Arabic: سام ., Hebrew: שם .
|Also Known As:||"Sam", "Shem", "שם", "سام", "Melchizedek", "ShemEliakim"|
|Birthplace:||Shulon, East Eden|
|Death:||Died in Salem, Jerusalem, Canaan|
|Place of Burial:||Salem (Jerusalem), Canaan|
|Occupation:||King of Jerusalem, King of Salem|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Shem .
- Genesis 5:32
- Genesis 10:21-31 lists his descendants, the Semitic races, named for him (Shem = Sem).
- Genesis 11:10-32 lists his lineage to Abraham (9 generations later).
- Book of Jasher 7:15-22 and ספר הישר - פרשת נח
Please do NOT merge this profile with any profiles for Sceaf. The sources for the two are nothing alike. As such they can NOT even possibly be a match.
Father of many nations, possibly Mechizedek. Descendants lived in Mesha to Mt. Sephar (in the east). -------------------- Bible Verses that Refer to Shem:
1. Genesis 5:32
After Noah was 500 years old, he became the father of Shem, Ham and Japheth.
2. Genesis 6:10
Noah had three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth.
3. Genesis 7:13
On that very day Noah and his sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, together with his wife and the wives of his three sons, entered the ark.
4. Genesis 9:18
[ The Sons of Noah ] The sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham and Japheth. (Ham was the father of Canaan.)
5. Genesis 9:23
But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it across their shoulders; then they walked in backward and covered their father’s naked body. Their faces were turned the other way so that they would not see their father naked.
6. Genesis 9:26
He also said, “Praise be to the LORD, the God of Shem! May Canaan be the slave of Shem.
7. Genesis 9:27
May God extend Japheth’s territory; may Japheth live in the tents of Shem, and may Canaan be the slave of Japheth.”
8. Genesis 10:1
[ The Table of Nations ] This is the account of Shem, Ham and Japheth, Noah’s sons, who themselves had sons after the flood.
9. Genesis 10:21
The Semites Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother was Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.
10. Genesis 10:22
The sons of Shem: Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.
-------------------- Genesis 10:22 The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram. Descendants of Shem
10These are the records of the generations of Shem. Shem was one hundred years old, and became the father of Arpachshad two years after the flood; 11and Shem lived five hundred years after he became the father of Arpachshad, and he had other sons and daughters.
- Birth: in 2454 BC
- Death: in 1842 BC Jerusalem,Palestine
according to the timeline, it is believed Shem was born on the ark, -------------------- Dos años después del diluvio, cuando Sem tenía cien años, nació su hijo Arfaxad. Después de esto, Sem vivió quinientos años más, y tuvo otros hijos e hijas. (Gén. 11:10-11). Sem mismo pudo haber escrito esta genealogía puesto que su vida, superó los 427 años desde el diluvio hasta Abraham. Sem pudo haber nacido alrededor del año 2448 a. de J.C., su vida se extendió por seiscientos años, a lo largo de ocho generaciones de setenta años cada una! Lo que indicaría que Sem murió en el año 1848 aproximadamente. -------------------- (Den angelsaksiske krønike viser Sem som far til Bedwig) stamfader Asien, eponym af SHEMITIDY, som vist (med variant stavemåder) Gheter osv. er undertiden vist som børn, undertiden som børnebørn; poss. aka Melkisedekske (qv),
Renown«; poss. King of SALEM eller JERUSALEM; poss. Priest af Aton (Adonai) poss. aka Shamash GUD af Sun, qv; poss. aka Tuisto af GERMANIA, qv, 4:e profet seglet
Poss. Jullus i Roms 19-oldefar.
HM George I s 107-oldefar.
HRE Ferdinand I s 103-oldefar.
`Osawatomie 'Browns 113-oldefar
. poss. Wives / Partnere: Sedeqetelebab , Ollo , Ollo (Dau af Eljakim)
Børn: Aram (stamfader & eponym) af aramæerne , Lud , Arphaxad (King) i ARRAPACHTIS , Assyrien (eponym) af Gesjur , Elam ben Shem , Gec , Hoel ; Gheter , Mechec ; Kesed
Mulige Børn: Bedwig (Bedvig, af SCEAF) , Kesed ben ARPHAXAD Alternative Fædre Mulige Børn: Seskef (Sceaf Scaef) , Japhet (Sem bror) , Arphaxad (King) i ARRAPACHTIS
Hans (evt.) Børnebørn: Dacus (stamfader & eponym) af DACIA , Phrygus (stamfader & eponym) af Frygien , pannus, eponym af PANNONIA , Thynus (stamfader) af BITHNIYA , Geta, eponym af GETAE , Arnossus af Mysia , Mayshye ; Mashyak , Shela (ben Kenan) i Kaldæa , Malakh ben Kenan , »Ur ben KESED , Mu'ak (Muak) ben KESED , Talmaj (King) i Gesjur [alt ped] , Shimti-Shilkhak den ELAMITE , Humban-Tahrah I ( King) af ELAM , Rasueja (bint Shushan) , Hathra (Athra) , Berik (King) i goterne , »Ora bat 'UR , Eber ibn Shela , (NN) ... (NN)
-------------------- Shem From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Shem (disambiguation). Shem Shem02.jpg Shem, Sons of Noah Shem Born 1557 AM (date disputed)[note 1] Children Elam Asshur Arphaxad Lud Aram Parents Noah
Shem Ham and Japheth by James Tissot 1904. Shem (Hebrew: שֵם, Modern Shem Tiberian Šēm ; Greek: Σημ Sēm; Arabic: سام Sām; Ge'ez: ሴም, Sēm; "renown; prosperity; name") was one of the sons of Noah in the Hebrew Bible as well as in Islamic literature. He is popularly regarded as the eldest son, though some regard him as the second son. According to some Rabbinic traditions, Shem was born without a foreskin (aposthia); which may indicate a basis for circumcision that predates the covenant of Abraham. There is however, no explicit indication of this in the Genesis text.   Genesis 10:21 refers to relative ages of Shem and his brother Japheth, but with sufficient ambiguity to have yielded different translations. The verse is translated in the KJV as "Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.". However, the New American Standard Bible gives, "Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born." Genesis 11:10 records that Shem was still 100 years old at the birth of Arphaxad, (but nearly 101 - see Chronology note,) two years after the flood, making him barely 99 at the time the flood began; and that he lived for another 500 years after this, making his age at death 600 years. The children of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram, in addition to daughters. Abraham, the patriarch of the Hebrews and Arabs, was one of the descendants of Arphaxad. Islamic literature describes Shem as one of the believing sons of Noah. Some sources even identify Shem as a prophet in his own right and that he was the next prophet after his father. In one Muslim legend, Shem was one of the people that God made Jesus resurrect as a sign to the Children of Israel. The 1st-century historian Flavius Josephus, among many others, recounted the tradition that these five sons were the progenitors of the nations of Elam, Assyria, Chaldea, Lydia, and Syria, respectively. Semitic is still a commonly used term for the Semitic languages, as a subset of the Afro-Asiatic languages, denoting the common linguistic heritage of Arabic, Aramaic, Akkadian, Ethiopic, Hebrew and Phoenician languages. According to some Jewish traditions (e.g., B. Talmud Nedarim 32b; Genesis Rabbah 46:7; Genesis Rabbah 56:10; Leviticus Rabbah 25:6; Numbers Rabbah 4:8.), Shem is believed to have been Melchizedek, King of Salem whom Abraham is recorded to have met after the battle of the four kings. In a few of the many extra-biblical sources that describe him, Shem is also credited with killing Nimrod, son of Cush. Shem is mentioned in Genesis 5:32, 6:10; 7:13; 9:18,23,26-27; 10; 11:10; also in 1 Chronicles 1:4.
