Shahrbānūya (Shehar bano)

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Shahrbānū (Shahrbanu) Zauja-e-Imaam Hussein bin Maulana Ali (Yazdajar Shehreyaar)

Also Known As: "Jihanshah", "Salafa", "Khawla", "Fatima"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Death: Died in Al Madinah, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
Place of Burial: Tehran, Iran
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Yezdagird III, Shah of Persia and Maryanh
Wife of Imaam Hussain bin Maulana Ali
Mother of Ali ibn al-Husayn Zayn al-'Abidin; Abu Bakr bin Imaam Husain; Fatimah al-Sughra binte Imaam Husain; Sukayna bint Husayn; 'Abdullah bin Imaam Husain and 4 others
Sister of Sassanid Princess Dara-Izdadwar; Princesse Adragh de Perse Sassanian; Mardavand Sassanide; Shahzadeh Bahram Sasani; shahanshah koredzadeh khusrow -persia 30 and 1 other
Half sister of No Name Zauja-e-Sayyidna Muhammad bin Abi Bakr

Occupation: the daughter of King Yazdgerd
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Shahrbānūya (Shehar bano)

For detailed exploration of the Shahrbanuya and the twilight of Sassanid Empire see

"Jews in Islamic Countries in the Middle Ages"

By Moše Gîl, Volume 28 of Etudes sur le judaïsme médiéval / Etudes sur le judaïsme médiéval.  Translated by David Strassler, Published by Brill 2004, ISBN 900413882X, 9789004138827

In particular we refer you to pages 78-79, footnote 64

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Dalam kitab Al Kharaij Arrawandi dikisahkan bahwa terjadi perang besar antara pasukan Islam dan pasukan imperium Persia. Prajurit Islam berhasil menaklukkan kerajaan besar ini. Sang raja melarikan diri, sementara sebagian dari keluarga istana, termasuk puteri-puteri raja, tertangkap dan menjadi tawanan. Mereka diboyong ke Madinah.

Kedatangan puteri sang raja mengundang perhatian warga Madinah sehingga mereka datang berbondong-bondong untuk menyaksikannya. Saat itu, di dalam masjid khalifah Umar menanyakan dimana puteri-puteri raja itu. Orang-orang lantas menunjukkan mereka. Rupanya, satu diantara mereka nampak sangat anggun dan seperti bercahaya. Umar meminta puteri anggun supaya memperlihatkan wajahnya yang tersembunyi di balik cadar.

Puteri raja Persia yang paling anggun itu bangkit dan menatap satu persatu barisan pemuda yang menyatakan siap untuk menikah dengan puteri-puteri raja itu. Sampai pada giliran pemuda Hussein bin Ali, tatapan mata gadis bernama Jahan Syah itu terhenti dan tak berpijak ke arah lain. Setelah merasa yakin dengan pemuda putera az-Zahra as itu, dia berkata: “Jika aku memang diberi pilihan, maka aku akan memilih pemuda ini.”

Setelah dipilih gadis itu, Imam Hussein yang saat itu berusia 18 tahun memintanya supaya nama Jahan Syah diganti dengan nama Syahr Banu. Imam Ali kemudian meminta Imam Hussein supaya segera membawa menantunya itu pulang. Beliau juga memberitahu Imam Hussein bahwa perkawinan ini akan segera dianugerahi dengan kelahiran seorang putera yang sangat agung dan mulia. Putera itu tak lain adalah Ali Zainal Abidin Assajjad. Putera yang berusia 23 tahun saat ayahandanya dibantai di padang Karbala pada hari Asyura, dan dia sendiri dalam keadaan sakit parah dan ditangisi oleh ibundanya.

Menjelang detik-detik perpisahan dengan suaminya, Imam Hussein, Syahr Banu bersimpuh dengan beliau. “Wahai putera Rasul” ucap Syahr Banu, “Demi ibundamu Fatimah az-Zahra, pikirkanlah nasibku nanti, karena di sini akulah orang yang paling asing. Selama ini aku bernaung di bawahmu dan dengan ini aku menjadi mulia. Namun, katakanlah apa yang aku lakukan nanti setelah kepergianmu? Aku bukanlah orang Arab (‘ajam"), dan engkau sendiri tahu besarnya permusuhan antara Arab dan ‘ajam.”

