of 1637 in Mystic, Connecticut. Under John Mason, he fought along with Sachem Thannough, aka John Hyanno, Chief of the Cummaquid (his future father-in-law) to attack the Pequot Indians. This is where he achieved the rank of Sergeant. He was one of 77 soldiers involved, 58 of them from Hartford, CT under John Mason, and 19 from Massachussets under Capt. John Underhill. It is statistically likely that William had moved to Connecticut by 1637. In any case, he joined up under John Mason as his troops moved through Hartford on his way to Fort Saybrook. In 1638, he helped negotiate the purchase of Indian lands for the Stratford Colony in Connecticut through Chief "John Hyanno". In 1639, he was granted a plot of land in Hartford and was called the "Sgt." in these records. By 1639, he supposedly had married again by the person of Christian name Mary. No marriage record exists for this marriage at a time period when all other Puritan marriages were recorded in Hartford, Connecticut. (E)
United Ancestries, a professional genealogical research group, published on CD-100 that Mary's maiden name was Hyanno. This happens to be the name of an Indian Princess of that time period. This was research done for Sharon L. Dodson and they gave her no sourcing for their work. (F-639) Research by Rosalie Hart states that there is a Massachussetts Bay history which states that William Cornwell lived for a time in an Indian village under information on William Lucas. According to her, Naragansset and Wampanoag tribes records include William Cornwell in their traced lineages. These tribes however, are no longer providing information on this connection as they do not want anyone trying to gain claim to their casino profits. I'm sure that's not the interest any of us have to finding our actual ancestors, so it is sad that it prevents the truth from being known. (E)
They next were found living in Middletown (Mattabeseck Settlement) on the Connecticut River, fifteen miles below Hartford. He could have actually moved to the Mattabeseck settlement by as early as 1642. It appears that William had some land he was renting in Hartford previous to June of 1644, that he sublet out to a William Lewis. William Lewis defaulted on his payments, for which the landlord, Matthew Allen, sued him. The court case mentions the fact that Mr. Lewis had made arrangements with William Cornwall for the rental agreement. William Cornwell is also involved in court cases in Hartford in the Particular Court on Sept. 6, 1649, and the first Thursday of Dec., 1655. I am assuming that he had to return to Hartford to take up issues with the court as evidence indicates that he lived elsewhere by 1648. (F-576.9)
William and Mary moved to the east side of the Connecticut river at Hocanum, an Indian village within the boundaries of Hartford, CT probably years before Mar. 5, 1648. On that date, he indentured his seven year old second son, William, to Susannah Hooker of Hartford, CT for his education. (E)
According to the research of Christopher Kylin, he and his sons helped found Middletown and could have been some of it's earliest settlers around 1650 or 1651. They and their eldest son John lived next to each other near the present day corners of Main and Washington streets. (F-322) He owned 5 acres at the intersection of these streets and ten acres across the street from his home as well as 900 acres in Middletown and "a great lot over the Great River." He was granted 903 acres of this land on Mar 15, 1652, and the deed was recorded for it on Feb. 30, 1657. It is interesting to note that his will indicates that he owns multiple acres on Indian Hill (Indian lands before his ownership of them). (F-576)
William and family joined the church in Middletown on 3 Dec. 1668 shortly after it was founded. William became a representative from Middletown in the Colonial Legislature in 1654, 1664 and 1665. He was also a constable in 1664. A March 26, 1670 tax list gives 52 house holders in Middletown, CT, including him and three of his sons, the other two having stayed behind in Hartford. He was included in this list even though the General Court in 1667 had freed him from paying taxes, probably due to his age. Sons John, Samuel and William Jr. had accompanied him to Middletown. William's house was taxed or worth 160 lbs. at that time. (F-534)
He was 64 when he signed his will in 1674 and he called himself "well stricken in years and much abated in any natural strength." "William Cornwell, Senior, of Midletowne," gave to his son "John Cornwell so much addition to his present house lot out of my house lot as may make up his present house lot the full half of the whole,"..."two acres of the meadow and swap at the riverlet"...and "one half of that wood land in the south division of the land beyond the mill"..the other half of this lot to his daughter Sarah Cornwell, ... to his "son William Cornwell ten acres of of land upon the Indian Hill" as well as "one third part of (his)0 land yet to be divided by the list of 1674 on the east side of the river, the other two thirds of the aforesaid land to (his) sons Samuel and Thomas equally to be divided between them"; to his "son Samuel one hundred acres of my wood lot at the Long Hill, the reminder to go to (his) son Jacob", to his "son Thomas what is aforesaid the remainder of (his) lot at the Indian Hill, the ten acres as above mentioned being taken out of it"; to his "daughter Hester Willcox (his) whole lot lying on the east side of the river"; to his "daughter Elizabeth Hall one parcel of upland lying in the Boggy Meadow Quarter"; to his "loving wife Mary Cornwell (his) house, homestead, all the buildings, household stuff and movables whatsover with the remainder of (his) meadow at the riverlet .. during the term of her widowhood," She was told to maintain their daughter Sarah while she was single; after his wife's decease, he willed the "above mentioned house, household and meadow land at the riverlet to (his) son Jacob Cornwell." Jacob was told to pay his sister, Sarah, "one third part of the valuation of the forementioned housing and land" unless of course his wife remarried. In that case, when she died, their 3 daughters were to have the household stuffs divided amongst them. He signed his name as William Cornell, not Cornwell. In any case, Cornwell in England is pronounced "Cornell".