Geographic identifications of Flavius Josephus, c. 100 AD; Japheth's sons shown in red, Ham's sons in blue, Shem's sons in green. Contents [hide] 1 Proposed lineages from Shem 1.1 Descendants in Genesis 10 and 11 1.2 Europeans 1.2.1 Germanic 1.2.2 Hellenistic (Greek) 1.2.3 Indo-Iranians 2 Racial connotations 3 Genealogies according to "Book of Jasher" 4 See also 5 Footnotes 5.1 Notes 5.2 References 6 External links Proposed lineages from Shem
Descendants in Genesis 10 and 11 According to the Bible, Genesis 10:22-31
22 The children of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad and Lud and Aram. 23 And the children of Aram; Uz and Hul, and Gether and Mash. 24 And Arphaxad begat Salah and Salah begat Eber. 25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one [was] Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name [was] Joktan. 26 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah. 27 And Hadoram, and Uzal and Diklah, 28 And Obal, and Abimael and Sheba, 29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan. 30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east 31 These [are] the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations. Excerpts from Genesis 11:10-26— Shem [was] an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood ... Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and begat Salah ... Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber ... Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat Peleg ... Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu ... Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat Serug ... Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor ... Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat Terah ... Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran ... and Haran begat Lot Europeans Some believe that from Shem descend the whole of the European peoples. Ernest L. Martin writes, "...[The] Shemite tribes (people who were descendants of Shem and including some peoples who came from Abraham) later colonized the whole of southern Europe and replaced the people of Javan and his four descendants. Javan's people were pushed mainly into the northern areas of Europe where in turn they migrated farther east into Asia (along with Gomer the firstborn son of Japheth and his descendants)."  Germanic Some scholars have claimed that the Anglo-Saxons are the descendants of Shem. "Alfred, king of the Anglo-Saxons [b. 849 A.D.] was... the son [descendant] of Sem [Shem]" (Church Historians of England, vol. 2, p. 443). Proponents of this theory also claim that Alfred the Great was a descendant of Shem because he claimed to descend from Sceafa, a marooned man who came to Britain on a boat after a flood. Le Petit, a writer in 1601 mentioned King Adel, said to be descendant of Shem, ruler of Britain having 3 children that migrated to India. Further, it is said[who?] that Tuitsch a German patriarch is none other than Shem himself (see Assyrian-German theory). Hellenistic (Greek) A text from the Islamic world claims that the Greeks derived from Shem: Tabari II:11 “Shem, the son of Noah was the father of the Arabs, the Persians, and the Greeks;...” In the Chronicles of George the Monk and Symeon Logothetes, the following genealogy occurs: "To the lot of Shem fell the Orient, and his share extended lengthwise as far as India and breadthwise (from east to south) as far as Phinocorura, including Persia and Bactria, as well as Syria, Media (which lies beside the Euphrates River), Babylon, Cordyna, Assyria, Mesopotamia, Arabia the Ancient, Elymais, India, Arabia the Mighty, Coelesyria, Commagene, and all Phoenicia." Indo-Iranians According to Abulgazi, Shem's original land was Iran while Japheth's was the country called "Kuttup Shamach," said to be the name of the regions between the Caspian Sea and India. According to Armenian tradition, Dr. Hales is quoted saying, "To the sons of Shem was alloted the middle region of the earth viz., Palestine, Syria, Assyria, Samaria (Shinar?) Babel (or Babylonia), Persia and Hedjaz (Arabia). In Mystery of the Ages, by Dr. James Modlish, it is said that that north-west part of South Asia is inhabited by Shemites. Hisham Ibn Al-Kalbi, a 19th-century Arab historian, states that al-Hind and al-Sind are of Ophir, the son of Joktan. Isidore of Seville (c. 635) had also made Joktan the ancestor of the natives of north-west part of South Asia; his material was based on earlier enumerations made by Jerome and Josephus, who had stated that Joktan's descendants "inhabited from Cophen, an Indian river, and in part of Asia adjoining to it." Racial connotations
Some writers have associated Noah's sons with different skin colors or alleged races. For instance the Jewish text Pirqei R. Eliezer, depicts God as dividing the earth among Noah's sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth,[note 2] and attributing different skin colors to them (literally, "blessing" them with different skin colors): light colored skin for the Japhetites, medium dark or brown for the Semites, and very dark or black for the Hamites. That passage from Pirqei R. Eliezer, a writing which was composed in Israel after[according to whom?] the Islamic conquest, is paralleled in an Arabic text of approximately the same period but gives some noticeably different information. The Persian historian Tabari quotes Ibn Abbas (d. 686-8) as saying: "Born to Noah were Shem, whose descendants' colors are a black complexion with a light-brownish undertone (bayādh) and a dark blackish brown (Udmah); Ham, whose descendants' colors are true black (sawād) and a few are a black complexion with a light-brownish undertone (bayādh qalīl); and Japheth, whose descendants are very fair-skinned (al-shuqrah) and olive-skinned (al-humrah)". (Tarikh al-Tabari)[full citation needed] Tabari repeats that tradition again in the name of Ibn Abbas, but this time has dark, blackish brown (Udmah) and a few are a black complexion with a light-brownish undertone (bayādh qalīl) for Ham. So dark blackish brown (udmah) is used instead of true black (sawād). "Udmah" is described as deep sumra. Ibn Mandhur[who?] describes sumrah as wurqah, which is translated[by whom?] as blackness in the color of the earth (sawaad feel-ghabrah), and ranges all the way to true black (sawād). Al-Tha'aalabi says in his book Fiqh Al-Lughah (Understanding Language) in chapter 13 titled 'The Degrees of Blackness in Humans': "If there is a slight blackness in his/her complexion, he/she is asmar (sumrah). If his/her blackness is more intense with some yellow showing, he/she is as-ham. If his/her blackness is more intense than asmar, he/she is Adam (udmah). If his/her blackness is more intense than that of Adam, he/she is asham. If he/she is extremely black, he/she is adlam (dalam)." Bar Hebraeus speaks of Noah dividing the world among his three sons, with Ham getting the Land of the Blacks (sūdān), Shem the Land of the Browns (sumra), and Japheth the Land of the Reds (łuqra).[full citation needed] Josiah Priest (1788–1851) believed that Shem, because he was a descendant in the Adamic line, and because "Adam" means reddish in Hebrew, that Shem too was of the "reddish race". Further, he believed that because Christ was a descendant in the line of Shem, that Christ was of "copper-colored stock". According to ISBE, Shem means "dusky", and Japheth means "fair."  According to an Armenian tradition, "Shem had the region of the tawny, Japhet that of the ruddy, and Ham that of the blacks". Genealogies according to "Book of Jasher"
A rabbinic document that surfaced in the 17th century, claiming to be the lost "Book of Jasher" provides some names not found in any other source. Some have reconstructed more complete genealogies based on this information as follows: Shem. Also Sem Literal meanings are named or renown (father of the Semitic races - Shemites). The sons of Shem were: Elam "eternity" (sons were Shushan, Machul and Harmon) - (Elamites and Khuzestanis) Asshur "a step" or "strong" (sons were Mirus and Mokil) - (Assyrians) Arphaxad (sons were Shelach, Anar and Ashcol) - Chaldeans, Hebrews (Israelites, Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Ishmaelites, and Qahtanites) Ziezi - son of Shem and a grandson of Noah. His name is mentioned in the excerpt Ziezi ex quo vulgares meaning "Ziezi, of whom the Bulgars" but being regarded by some as the first European reference to the Bulgars as a people. (Bulgars and Thracians—though modern scholarship classifies neither as Semitic; the former being Turkic and the latter Indo-European) Lud "strife" (sons were Pethor and Bizayon) - (Ludim, Lubim, Ludians, Ludu, Lydians, and other related groups in Asia Minor—generally classified today as Indo-European). Aram "exalted" (sons were Uz, Chul, Gather and Mash) - (Aramaeans). See also
Finnegans Wake Wives aboard the Ark Footnotes
Notes Jump up ^ The 1557 Anno Mundi birthdate for Shem is based on the standard Massoretic text as represented in the Authorized Version. Septuagint and Samaritan texts have different values. See Chronology of the Bible. Jump up ^ "The names of Noah’s sons were prophetic. Shem signifies name or renown (the Scriptures have been given to us through the family of Shem, and Christ was of that family); Ham signifies hot or black (his descendants mainly peopled Africa); and Japheth signifies either fair or enlarged (his descendants are the white-faced Europeans, who have gone forth and established colonies in all the other grand divisions of the globe)." —Hassell, Cushing Biggs; Hassell, Sylvester (1886). "Page 60 footnote". History of the Church of God: From the Creation to A. D. 1885; Including Especially the History of the Kehukee Primitive Baptist Association (Google eBook). G. Beebe. p. 60. Retrieved 4 July 2013. References Jump up ^ http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/13541-shem Jump up ^ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3494220/ Jump up ^ Historical Dictionary of Prophets in Islam and Judaism, Wheeler, Shem Jump up ^ Stories of the Prophets, Ibn Kathir, Story of Jesus Jump up ^ Prophetic Geography and the Time of the End Jump up ^ Serge A. Zenkovsky's, Cited from In Serge A. Zenkovsky's, Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales, Medieval Russia's Epics, Chronicles, and Tales, Revised and Enlarged Edition. (NY: Meridian Books, 1974) Jump up ^ P. 94, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan Jump up ^ P. 27 Assyria: Her Manners and Customs, Arts and Arms: Restored from Her Monuments By Philip Jump up ^ Mystery of the Ages, by Dr. James Modlish Jump up ^ p. 1769 A dictionary of the Bible comprising its antiquities, biography, geography, and natural history. by William Smith, John Mee Fuller Jump up ^ [M. Sprengling and W.C. Graham, ed., Barhebraeus‘ Scholia on the Old Testament, pp. 34-35 and 44-45. Bar Hebraeus' father was a Jewish convert to Christianity (thus the name). The quotation is from J.B. Segal, The Encyclopedia of Islam, second edition, 3:805, s.v. Ibn al- Ibrī.] Jump up ^ The Forging of Races: Race and Scripture in the Protestant Atlantic World, 1600-2000 By Colin Kidd Jump up ^ McKissick, Beyond Roots. P. 108) Jump up ^ Sandys, William (1852). Christmastide: its history,festivities and carols. London: John Russell Smith. p. 162. Retrieved 4 July 2013. "(quote was continued from page 161 – the context is about the supposed three wise men of Christmas:) "Many of the ancient ecclesiastical writers endeavoured to find out mystical meanings in every sacred subject, in which, however, they have followers in the present day; so that the variety in appearance of the Three Kings may be supposed to have some reference to the three races of man..." 2nd source of quoted text (from chapter 9) Jump up ^ Book of Jasher (trans. Moses Samuel c. 1840, ed. J. H. Parry 1887) Chapter 7:15 Jump up ^ http://www.freemaninstitute.com/RTGham.htm ^ Jump up to: a b Book of Jasher (trans. Moses Samuel c. 1840, ed. J. H. Parry 1887) Chapter 7:16 ^ Jump up to: a b Book of Jasher (trans. Moses Samuel c. 1840, ed. J. H. Parry 1887) Chapter 7:17 -------------------- Age 600 yrs
Shem .'s Timeline
Salem, Jerulsalem, Canaan
Shulon, East Eden
Salem, Jerusalem, Canaan
Heavy rain and water from the fountains of the deep poured water on the earth for 40 days and 40 nights. The water covered all the land and submerged the mountains. It killed every living thing on the face of the ground, except Noah, his family, and the animals on board the ark.