Sambil berlinang air mata, Imam Hussein as menjawab:

“Janganlah cemas, sebab Allah yang telah mengantarkanmu dari negeri ajam ke negeri Arab mampu mengembalikan ke negerimu lagi. Nantikanlah nanti sepeninggalku; Dzuljanah akan datang ke perkemahan. Naikilah Dzuljanah dan pergilah dari sini, dan ketahuilah pasukan musuh tidak akan bisa berbuat apa-apa terhadapmu.”

Dengan bantuan dan perlindungan dari Allah, janda Imam Hussein yang berdarah bangsawan Persia itu akhirnya tiba di bumi leluhurnya. Beliau menetap di kota Rey dan meninggal di sana. Jasad suci beliau dikebumikan di sebuah gunung di pinggiran kota Teheran. Lokasi makamnya selalu disesaki para peziarah hingga kini.

-------------------- Described to have been one of the daughters of Yazdegerd II the last Emperor of the Sassanid dynasty of Persia/Iran. Other names by which she has been referred to include: Shaharbānawayh, Shahzanān, Salāma, Salāfa, Ghazāla, Harar, Salama, and Sādira.

Shahrbānū was one of four (4) wives of Husayn ibn Ali, (grandson of Muhammad and third Twelver Shīa Imām) and the mother of Ali ibn Husayn (the fourth Twelver Shīa Imām).

Differing reports in history state that Shahrbānū was brought to Madinah as a slave either during the caliphate of Umar, Uthmān, or Ali. Based on comparisons and the study of hadith, Shīa's believe that it was during the caliphate of Ali, with the appointment of Hurayth ibn Jābir to govern the eastern provinces, that the daughters of Yazdigird III were sent to Madinah.

Having been brought to Madinah, Ali allowed the ladies freedom in choosing whomever they wanted to marry from the Muslims, to which Shahrbānū was famously reported to have replied, "I want a head over whom there is no head".

Shahrbānū chose the hand of Husayn ibn Ali in marriage and one of her sisters chose Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr. Ali foretold the birth of the next Shīa Imām as he said to Husayn: "Treat this lady kindly, for she will bear you the best of the people of the Earth after you. She is the mother of the trustees (of authority), the pure progeny".

According to Shīa belief, Shahrbānū died shortly after giving birth to her son Ali ibn Husayn, and was thus not present at Karbalā. The eighth Twelver Shīa Imām, Ali ar-Ridha has also been quoted as saying, "(Shahrbānū) died during her confinement, and one of (Husayn's) slave-wives looked after him (Ali ibn Husayn). The people claimed that (the slave-wife) was his mother, while she was his retainer".

Even amongst the Iranian scholars there has been some dispute as to the existence of a Persian princess by the title of Shahrbānū. The scholars Ali Shariati and Ayatullah Mutahhari are amongst those who have declared that any narrations pertaining to Shahrbānū are weak and false. Whereas Al-Mubarrad, al-Dinawari, Allameh Tabatabaei and many others disagree, and contend that Shahrbānū was the mother of Ali ibn Husayn, the fourth Twelver Shīa Imām. Narrations of Shahrbānū have also been reported in Sunni sources including, "Bab 27" of Qabusnama, where Salmān the Persian is recounted to have been involved in the selection of Husayn by Shahrbānū.

The shrine of Shahrbānū can be found in ancient Rayy, in the southern suburbs of Tehran, Iran.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shahrbanu -------------------- Princess of Iran

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shahr_Banu

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Shahrbānūya (Shehar bano)'s Timeline

622
March 622
Tehran, Iran
656
November 11, 656
Age 34
Medina, Saudi Arabia
660
March 660
Age 38
Al Madinah, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
March 660
Age 38
Tehran, Iran
672
672
Age 38
Medina, Saudi Arabia
676
June 10, 676
Age 38
Medina, Saudi Arabia
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