The inventory of his estate on Feb 22, 1677 included a listing of his lands: The house, barn & 3 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow by the ferry, 10 acres of upland at the Indian Hill, 27 acres joining the other, 395 acres beyond the mill, 250 acres at the Long Hill, 65 acres in the Boggy Meadow Quarter, 24 acres over the Great River, 4 acres of pond and a great lot over the Great River.
He is probably buried in Riverside Cemetery, though no tombstones exist from that date. (F-322, 576) He actually spelled his name Cornell in all the Middletown, CT deeds and records I'm seen from him there.
This William, original immigrant, had a Thomas Cornell follow him shortly after he arrived who settled in Rhode Island. According to a Prentiss Glazier, William is the nephew through a half-brother to this Thomas of MA, NY and Rhode Island . DNA Evidence has now supported this connection. (F-383, 576.6)
An LDS family file says that William was married twice, with his second wife being named Mary Bull. This is a mix-up with their son William who married Mary Bull. 8 15 16 17
William married Joan RANKE on Sep 27, 1632 in Fairstead Parish, Essex, ENG. (Joan RANKE died about 1634-1639 in Roxbury (now Boston), , Massachusetts 18.)
William next married Mary HYANNO, daughter of Chief John HYANNO and Mary NOEPE, about 1639 in Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA. (Mary HYANNO was born in 1618-1624 in Cummaquid, Barnstable, MA 19 and died in 1677-1678 in Middletown Twp, Middlesex, CT, USA 20 21.)
This was probably an Indian Ceremony that joined them and would have been considered a common law marriage. It's why his wife was never listed in a couple different census records that included wives.
1 Savage, Albert Wilcox Jr, New England Ancestry of Albert Wilcox Savage, Jr., Savage-Wilcox Lines Vol. I (Gateway Press, Inc.)
2 United Ancestries Linked Pedigrees CD 100 (Automated Archives).
3 "Mrs. Abigail Weller to Linda Coate Dudick Letter, July 25, 1977 at 1325 Cambridge Blvd., Columbus, Ohio 43212."
4 Mr Glazier, English Notes Connecticut Nutmegger V. 9, #3 12/1976 p. 345.
5 Christopher Kylin to Linda Coate Letters dated 1998 at P.O. Box 2071, Middletown, CT 06457.
6 Edward E. Cornwall, M.D, William Cornwall and his Descendants (New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse and Taylor Co., c1901).
7 Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins, Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633,Vol. I, A-F (Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, c1995).
8 Kylan, Christopher, Chronology of William Cornwall's Life (July 1998, Unpublished).
9 Cornwell, Gale Thomas Jr, Descendants of Thomas Cornwell, Lord of Fairstead Manor, Essex, England (forwarded by Gale Cornwell).
10 Cornwell, Gale, "Email dated 2000 + at GALECORNWELL@aol.com."
11 Gustafson, Sheryl, Bartlett Gedcom File.
12 Knapp, T.L, Family Chart.
13 Ancestors of William Cornwell, Sgt. as taken from transcripts of Parish Registersfor Terling and Fairstead, Essex Co, England..
14 Vital Records of Middletown, CT housed at the courthouse in Middletown, CT.
15 Bearce, Franklin, Social Security Application dated May 13, 1937.
16 New England Historica Genealogical Society, The Great Migration Begins, William Cornwall (c1995, 2000).
17 Founder's Rock Plaque in Middletown, CT.
18 Cornwell, Gale, Letter dated 2006? (8350 Fair Oaks Blvd., #126, Carmichael, CA 95698).
20 "Sheryl Doud Gustafson to Linda Coate E-mail letter dated July 4, 1997 at firstname.lastname@example.org in Linda Coate files (F-492, 510)."
21 Cornwell, Gale, Letters dated 2000+ (81641 Ave 48, #89, Indio, CA 92201-6749).
Sargent William Cornwell, Roxbury, 1634; Hartford, 1639, one of the proprietors to whom land was granted "by the courtesie of the town." He removed to Middletown about 1650; deputy from there, 1654, 1664, 1665; died February 21, 1677-8, leaving wife, Mary.
SOURCE: James Hammond Trumbull, editor, The memorial history of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1884, Volume 1 (Boston, Massachusetts: Edward L. Osgood, 1886), page 235. Retrieved: 3 May 2011 from Google Books
-------------------- first cornwall to come to the new world (america)
Sgt. William Cornwall, Jr.'s Timeline
May 25, 1609
Terling, Essex, England
May 25, 1609
Terling, Essex Co., England
Terling, Essex, England
September 27, 1632
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Hartford, (Present Hartford County), Connecticut Colony, (Present USA)
Hartford, (Present Hartford County), Connecticut Colony, (Present USA)
The California Society of the Sons of the American Revolution installed a plaque honoring this couple as the first settlers of Middletown, CT. It was installed at their burial site on the 250th anniversary in 1900. In a book whose chapter title reads, 'The English Origin of the Cornwell/Cornell Family, p 115' states that this couple had nine children.
June 24, 1641
Middletown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA